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Alcohol abuse is thought to be a risk factor for the cause of liver damage, hyperlipidemia and insulin resistance.
      
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At first the authors discuss the principles of using archaeological method to investigate the recent structural movements. The relative crustal subsiding rates and amplitudes in some parts of the Lin Fen (临汾) Basin are obtained by examining ancient graves, old city walls, monuments etc; the relative upheaving rates and their amplitudes are obtained by examining river terraces in 400-220 B.C., during the Warring States Period (战国) and in 1270-1300 A.D., during the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty (元朝). Finally,...

At first the authors discuss the principles of using archaeological method to investigate the recent structural movements. The relative crustal subsiding rates and amplitudes in some parts of the Lin Fen (临汾) Basin are obtained by examining ancient graves, old city walls, monuments etc; the relative upheaving rates and their amplitudes are obtained by examining river terraces in 400-220 B.C., during the Warring States Period (战国) and in 1270-1300 A.D., during the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty (元朝). Finally, the authors also discuss the earthquake risk of dif-ferent parts of the Basin in the future hundred years.

本文首先讨论了将考古学方法用于研究现代构造运动。从调查古墓、古城、古碑等得到了临汾盆地部分地区的地面沉降的速度和幅度;从调查战国时期(公元前400—前220年)和元朝初期(公元1200—1300年)的河岸阶地,求得了地面上升的速度和幅度。最后,对临汾盆地不同地区在今后一百年内的地震危险性,也进行了探讨。

From the point of view of focal mechanism, characteristics of foreshocks, aftershocks and earthquake swarms are analysed, based on observations of some of the strong earthquakes occurred in recent years. It is pointed out that there are considerable differences between the three. A "Group Parameter" - Consistency of focal mechanism has been suggested to describe the seismicity of a group of earthquakes and we try to make it more or less quantitative. It is emphasized that to identify the consistancy of focal...

From the point of view of focal mechanism, characteristics of foreshocks, aftershocks and earthquake swarms are analysed, based on observations of some of the strong earthquakes occurred in recent years. It is pointed out that there are considerable differences between the three. A "Group Parameter" - Consistency of focal mechanism has been suggested to describe the seismicity of a group of earthquakes and we try to make it more or less quantitative. It is emphasized that to identify the consistancy of focal mechanism for a group of earthquakes, one may find quick and convenient by just analysing the wave form of the seismic records. Besides, in this paper, some examples are also given for the assessment of earthquake risk by using the parameter mentioned above.

本文根据近年来的一些强震震例,从震源机制角度分析了前震、余震和地震群的不同特点,指出在震源机制的一致程度方面,前震、余震和地震群有明显的差别,提出了描述一群地震活动性方面的一个“群体”参数——震源机制一致性,并试图给这个参数定量化.本文强调判断一群地震震源机制一致性时,用地震记录波形鉴别法常常是迅速方便的,还给出了一些用震源机制一致性参数确定地震危险性的实例.

Neo-tectonic movements in the northern section of the Yuanmou fault zone, Yunnan Prov. are very well reflected by the modification of landforms and the deformation of the early Pleistocene lacustrine strata.1. A narrow, deep trough-basin (the Yuanmou Basin) formed on the western side of the major Yuanmou fault was at first filled with Q1 lacustrine deposits of more than 400m thick, and then uplifted into a westward tilting high lake terrace. Subsequently 5 lower and lower river terraces appeared one after another...

Neo-tectonic movements in the northern section of the Yuanmou fault zone, Yunnan Prov. are very well reflected by the modification of landforms and the deformation of the early Pleistocene lacustrine strata.1. A narrow, deep trough-basin (the Yuanmou Basin) formed on the western side of the major Yuanmou fault was at first filled with Q1 lacustrine deposits of more than 400m thick, and then uplifted into a westward tilting high lake terrace. Subsequently 5 lower and lower river terraces appeared one after another only along the eastern margin of the trough-basin. The Longchuanjiang River, which has carved out the terraces, now runs along the western margin of the basin.2. Jurassic sandstones and shales were thrust westward on Q1 lacustrine deposits, which was affected by a series of young folds and faults. These folds and faults trend with a sharp angle toward the major Yuanmou fault and constitute some Quaternary tectonic structures of "A" pattern.3. A series of cross tectonic structures such as downwarp-faulted basins with an arched uplift between them is found in the trough-basin.All the features above mentioned suggest that the northern section of the Yuanmou fault zone forming the middle part of the Sichuan-Yunnan N-S tectonoseismic belt, has been affected not only by vertical, but also horizontal (either sinistral or dextral) multi-cyclic movements.Nevertheless, from the seismo-geological analysis we consider that the risk of a destructive earthquake here would not be so serious as that in the northern and southern terminal areas of the Sichuan-Yunnan N-S tectonoseismic belt.

元谋断裂有强烈、复杂和多阶段的新活动,表现西盘先断陷成湖,后回升成阶地,并在东盘水平挤压下时而顺扭、时而反扭,使阶地变形、错位、掀斜,并在湖积中形成轴向或走向与主干断裂成向南或向北锐角相交的新褶皱与断层,构成新“人”字形构造。 此带地处滇西南北带中段,灾害性地震危情不如南、北两端严重。

 
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