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operation constraint
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  “operation constraint”译为未确定词的双语例句
     From the view of mathematics, reactive power planning is a mixed-integer programming problem, and from the view of practical meaning, it includes two types constraint conditions and variables, which are investment and operation constraint conditions and variables, and they have coupled relation. So reactive power planning problem can be decomposed into the investment subproblem and the operation subproblem using Bender’s decomposition technique, then it can be solved through two subproblems’ iterative calculation.
     由于无功优化规划问题从数学角度上分析是一个混合整数规划问题,从实际意义上看具有投资和运行两种不同类型的约束和变量且有耦合关系,所以利用Bender’s分解可以将无功优化规划问题分解为投资子问题和运行子问题,通过两个问题间的迭代求解。
短句来源
     Based on the analysis of Dong-Shen Water Supply Engineering, its optimal operation constraint conditions are depicted in detail.
     通过对东深供水工程系统分析,对系统优化调度目标函数约束条件进行了详细阐述;
短句来源
     Within this operation constraint,the spectral efficiency gain provided by the only prioritization was 32% and the additional capacity gain when the NGB(Non-Guarantee Bit) Rate services were also provisioned with differentiated parameters was about 23%.
     运用优先选择方法后,网络的频谱利用率达到32%;
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Fuzzy operation with equality constraint
     等式约束下的模糊运算
短句来源
     operation.
     手术治疗。
短句来源
     The Constraint Conditions for Integrated Finance Operation
     论金融混业经营的条件约束
短句来源
     External Operation;
     外部操作;
短句来源
     Constraint Processing
     约束问题求解
短句来源
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  operation constraint
The collision constraints specify whether the operation constraint that it is associated with can be bypassed.
      


An optimal model for power planning is proposed. If all the economic, safety and operation constraints can be satisfied, then the optimal sequence for all power plants to be built in a given planning period to meet the system load demand can be found using this model. A computer program based on this model has been developed and apllied to several large power systems in different areas. The results obtained are found to be reasonable.

本文提出了一个电源规划优化模型,运用系统分析方法,该模型把现有的和待建的水电、火电、核电站以及电网等作为一个整体,采用现代优化技术,在满足系统负荷需求和各种技术经济约束的前提下,寻求系统在规划期内最优的电站兴建顺序和规模。应用本模型所编制的程序对几个地区电源规划作了计算,并得出了合理的结果。

In power markets,a significant research area is how a market participant should bid strategically to obtain the maximum gain of itself without sacrificing constraints of the m arket and system operation constraints,and how the m arket administrator should estim ate and judge the unfair competitions.This issue requires applications of gam e theory.In this paper game theory and its applications in power m arkets are introduced.The paper is composed of two parts.The first part is to introduce the...

In power markets,a significant research area is how a market participant should bid strategically to obtain the maximum gain of itself without sacrificing constraints of the m arket and system operation constraints,and how the m arket administrator should estim ate and judge the unfair competitions.This issue requires applications of gam e theory.In this paper game theory and its applications in power m arkets are introduced.The paper is composed of two parts.The first part is to introduce the history and classification of gam e theory and its applications in various areas.Simple examples are presented to show how to build up a proper m ath m odel for a specific gaming problem and how to find its solution.The important concept of Nash equilibria and the difficulties in finding a feasible Nash equilibrium are also emphasized.The second part focuses on the applications of game theory in power markets,which include the bidding strategies of the generation com panies,the pricing of transm ission and wheeling and the rational allocation of the transmission cost,and the estimation and judgement of the unfair market power which may appear in the power market.

在电力市场中一个特别重要的研究课题是各个市场参与者如何在市场许可的条件下运用智慧进行合法竞争以获取最大的利益 ,以及市场监管组织怎样预测和判断不合理的竞争现象 ,这就需要运用博弈论的研究成果。文中拟对博弈论在电力市场中的应用做一简介。全文分为两部分 :第 1部分主要介绍博弈论的发展历史、分类 ,及其在各个领域中的应用 ,并通过举例简单介绍其基本的建模、求解过程及难点。第 2部分主要介绍博弈论在电力市场中的应用 ,包括在发电公司售电决策、购电公司购电决策中的应用 ;输电成本分配和输电电价确定中的应用 ;以及判别分析操控市场行为中的应用

It has been investigated the way for hydro power plants to participate in com petition with thermal generation.The mathem atical m odel with hydro operation constraints taken into consideration is proposed,such as electrical energy limits, the hydraulic variation characteristics,etc.The corresponding algorithm is proposed and has been put into real application. The num erical results show that both the m odel and algorithm proposed in this paper are effective.This paper provides a new strategy in the...

It has been investigated the way for hydro power plants to participate in com petition with thermal generation.The mathem atical m odel with hydro operation constraints taken into consideration is proposed,such as electrical energy limits, the hydraulic variation characteristics,etc.The corresponding algorithm is proposed and has been put into real application. The num erical results show that both the m odel and algorithm proposed in this paper are effective.This paper provides a new strategy in the generation competition of hydrothermal coordination.

探讨了如何在发电侧电力市场中考虑水电优化运行问题 ,建立了综合考虑水电机组运行约束条件 (出力约束、电量约束和振动区约束 )的数学模型 ,并提出了解决该优化问题的新方法。该方法已经在实际中得到应用。计算结果表明所提出的模型和方法是有效的 ,为在竞价上网中考虑水电的运行模式提出了新的思路和方法。

 
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