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the tropical atlantic
相关语句
  热带大西洋
    Low frequency variability of sea surface level in the tropical Atlantic Ocean derived from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data
    用TOPEX/POSEIDON高度计数据分析热带大西洋海面高度距平的低频变化
短句来源
    The turbulent heat fluxes in WHOI (Woods Hole Ocean Oceanography Institute) synthesized fluxes product, NCEP1 and NCEP2 reanalysis fluxes product are evaluated using high-quality SOC flux climatology (Southampton Oceanography Center) which is constructed from ship observations and moored buoy observations PIRATA (Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic) as the references.
    以基于船测资料的SOC(Southampton Oceanography Center)和基于锚定浮标观测的PIRATA(Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic)热通量产品为参照,对WHOI(Woods Hole Oceanography Institute)综合分析、NCEP1(NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis)和NCEP2(NCEP/DOE AMIP-Ⅱ Reanalysis)再分析热通量产品在热带大西洋的精度进行了评估。
短句来源
    The singular value decomposition (SVD) of air sea anomalies in the tropical western,central,and eastern Pacific oceans,and eastern Pacific oceans,and the tropical Atlantic and Indian oceans has been conducted in this paper by using the 1000 hPa monthly mean wind field of the NCEP/NCAR 40 year reanalysis data and the COADS monthly mean sea surface temperature.
    用 NCEP/ NCAR4 0年再分析 10 0 0 h Pa月平均风场资料及 COADS月平均海表温度资料 ,对热带西、中、东太平洋、热带大西洋和印度洋五个区域的海气异常作了奇异值分解 (SVD)。
短句来源
    Seasonal-to-Interannual Variability of Latent and Sensible Heat Fluxes in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean
    热带大西洋海表潜热和感热通量的季节和年际变化研究
短句来源
    Numerical simulation of interannual and interdecadal SST variabilities in the tropical Atlantic with an intermediate ocean model
    热带大西洋年际和年代际变率的时空结构模拟
短句来源
更多       
  热带大西洋
    Low frequency variability of sea surface level in the tropical Atlantic Ocean derived from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data
    用TOPEX/POSEIDON高度计数据分析热带大西洋海面高度距平的低频变化
短句来源
    The turbulent heat fluxes in WHOI (Woods Hole Ocean Oceanography Institute) synthesized fluxes product, NCEP1 and NCEP2 reanalysis fluxes product are evaluated using high-quality SOC flux climatology (Southampton Oceanography Center) which is constructed from ship observations and moored buoy observations PIRATA (Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic) as the references.
    以基于船测资料的SOC(Southampton Oceanography Center)和基于锚定浮标观测的PIRATA(Pilot Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic)热通量产品为参照,对WHOI(Woods Hole Oceanography Institute)综合分析、NCEP1(NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis)和NCEP2(NCEP/DOE AMIP-Ⅱ Reanalysis)再分析热通量产品在热带大西洋的精度进行了评估。
短句来源
    The singular value decomposition (SVD) of air sea anomalies in the tropical western,central,and eastern Pacific oceans,and eastern Pacific oceans,and the tropical Atlantic and Indian oceans has been conducted in this paper by using the 1000 hPa monthly mean wind field of the NCEP/NCAR 40 year reanalysis data and the COADS monthly mean sea surface temperature.
    用 NCEP/ NCAR4 0年再分析 10 0 0 h Pa月平均风场资料及 COADS月平均海表温度资料 ,对热带西、中、东太平洋、热带大西洋和印度洋五个区域的海气异常作了奇异值分解 (SVD)。
短句来源
    Seasonal-to-Interannual Variability of Latent and Sensible Heat Fluxes in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean
    热带大西洋海表潜热和感热通量的季节和年际变化研究
短句来源
    Numerical simulation of interannual and interdecadal SST variabilities in the tropical Atlantic with an intermediate ocean model
    热带大西洋年际和年代际变率的时空结构模拟
短句来源
更多       
  “the tropical atlantic”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Interaction between the tropical Pacific and the tropical Atlantic through the wind stress bridge was numerically studied with intermediate models of global tropical atmosphere and ocean.
    利用中等复杂程度热带大气和海洋模式研究了热带太平洋和大西洋SST通过风应力桥梁的相互作用.
短句来源
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  the tropical atlantic
In this paper, the anomaly of disturbance height field over Northern Hemisphere due to SST anomaly in the tropical Atlantic Ocean is simulated by using the general circulation model of IAP.
      
A quasi-geostrophic, 34-level spherical coordinate model is also used to compute the distribution of atmospheric circulation anomaly when there is an anomaly of heat source over the tropical Atlantic.
      
The computed results show that, owing to the heat source anomaly over the tropical Atlantic, the EU-pattern anomaly in the winter circulation may be caused.
      
About 15 days after an anomaly of the heat source over the tropical Atlantic is injected, the EU-pattern anomaly of atmospheric circulation is formed.
      
The NPO is correlated with the annual hurricane number in the tropical Atlantic at -0.28 for the same period.
      
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The singular value decomposition (SVD) of air sea anomalies in the tropical western,central,and eastern Pacific oceans,and eastern Pacific oceans,and the tropical Atlantic and Indian oceans has been conducted in this paper by using the 1000 hPa monthly mean wind field of the NCEP/NCAR 40 year reanalysis data and the COADS monthly mean sea surface temperature.The comparison of main parameters of SVD for different sea areas and the analysis of first singular vectors and their time coefficients suggest...

The singular value decomposition (SVD) of air sea anomalies in the tropical western,central,and eastern Pacific oceans,and eastern Pacific oceans,and the tropical Atlantic and Indian oceans has been conducted in this paper by using the 1000 hPa monthly mean wind field of the NCEP/NCAR 40 year reanalysis data and the COADS monthly mean sea surface temperature.The comparison of main parameters of SVD for different sea areas and the analysis of first singular vectors and their time coefficients suggest that tropical air sea interactions may be divided into three types:the interaction in the tropical central eastern Pacific belongs to monistic type,in which ENSO is the sole important process;the interaction in the tropical western Pacific and Indian oceans belongs to dualistic type,in which in addition to ENSO there should be the another important process;the interaction in the tropical Atlantic ocean belongs to puralistic type,the process is complicated and the ENSO process is not evident.

用 NCEP/ NCAR4 0年再分析 10 0 0 h Pa月平均风场资料及 COADS月平均海表温度资料 ,对热带西、中、东太平洋、热带大西洋和印度洋五个区域的海气异常作了奇异值分解 (SVD)。比较区域间 SVD的主要参数和分析第一奇异向量及其时间系数表明 ,热带海气相互作用可区分为三类 :热带东、中太平洋属‘单元型’,ENSO是唯一重要的过程 ;热带西太平洋、印度洋属‘二元型’,除了 ENSO过程 ,还应存在另一重要过程 ;热带大西洋属‘多元型’,其构成复杂 ,ENSO循环则不明显

An investigation for understanding relative contributions of the surface wind stress forcing and the heat flux forcing to the upper ocean variability in the tropical Atlantic is presented, with an intermediate ocean model (IOM) developed in Hawaii University. The model was integrated for 41 a as a control experiment with both anomalous wind stresses and anomalous heat fluxes. Two parallel sensitive experiments without forcing of either the wind stress anomalies or the surface heat flux anomalies were conducted....

An investigation for understanding relative contributions of the surface wind stress forcing and the heat flux forcing to the upper ocean variability in the tropical Atlantic is presented, with an intermediate ocean model (IOM) developed in Hawaii University. The model was integrated for 41 a as a control experiment with both anomalous wind stresses and anomalous heat fluxes. Two parallel sensitive experiments without forcing of either the wind stress anomalies or the surface heat flux anomalies were conducted. The relative importance of the two forcing factors in generating the upper ocean variabilities for the sea surface temperature (SST) and the thermocline depth was examined. This model successfully simulates the SST variations in the tropical Atlantic with a weak ENSO-like mode on the interannual time scale and a north-south dipole mode on the interdecadal time scale. The interannual SST variability is determined by both forcing factors. The heat flux forcing has more contribution outside the equator while the wind stress forcing has contribution mainly near the equator. The interdecadal dipole mode is largely controlled by the heat flux forcing. Variations of the thermocline depth in the Atlantic are dominated by the wind stress anomalies, and the heat flux forcing has nearly no contribution.

使用美国夏威夷大学发展的中等复杂程度海洋模式(IOM)在给定表面强迫条件下模拟了热带大西洋上层海洋年际和年代际变率的时空结构.利用NCEP的41a(1958~1998年)逐月平均表面资料作为强迫场,积分海洋模式41a作为控制试验,并利用模式分别做动量(风应力)通量和热量通量无异常变化的平行试验,与控制试验作比较。对3组试验模拟上层海洋变率状况的比较,并按年际和年代际时间尺度分别分析,揭示表面风应力和热通量异常对海表面温度和温跃层深度变化的影响,并比较了其影响的相对重要性。结果表明模式成功地模拟出了热带大西洋上层海洋的变率。模式模拟的海表面温度年际变化主要表现为弱ENSO型,年代际变化表现为南、北大西洋变化相反的偶极子型。在年际时间尺度上,热力强迫和动力强迫对海表温度变化都有贡献,其中赤道外海表面温度异常(SSTA)变化主要由热通量异常引起,而近赤道SSTA的变化主要由动量异常强迫引起。在年代际时间尺度上,热通量强迫的作用远比动量强迫重要。模式不仅能够模拟SST在年际和年代际时间尺度上的变率,还能够模拟温跃层深度在年际和年代际时间尺度上的变率。年际和年代际时间尺度上,温跃层深度的变率主要由动量异常决定,热通量异...

使用美国夏威夷大学发展的中等复杂程度海洋模式(IOM)在给定表面强迫条件下模拟了热带大西洋上层海洋年际和年代际变率的时空结构.利用NCEP的41a(1958~1998年)逐月平均表面资料作为强迫场,积分海洋模式41a作为控制试验,并利用模式分别做动量(风应力)通量和热量通量无异常变化的平行试验,与控制试验作比较。对3组试验模拟上层海洋变率状况的比较,并按年际和年代际时间尺度分别分析,揭示表面风应力和热通量异常对海表面温度和温跃层深度变化的影响,并比较了其影响的相对重要性。结果表明模式成功地模拟出了热带大西洋上层海洋的变率。模式模拟的海表面温度年际变化主要表现为弱ENSO型,年代际变化表现为南、北大西洋变化相反的偶极子型。在年际时间尺度上,热力强迫和动力强迫对海表温度变化都有贡献,其中赤道外海表面温度异常(SSTA)变化主要由热通量异常引起,而近赤道SSTA的变化主要由动量异常强迫引起。在年代际时间尺度上,热通量强迫的作用远比动量强迫重要。模式不仅能够模拟SST在年际和年代际时间尺度上的变率,还能够模拟温跃层深度在年际和年代际时间尺度上的变率。年际和年代际时间尺度上,温跃层深度的变率主要由动量异常决定,热通量异常强迫的贡献很小。

Interannual variabilities of the temperature and circulation of global ocean, particularly of the tropical Pacific ocean, as well as the controlling mechanisms of ENSO evolution are investigated by a high resolution ocean general circulation model forced with COADS 1945~1993 monthly mean data. It was found that quite realistic interannual behaviors were reproduced well with the model. In the tropical Indian Ocean, the ENSO related basinwide warming/cooling mode and the dipole mode are successfully...

Interannual variabilities of the temperature and circulation of global ocean, particularly of the tropical Pacific ocean, as well as the controlling mechanisms of ENSO evolution are investigated by a high resolution ocean general circulation model forced with COADS 1945~1993 monthly mean data. It was found that quite realistic interannual behaviors were reproduced well with the model. In the tropical Indian Ocean, the ENSO related basinwide warming/cooling mode and the dipole mode are successfully simulated. And the model also successfully simulates a ENSO-like mode of the SST variations in the tropical Atlantic on interannual time scale. In the tropical Pacific Ocean, the SST interannual variances are significantly dominated by ENSO variability, and the circulation also exhibits a mass cycle interannual anomalies associated with ENSO, i.e., the mass cycle tends to weaken/intensify several months before a warm/cold event, among which the phase of SEC anomaly leads Nino3 index to approximate 5 months. The equatorial upwelling firstly appears on the surface 4 months before the mature phase of ENSO and subsequently spreads to the deep, an eastern propagation of EUC anomaly was found near 180° with its phase leads Nino3 index to 3 months. The eastern propagation of subsurface ocean temperature anomalies along equator was found closely related to the evolution of ENSO cycle, the "delayed oscillator" mode is the controlling mode of the model ENSO events.

利用一个较高分辨率的全球海洋环流模式在COADS1945~1993年逐月平均资料的强迫下对海温和环流场进行了模拟试验,研究了全球热带海洋(主要是热带太平洋)海温和环流场的年际变化特征及模式ENSO冷暖事件演变的控制机理.结果表明,模式成功地再现了和观测一致的海温和环流的年际变化以及ENSO演变特征.其中热带印度洋年际SST变率的主要模态表现为与ENSO相联系的海盆尺度的一致性增暖或变冷现象,次级模态为热带印度洋偶极子模态;热带大西洋的SST年际变率表现为类ENSO的年际振荡现象.在热带太平洋,SST年际变化主要表现为ENSO型,环流的年际变率表现为与ENSO相对应的热带海洋质量循环圈的年际异常.对应于暖(冷)事件,前期赤道海洋垂直环流圈显示出减弱(增强)的特征.其中南赤道流异常的位相较Nino3区海温总体要超前5个月左右的时间;赤道上翻流异常的位相在表层要超前4个月,并随时间由上至下扩展;赤道潜流的异常则显示出东传特征,其中最早的较为显著的异常发生ENSO成熟前3个月180°附近.在模式ENSO冷暖事件的演变过程中,次表层海温异常沿赤道的东传起了关键作用,模式的ENSO模态主要表现为"时滞振子"模态.

 
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