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   personal control 在 心理学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.145秒
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personal control
相关语句
  控制感
    Role Perception, Personal Control and Job Stress:A Causal Relation Analysis
    角色认知、控制感及工作压力的关系分析
短句来源
  “personal control”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The causal relationship between role perception, personal control and job stress were identified with the path analysis method.
    发现员工角色认知对工作压力具有显著影响,角色冲突通过对心理压力的直接影响,在角色认知对工作压力的影响中起主效应作用。
短句来源
    Specifically, role perception seems to have both direct and indirect effect via personal control on job stress.
    控制体验在角色认知对心理压力的影响中具有明显的调节作用。
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  personal control
It is suggested that in families (as in teams), shared decision control may be a more potent coping resource than personal control.
      
Shared control significantly predicted satisfaction with life, but not burnout, and personal control predicted neither.
      
We hypothesized that shared control would correlate more strongly with burnout and satisfaction with life than would personal control.
      
Results indicate that personal control and self-efficacy in sexual negotiation are significantly associated with safer sex behavior, and are often more important for girls than for boys in predicting contraceptive risk.
      
Personal Control, Self-Efficacy in Sexual Negotiation, and Contraceptive Risk among Adolescents: The Role of Gender
      
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Among the theories which shed light on the mental process of reactive depression, the most influentials are those of psychoanalytic theory, control theory, cognitive theory, self awareness theory and behavior theory. The psychoanalytic theory of reactive depression emphasizes the importance of loss of central sources of love and emotional security during depression. Such losses is then posited to produce a variety of intrapsychic consequences, ultimately culminating in the state of depression. Like the psychoanalytic...

Among the theories which shed light on the mental process of reactive depression, the most influentials are those of psychoanalytic theory, control theory, cognitive theory, self awareness theory and behavior theory. The psychoanalytic theory of reactive depression emphasizes the importance of loss of central sources of love and emotional security during depression. Such losses is then posited to produce a variety of intrapsychic consequences, ultimately culminating in the state of depression. Like the psychoanalytic perspective, the control theory of reactive depression also considers the impact of losses as the primary factor in the onset of depression. The general notion is that having experienced with uncontrollable situations, the individual develops low expectancies of personal control over later events that could, in fact, be controlled. These low expectancies, in turn, produce a wide range of motivational, cognitive, and affective deficits that constitute the state of depression. In the cognitive perspective, however, depression is caused by a negative depressogenic cognition or a schema that predisposes one to become depressed when stressful events or losses occur. Depression prone individuals are characterized by a “depressive triad”, which consists of a negative outlook on the self, the future and the world. The self awareness theory of reactive depression proposes when an individual is in a stressful situation and no responses are available for him/her to reduce the discrepancy between actual and desired states, he/she becones deeply self focused, and develops intensified negative affect, self derogation, and.depression Behavioral analyses of reactive depression contrast sharply with other approaches. They define the low frequency of overall activity as the primary characteristic of depression. Particularly the positive reinforcement is reduced by some personal characteristics (e.g., age, sex, and attractiveness), the lack of appropriate skills, or environmental scarcity thus leads to a low rate of behavior.\;Based on these theoretic persperctives, this paper attempts to develop a comprehensive view of mental process of reactive depression. Facing stressful life events, the individual, can pursue two different ways coping. First, when the individual has a high appraisal of behavioral control, he will take some relevent actions toward the events, or, he will seek social support or other sources of self esteem, affection and identity so as to regain the sense of control. If other sources or social support are unattainable, the individual will resort to self defense oriented actions, such as denial of reality, rationalization, regression. Rumination can be found sometimes in those with low personal controls, and results in negative affection, low depreciation attribution, and depression.

对反应性抑郁形成的心理过程进行解释的理论中 ,较有影响的有精神分析理论、控制理论、认知理论、自我注意理论和行为主义理论。由于这些理论都仅强调某一个因素的作用 ,因而有一定的局限性。如果综合考虑这些因素 ,同时还考虑到评价、个体扮演角色的多少及其采用的应付方式等因素的作用 ,就可以看出反应性抑郁形成的完整心理过程。

Role perception is recognized as an important cause of job stress.This paper reports a field investigation conducted in two large state enterprises. 120 workers and managers participate in the study. Factor analysis confirms the two dimensions structure of role perception: role ambiguity and rule conflict. The causal relationship between role perception, personal control and job stress were identified with the path analysis method. Specifically, role perception seems to have both direct and indirect effect...

Role perception is recognized as an important cause of job stress.This paper reports a field investigation conducted in two large state enterprises. 120 workers and managers participate in the study. Factor analysis confirms the two dimensions structure of role perception: role ambiguity and rule conflict. The causal relationship between role perception, personal control and job stress were identified with the path analysis method. Specifically, role perception seems to have both direct and indirect effect via personal control on job stress.

通过对2 家国有大中型企业员工的角色认知及工作压力情况的调查,分析了组织中员工角色认知、控制体验与工作压力的因素构成,其分别为角色模糊和角色冲突、控制感和控制愿望、生理压力和心理压力。在此基础上确定了对各构成因素的测量工具,并分析了各构成因素之间的相互关系。发现员工角色认知对工作压力具有显著影响,角色冲突通过对心理压力的直接影响,在角色认知对工作压力的影响中起主效应作用。控制体验在角色认知对心理压力的影响中具有明显的调节作用。

 
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