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volume transport
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  体积输送
     Two data sets from JODC obtained by the R/V Ryfou were used tocalculate the volume transport along 137°E between 1°S - 34° N. Routine1967 - 1989 meridional hydrographic data, from 23 repeated cruises in winterand 18 cruises in summer were used to calculate the geostropic volume transportbetween 3 - 34°N (referred to 104kPa ).
     利用日本气象厅1967-1989年间沿137°E断面观测到的水文和海流资料,计算了该断面上1°S-34°N的纬向体积输送
短句来源
     The interannual variations of the Luzon Strait transports at 0—145m and 145—915m layers are closely related to ENSO,especially the volume transport at 145—915m layer.
     145—915m层次的吕宋海峡年际体积输送与ENSO现象相关性显著。
短句来源
     VOLUME TRANSPORT IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC CALCULATED BY COMBINING INVERSE AND BETA SPIRAL MODELS
     反演模式与贝塔螺旋法结合算出的西太平洋体积输送(英文)
短句来源
     It has been confirmed that near Lat. 21 °N, one branch of the Kuroshio separates from its main current and goes westward through Long. 120 °E into the South China Sea with a velocity of 1.6kn and and volume transport cf 11-12×106m3/s. The 15-17℃ isotherms at 200m are the indicators of the branch at the sea surface.
     黑潮有一个向西的11—12×10~6m~3/s的净体积输送,它贡献给进入南海的“黑潮南海分支”。
短句来源
  体积输运
     ESTIMATE OF VOLUME TRANSPORT OF FLOW IN TTO-LEGI REGION
     TTO-LEGI区水体积输运估值
短句来源
     According to the climatological model results,the volume transport of Kuroshio is larger in spring and summer,and smallest in autumn. Annual mean of volume transport through PN section of the East China Sea is 29.7×10~6 m~3/s.
     模式结果表明黑潮的体积输运春夏季较大、秋季最小,在东海PN断面黑潮体积输运年平均为29.7×106m3/s;
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  “volume transport”译为未确定词的双语例句
     (2) the volume transport of this northeastward surface current is about 6×106m3/s.
     (2)这支表层东北向流的流量约为6×106 m3/s.
     Volume transport of PN section of East China Sea is 29.7Sv annual mean, the maximum value is 27.1Sv in spring and summer, the minimum value is 30.0Sv in autumn and winter.
     东海PN断面黑潮的年平均流量为29.7Sv,并且春夏流量大(31.OSv)、秋冬流量小(27.1sv)。
短句来源
     the interanual variations of ITF volume transport are correlated with those of Southern Oscillation index (SOI), and their correlation coefficient reached the maximum of 0.72 when the latter led the former by 2 months;
     与南方涛动指数(SOI)明显呈正相关,SOI超前ITF流量2个月时相关系数达到最大,为0.72;
短句来源
     The interannual variations of ITF volume transport are negatively correlated with those of Nio 3 area index, and their negative correlation coefficient reached the maximum of -0.81 when the Nio 3 area index led the ITF volume transport by 2 months;
     ITF流量的年际变化与Nino3区指数呈显著负相关,Nino3区指数超前ITF流量2个月时负相关系数达到最大,为-0.81;
短句来源
     (2) The net northern volume transport (VT) of the Kuroshio and the offshore branch of Taiwan Warm Current (TWCOB) through Section PN is about 26 2×10 6 m 3/s in June 1999. The inshore branch of Taiwan Warm Current (TWCIB) through the investigated region is about 0 4×10 6 m 3/s.
     ( 2 )黑潮与台湾暖流外侧分支通过PN断面的总的净北向流量约为 2 6 2× 1 0 6m3 /s. 台湾暖流内侧分支通过本计算海域的流量约为 0 4× 1 0 6m3 /s .
短句来源
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  volume transport
Since the volume transport across the pycnocline is much smaller than that in the mixed layer, the current in the mixed layer can be regarded as non-divergent.
      
Real-time observations of coastal sea level, coastal sea surface temperature, coastal HF radar-derived surface current maps, and FC volume transport are used to verify and validate EFSIS.
      
Based on a ship survey during January 1998, the characteristics of the flow, the thermohaline properties and the volume transport of the Arabian Sea are discussed.
      
Volume transport calculation suggests that the tidal transport is one or two orders of magnitude smaller than the total transport in this region and it becomes more important near the coast.
      
Volume transport fluctuations of the Florida Current (Gulf Stream), generated within the Straits of Florida by local meridional wind stress, is investigated.
      
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Based on the deep sea (to 1200 m) observation data from Japanese R/V Komahashi (Feb. 26-Mar. 2, 1940), the Kuroshio path, especially in deep layer, is investigated as a case study from temperature distribution and dynamic height topography. Main results are as follows.1. 500-600 m being as a boundary, the temperature distributions in the upper and deep layers are quite different from each other. The temperature in upper layer increased, and that in deep layer decreased with the increasing of distance from the...

Based on the deep sea (to 1200 m) observation data from Japanese R/V Komahashi (Feb. 26-Mar. 2, 1940), the Kuroshio path, especially in deep layer, is investigated as a case study from temperature distribution and dynamic height topography. Main results are as follows.1. 500-600 m being as a boundary, the temperature distributions in the upper and deep layers are quite different from each other. The temperature in upper layer increased, and that in deep layer decreased with the increasing of distance from the shore. A cold water area appeared to the east of Lanyu Island, its northward extension became wider with the increasing of the depth.2.Dynamic height topographies (referred to 1200 db) at each level show that a cyclonic eddy appeared in the region east of Lanyu Island. The Kuroshio south of Taiwan, passing through both sides of the eddy, flowed toward the north as a whole. But in the near surface layers, it flowed mostly toward the East China Sea. While in the deep layers, the amount of water flowing northward along the west side of the eddy decreased with increasing of depth, and that flowing eastward and southeastward along the southern and eastern part of the eddy increased, which we considered that to. be the result of the blocking effect on the northward flowing of the deep water due to the existence of submarine ridge northeast of Taiwan.From about 200 m, the path of the northward flowing Kuroshio southeast of Taiwan began to meander cyclonically around the cold eddy, the deeper the depth it located, the more it meandered. The path of main current was no longer straight northward, but turned to E-SE. At 800-1000m level around 23°N, the Kuroshio was almost entirely eastward flowing. The dimension of the cyclonic eddy is about 100X200 km.3.Volume transport (referred to 1200 db) of the Kuroshio flowing from south of Taiwan to the east coast of Taiwan is around 24 sv. Volume transport of the Kuroshio flowing toward the East China Sea is around 17 sv. Therefore, as a rough estimation, about 5-6 sv (-25%) of the Kuroshio water flowed eastward to the Pacific Ocean.4.The above-mentioned meander and cold eddy of the Kuroshio east of Taiwan occurred just in time of the appearance of the large meander and cold water mass of Kuroshio south of Japan in 1934-1944. Whether there is some intrinsic relation between these two phenomena is worth studying.5.It is suggested that the deep layer water blocked by the submarine ridge and flowing eastward may flow southward .as a reeirculation. And there is another possibility that it may be related to the deep western boundary current southeast of Ryukyn Islands (Kawabe, 1980).It is expected that the deep-sea expedition east of Taiwan and south of Ryukyn Islands would be systematically carried out in the near-future, a necessary and important event for exploring the Kuroshio path in deep layer.

本文根据日本“Komahashi”号调查船1940年2—3月的深海观测资料,从温度和动力高度的分布探讨了台湾以东黑潮深层流的途径。结果表明,在兰屿以东附近区域存在着一个尺度约为100×200km的气旋式(冷)涡旋。沿台湾东南北上的黑潮途径,约从200 m层起,随着深度的增加,绕冷涡作气旋式弯曲,主流不再径直北上,而逐渐转向东—东南。这主要是由于深层水北流时受到台湾东北方海脊的阻塞作用所致。这次台湾以东黑潮所出现的弯曲和冷涡,虽其尺度较小,强度亦弱,但其时间落在日本以南黑潮出现大弯曲和冷水团的期内(1934—1944),这两者是否存在着内在联系,值得研究。

In this paper it is presumed that the mass transport of current is composed of constant current and wind drift current, of which the mass transport of the constant current is invariable in a short period, and that the wind factor and current deviation angle of the wind drift mass transport vary with wind direction. The wind factor with current deviation angle of mass transportion can therefore be decomposed into north wind factor with current deviation angle and east, wind factor with current de- viation angle....

In this paper it is presumed that the mass transport of current is composed of constant current and wind drift current, of which the mass transport of the constant current is invariable in a short period, and that the wind factor and current deviation angle of the wind drift mass transport vary with wind direction. The wind factor with current deviation angle of mass transportion can therefore be decomposed into north wind factor with current deviation angle and east, wind factor with current de- viation angle. In general the above four elements of the wind drift mass transport as well as two constant current elements are called the six elements of current mass transport. With three sets of observations of wind and current vectors and depth and den- sity made at different times and by solving six linear algebraic equations, the six ele- ments of mass transport can be obtained. From the obtained formulae for the wind factors and current deviation angles of the mass transport it is shown that the orbit of the current vectors is an ellipse when the wind direction varies. All the previous methods for the separation of the wind drift current are confined to current vectors. In this paper, we introduce the concept of current mass transport for the separation of the drift current. The previous methods for separations of the wind drift current are special cases of the present method. Without the influence of density, it turns to volume separation method, yet with the volume transport of the unit thickness only, it turns to the method of the separation of wind drift current el- lipse. In the deep sea area far from coast, when the wind factor and current devia- tion angles are independent of wind direction a cycle will be found. So the present method can be regarded as a generalization of all previous methods of residual current separation. As an example, the wind factors and the current deviation angles are calculated and tabled for every layer and for all the 16 azimuths of the station A near the coast in the northern East China Sea. According to the wind forecast, the wind drift cur- rent can be predicted by the tables and simple calculation. This method is useful for predicting the current in the lake also. Comparing the predicted residual current with measured one, they are in good agreement. The errors are 22% for the magnitudes and 31° for directions of the re- sidual current in average, respectively.

本文引入质量输送概念,利用三次实测余流、密度、深度和风的资料,分离出常流质量输送和风海流质量输送两部分的六个要素,归纳了过去的风海流圆和椭圆分离法。以东海北部近岸的A站为例,提出了根据风速、风向查对和计算各层风海流的表格形式,供预报余流之用。实测余流与预报值比较,结果较好,量值正确率平均为78%,方向误差为31°。

The characteristics of the variation of axial position of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea and its relationship to the meanders south of Japan ate analysed, based on the JMA's temperature and GEK data (1954-1984) and the precipitation data (1900-1985) published by the Central Bureau of Meteorology of China. Some main results are as follows:1. The axial position of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea is quite stable, its average deviation is about 9 n mile.2. The mean distance of the seasonal variation of the...

The characteristics of the variation of axial position of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea and its relationship to the meanders south of Japan ate analysed, based on the JMA's temperature and GEK data (1954-1984) and the precipitation data (1900-1985) published by the Central Bureau of Meteorology of China. Some main results are as follows:1. The axial position of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea is quite stable, its average deviation is about 9 n mile.2. The mean distance of the seasonal variation of the axis is 8, 9 and 1-0 n miles in spring, summer and winter, and autumn, respectively.3. When anticyclonic wind occurred in northwest of the Iriomote-jima and Tokara-kaikyo after 1-2 years, the meanders south of Japan will appear.4. When the axial position of the Kuroshio in the East China Sea shifted to the southeast (northwest) the velocity and volume transport increases (decreases), but the precipitation in Qingdao decreases (increases), the meanders south of Japan will appear (disappear). Add, when the minimum (maximum) precipitation occurred in Qingdao, the meanders south of Japan will appear (disappear).

本文在前人工作的基础上,通过对30年(1954—1984年)以来水文资料的分析,找出东海黑潮的变异与青岛的降水及其与日本以南黑潮出现大弯曲之间的关系,得到了一些有意义的结果。

 
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