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cotton fusarium
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  棉枯萎
     A Primary Study on the Infections of Watermelon and Cucumber Seedlings by Isolate 8601 of Cotton Fusarium under Artificial Inoculation
     人工接种棉枯萎镰刀菌“8601”侵染西瓜黄瓜幼苗的研究
短句来源
     ④19 percent of the strain tested had very strong antibiosis to gram positive bacteria,9 percent had strong antibiosis to cotton Fusarium wilt ( Fusarium vasinfectum Aek ),and only 2 percent had antibiosis to gram negatitive bacteria.
     ④供试菌株约有19%对革兰氏阳性菌有极强抗性,约9%对棉枯萎菌有较强抗性,仅有2%菌株对革兰氏阴性菌有抗性。
短句来源
     Study on Monitoring of Physiological Race of Cotton Fusarium Wilt in China
     我国棉枯萎镰刀菌生理小种变异监测研究
短句来源
     Cotton Fusarium Resistance,the Invention and Practice of the Directive
     棉枯萎抗性形成规律的发现与抗性定向培育法
短句来源
     In this study, the soluble proteins used as antigen were extracted from the mycellia and conidia of the pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum of cotton fusarium wilt, and the antisera (As2, As10) obtained by immunizing the rabbits contained complicated composition. The nonspecific reaction affected the serodedected result by agar dimension diffusion (ADD) and comparative immunoosmopheresis (CIOP).
     以棉枯萎镰刀菌菌丝体加孢子提取的蛋白质为抗原免疫家兔制备的2种抗血清As2、As10中成分复杂,用琼脂双扩散法和比较对流免疫电泳法测定特异性,交叉反应明显。
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  “cotton fusarium”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Pathogen of cotton Fusarium wilt in China should be Fusarium oxysporum Schl.
     的分类系统定为Fusarium oxysporum Schl.
短句来源
     monoliforme Sheldon. The five pathogenic strains from the crops were:Cotton Fusarium Wilt(F.oxysporum),Cucurbits Fusarium Wilt(F.oxysporum),Cucumber Fusarium Wilt(F.oxysporum),Lini Fusarium Wilt(F.oxysporum),Corn Stalk Rot(f.moniliforme).
     5种作物病原镰刀菌种类分别是:棉花枯萎病菌(F.oxysporum)、西瓜枯萎病菌(F.oxysporum)、黄瓜枯萎病菌(F.oxysporum)、亚麻枯萎病菌(F.oxysporum)和玉米青枯病菌(F.moniliforme)。
短句来源
     From 1983 to 1987,We carried out studies of the law of the temper- ature changes in the soil and the increase or decrease tendency of cotton Fusarium wilt and Vertixillium wilt in the soil and the effect of solar heating of the soil to control of Cotton Fusarium wilt and verticillium wilt in summer.
     1983—1987年对土壤耕作层温度的变化规律、土壤内棉枯、黄萎病菌的清长动态以及夏季盖膜晒地防治棉枯、黄萎病的效果进行了研究。
短句来源
     Monitoring of type Ⅱ,Ⅲ pathogen of cotton Fusarium wilt in long fibre cotton area
     长绒棉区棉花枯萎病菌生理Ⅱ,Ⅲ型监测
短句来源
     Strain 8601 of cotton Fusarium has been isolated from cotton plants with fusarium wilt in field.
     从棉田枯萎病株分离得到镰刀菌“8601”菌株.
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  相似匹配句对
     Fusarium wilt of cotton,caused by F.
     棉花枯萎病在陕西关中,近几年由局部地区发展到点面发生,蔓延速度和面积已超过黄萎病。
短句来源
     Seed Proteins and Cotton to Fusarium Wilt
     种子蛋白与棉花对枯萎病的抗性
短句来源
     and Fusarium oxporum.
     和Fusarium oxporum引起的黄瓜立枯病和枯萎病。
短句来源
     ,Fusarium spp.
     ,Fusarium spp.
短句来源
     Cotton Beach
     科顿海滩
短句来源
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This paper deals with the measures of vacuum fumigation withmethyl bromide or ethylene oxide to control stored product pests forplant seeds or animal diseases,In 1976-1979 a PCV-1000 precedure con-trol vacuum fumigator was manufactured.It consisted of a 1m~3 circu-lar steel chamber with equipments associated pumping,heating andfumigant vaporizing,an operating case and the decomposition arrang- ment of the fumigant vapor(methyl bromide and ethylene oxide).The test results indicated that the 2-3 hour fumigation...

This paper deals with the measures of vacuum fumigation withmethyl bromide or ethylene oxide to control stored product pests forplant seeds or animal diseases,In 1976-1979 a PCV-1000 precedure con-trol vacuum fumigator was manufactured.It consisted of a 1m~3 circu-lar steel chamber with equipments associated pumping,heating andfumigant vaporizing,an operating case and the decomposition arrang- ment of the fumigant vapor(methyl bromide and ethylene oxide).The test results indicated that the 2-3 hour fumigation with methylbromide at a dose of 75-90g per m~3 and the 3 hour fumigation withethylene oxide at a dose of 90-120g per m~3 which were at a pressureof 2-3 cm Hg absolute,were effective in controlling the insect sampleswrapped in various ways,such as the larvae of khapra beetle(Tro-goderma granarium Verts,Trogoderma persicum Pic.),the adults of ricebore beetle(Rhizopertha domica(F.)),red flour beetles(Triboliumcastaneum(Hbst.))and rusty grain beetles(Cryptolestes ferrugineus(Step.)),the rice weevils of all stages(Stophilus oryzae(L.))and Chi-nesis weevils(Callosobruchus chinensis(L))etc.The 5 hour fumigationwith ethylene oxide at a dose of 500g per m~3 and the 12 hour fumiga-tion at a dose of 300g per m~3 which were at a pressure of 2cm Hg abso-lute,were effective in destroying the animal“Anthrax”germs.The5 hour fumigation with the mixture of ethylene oxide at a dose of 40gper m~3 and methyl bromide at a dose of 160g per m~3 at a pressure of2cm Hg absolute were effective in controlling the germs of Fusariumwilt of cotton(Fusarium oxysporium(ATK)).Afterwards the residual fumigant was pumped out from the cham-ber and air-washings were twice carried out.The chamber was thenopend.The atmosphere in the case was tested to ensure that methylbromide or ethylene oxide residual quantity did not far exceed themaximum allowable concentration.The 5% NaOH alcohol solution used to decompose methyl bromidecould produce 96 per cent effect while water used to decompose ethyle-ne oxide could produce 97-98 per cent effect.

真空情况下,利用溴甲烷、环氧乙烷杀虫、灭菌是一种安全、快速、有效的技术措施。为了使此技术广泛应用到农林种子、苗木、卫生防疫以及文史资料诸方面杀虫灭菌,试制成功一台容积工立方米的PCV-1000程序控制真空熏蒸机,并进一步进行溴甲烷、环氧乙烷杀虫灭菌效果及其熏蒸后残余毒气处理方法的研究。溴甲烷75—90克/立方米处理2小时,环氧乙烷90—120克/立方米处理3小时,可杀死各种形式的包装内的谷斑皮蠹和花斑皮蠹幼虫,赤拟谷盗和锈扁谷盗成虫以及玉米象和绿豆象各虫态等害虫。环氧乙烷灭菌能力较强,对动物炭疽菌、4001芽孢杆菌500克/立方米处理5小时或300克/立方米处理12小时,灭菌效果100%。溴甲烷和环氧乙烷混合使用对棉花枯萎病菌效果良好,对棉籽发芽率影响不大。熏蒸后残余毒气处理,用5%氢氧化钠酒精液吸收溴甲烷,破坏率可达96%以上。环氧乙烷用自来水淋洗法,水合分解率可达98%以上。

It was constantly observed in the isolation processes that the cot-ton seed coat was capable of inhibiting the growth of Verticillium onthe medium,The tendency of inhibiting intensity of separate parts ofdifferent boll age was very similar to that of the contents of the tan-nin-like substances titrated with potassium permanganate,Regardlessof the boll ages and the susceptibility and resistance of varieties tothe fungus,the inhibiting effect of the seed coat was always greaterthan that of the placenta.So it was...

It was constantly observed in the isolation processes that the cot-ton seed coat was capable of inhibiting the growth of Verticillium onthe medium,The tendency of inhibiting intensity of separate parts ofdifferent boll age was very similar to that of the contents of the tan-nin-like substances titrated with potassium permanganate,Regardlessof the boll ages and the susceptibility and resistance of varieties tothe fungus,the inhibiting effect of the seed coat was always greaterthan that of the placenta.So it was thought that the higherconcentration of the tannin-like substances in the cotton seed coat wasone of the main causes for the very low percentage of interior seedborne Verticillium in cotton seeds.The inhibiting effect of the pure tannin added to the cotton seedcake meal agar medium for Verticillium is lower than that added toother media.This again indicated that the cotton seed cake meal agarmedium has the advantage of getting the indication of the seedborne Verticillium fungus.The causal organism of cotton Fusarium wilt has a higher enduran-ce to the inhibiting effect of tannin-like substances than Verticillium.

根据过去观察,棉籽壳有明显抑制黄萎病菌的作用。本试验初步证明这一抑菌物质具有丹宁类物质的某些特性。不同铃龄各部位的抑菌强度总趋势,与用高锰酸钾滴定法测得的丹宁类物质含量趋势一致,即不论大、中、小铃,感病及抗病品种,种壳的抑菌作用均大于胎座。初步认为种壳中较高浓度的丹宁类物质是种子内部带菌率极低的主要原因之一。纯丹宁在棉籽饼粉酒精洋莱培养基中的抑菌作用较供试的其它培养基小,说明此培养基用于种子带菌分离的优越性。棉花枯萎病菌对丹宁的耐受力显著高于黄萎病菌。

Differentiation of cotton fusarium wilt fungus (Fusarium oxysporum f. vasinfectum) accor-ding to the pathogenicity on the cultivars of Gossypium badense, G. hirsutum and G. arboreum,in Xinjiang, two biotypes-Tulufan form and Shache form are distinguished. The former infectsG. badense only, but the latter infects both G. hirsutum and G. badense. The Tulufan form isconsidered as a new specialized biotype.

利用三大棉种(海岛棉、陆地棉、中棉)鉴定区分枯萎病的不同菌系及其致病力,可把新疆棉枯萎病菌区分成吐鲁番菌系和莎车菌系两个生理型。前者只侵染海岛棉;后者对陆地棉、海岛棉均能为害。两者之间有明显差异,可以看出,吐鲁番菌系是棉枯萎病菌的一个新的生理专化型。

 
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