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benefit measurement
相关语句
  利益衡量
     Benefit measurement in the preemption right of buying an apartment——On the role of lawful explanation in trial practice
     房屋优先购买权中的利益衡量——兼论法律解释在审判实践中的作用
短句来源
  效益测度
     In this paper the measurement method of technical progress was considered. The efficiency measurement formula and the benefit measurement formula of technical progress were derived.
     本文考查了技术进步的测试方法,导出了技术进步的效率测度公式与效益测度公式;
短句来源
  “benefit measurement”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Blockade of NFAT or NF-κB molecule pathway would be a benefit measurement to liver allograft rejection.
     阻断NFAT和NF κB分子途径是治疗肝移植排斥反应的具有重要价值的研究方向。
短句来源
     CsA can inhibit NF-κB activity and further down-regulate IL-2 gene expression. Blockade of NF-κB molecule pathway may be a benefit measurement to liver transplantation rejection.
     结论 CsA可以抑制NF κB活性 ,进而下调IL 2mRNA的表达。
短句来源
     CsA down-regulated activity of NFAT and inhibited transcription of IFN-γ gene further. Blockade of NFAT molecule pathway may be a benefit measurement to prevent the grafts from rejection after liver transplantation.
     CsA可以抑制NFAT活化 ,进而抑制IFN -γ基因转录。
短句来源
     By analyzing a great amount of forest ecological benefit,measurement of index set of dependent variable of forest ecological benefit was determined to be benefit of water conservation,soil conservation,dusty-wind control, microclimate improvement,carbon dioxide absorbent ,atmospheric cleaner,flood and drought disaster reduction and travel resources and wildlife living beings conservation.
     通过对森林多种生态效益的分析,确定计量森林生态效益的因变量指标集为:涵养水源效益、保持水土效益、抑制风沙效益、改善小气候效益、吸收二氧化碳效益、净化大气效益、减轻水旱灾效益、游憩资源效益和野生生物保护效益。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Measurement and Actualization of Forestry Ecological Benefit
     林业生态效益的计量与实现
短句来源
     The Analysis of Measurement about Information Value and Benefit
     信息价值及效益的计量
短句来源
     On the Benefit Audit
     关于效益审计的探析
短句来源
     invisible benefit.
     以促进企业长远发展为根本的无形效益。
短句来源
     Measurement Methods
     测量方法
短句来源
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  benefit measurement
Last, the paper shows the benefit measurement formula corresponding to this case and some numerical simulations.
      
Accordingly, the conventional benefit measurement method is not applicable in this case.
      
Benefit measurement of the soil and water conservation for ecological forestry engineering
      
We first briefly review the standard practices of benefit measurement and benefit segmentation and, along the way, point out their deficiencies.
      
Finally, ecosystem benefit measurement must be a central part of any regulatory program that involves the trade of ecosystems.
      


In this paper the measurement method of technical progress was considered. The efficiency measurement formula and the benefit measurement formula of technical progress were derived. The relationship among the productivities and the income rates of two production factors, capital and labour, in growth rate was researched. The condition which must be satisfied for that growth rate of wage rate is higher than that of labour productivity was obtained.

本文考查了技术进步的测试方法,导出了技术进步的效率测度公式与效益测度公式;研究了资金(本)、劳动这两种生产要素的生产率增长率与收益率增长率间的关系,得出了工资增长率超过劳动生产率增长率所必须满足的条件。

The methodology of benefits measurement is an important issue in civil law. The major difficulty in measuring benefits lies in the fact that it is difficult to set up the standards for measurement, which is important for guaranteeing the appropriateness of a legal decision. What we must do is to continuously improve the methodology for benefits measurement in the process of implementing and interpreting the law.

利益衡量论是民法方法论的重要内容,如何确定利益衡量的标准及能否确保得到妥当性的结论是利益衡量论面临的难题。在法解释中进行利益衡量及不断完善利益衡量论,是应采取的积极态度。

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism by which cyclosporine A downregulates transcription of interferon-γ gene after murine orthotopic liver transplantation.Methods Orthotopic murine liver transplantation model was employed and rats were divided into 3 groups. GroupⅠ: syngeneic control (Wistar-to-Wistar); GroupⅡ: acute rejection (SD-to-Wistar). GroupⅢ: acute rejection treated with cyclosporine A (SD-to-Wistar+CsA). EMSA was employed to analyze NFAT and NF-κB DNA-binding activity of splenocytes, RT-PCR was employed...

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism by which cyclosporine A downregulates transcription of interferon-γ gene after murine orthotopic liver transplantation.Methods Orthotopic murine liver transplantation model was employed and rats were divided into 3 groups. GroupⅠ: syngeneic control (Wistar-to-Wistar); GroupⅡ: acute rejection (SD-to-Wistar). GroupⅢ: acute rejection treated with cyclosporine A (SD-to-Wistar+CsA). EMSA was employed to analyze NFAT and NF-κB DNA-binding activity of splenocytes, RT-PCR was employed to analyze IFN-γ mRNA transcription intragraft on 1,3,5,7,12 day posttransplant in each group, respectively. Histopathological examination was also performed for reference.Results In comparison to groupⅠ, NFAT and NF-κB DNA-binding activity of splenocytes in groupⅡincreased significantly( P <0.05, vs. groupⅠ)while IFN-γ gene transcription intragraft intensified( P <0.05, vs. groupⅠ). After recipients were treated with cyclosporine A, NFAT and NF-κB DNA-binding activity decreased significantly( P <0.05, vs. groupⅡ)while IFN-γ gene transcription intragraft crippled( P <0.05, vs. groupⅡ). A significant correlationship was found between DNA-binding activity of either NFAT or NF-κB and transcription of IFN-γ mRNA in this study( r =0.781, r =0.815, P <0.05). Conclusion Inhibition of NFAT and NF-κb DNA-binding activity is a important mechanism by which cyclosporine A downregulates transcription of interferon-γ gene after orthotopic liver transplantation. Blockade of NFAT or NF-κB molecule pathway would be a benefit measurement to liver allograft rejection.

目的 研究环孢素A对原位肝移植后干扰素γ基因转录的影响及相关机制。方法利用大鼠原位肝移植模型 ,设立同基因对照组 (Ⅰ组 )、急性排斥组 (Ⅱ组 )和环孢素A治疗组 (Ⅲ组 )。分别于移植后 1,3,5 ,7,12d ,用逆转录聚合酶链方法测定移植肝组织中IFN γmRNA的表达 ,用凝胶电泳迁移率方法测定脾细胞的活化T细胞核因子 (NFAT)和核因子κB(NF κB)的DNA结合活性 ,并以病理形态学变化作参照。结果 Ⅱ组移植后各时点脾细胞NFAT和NF κB的DNA结合活性较Ⅰ组明显增强 (P <0 0 5 ) ,IFN γmRNA表达明显增高 (P <0 0 5 )。Ⅲ组移植后NFAT和NF κB的DNA结合活性较Ⅱ组明显减弱 (P <0 0 5 ) ,IFN γmRNA表达明显降低 (P <0 0 5 )。NFAT和NF κB的DNA结合活性与IFN γmRNA转录水平间均表现出良好的相关关系 (r =0 781,r =0 815 ,P <0 0 5 )。结论 原位肝移植后NFAT和NF κB活性变化是环孢素A调节IFN γ基因转录的重要机制。阻断NFAT和NF κB分子途径是治疗肝移植...

目的 研究环孢素A对原位肝移植后干扰素γ基因转录的影响及相关机制。方法利用大鼠原位肝移植模型 ,设立同基因对照组 (Ⅰ组 )、急性排斥组 (Ⅱ组 )和环孢素A治疗组 (Ⅲ组 )。分别于移植后 1,3,5 ,7,12d ,用逆转录聚合酶链方法测定移植肝组织中IFN γmRNA的表达 ,用凝胶电泳迁移率方法测定脾细胞的活化T细胞核因子 (NFAT)和核因子κB(NF κB)的DNA结合活性 ,并以病理形态学变化作参照。结果 Ⅱ组移植后各时点脾细胞NFAT和NF κB的DNA结合活性较Ⅰ组明显增强 (P <0 0 5 ) ,IFN γmRNA表达明显增高 (P <0 0 5 )。Ⅲ组移植后NFAT和NF κB的DNA结合活性较Ⅱ组明显减弱 (P <0 0 5 ) ,IFN γmRNA表达明显降低 (P <0 0 5 )。NFAT和NF κB的DNA结合活性与IFN γmRNA转录水平间均表现出良好的相关关系 (r =0 781,r =0 815 ,P <0 0 5 )。结论 原位肝移植后NFAT和NF κB活性变化是环孢素A调节IFN γ基因转录的重要机制。阻断NFAT和NF κB分子途径是治疗肝移植排斥反应的具有重要价值的研究方向。

 
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