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the tourniquet
相关语句
  止血带
     Patients in group K (n=15) received ketamine 0.5mg/kg intravenously 10min before the tourniquet inflation .
     K组于上止血带前10min静脉注射KET 0.5mg/kg,C组给予等容量生理盐水。
短句来源
     It was found that after releasing the tourniquet severe tissue damage was found in rats subjected to ligature hindquarter for 4hr: progressive hypotension, elevation of plasma ET level (5.9±0.4 vs 2.3±0.2 Pg /ml in sham group, P<0.01), enhancement of plasma TXB_2 content, increase in the activities of cathepsin D and lactate dehydrogenase, and overload of calcium in skeletal muscular mitochondria.
     结果发现,经止血带结扎双后肢4小时的动物松解结扎后,发生进行性低血压,血浆内皮素水平升高(5.9±0.4pg/ml vs.假手术组动物2.3±0.2 pg/ml,P<0.01)TXB_2含量增加,组织蛋白酶-D和乳酸脱氢酶活性增强,骨骼肌线粒体钙超载等一系列损伤性变化。
短句来源
     ① Two hours later after loosing the tourniquet,the contents of serum phosphocreatine kinase,LDH,AST and MDA increased dramatically,which were 20,6,6 and 2 times as those before the experiment,and they all peaked at the 24th hour,which were 37,13,12 and 3 times as those before the experiment.
     ①松开止血带2h后,血浆中磷酸肌酸激酶、乳酸脱氢酶、谷草转氨酶活性和丙二醛浓度即急剧升高,分别为实验前的20,6,6,2倍,24h后达到峰值,分别为实验前的37,13,12和3倍;
短句来源
     Methods A total of 30 adult volunteers were divided into three groups according to the ann circumference:group S (≤25 cm),group M (26~30 cm),and group L (>30 cm). Pressure of the tourniquet was measured when the brachial artery flow was blocked by 50% and 100% under color Doppler detection.
     方法对30例健康成年志愿者,按右上臂周径大小分为S组(≤25cm)、M组(26~30cm)和L组(>30cm),用彩色多普勒超声血流显像仪分别测定肱动脉血流100%和50%阻断时气囊止血带充气压力值。
短句来源
     One week after loosing the tourniquet,the concentrations of MOD and SOD recovered to the levels before experiment,whereas other indicators were significantly different from those before the experiment(P < 0.05).
     至松开止血带1周,丙二醛浓度和超氧化物歧化酶活性才恢复至实验前水平,而其他指标与实验前比较仍有显著差异(P<0.05)。
短句来源
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  下止血带
     THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE SAFETY PERIOD OF THE TOURNIQUET IN THE ALTITUDE ENVIRONMENT
     高原环境下止血带安全时限的实验研究
短句来源
  “the tourniquet”译为未确定词的双语例句
     PU values were 7 4±2 0, 7 6±2 3 and 7 3±1 6 Conclusions In division of the thoraco acromial flaps within the plateau, the value (PU) returned to or exceeded 50% of that before application of the tourniquet.
     术后 4~ 7天的平台期PU值分别为 7 4± 2 0、7 6± 2 3、7 3± 1 6。
短句来源
     7.53±0.41、7.57±0.62、7.70±0.44、7.60±0.26、7.58±0.17. Conclusion\ In clinical application, division of the lateral groin skin flaps within the plateau, and the values (PU) returned to or exceeded 50% of that values (PU) determined before application of the tourniquet, causes flaps survival (100%).
     术后 6~ 11d的平台期 ,PU值分别为 7.5 3± 0 .4 1、7.5 7± 0 .6 2、7.70± 0 .4 4、7.6 0± 0 .2 6、7.5 8± 0 .17。
短句来源
     Methods 20 cases underwent knee arthroscopy were randomly assigned to two groups, group U(n=10) administered Ulinastatin 20×10~5 U intravenously at 15 minutes before application of tourniquet and 10×10~5 U in same way at 5 minutes before release the tourniquet.
     方法ASAⅠ级行单侧下肢膝关节镜手术的20例病人,随机分为2组:乌司他丁组(U组,n=10)和对照组(C组,n=10)。
短句来源
     Group B(sham group,totally 30 rats): the same procedures as Group C except that the tourniquet of anterior descending artery(LAD) of coronary artery remained loose all the time;
     C组(缺血再灌注组,g组):在冠状动脉前降支根部结扎造成心肌缺血,持续45min,根据再灌注时间的不同再分为5组,再灌注 smin、30min、60min、180min、360min组(分别简写为 RS、R30、R60、R180、R360组),每个时点 6只大鼠,共 30只大鼠;
短句来源
     The tourniquet pressure was 0.045 mPa and duration 1 hour.
     SP染色分别降低13%(p<0.05)、16%(p<0.05),以后角为著。
短句来源
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  the tourniquet
The method permits a follow-up under dynamic conditions of the actual strength of the vascular wall in irradiated dogs, which is impossible with any other method of examination (the tourniquet method of Konchalovskii-Rumpel-Leede.
      
The tourniquet increased significantly tibial fluid weight, periosteal bone formation and intracortical bone remodelling.
      
Both experiments assessed the effect of an external pneumatic venous tourniquet on bone distal to the tourniquet.
      
After releasing the tourniquet, articaine is eliminated with a t1/2β of 60 min and lidocaine with a t1/2β of 80 min.
      
After releasing the tourniquet, articaine appears in the blood and is rapidly eliminated with a t1/2a of 5±3 min and a t1/2β of 59±39 min due to hydrolysis.
      
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Tourniquet application was studied in dogs and human beings by means of evaluating the relationships between the tourniquet pressure and bleeding quantity, the width of tourniquet and tourniquetpressure, and comparing the hemostatic effect of circumferential and local pressure. The experimentsproved that the relationship between the tourniquet pressure and bleeding quantity accords with the Bernoulli's equation. As for hemostasis, the relationship between the width of tourniquet and tourniquet...

Tourniquet application was studied in dogs and human beings by means of evaluating the relationships between the tourniquet pressure and bleeding quantity, the width of tourniquet and tourniquetpressure, and comparing the hemostatic effect of circumferential and local pressure. The experimentsproved that the relationship between the tourniquet pressure and bleeding quantity accords with the Bernoulli's equation. As for hemostasis, the relationship between the width of tourniquet and tourniquet pressure shows negative exponential function. Local compression is most preferable for not only stopping bleeding effectively, but also retaining adequate circulation to the extremity. Our observations seem to provide the theoretical foundation for clinical application and for developing new hemostatic equipments. It is suggested that the rubber tube tourniquet now used should be discarded.

本文通过止血带压和出血量的关系、止血带宽度和止血带压的关系研究,以及对环绕加压和局部加压两种止血方式的比较,对止血带使用的最佳条件进行探讨。结果表明:止血带压和出血量之间符合Bernoulli方程,止血带压和止血带宽度间呈负指致函数关系;局部加压止血是既能妥善止血,又可部分保留肢体血液循环的最佳止血方式。本研究为临床应用和新型止血器材的研制提供了理论依据。作者论证了现沿用的橡皮管止血带的危害,提出应尽早废除。

The local and systemic effects of three kinds of tourniquet experimentally applied for six and twenty-four hours to the hind limbs of the dogs were compared. It showed that the mortality and the morbidity in the rubber tube tourniquet group were the hignest among the three different tourniquet groups. The circumferentially inflated pneumatic tourniquet group was the second in regard to the adverse effect. There was neither mortality nor morbidity in the locally inflated pneumatic tourniquet group and even the...

The local and systemic effects of three kinds of tourniquet experimentally applied for six and twenty-four hours to the hind limbs of the dogs were compared. It showed that the mortality and the morbidity in the rubber tube tourniquet group were the hignest among the three different tourniquet groups. The circumferentially inflated pneumatic tourniquet group was the second in regard to the adverse effect. There was neither mortality nor morbidity in the locally inflated pneumatic tourniquet group and even the tourniquet was applied for six or twenty-four hours. In this group, the changes in systemic arterial blood pressure, venous blood pressure of the limbs, electrocardiogram and local skin temperature were slight. So were the systemic and local pathologic changes. The experimental results indicated that the locally inflated pneumatic tourniquet was much safer than any other tourniquets currently applied; therefore, it could be considered as a relatively optimal and new type of tourniquet so

在狗后肢上扎止血带,并连续观察应用6和24小时三种止血带的局部和全身效应。结果表明:橡皮管止血带组死亡率和肢体残废率最高;环绕充气止血带组也有较高的伤残率;局部充气止血带组无一例死亡或致残,全身动脉压和肢体静脉压、心电图、肢体温度、全身及局部病理改变均最轻或几无改变。实验证实局部充气止血带的安全性远较现沿用的止血带为好,是一种理想的新型止血器材。

For transferable and immunologieal studies on shock toxin (lethal faetor), a hind limbs ischemia tourniquet shock in rats has been examined. The blood of rats subjectd to severe shock transfused into mild shock rats has not significantly increased the mortality of the latter. Both the recruited plasma from shock rats and the plasma from the rats immunized with severe shork plasma had no therapeutic effects on tourniquet shock. It therefore appears that there is no specific and immunogenic shock toxin produced...

For transferable and immunologieal studies on shock toxin (lethal faetor), a hind limbs ischemia tourniquet shock in rats has been examined. The blood of rats subjectd to severe shock transfused into mild shock rats has not significantly increased the mortality of the latter. Both the recruited plasma from shock rats and the plasma from the rats immunized with severe shork plasma had no therapeutic effects on tourniquet shock. It therefore appears that there is no specific and immunogenic shock toxin produced in the tourniquet shock in rats

为了阐明休克毒素是否存在及其免疫学意义,用重型和轻型创伤性休克大鼠模型进行交叉输血,结果重输轻组与轻输轻组死亡率无显著区别。用创伤性休克康复血浆或正常血浆治疗创伤性休克,无显著差别。又用创伤性休克血浆为抗原免疫大鼠,其免疫血浆与对照血浆治疗创伤性休克,亦无显著差别。实验结果认为创伤性休克大鼠血液中不存在具有抗原性的特异性休克毒素及其抗体

 
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