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   flood risk zoning 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.204秒
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flood risk zoning
相关语句
  洪水灾害风险区划
     Flood Risk Zoning and Causal Analysis in China
     中国洪水灾害风险区划及其成因分析
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Review of risk analysis on flood
     洪水风险分析的研究进展与展望
短句来源
     Considerations on flood risk analysis
     关于洪水风险分析几个问题的思考
短句来源
     On Flood
     论《洪水》
短句来源
     The Flood
     洪水
短句来源
     Zoning of Chinese flood hazard risk
     中国洪水灾害危险程度区划
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The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is a cooperative venture of the federal government, state and local governments, and the private insurance industry. The article delineates academic basis of NFIP, namely, flood risk zoning and fiscally sound premium ratemaking. At the same time, the flood insurance experience in the year 1978-2002 are described by the surplus process model, And the NFIP underwriting working status of several periods in 34 years having been analyzed with the condition for...

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is a cooperative venture of the federal government, state and local governments, and the private insurance industry. The article delineates academic basis of NFIP, namely, flood risk zoning and fiscally sound premium ratemaking. At the same time, the flood insurance experience in the year 1978-2002 are described by the surplus process model, And the NFIP underwriting working status of several periods in 34 years having been analyzed with the condition for sustainable insurance. The practice validates that the NFIP is self-supporting for the average historical loss year, which means that operating expenses and flood insurance claims are not paid for by the taxpayer, but through premiums collected for flood insurance policies. The Program has borrowing authority from the U.S. Treasury for times when losses are heavy, however, these loans are paid back with interest.

美国国家洪水保险计划是联邦政府、州与地方政府、私营保险公司的合作保险,美国洪水保险实施的理 论依据是洪水风险分区和合理的费率厘定。实践证明,在平常的年份,国家洪水保险计划是自我维持的, 也就是说,该计划的运行费用和洪水保险索赔不是由纳税人支付,而是通过洪水保险单筹集的保险金来 维持的。如果发生较大洪水,洪水保险基金不够支付保险赔偿时,联邦紧急事务管理局会向国家财政临 时借款,日后再从洪水保险基金利息中偿还。

Flood risk zoning is the base of the flood risk management.Because of difficulty in obtaining data,or low resolution of data,for a long time,the flood risk zoning which can guide flood control and flood insurance is unavailable.A new method is adopted to solve this problem,with the help of the GIS software and high resolution picture(90m) of rain,flood-related slope,buffer of the lake and river,average GDP,density of the population,road and farming land.Based on flood causal analysis...

Flood risk zoning is the base of the flood risk management.Because of difficulty in obtaining data,or low resolution of data,for a long time,the flood risk zoning which can guide flood control and flood insurance is unavailable.A new method is adopted to solve this problem,with the help of the GIS software and high resolution picture(90m) of rain,flood-related slope,buffer of the lake and river,average GDP,density of the population,road and farming land.Based on flood causal analysis and empiristic coefficient,potential flood zones and vulnerability of socio-economy are obtained and also the flood risk zoning in China is made.With the method of stepwise regression,by eliminating the influential factors,the main extrinsic driving forces that cause flood are analyzed.

洪水灾害风险区划是洪水风险管理的基本依据。长期以来,受数据收集以及分辨率的影响,中国一直缺乏可以指导相关部门进行洪水风险控制及洪水保险的洪灾风险区划。本文利用地理信息系统软件的空间分析模块,基于高分辨率(90m)的全国降雨、地形坡度、河流湖泊缓冲区、人均GDP、人口密度、道路密度和耕地密度等影响水灾发生的风险因子图,采用水灾成因分析法和经验系数法,得到洪水的潜在危险区和经济易损区,进而得到中国洪水灾害风险区划。在此基础上,采用逐步回归法,逐步剔除各影响因子后,对引发洪灾的主要外在驱动力进行了分析。

 
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