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wheat operation
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  wheat手术
     The operations were performed by using moderately hypothermic extracorporeal circulation in 18 cases,and deeply hypothemic circulatory arrest(DHCA)combined with retrograde superior vena cava perfusion(RCP)in 8 cases. The procedures included Bentall operation in 23 cases,one of whom was combined with right coronary bypass surgery,another one was combined with hemi-arch grafting,Wheat operation in 2 cases,artificial vascular replacement of ascending aortic in one case.
     采用中度低温体外循环18例,8例采用深低温停循环法(DHCA)合并经上腔静脉逆灌注(RCP),行Bentall手术23例,其中合并右冠搭桥和半弓替换各1例,Wheat手术2例,升主动脉人工血管置换1例。
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  “wheat operation”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Twenty-one patients underwent surgical treatment, 6 had Bentall operation, 2 Wheat operation, 5 ascending aorta replacement, 1 aorta thoracica replacement operation, 7 had supportive vascular prosthesis implanted, 4 of whom had combined aortic valve plasty.
     21例手术治疗,其中6例行Bentall术,2例行Wheat术,5例行升主动脉置换(同时主动脉瓣成形4例),1例行胸主动脉置换,7例置入支撑型人工血管;
短句来源
     This retrospective analysis compared the results in 41 operated patients with those of 20 un- operated ones with aortic dissecting aneurysm, DeBakey type I or II in 31 and III in 30. The operative mortality of 23 surgi- cally treated patients type I and II(Bentall operation in 20 and Wheat operation in 3) was 13% and 50year survival rate was 80%.
     非手术组住院死亡率为50%。 手术治疗41例中DeBakeyⅠ、Ⅱ型手术23例,20例行Bentall术,3例行Wheat术,手术死亡3例,手术死亡率13%,术后5年死亡率为20%。
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  相似匹配句对
     of wheat.
     Rz基因特别利于转育AL型恢复系和配制杂交小麦。
短句来源
     operation.
     手术治疗。
短句来源
     Experience in the Operation of Wheat Flour Milling
     粉间生产操作的体会
短句来源
     Operation unit of production on wheat germ oil with enzyme
     酶法生产小麦麦胚油操作单元研究
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     Its operation is agile.
     供应链的运作是敏捷性的 ;
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Right policy-making in surgical treament of aortic dissecting aneurysm is important in saving patient's life. Any unnecessary delay in operation may increase the peri-operative morbidity and mortality. The results of conservative treat- ment have not been satisfactory. This retrospective analysis compared the results in 41 operated patients with those of 20 un- operated ones with aortic dissecting aneurysm, DeBakey type I or II in 31 and III in 30. The operative mortality of 23 surgi- cally treated patients...

Right policy-making in surgical treament of aortic dissecting aneurysm is important in saving patient's life. Any unnecessary delay in operation may increase the peri-operative morbidity and mortality. The results of conservative treat- ment have not been satisfactory. This retrospective analysis compared the results in 41 operated patients with those of 20 un- operated ones with aortic dissecting aneurysm, DeBakey type I or II in 31 and III in 30. The operative mortality of 23 surgi- cally treated patients type I and II(Bentall operation in 20 and Wheat operation in 3) was 13% and 50year survival rate was 80%. In the other 18 with DeBakey type III treated with graft replacement, the surgical mortality was 11% with a 5- year survival rate of 88%. In the unoperated group, 5(type I or II )died of ventricular fibrillation and another 5 of rupture of the aneurysm( type I in 1 case and type III in 4), making up an in hospital mortality of 50%. The other 10 patients were treated medically because of encapsulation of the ruptured aneurysm in 2,severe renal functional insufficiency in 2 and refusal of operation in 6. Therefore, authors advocate a more aggressiive attitude toward surgical treatment of aortic dissecting a- neurysm.

回顾性地对1990~1995年收治的61例主动脉夹层动脉瘤资料进行分析,探讨其手术治疗原则及治疗效果。其中DeBakeyⅠ、Ⅱ型31例,Ⅲ型30例。手术治疗41例,非手术20例,非手术20例中10例在等待手术期间因室颤和心衰死亡5例,突发夹层瘤破裂死亡5例;另外10例中,2例动脉瘤破裂包裹保守治疗,2例因肾功能严重受损未手术,6例不接受手术出院。非手术组住院死亡率为50%。手术治疗41例中DeBakeyⅠ、Ⅱ型手术23例,20例行Bentall术,3例行Wheat术,手术死亡3例,手术死亡率13%,术后5年死亡率为20%。DeBakeyⅢ型手术18例,手术死亡2例,死亡率11.1%,5年死亡率为12%。故作者认为,主动脉夹层动脉瘤病人应积极手术治疗,DeBakeyⅠ、Ⅱ型急性期应手术治疗,Ⅲ型如果无不可控制的高血压、无不能制止的疼痛、瘤体扩大不明显,或有重要脏器缺血受累外,应先严密监测、控制血压,做必要检查后择期手术。

Objective Aortic dissection is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Effective methods to treat aortic disection are now available although these lesions still challenge the cardiovascular surgeon. Methods From January 1994 to January 2000. 131 patients with DeBakey Ⅰ?Ⅱ type aortic dissection underwent surgical treatment. Operations were performed under cardiopulmonary bypass in 59 patients. Hypothermic circulatory arrest was used in 15 patients. Hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective...

Objective Aortic dissection is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Effective methods to treat aortic disection are now available although these lesions still challenge the cardiovascular surgeon. Methods From January 1994 to January 2000. 131 patients with DeBakey Ⅰ?Ⅱ type aortic dissection underwent surgical treatment. Operations were performed under cardiopulmonary bypass in 59 patients. Hypothermic circulatory arrest was used in 15 patients. Hypothermic circulatory arrest and selective cerebral perfusion was used in 57 patients. A graft replacement of ascending aorta and partial aortic arch was performed in 25 patients. ascending aorta and total aortic arch in 10. 83 patients underwent the Bentall procedure. The Bentall procedure and total aortic arch replacement were performed in 3 patients, the Wheats operation in 4. 4 patients underwent the elephant trunk techniques and 2 patients with the elephant trunk techniques and the Bentall procedures. Results There were 4 deaths within 30 days after surgery with an operative mortality of 3.05%, and 3 neurological dysfunction undergone hypothermic circulatory arrest. They were recovered within 1 week. Conclusion The operative technique is difficult. Selective cerebral perfusion can provide available protection during surgery of aortic dissection. It prolongs the time allowed to performed the aortic repair.

目的 总结DeBakeyI、Ⅱ型主动脉夹层的外科治疗经验 ,探讨其手术指征、基本方法和手术技术。方法 对 131例DeBakeyⅠ、Ⅱ型主动脉夹层患者实施手术治疗 ,其中 2 5例行升主动脉 +部分主动脉弓替换术 ,83例行主动脉根部替换术 (Bentall′s手术 ) ,10例行升主动脉替换 +全弓替换术 ,4例行细胞感升主动脉替换 +主动脉瓣替换术 (Wheats) ,3例行主动脉根部替换术 +全弓替换术 ,4例行“象鼻手术”(ElephantTrunk) ,2例行主动脉根部替换 +象鼻技术。结果 本组死亡 4例 ,死亡率 3.0 5 %。急诊手术 44例 ,死亡 3例 ,死亡率 6 .81%。择期手术 87例 ,死亡 1例 ,死亡率 1.1%。结论 早期手术治疗是降低DeBakeyⅠ、Ⅱ型主动脉夹层病死率的关键。右锁骨下动脉插管 ,深低温停循环结合选择性脑灌注是一种简便易行的脑保护方法 ,有利于降低该病死亡率和并发症的发生率。

Objective To report the surgical results of 48 patients with ascending aorta and aortic arch aneurysm who receipted surgical treatment from January 1990 to December 2001. Methods Graft replacement of aortic arch were performed in 3 patients with aortic arch aneurysm, and "elephant trunk" procedure were used in 2 patients. Bentall's operation were performed in 29 patients with Marfan syndrome in which mitral valvoplasty and replacement were performed with separately in 2 cases. In 16 cases of aortic...

Objective To report the surgical results of 48 patients with ascending aorta and aortic arch aneurysm who receipted surgical treatment from January 1990 to December 2001. Methods Graft replacement of aortic arch were performed in 3 patients with aortic arch aneurysm, and "elephant trunk" procedure were used in 2 patients. Bentall's operation were performed in 29 patients with Marfan syndrome in which mitral valvoplasty and replacement were performed with separately in 2 cases. In 16 cases of aortic dissecting aneurysm the procedures performed were 5 Bentall operations, 5 graft replacements of ascending aorta, 4 graft replacements of ascending aorta with aortic valvoplasty and 2 Wheat operations. Results There were 4 operative deaths and one postoperative death with hospital mortality of 10.4%. There were hospital mortality of 36.4% in emergency operation and 2.7% in selective operation. Conclusions Indication and opportunity of operation could be divided into emergent operation, immediate operation and selective operation according to urgency and severity of disease. Technique of noncutting anastomosis could simplify the procedure and decrease the period of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) for aortic arch aneurysm. Risk factors of operation include emergency operation, aneurysm rupture and dissecting tear into the proximal aortic arch.

目的 总结 1990年 1月至 2 0 0 1年 12月对 4 8例升主动脉和弓部动脉瘤患者行外科治疗的经验。 方法3例弓部动脉瘤施行全弓置换术 ,其中 2例采用象鼻技术。 2 9例马方综合征 (Marfan syndrome)施行 Bentall手术 ,其中 2例同时分别施行二尖瓣成形术或二尖瓣置换术 ,3例合并急性夹层动脉瘤。主动脉夹层动脉瘤 16例 ,急性期手术8例 ,慢性期手术 8例 ;其中 Bentall手术 5例 ,升主动脉置换术 5例 ,升主动脉置换加主动脉瓣成形术 4例 ,Wheat手术 2例。 结果  4 3例生存 ,4例手术死亡 ,1例术后早期死亡 ,住院死亡率为 10 .4 %。其中急症手术 11例 ,死亡 4例 ,死亡率为 36 .4 % ;择期手术 37例 ,死亡 1例 ,死亡率为 2 .7%。 结论 按手术紧急程度不同 ,可分为急症手术、尽早手术和择期手术三类。对真性梭形弓部动脉瘤采用非切断腔内吻合术能明显简化手术 ,缩短深低温停循环时间。急症手术 ,动脉瘤破裂和夹层内膜破口侵犯弓部将增加手术风险。

 
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