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actuarial value
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  精算值
     Based on the accurate definition of price difference risk in the sense of probability the concept of the actuarial value of the retail average price is further defined by the non-life actuarial theory, and the retail average price is separated into two parts: the actuarial value and the risk premium.
     在从概率论角度准确定义价差风险的基础上,运用非寿险精算原理,进一步定义了零售平均价格的精算值精算值把零售平均价格分为精算值和风险溢价。
短句来源
     Secondly, according to all objectives of EER, to establish econometric model to get the actuarial value of EER on the base of the computed EERs in the first phase.
     第二阶段,以第一阶段估算的均衡汇率和实现均衡汇率的各目标建立计量模型,得到均衡汇率精算值
短句来源
  “actuarial value”译为未确定词的双语例句
     According to the defined contribution pension actuarial present value theory,the present actuarial value models of one unit life annuity under relevant stochastic interest rate of reversible MA(q) and general MA(q) models are derived,furthermore,based on the China town employee life table and the relevant present actuarial value models,the expect level of paying the enterprise life annuity can be calculated.
     根据缴费预定型养老金精算现值理论,分别得到可逆MA(q)和一般MA(q)随机利率模型下退休职工一单位元生存年金的精算现值模型. 利用中国城镇职工从业生命表和相应精算现值模型,可计算给付企业年金的期望水平.
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The Q-value in the
     利用此法求取了东秦岭地区地壳中的Q值,并作了简要的地质解释。
短句来源
     The value of the D.
     D .
短句来源
     Actuarial calculation on time value of money
     资金时间价值的精算
短句来源
     In ((Actuarial Mathematics)) N.
     N.
短句来源
     At last , the chapter summarize the actuarial present value for the different survival annuity.
     对不同形式生存年金的精算现值进行了分类总结。
短句来源
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  actuarial value
To date the number of tests available with significant actuarial value is limited.
      
The rebate or interruptible rate discount would equal the actuarial value of the option.
      
The increase in the actuarial value funded ratio was the result of the state issuing pension obligation bonds to finance the liability.
      
The increase in the actuarial value funded ratio was the result of employers paying off their unfunded prior service liabilities to the WRS.
      
The actuarial value-based funded ratio increased from 59.0% funded to 98.6% funded.
      
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The price difference risks exert a great influence on the reliability of the retail market and the stability of the enterprise management. The retail companies must build a price difference risk management system to cope with the risks efficiently and systematically. Based on the accurate definition of price difference risk in the sense of probability the concept of the actuarial value of the retail average price is further defined by the non-life actuarial theory, and the retail average price is...

The price difference risks exert a great influence on the reliability of the retail market and the stability of the enterprise management. The retail companies must build a price difference risk management system to cope with the risks efficiently and systematically. Based on the accurate definition of price difference risk in the sense of probability the concept of the actuarial value of the retail average price is further defined by the non-life actuarial theory, and the retail average price is separated into two parts: the actuarial value and the risk premium. According to the risk preference of the retail companies, the risk premium is split into the risk capital for the price difference risk management and the risk rewards from retaining the risks. The amount of the risk capital is measured by the security loading coefficient. Taking the relationship between the risk capital and the risk level as the core, and the derivative contracts of electricity market and the price difference risk reserves as the risk control measures, the preliminary frame of the price difference risk management system is constructed. Simulation results show that the risk levels decrease when the security loading coefficients increase, whose decreasing velocity is fast at first then slow, and the relationships between the terminal electric demand and the wholesale prices strengthen the efficiency of the security loading coefficients.

价差风险对零售市场的稳定运行和企业的稳健经营影响很大。零售商必须构建价差风险管理体系才能对风险进行系统、有效的管理。在从概率论角度准确定义价差风险的基础上,运用非寿险精算原理,进一步定义了零售平均价格的精算值。精算值把零售平均价格分为精算值和风险溢价。根据零售企业风险偏好,价差风险溢价又可分为价差风险管理所需要的风险资本和价差风险报酬。价差风险资本的份额大小由安全附加系数测量。以风险资本与价差风险水平的对应关系为核心,以电力市场衍生合同和企业自身的价差风险准备金为风险控制手段,建立价差风险管理体系的初步框架。模拟结果显示,安全附加系数的增加明显使价差风险降低,降低的速度是先快后慢;电力终端需求量与批发市场电价的相关性越大,安全附加系数对价差风险管理效率越高。

In this paper,based on the time series theory,the reversible MA(1) and MA(2) stochastic interest rate models are generalized into reversible MA(q) and common MA(q) models,moreover,the calculation steps of determining the q order in MA(q) model are given.According to the defined contribution pension actuarial present value theory,the present actuarial value models of one unit life annuity under relevant stochastic interest rate of reversible MA(q) and general MA(q) models are derived,furthermore,based on...

In this paper,based on the time series theory,the reversible MA(1) and MA(2) stochastic interest rate models are generalized into reversible MA(q) and common MA(q) models,moreover,the calculation steps of determining the q order in MA(q) model are given.According to the defined contribution pension actuarial present value theory,the present actuarial value models of one unit life annuity under relevant stochastic interest rate of reversible MA(q) and general MA(q) models are derived,furthermore,based on the China town employee life table and the relevant present actuarial value models,the expect level of paying the enterprise life annuity can be calculated.

利用时间序列理论,将可逆MA(1),MA(2)随机利率模型推广为可逆MA(q)和一般MA(q)模型,并给出判定MA(q)模型中q阶数的计算步骤.根据缴费预定型养老金精算现值理论,分别得到可逆MA(q)和一般MA(q)随机利率模型下退休职工一单位元生存年金的精算现值模型.利用中国城镇职工从业生命表和相应精算现值模型,可计算给付企业年金的期望水平.

At present, there is serious divarication among scholars on the issue of exchange rate of RMB, and there is a flaw in the main method to calculate equilibrium exchange rate (EER). The common method to calculate is to treat the smooth of nominal or real effective exchange rate as EER, and the former is far away from EER according to economic meaning. The paper proposes a “multi-objective two-phase estimating method” to assess EER as follows: Firstly, to estimate each EER according to the relevant objective of...

At present, there is serious divarication among scholars on the issue of exchange rate of RMB, and there is a flaw in the main method to calculate equilibrium exchange rate (EER). The common method to calculate is to treat the smooth of nominal or real effective exchange rate as EER, and the former is far away from EER according to economic meaning. The paper proposes a “multi-objective two-phase estimating method” to assess EER as follows: Firstly, to estimate each EER according to the relevant objective of EER. Secondly, according to all objectives of EER, to establish econometric model to get the actuarial value of EER on the base of the computed EERs in the first phase. According to the actuarial value of EER, the paper concludes that RMB should rapidly appreciate more than 20%, rapid and high appreciation is of both long and fundamental benefit to China, and the exchange rate intervention of RMB is necessary currently.

目前,学术界在人民币汇率问题的研究上存在着分歧。尤其是对均衡汇率的测算,在方法上存在不足。多数模型的设计实质上是把名义汇率或实际有效汇率的平滑值当作了均衡汇率,而非真正的经济学意义上的均衡汇率。本文设计了一种“多目标两阶段估值”的方法来测算均衡汇率:在第一阶段,依据实现均衡汇率的各个目标,分别估算不同目标条件下的均衡汇率;第二阶段,以第一阶段估算的均衡汇率和实现均衡汇率的各目标建立计量模型,得到均衡汇率精算值。在深入分析汇率失衡给宏观经济带来的后果的基础上,依据均衡汇率的计算结果,本文认为,提升汇率符合中国的长期利益和根本利益,而且在现阶段政府还不应该放弃对汇率调整的干预。

 
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