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anthropologists
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  人类学家
    Tourism anthropologists believe that much differences exist among tourists of various countries and regions with respect to motivation, consuming behavior as well as aesthetics.
    旅游人类学家认为 ,不同国家或不同地区的旅游主体即游客无论在旅游动机、旅游消费行为 ,还是在旅游主体审美方面都不可避免地存在着一定的差异。
短句来源
    The author points out that what western anthropologists of tourism have discussed most are cultural authenticity, cultural commercialization, and acculturation because they are closely related to cultural protection and inheritance.
    文章指出 :文化真实性、文化商品化、文化涵化等是当今西方旅游人类学家探讨最多的问题 ,因为它们涉及到文化的保护与传承。
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    Folklorists no longer focus on their own ethnic group or the other groups to distinguish themselves from anthropologists.
    民俗学家们不再以研究本民族或他民族来作为自己与人类学家的区分标准。
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    Hosts-tourists interaction has long been hot issue among scholars from different disciplines, with sociologists and anthropologists forming the main stream.
    本文先在理论上研究了主客交往一般模式、主客交往的影响因子、主客交往效应评判,然后就大理、丽江进行了实证研究。
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  anthropologists
The high homogeneity of the mitochondrial pool suggests a strong founder effect, which agrees with the view of archeologists and anthropologists that the first migrant settlers were very few.
      
Anthropological theory can illuminate this debate, since cultural anthropologists grapple with a similar issue?-?the difference between emics and etics.
      
As an anthropology of intersubjectivity combining the teaching of the German philosophical anthropologists and G.H.
      
Existing Spanish studies echo the tendencies followed in other countries by anthropologists and sociologists.
      
Few anthropologists understand ethnicity as something that explains conflict in itself, and most perceive it as an aspect of social interaction rather than a set of cultural characteristics associated with a particular group.
      
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Since 1970’s, tourism has become an important part in modern people’s life but in the meantime,there have appeared cultural collision and transformation throughout the world. The issue aroused the attention of American anthropologists who have made thorough investigation on the types of tourists, the aim, motivation and patterns of tourism, and the cultural impacts and social problems brought forth on the host countries by tourism. Their findings led to the establishment of Tourism Anthropology, a branch...

Since 1970’s, tourism has become an important part in modern people’s life but in the meantime,there have appeared cultural collision and transformation throughout the world. The issue aroused the attention of American anthropologists who have made thorough investigation on the types of tourists, the aim, motivation and patterns of tourism, and the cultural impacts and social problems brought forth on the host countries by tourism. Their findings led to the establishment of Tourism Anthropology, a branch of anthropology. With the development of the discipline, there have appeared a group of excellent tourism anthropologists such as graburn, Smith, Mac Cannell, and Margary B. Swain.

20世纪 70年代 ,旅游成为当代人生活的一个重要组成部分 ,同时带来各种社会文化的碰撞和变迁。这一问题引起了美国人类学家的注意 ,他们就旅游者及其类别 ,旅游的目的、动机和方式 ,旅游给东道国带来的文化影响和社会问题等论题进行研究 ,形成了人类学的一个分支学科———旅游人类学 ,并形成由格雷本、史密斯、马康耐、马格丽特·丝旺等为代表的一批旅游人类学家

Some anthropologists try to achieve an extreme objectivity when they work in the field. The data collected in the field is actually an interpretation system,so people cannot get an extreme objective result.Others emphases using "a local people's eye" to correct the mistakes, but it is not so easy to act as a local person. This article integrates the author's inset with the local people's ideas. Zhoucheng wedding ceremony is divided into five stages:"Dacaipeng"、 "Chishengfan", "Zhengxi", "Chujie",and,.Huimen"....

Some anthropologists try to achieve an extreme objectivity when they work in the field. The data collected in the field is actually an interpretation system,so people cannot get an extreme objective result.Others emphases using "a local people's eye" to correct the mistakes, but it is not so easy to act as a local person. This article integrates the author's inset with the local people's ideas. Zhoucheng wedding ceremony is divided into five stages:"Dacaipeng"、 "Chishengfan", "Zhengxi", "Chujie",and,.Huimen". The internal sense of value has changed. The religious belief color has been fading away,and the performing color which is related to the aesthetic function has ben strengthening

有些人类学家在田野工作中追求着一种“纯客观性”,但由于田野工作所收集的材料其实是一种解释系统,故而并不可能做到纯客观。另一些人类学家强调“本地人的眼光”,作为矫正前者的手段,但本地人的眼光也不容易做到,故本调查材料的叙述视角采用将作者的眼光与本地人眼光结合在一起。周城的婚嫁仪式展示为“搭彩棚”、“吃生饭”、“正喜”、“出街”、“回门”等五个阶段,这几个阶段的形式并没有发生格局的改变,但内在价值观念已经转移,与仪式实用功能相联系的宗教信仰色彩逐渐淡化,与仪式审美功能相联系的表演色彩大为增强。

The author points out that what western anthropologists of tourism have discussed most are cultural authenticity, cultural commercialization, and acculturation because they are closely related to cultural protection and inheritance. Through a discussion of the development of handicraft articles for Yunnan tourism, the author concludes that under the great influence of modernization every traditional culture should have an enterprising spirit during its development while protecting its strong points. Only...

The author points out that what western anthropologists of tourism have discussed most are cultural authenticity, cultural commercialization, and acculturation because they are closely related to cultural protection and inheritance. Through a discussion of the development of handicraft articles for Yunnan tourism, the author concludes that under the great influence of modernization every traditional culture should have an enterprising spirit during its development while protecting its strong points. Only in this way can it accomplish its transition and transformation.

文章指出 :文化真实性、文化商品化、文化涵化等是当今西方旅游人类学家探讨最多的问题 ,因为它们涉及到文化的保护与传承。本文以云南旅游工艺品的开发为案例 ,探讨了以上问题 ,并指出在现代化大潮的冲击下 ,传统文化也需要在保护的前提下不断创新、发展 ,并完成其自身的过渡与转型。

 
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