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flood disaster risk
相关语句
  洪水灾害风险
     A Study on Theoretic Frame of Flood Disaster Risk Management
     洪水灾害风险管理的理论框架探讨
短句来源
     The Method of Flood Disaster Risk EvaluationBased Upon Data of Grid Square
     基于格网数据的洪水灾害风险评估方法——以日本新川洪灾为例
短句来源
     In recent years the new-style method of preventing flood and reducing natural disaster is to manage flood disaster risk and to adjust the relation between people and water. The main goal of renovation in rivers is converted gradually into reducing natural disaster, water resources utilization and improving ecological environment.
     近年来新型的防洪减灾思路是对洪水灾害风险进行管理,调整人与水的关系,对江河的整治由过去以防洪为主要目标逐渐转变为以防洪减灾、水资源利用、改善生态环境为主。
短句来源
     As a complex system engineering,flood disaster risk management takes on very important meaning in the theory and practice of flood control.
     洪水灾害风险管理是一项复杂的系统工程,在防洪减灾工程理论与实践中具有重要意义.
短句来源
     Based on the mechanism of producing flood disaster risk,the flood disaster risk structure,which consists of flood hazard,flood disaster vulnerability and flood disaster loss,is presented. According to the risk structure,the theoretic frame of flood disaster risk management deploys flood hazard analysis,flood disaster vulnerability analysis,flood disaster loss analysis and flood disaster risk decision-making analysis.
     根据洪水灾害风险的形成机制,提出并系统地阐述了由洪水灾害危险性、洪水灾害易损性和洪水灾害灾情组成的洪水灾害风险结构,在该风险结构基础上把洪水灾害风险管理的理论框架进一步展开为洪水灾害危险性分析、洪水灾害易损性分析、洪水灾害灾情分析和洪水灾害风险决策分析4个具有相互联系的部分.
短句来源
  洪灾风险
     An Application of GIS in the Analysis of Flood Disaster Risk
     GIS在洪灾风险分析中的应用
短句来源
     The Analyzing and Zoning of Flood Disaster Risk in Minjiang River Valley Based on GIS
     基于GIS的闽江流域洪灾风险分析与区划研究
短句来源
  “flood disaster risk”译为未确定词的双语例句
     GIS way of synthetical evaluation of flash flood disaster risk
     综合评价山洪灾害风险的GIS方法
短句来源
     The Urban Flood Disaster Risk Studying
     城市洪涝灾害风险研究
短句来源
     Paper from part 4 to part 6 has analyzed characteristic and law of agricultural disasters risk on agricultural technological science and environmental science and regional economics, and studied regional environmental characteristic and risk feature of agricultural flood disasters risk in the plain of the mid-Yangtze River, and probed really agricultural flood disaster risk at Jiayu in Hubei, and put out adjustment of agricultural structure and agricultural model of avoid flood in the area of flood disaster.
     第四章至第六章以农业技术科学、环境科学和区域经济学的角度分析了农业灾害风险的特点和运动规律,以1998年大洪水为例剖析了长江中游平原农业洪涝灾害风险的区域环境特征和风险特征,实证分析湖北嘉鱼县农业洪涝灾害风险,提出了洪灾区农业结构调整和避洪农业生产模式。
短句来源
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As a natural disaster whiCh occurs frequently and seriously,flood disaster risk assessment(FDRA)is significant for the rational utilization and investment of land, prevention,treatment and insurance of flood disaster,and quack assessment and auxiliary decision in the period of flood.FDKA is defined which includes not only the probability of occurance of flood,but ho the probable result which is due tO the flood. It is also theoretically and methodically approached the FDRA...

As a natural disaster whiCh occurs frequently and seriously,flood disaster risk assessment(FDRA)is significant for the rational utilization and investment of land, prevention,treatment and insurance of flood disaster,and quack assessment and auxiliary decision in the period of flood.FDKA is defined which includes not only the probability of occurance of flood,but ho the probable result which is due tO the flood. It is also theoretically and methodically approached the FDRA whiCh Put the flood disaster and the value of risk property and the quility of resisting find disaster in risk area together in this paper.

洪水灾害风险评价是对风险区遭受不同强度洪水的可能性及其可能造成的后果进行定量分析和评估.包括洪水发生的可能性及其由此而引起的可能的后果.因此,开展洪水灾害风险评价对风险区土地的合理利用与投资、洪灾预防与管理、洪灾保险制度的建立以及灾期的快速评估和辅助决策等具有重要意义。本文分析了洪水灾害风险评价的内容,探讨了将洪水灾害与风险区价值及抗灾性能作为整体进行洪水灾害风险评价的理论和方法.

The Yangtze River great flood of 1998 was truly the greatest flood disaster since 1954, while Nejiang River and Songhua River flood as the greatest one in history- From '98 flood, we found again that we should change our concern from flood control only to flood disaster risk management- It is very important to es-tablish a good policy system in flood risk management. Taking the management of flood detention area as an example, the main tasks are: (1) population control; (2) safety measures;...

The Yangtze River great flood of 1998 was truly the greatest flood disaster since 1954, while Nejiang River and Songhua River flood as the greatest one in history- From '98 flood, we found again that we should change our concern from flood control only to flood disaster risk management- It is very important to es-tablish a good policy system in flood risk management. Taking the management of flood detention area as an example, the main tasks are: (1) population control; (2) safety measures; (3) hazard map; (4) flood control works; (5) land use planning; (6) flood disaster insurance.

1998年长江流域发生了自1954年以来又一次全流域性大洪水,嫩江和松花江流域也发生了超历史记录的特大洪水.从抵御’98洪水中得出,必须改变单纯的抵御洪水的观念,要对洪水实行全过程风险管理.进行洪水风险管理,最主要的是制定针对洪水灾害的政策.并进一步分析了蓄滞洪区的管理,应加强以下几方面的建设:(1)控制和减少人口;(2)加强安全设施建设;(3)绘制洪水风险留,建立和完善避难的预报和预警系统;(4)建设分蓄洪控制工程;(5)严格土地利用规划及管理,调整产业结构;(6)实行洪水保险制度.

Flood risk can, in general terms, be defined as probability time consequence. It consists of flood hazard analysis, vulnerability analysis and damage evaluation. A variety of methods have been developed and applied. Among them, Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a method of quantifying risk through systematic examination of the factors contributing to the flood hazard and affecting the severity of flood consequence, their interaction and relative contribution to the occurrence of the flood. The QRA technique...

Flood risk can, in general terms, be defined as probability time consequence. It consists of flood hazard analysis, vulnerability analysis and damage evaluation. A variety of methods have been developed and applied. Among them, Quantitative Risk Analysis (QRA) is a method of quantifying risk through systematic examination of the factors contributing to the flood hazard and affecting the severity of flood consequence, their interaction and relative contribution to the occurrence of the flood. The QRA technique is well established in many fields such as chemical engineering and hazardous materials processing. The application of QRA to flood risk is relatively new and still under development. While the basic risk assessment concepts and tools can be used, the methodologies need to be adapted. Category-based model for flood risk analysis is used to assign a value to each driven-factor such as triggering factor of rainfall, dam break, ground surface conditions of topography, land cover, and others. The keys to the model are to synthesis the spatial-referenced data and create the risk zone. The diffusion of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technology opens up a range of new possibilities for hazard mitigation and disaster management. Microzonation is greatly facilitated by the kind of automation that GIS offers, especially as it involves comparison, indices and overlays in much the same way that GIS does. In this article, ArcInfo GIS has been chosen to quantitatively represent the influencing factors, spatialize the data into the uniform grid system, and transfer all the data item into the effect degrees on the probability of flooding. At last, with the support of Arc/Info GRID model, a categorical model for flood risk zonation has been put forward. The approach has been applied to the Liaohe river basin, the north-eastern of China, flood disaster risk zonation. The results show that the flood risk of the lower reaches of the Liaohe river is more serious than other places, which accord with the fact. The case study showes that the GIS-based category model is effective in flood risk zonation.

洪水灾害风险区划是洪灾评估与管理的重要内容, 本文在分析洪灾形成的各主要因子的基础上, 提出了基于地理信息系统的洪灾风险区划指标模型, 并结合辽河流域具体情况, 以降雨、地形和区域社会经济易损为主要指标, 得出辽河流域洪灾风险综合区划。

 
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