In this article, authors introduce theories of construction costs, conclude recent experiences of cost management and provide some good opinions of the construction cost management problem of drilled grouting piles.
Plant Construction Cost in the Boreal Species Differing in Their Ecological Strategies
Construction cost (CC) of leaves was studied in 73 boreal plant species differing in ecological strategy.
Leaf Construction Cost of the Most Abundant Species in an Upland Grassland Area of Northern Greece
The leaf construction cost, i.e., the energy expenditure required for the production of plant biomass (CC, g glucose/g dry biomass), is considered to be a major determinant of species success in various habitats.
In spite of the low temperature during the winter season and the high land environment, the wetland treatment system is gaining popularity in Korea because of its lower construction cost and simplicity in operation and maintenance.
A cost model is used to estimate the minimum construction costs.
Wall thickness calculations were used to predict construction costs for the high-pressure pretreatment reactor.
Higher construction costs increase the price of new homes and may increase health and safety risks through "income" and "stock" effects.
A number of factors having an impact on infrastructure supply is formulated including regional and interregional demand, construction costs, financing possibilities, regional policies and border effects.
Costs are shown to depend on the costs of building sites, construction costs, costs for streets and for parking facilities.
An attempt is made in this paper to assess the present status, particularly structure, cost of construction, long-term economic benefits and socio-cultural acceptability of traditional bamboo houses in Kerala and Karnataka states of India.
Residential building codes intended to promote health and safety may produce unintended countervailing risks by adding to the cost of construction.
The cost of construction which includes the costs of concrete, prestressing steel, nonprestressing steel and formwork is minimized.
Furthermore persistent subsidence has increased the cost of construction and the repair of the destroyed properties.
However, the cost of construction is normally assumed to be route-independent for a specific project area, resulting in sub-optimal layouts.