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glacier melting    
相关语句
  冰川消融
    A PARAMETERIZED ENERGY BALANCE MODEL OF GLACIER MELTING ON THE TIANSHAN MOUNTAIN
    天山冰川消融参数化能量平衡模型
短句来源
  冰川消融
    A PARAMETERIZED ENERGY BALANCE MODEL OF GLACIER MELTING ON THE TIANSHAN MOUNTAIN
    天山冰川消融参数化能量平衡模型
短句来源
  冰川融水
    in the southern Xingjiang, the mean temperature from May to September was the governing climatic factor. The hydrological year precipitation in the previous 2 years in the High Mountain area was the second climatic factor, which plays a role of increasing surface water resources through glacier melting water.
    南疆 5~ 9月平均温度是决定其地表水资源场时空分布特征的主导气候因子 ,高山区前 2年的水文年降水为辅助气候因子 ,它通过冰川融水的形式对当年的地表水资源起增加作用
短句来源
  冰川融水
    in the southern Xingjiang, the mean temperature from May to September was the governing climatic factor. The hydrological year precipitation in the previous 2 years in the High Mountain area was the second climatic factor, which plays a role of increasing surface water resources through glacier melting water.
    南疆 5~ 9月平均温度是决定其地表水资源场时空分布特征的主导气候因子 ,高山区前 2年的水文年降水为辅助气候因子 ,它通过冰川融水的形式对当年的地表水资源起增加作用
短句来源
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  glacier melting
Since key features in the Rwenzori lakes' abiotic environment are strongly tied to temperature and catchment hydrology, these Afroalpine lake ecosystems can be expected to respond sensitively to climate change and glacier melting.
      
The highest loads are in summer due to glacier melting.
      
Measurements were obtained in mid-December of 2003 and 2004, during late austral spring, under active glacier melting and calving.
      
The Plinian eruption (1-2?km3 dense rock equivalent) was triggered by pressure release caused by glacier melting and volatile supersaturation.
      
Rapid climatic improvement caused glacier melting and removal of the ice load within about 1,000?years.
      
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The glacial discharge forecast and computation method developed by H. Jensen and H. Lang ( 1973 ) is applied and discussed in the discharge model for the Z'mutt Glacier drainage basin for the years of 1970—982. The ablation season is divided into a low discharge period ( the beginning and end of ablation season), a high discharge period ( rapid ablation period) and a transient period ( between the above two periods) forming a total of three stochastic samples over the time series. A 1-step model can be...

The glacial discharge forecast and computation method developed by H. Jensen and H. Lang ( 1973 ) is applied and discussed in the discharge model for the Z'mutt Glacier drainage basin for the years of 1970—982. The ablation season is divided into a low discharge period ( the beginning and end of ablation season), a high discharge period ( rapid ablation period) and a transient period ( between the above two periods) forming a total of three stochastic samples over the time series. A 1-step model can be successfully converted to a S-step discharge model by a transfer function. The independent variables are discharge, air temperature, solar radiation and precipitation weighted by air temperature. The best predictor is discharge itself, and air temperature plays an important role in the model. Precipitation correlates closely with discharge, while the correlation coefficients between solar radiation and discharge are mostly negative, usually next to zero. This suggests that, in addition to the glacier melt water, liquid precipitation and snow meltwater also play an important role in the formation ofrunoff in the glacierized drainage basins in the Swiss Alps. In the model, the influence of the albedo of snow and ice surfaces on discharge is dealt with by a weighting factor for air temperature, which is a function of precipitation and air temperature, and is found useful when evaluating residuals between simulated and measured discharge during the calibration period.

本文利用自回归复回归数学模型和传递函数对瑞士阿尔卑斯山兹姆特冰川流域的流量进行了模拟计算。根据冰川消融过程的差异,将进行统计年份的消融季节划分为三个随机样本。最好的预报因子是流量本身、气温和经气温加权后的降水量。反射率的变化在模式中起着重要作用,而太阳辐射和流量之间的相关关系较微弱。

Like all other natural processes, the melting process of glacier has the properties on stochasticity and irreversibility. The authors suggest that the mean daily discharge process of glacier melting be regarded as the combination of a definite system indicating the air temperature influence and a stochastic system reflecting stochasticity in a time series.

冰川融水径流过程是由一个反映气温影响的确定性系统和一个反映时间序列随机特性的随机系统综合作用的结果。本文提出用一个以气温为自变量的多元回归模型和一个自回归类模型相结合的组合模型来描述冰川融水径流日平均流量过程。结果表明,模拟系列和实测系列间达到α=0.01的相关,7—8月平均拟合误差约为±20.0%。

It is little possible that theglacier-outburst flood would oc-cur in 1987. The reason givenas below: first, the glacier da-mmed lake was just releasedwater last year and it was em-pty on June thirteenth day,this year when we exploredthe lake; second, the air tem-perature is 2-4~0 c lower thanthe other years; It will not bemore than 2500~3m/s, if floodoccur in 1987, because the total of the lake can only store wa-ter 6000m~3 and stored as muchas it can did before 2130m~3/sflood occurred last year. Thetendency...

It is little possible that theglacier-outburst flood would oc-cur in 1987. The reason givenas below: first, the glacier da-mmed lake was just releasedwater last year and it was em-pty on June thirteenth day,this year when we exploredthe lake; second, the air tem-perature is 2-4~0 c lower thanthe other years; It will not bemore than 2500~3m/s, if floodoccur in 1987, because the total of the lake can only store wa-ter 6000m~3 and stored as muchas it can did before 2130m~3/sflood occurred last year. Thetendency of this discharge ofJokulhlaups is decreasing be-cause the size of the lake isreducing as the thickness ofthe glacier-dam geadually go-ing down.The glacier-melting floodis as usual, and the total ofthe run-off is probably lowerthan usual, because the airtemperature is lower in theearly part of the year.The average of the run-off will not be reduced in theYarkand River within thiscentury

叶尔河是南疆最大河流,洪水问题十分突出,以冰雪融水洪水和冰川突发性洪水危害最大。本文分析了不同类型洪水特点,揭示了洪水发生规律,通过资料、航片解译分析结合野外实地考察测量,对叶尔羌河1987年洪水进行了予报,并对叶尔羌河未来洪水发展变化趋势作了初步予测。

 
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