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objective setup
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  目标设立
     This paper will discuss the strategy and principal of the objective setup which we must obey in the process of objective management in schools.
     本文就学校目标管理中目标设立须遵循的原则及其策略进行探讨。
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  “objective setup”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective: Set up experimental model of human uterine leiomyoma cells/ smooth muscle cells in vitro to research the effect of steroid hormones(E2, P) and / or growth factor(IGF-K EGF) on proliferation of hysteromyoma cells/ smooth muscle cells .
     目的:建立人子宫平滑肌瘤细胞/肌细胞体外实验模型,探讨甾体激素(E2、P)和/或生长因子(IGF-I、EGF)对子宫肌瘤细胞/肌细胞增殖的影响;
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     Objective: Set up an optimal RP - HPLC method to determine the content of saikosaponin a, c, d from 23 species of 61 Radix Bupleuri samples in China.
     目的:建立RP-HPLC法,分离和测定中国23种61个产地的柴胡属植物样品中柴胡皂苷a、c、d的含量。
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     Objective: Setup a mathematic model of evaluating the investigation of patients attitude to nursing work to help administers'make correct decisions.
     目的:建立病人对护理工作满意度调查结果评价的数学模型,为管理者正确作出决策提供可靠依据。
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     Objective:Set up the Famotidine Sodium Chloride Parenteral Solution high-perfor- mance liquid chromatography measure for the using of supervision in the production and market- ing.
     目的:建立一种法莫替丁氯化钠注射液高效液相色谱测定方法,用于生产及市场监控。
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     Objective:Set up a method of measuring platelet associated antibody PAIgG by flowcytometry and investigate its significance in the diagnosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP).
     目的 :应用流式细胞术 (FCM)测定血小板自身抗体 PAIg G,研究其对特发性血小板减少性紫癜 (ITP)诊断的意义。
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     Objective
     目的:
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     Objective
     实验目的
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     Creativity of Setup of Courses and Re-position of Evaluation Objective
     课程设置创新与学校体育评价目标的重新定位
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     Objective To investigate the setup of fluorometric determination of erythrocyte aldose reductase.
     目的红细胞醛糖还原酶测定荧光法的实验探讨。
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     SIDLP is setup based on it .
     SIDLP是建立在ARQ协议基础之上的。
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Objective Management is one mode of modern management,which can be used in school management widely.It accords with human's motivation,behavior regulation and expectant mentality.The setup of team's objectives is especially important during the process of objective management.This paper will discuss the strategy and principal of the objective setup which we must obey in the process of objective management in schools.

目标管理(MBO)是现代管理方式之一,广泛运用在学校管理工作,它符合人的动机、行为规律和期望心理。目标管理过程中,团队目标的设立尤为重要。本文就学校目标管理中目标设立须遵循的原则及其策略进行探讨。

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Setup error is the key factorin determining the margin of planning target volume (MPTV) for conformalradiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study was toestablish a method using radiopaque fiducial markers which were embeddedin occlusal splint (“occlusal splint method”) to acquire setup errors tocalculate MPTV in CRT for NPC. METHODS: The occlusal splint method wasperformed in 22 NPC patients who received CRT. Setup errors werecalculated by comparing...

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Setup error is the key factorin determining the margin of planning target volume (MPTV) for conformalradiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). This study was toestablish a method using radiopaque fiducial markers which were embeddedin occlusal splint (“occlusal splint method”) to acquire setup errors tocalculate MPTV in CRT for NPC. METHODS: The occlusal splint method wasperformed in 22 NPC patients who received CRT. Setup errors werecalculated by comparing the coordinates of 3 fiducial markers read fromportal images with those read from computed tomography (CT) data.According to the formulation, the size of MPTV with or without consideration oforgan motion was also calculated. RESULTS: The standard deviations ofsystematic errors (Σ) were 1.13 mm, 1.47 mm, and 1.31 mm in X (medio-lateral) , Y (antero-posterior) and Z (cranio-caudal) axes, respectively; thestandard deviations of random errors were 0.81 mm, 0.45 mm, and 0.80mm in X, Y, and Z axes, respectively. Without consideration of organmotion, the sizes of MPTV were 3.40 mm, 3.98 mm, and 3.83 mm in X, Y,and Z axes, respectively; with consideration of organ motion, the sizes ofMPTV were 3.75 mm, 4.35 mm, and 4.16 mm in X, Y, and Z axes,respectively. CONCLUSION: Using the “occlusal splint method”, eachinstitution can precisely calculate setup error data, and stipulate the size ofMPTV adequate to oneas own situation.

背景与目的:鼻咽癌适形射治疗摆位误差是决定计划靶区(planningtargetvolume,PTV)外扩范围(PTVmargin,MPTV)的关键因素,本研究应用“垫内置标记点法(垫法)”测量鼻咽癌适形放射治疗中的摆位误差,并计算出PTV外扩范围。方法:22例行适形放射治疗的鼻咽癌患者制作垫并在其中镶上金属球作为内标记。通过比较射野影像片和定位CT上内标记点的坐标来计算摆位误差。由公式MPTV=2.5!+0.7σ分别计算出考虑和不考虑器官运动的MPTV大小。结果:22例患者在X、Y、Z轴上的摆位系统误差标准差(Σ)分别为1.13mm、1.47mm、1.31mm;摆位随机误差标准差(σ)分别为0.81mm、0.45mm、0.80mm。不考虑器官运动时在X、Y、Z轴上的MPTV大小分别为3.40mm、3.98mm、3.83mm。考虑器官运动时在X、Y、Z轴上的MPTV大小分别为3.75mm、4.35mm、4.16mm。结论:应用垫法能够比较精确地测量出符合实际情况的摆位误差值,并确定了MPTV的大小,从而使制定的适形放疗计划更具有科学性。

Objective: Setup a mathematic model of evaluating the investigation of patients attitude to nursing work to help administers'make correct decisions.Methods: Use superiority chart to decide the importance of each factor,multi-level comprehensive evaluation,vague control.Results: Set up comprehensive evaluation index system,use the model to analyse the cases at a hospital of which the result shows the real condition.Conclusions: It is quite possible to improve the efficiency of nursing work and nurses...

Objective: Setup a mathematic model of evaluating the investigation of patients attitude to nursing work to help administers'make correct decisions.Methods: Use superiority chart to decide the importance of each factor,multi-level comprehensive evaluation,vague control.Results: Set up comprehensive evaluation index system,use the model to analyse the cases at a hospital of which the result shows the real condition.Conclusions: It is quite possible to improve the efficiency of nursing work and nurses scientific management abilities by applying to combination of mathematic model and computer to nursing management.

目的:建立病人对护理工作满意度调查结果评价的数学模型,为管理者正确作出决策提供可靠依据。方法:采用优序图法确定各因素的权重、多层次综合评判法、模糊控制的方法。结果:确定了综合评价指标体系,运用该模型对某院进行了实例分析,结果与实情完全吻合。结论:将数学模型与微机结合用于护理管理可提高工作效率及护理人员的科学管理水平。

 
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