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buses dispatch
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  相似匹配句对
     The Optimizing Modle on the Dispatch of Buses
     公交车调度优化模型
短句来源
     The Optimizing Modle on the Dispatch of Buses
     公交车调度的优化模型
短句来源
     resources dispatch;
     资源调度;
短句来源
     duty dispatch;
     任务调度;
短句来源
     Hybrid Buses
     混合动力公共汽车
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In this paper we present a way to deal with the urban public transport dispatching by fuzzy control. The traditional manually or experienced dispatching modes, such as regular bus, interval bus,and express bus dispatching mode etc. can be properly described by fuzzy control rules. This might be a way to switch the experienced dispatching mode into man computer interactive one.

对在城市公共交通运营管理中人─机结合的智能化管理开发中应用模糊控制理论进行了探讨.分析了公共交通中长期传统的人为调度模式,如长趟、区间、甩车等形式进行模糊语言描述,从而可以对车流动态信息采用模糊控制规则与运算规则进行描述,得出相应的确定调度模式,为实现人为、经验调度向人─机结合的调度模式过渡提供一种参考方法.

In this paper, a mathematical model on buses dispatching is presented with the method of perfecting on multi objects. Firstly, with the data analyses and consideration on feasibility, a typical workday can be divided into five spans: before morning rush hour, morning rush hour, the span between morning rush hour and evening rush hour, evening rush hour and its beyond. Three objective functions are introduced: the average capacity rate, the degree of the passengers' waiting, and the degree of passengers'...

In this paper, a mathematical model on buses dispatching is presented with the method of perfecting on multi objects. Firstly, with the data analyses and consideration on feasibility, a typical workday can be divided into five spans: before morning rush hour, morning rush hour, the span between morning rush hour and evening rush hour, evening rush hour and its beyond. Three objective functions are introduced: the average capacity rate, the degree of the passengers' waiting, and the degree of passengers' complain on waiting and crowded, to set up a model of perfecting on three objectives. Weighted average method is used to combine the three functions as one. MATLAB mathematical software is employed to work out the interval of sending buses. Up going buses are sent at respectively 5,2,4,3,15(minutes) and down going buses are 10,2,5,3,8(minutes). Altogether, 52 buses are needed and 534 buses one a workday. The percent of average capacity is 82.094%, and the percent of the passengers' complain is 0.91%. The model is proved to be steady through the test. Lastly shortening the statistical time on partial area is concluded to be an effective way to improve the dispatching plan through the analyses on original data.

本文利用多目标优化方法建立了公交车调度的数学模型。首先通过数据分析 ,并考虑到方案的可操作性 ,将一天划分为早高峰前 ,早高峰 ,早高峰和晚高峰之间 ,晚高峰及晚高峰后 5个时段 ;引入车辆的平均满载率 ,乘客的等待抱怨程度及拥挤抱怨程度作为三个目标函数 ,建立了三目标优化模型 ;通过加权 ,将三个目标函数合并为一个目标函数。运用MATLAB数学软件计算出了上行、下行各个时段发车的时间间隔 :上行各时段时间间隔分别为 5、2、4、3、15 ,下行各时段时间间隔分别为 10、2、5、3、8(单位 :分钟 ) ;所需总车辆数为 5 2辆 ,共发车 5 34次 ,公交公司的平均满载率为 82 .0 94% ,抱怨顾客的百分比为 0 .91% .通过模型检验得出所求模型较为稳定。最后 ,通过对原始数据的分析和处理 ,得出在进入和离开乘客高峰时期 ,局部缩短采集数据时间间隔是改善调度方案的有效方法 .

In this paper, a mathematical model is gained for the dispatch of buses, and transportation of buses is simulated by computer. A timetable of bus dispatching in this line in a day is obtained. The result is reasonable and true. So this is a excellent method provided for the dispatch of buses.

本文为公交车调度系统建立了一个数学模型,并借助计算机仿真公交车的运营,得到了该条线路上公交车在首站的全天发车时间表。该结果具有很好的合理性、真实性,为公交车的调度问题提供了一种较好的解决方法。此方法可以推广到类似的调度问题。

 
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