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医药卫生方针政策与法律法规研究
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patients with surgery
相关语句
  手术病人
     The effect on patients with surgery operation by patient participated nursing mode
     病人参与护理模式对外科手术病人的影响
短句来源
     General character and rules of changes in psychic stress,and effects of psychic care with procedural and sensory information on these changes were observed in 600 patients with surgery,including general surgery、urinary surgery and gynecologic surgery.
     观察了600例普通外科、泌尿外科及妇科的择期性手术病人的心理应激反应的一般特点和变化规律,以及采用以提供程序性和感觉性信息为主,以其他方法为辅的心理护理措施对手术病人应激反应产生影响。
短句来源
     Results The incidence of repeat ectopic pregnancies was 5.67% , 85.19% of the repeat ectopic pregnancies occurred on the contralateral side,there were 12 cases with inflammatory salpinx among 14 patients with surgery.
     结果重复异位妊娠发生率为异位妊娠的5.67%(27/476),85.19%发生在对侧输卵管,14例手术病人中,12例(85.71%)输卵管炎症明显。
短句来源
     Of the 41 patients with surgery, except 1 of cavernous hemangioma, 40 accepted radiotherapy with the total doses of 40-50 Gy.
     41例手术病人术后除1例海绵状血管瘤病人外,40例行放疗,总剂量40~50Gy。
短句来源
  例手术病人
     Results The incidence of repeat ectopic pregnancies was 5.67% , 85.19% of the repeat ectopic pregnancies occurred on the contralateral side,there were 12 cases with inflammatory salpinx among 14 patients with surgery.
     结果重复异位妊娠发生率为异位妊娠的5.67%(27/476),85.19%发生在对侧输卵管,14例手术病人中,12例(85.71%)输卵管炎症明显。
短句来源
     Of the 41 patients with surgery, except 1 of cavernous hemangioma, 40 accepted radiotherapy with the total doses of 40-50 Gy.
     41例手术病人术后除1例海绵状血管瘤病人外,40例行放疗,总剂量40~50Gy。
短句来源
  “patients with surgery”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The pelvic recurrence and metastatic rate in patients with surgery alone were 48% and 36%, 34% and 30.4% in patients with postoperative radiotherapy, 40.6% and 28.1% in patients with postoperative chemotherapy, and 31.8% and 27.3% in patients with postoperative combination of chemo-radiation respectively.
     盆腔复发和远处转移率单纯手术组分别为48%和36%,术后放疗组为34%和30.4%,术后化疗组为40.6%和28.1%,术后放化疗组为31.8%和27.3%。
短句来源
     Results The local recurrences in the patients with surgery alone and in those with surgery combined with postoperative radiation therapy were 85 7% and 12 5%( P <0 05)respectively. The distant metastasis rates and medium survival in both periods patients were 85 7% and 37 5%,74 5 and 95 4 months,respectively.
     结果 单独接受手术治疗的病人与手术加术后放疗病人比 ,复发率分别为 85 7%和 12 5 % (P <0 0 5 ) ,远处转移率和平均生存期分别为85 7%和 3 7 5 % ,74 5个月和 95 4个月。
短句来源
     RESULTS:Two and 4-year survival rates were 30% and 20% in patients with surgery alone, 22% and 11% in patients with induction RT, and 73% and 53% in patients with induction CRT, respectively.
     结果 :单纯手术组 2、4年生存率分别为 3 0 %和 2 0 % ,RT组为 2 2 %和 11% ,CRT组为 73 %和 5 3 %。
短句来源
     Methods Nausea and vomiting times of 40 Azasetron injecting patients, 40 Ondansetron and 40 Ondansetron plus Dexamethasone injecting patients with surgery of gynecological laparoscopy were compared respectively.
     方法对40例妇科腹腔镜手术患者在手术结束前静注阿扎司琼,观察术后的恶心呕吐(PostoperativeNauseaandVomiting,PONV)的次数及程度,并与40例静注昂丹司琼及40例静注昂丹司琼复合地塞米松进行统计学比较。
短句来源
     Methods:CT and MRI appearances of 6 patients with surgery and pathology proved DNET were analyzed retrospectively.
     方法:回顾性分析6例经手术病理证实的DNET的MRI和CT资料。
短句来源
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  patients with surgery
Results: Two and 4-year survival rates were 30% and 20% in patients with surgery alone, 22% and 11% in patients with induction RT, and 73% and 53% in patients with induction CRT, respectively.
      
When initial visual acuity was HM or better, vision improved significantly more in patients with surgery than in those without surgery (p=0.0003) by Mann-Whitney U test).
      
The leakage rate was significantly higher in patients with surgery for rectal cancer (6.3 vs 2.0%, p?>amp;lt;?0.001).
      
To this end, a prospective multicenter study (January 1 through December 31, 1998) was conducted involving 7266 patients with surgery for benign goiter from 45 East German hospitals.
      
Study of gene expression of cytokines and apoptotic factors in blood and tissues from patients with surgery infection by the met
      
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Aimed to select a reference parameter for differential diagnosis in congenital heart defects with increased pulmonary blood flow, the authors reviewed 500 plain chest films of 1-15yr old otherwise healthy subjects and 54 patients with surgery confirmed diagnosis. The diameters of right inferior pulmonary artery (PA), trachea (TR) and right middle bronchus (MB) were measured and TR/PA ratio calculated. It was found that TR/PA ratio 1.12±0.09 is rather constant in healty infants and children, while patients...

Aimed to select a reference parameter for differential diagnosis in congenital heart defects with increased pulmonary blood flow, the authors reviewed 500 plain chest films of 1-15yr old otherwise healthy subjects and 54 patients with surgery confirmed diagnosis. The diameters of right inferior pulmonary artery (PA), trachea (TR) and right middle bronchus (MB) were measured and TR/PA ratio calculated. It was found that TR/PA ratio 1.12±0.09 is rather constant in healty infants and children, while patients was 0.90±0.05; other parameters showed divergent individual variation, thus were inappropriate for diagnostic use. It is suggested that, when TR/pA is less than1, incresed pulmonary blood flow must be considered in context of congenital heart defects.

通过对500名1~15岁正常小儿胸片观测右下肺动脉横径、气管横径,右中间支气等横径以及它们之间的比值,认为单项均数变异较大不宜作为判断肺血的指标,而气管/右下肺动脉比值较恒定,正常小儿值为1.12±0.09。选择手术证实的肺血增多先心病患儿胸片观测对照,病理组的比值为0.90±0.05,认为此项比值小于1时可作为考虑肺血增多的平片指标之一。

General character and rules of changes in psychic stress,and effects of psychic care with procedural and sensory information on these changes were observed in 600 patients with surgery,including general surgery、urinary surgery and gynecologic surgery. 300 cases were in experimental group,others were in two control groups ,each group ,with 150 cases. The results showed that: 1. after admission ,as the approach of the date of operation the stress reaction increased graduatedlly ,anxiety、fear...

General character and rules of changes in psychic stress,and effects of psychic care with procedural and sensory information on these changes were observed in 600 patients with surgery,including general surgery、urinary surgery and gynecologic surgery. 300 cases were in experimental group,others were in two control groups ,each group ,with 150 cases. The results showed that: 1. after admission ,as the approach of the date of operation the stress reaction increased graduatedlly ,anxiety、fear and blood pressure reached the top in the night before operation ,all of these changes went down as the performance of operation. Pain、suffering and malaise were severe after operation than that during operation. 2. Psychic index of stres reaction were lower in experimental group than that in two control groups ,during the night before operation、in the operation and after operation. (P<0.05, P<0. 01, P<0. 001), These results showed that psychic care are useful method to maintain health and comfort patients with surgical experience and have some practical value.

观察了600例普通外科、泌尿外科及妇科的择期性手术病人的心理应激反应的一般特点和变化规律,以及采用以提供程序性和感觉性信息为主,以其他方法为辅的心理护理措施对手术病人应激反应产生影响。其中实验组300例、两个对照组各150例。结果表明:(1)病人入院后,随着手术时间的逼近,应激反应逐渐加剧,手术前夜的焦虑、恐惧与血压水平显著升高;手术开始后则急剧下降;病人术后所感受到的疼痛、痛苦与不适显著高于术中。(2)实验组在手术前夜、术中及术后的各项心理指标的应激反应水平显著低于两个对照组(P<0.05,P<0.01,P<0.001),显示了心理护理的积极影响。结果说明本法对维护手术病人康宁具有一定的实用价值。

Purpose To analyze the therapeutic effectiveness of postoperative radiotherapy for renal carcinoma ,and the relationship between local control and distance metastasis.Materials and Methods Among 43 patients who underwent nephrectomy, 21 patients had taken postoperative radiotherapy from 1987 to 1992. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out. Results 5year survival rates for stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ disease were 60.0% and 40.0% in patients with surgery alone (S),66.7% and 45.5% in patients...

Purpose To analyze the therapeutic effectiveness of postoperative radiotherapy for renal carcinoma ,and the relationship between local control and distance metastasis.Materials and Methods Among 43 patients who underwent nephrectomy, 21 patients had taken postoperative radiotherapy from 1987 to 1992. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out. Results 5year survival rates for stage Ⅱ and Ⅲ disease were 60.0% and 40.0% in patients with surgery alone (S),66.7% and 45.5% in patients with postoperative radiotherapy (S+R), it showed no significant difference between S and S+R. The mean time of metastasis after nephrectomy for stage Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ+Ⅲa were 54.5±24.3,24.7±17.1 and 11.3±15.7 months,respectively,which showed significant difference between various stages (P<0.01).Metastasis rates of stage Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ+Ⅲademonstrated significant positive correlation with the time of metastasis apperarance (γc=0.8918,P<0.05).Cox proportional regression methods demonstrated that the stage was the major factor affecting survival and prognosis.Conclusion Distant metastasis is the main cause of death for renal carcinoma after surgery.Combination of postoperative radiotherapy with other effective systematic modalities is considered for the improvement of longterm survival for stage Ⅱ,Ⅲ cases.The authors suggest to do a clinical trial to observe the preventive effect by blockage therapy for stage Ⅰ disease.

目的分析肾癌术后放疗疗效及与远地转移的关系。材料与方法1987年10月至1992年3月手术切除肾癌43例,其中术后放疗21例。采用单因素和Cox多因素回归分析治疗疗效和失败原因。结果肾癌Ⅱ、Ⅲ期术后放疗5年生存率分别为66.7%和45.5%,略好于单纯手术的60.0%和40.0%,两组差异无明显意义(P>0.05)。全组Ⅰ、Ⅱ和Ⅲ+Ⅳa期远地转移时间(x±s)分别为术后54.5±24.3月,24.7±17.1月和11.3±15.7月,三者之间差异有显著性意义(P<0.01),远地转移率与转移时间呈显著性正相关(γc=0.8918,P<0.05)。Cox多因素回归分析显示分期是影响预后的独立因素。结论远地转移是肾癌术后主要致死原因。Ⅱ、Ⅲ期术后放疗应综合有效的全身治疗手段;Ⅰ期应探索迟发性远地转移的阻断性治疗。

 
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