助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   welfare measure 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.175秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
农业经济
数学
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

welfare measure
相关语句
  “welfare measure”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The construction of emergency function of public health is a systemic project,so just depending on the single ability or from the single aspect is impossible,we just can perfect our emergency function completely to deal with the problem easily and reduce the damnity to the lowest point through changing the conception and the function of government,the whole society work together,completed law, integrate layout,the strong welfare measure.
     因突发公共卫生事件应急机制建设是一项系统工程,单靠某一方面力量或从某个单一角度来做工作是不可能实现的,只有政府观念和职能转变,社会共同努力,健全法制,全面规划,保障措施落实,才能从根本上完善我国的突发公共卫生事件应急机制,遇到任何突发公共卫生事件,才能从容应对,把损失降到最低程度。
短句来源
     The fair principle of the system to the institutionalized goal should be adopted, and certain animal welfare measure is administrated under guaranteeing interests of majority.
     对于制度化的目标要采取制度公平的原则,在保证多数人利益前提下给与动物一定的福利措施。
短句来源
     The article thinks that the social welfare in Song Dynasty has embryonic form of the modern social welfare for the first time, the concrete content includes the perfect welfare organization and directs against different crowds' social welfare measure.
     文章认为宋代的社会福利已经初具现代社会福利的雏形,具体内容包括完善的福利机构和针对不同人群的社会福利措施。 如,宋代已经设有福田院、居养院、安济坊、漏泽园等慈善福利机构,同时还有针对儿童,残疾人,致仕官员和普通老者的特殊福利措施。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     An Exploration of Children Welfare Policy and Measure
     儿童福利政策与措施的探讨
短句来源
     Research and Measure of the Parameter of the Economic Welfare of Chinese Trade
     我国对外贸易经济福利参数的计量与研究
短句来源
     On the Measure of Complexity
     复杂性究竟有多复杂?——论复杂性的测度
短句来源
     (7)welfare;
     (7)福利;
短句来源
     S- measure and its Extension
     S─测度及其扩张
短句来源
查询“welfare measure”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  welfare measure
A note on decisions under uncertainty: the impact of the choice of the welfare measure
      
A solution to this problem, in the form of a formal welfare measure, is presented in the paper.
      
A Hicksian welfare measure is used to determine the impact on society's welfare of revenue neutral shifts in taxes.
      
Relying on a Hicksian welfare measure which incorporates both long-run effects and short-run adjustment, our numericalsimulations indicate that, in the Austrian case, the integration gains outweigh the fiscal burden.
      
A Ramsey growth model enlarged with health capital and death risks is used to derive an augmented welfare measure.
      
更多          


The New Left originated in Britain in the 1950s and 1960s and exerted its great influence as an academic school and a school of thought. According to the develo pment of capitalist countries in the 20th century, especially after World War II , the school revised the traditional ideas of the Labor Party, and put forward i ts own views of welfare development, the purpose of welfare and its function. Th e school believed that the postwar development of the welfare state was the resp onse to...

The New Left originated in Britain in the 1950s and 1960s and exerted its great influence as an academic school and a school of thought. According to the develo pment of capitalist countries in the 20th century, especially after World War II , the school revised the traditional ideas of the Labor Party, and put forward i ts own views of welfare development, the purpose of welfare and its function. Th e school believed that the postwar development of the welfare state was the resp onse to the wide ranging social consensus. As the New Left discussion on postwa r welfare state and its formative mechanism was based on an analysis of actual s ocial phenomena, rather than an abstract social theory, the school's explanations had a special force. But regarding the social consensus as the only source from which the state took welfare measures, the school overemph asized the role of social values and the scope of social consensus. Moreover, th e school's description of the state as the government servant, and as the mere po l icy executor, did not conform to the relation of postwar Britain and its governm ent.

“新左派”是20世纪50、60年代在英国形成并发生 重大影响的一个学术和思想流派,该派根据20世纪特别是战后资本主义国家的变化,对工党 的传统观念进行了“修正”,提出了自己有关福利发展、福利目的和福利功能的见解。该派 认为战后福利国家的发展是对广泛社会共识的反应。由于“新左派”对战后福利国家及其形 成机制的讨论建立在对具体社会现象分析的基础上,而不是一种抽象的社会理论,其解释具 有特别的力量。但“新左派”将社会共识作为国家采取福利行动的惟一源泉,夸大了社会价 值观的作用和社会共识的范围,同时“新左派”将国家描写成政府的仆人,将其纯粹视作政 策的执行者,也不符合战后英国国家与政府关系的现实。

Estimating the social welfare produced by natural resources is one of the focuses in the field of resources and environmental economics.Contingent valuation method (CVM) is one of the most dominating techniques for the estimation.Although the parametric model based upon linear utility difference was preferred in the subsequent studies since 1984 when Hanemnn incorporated logit model into CVM,yet with the fast development of computer software,the problem is advanced that whether the logit model can well...

Estimating the social welfare produced by natural resources is one of the focuses in the field of resources and environmental economics.Contingent valuation method (CVM) is one of the most dominating techniques for the estimation.Although the parametric model based upon linear utility difference was preferred in the subsequent studies since 1984 when Hanemnn incorporated logit model into CVM,yet with the fast development of computer software,the problem is advanced that whether the logit model can well fit the natural resources demand curve and whether it is appropriate for the welfare measures used in the previous studies need to be clarified.We firstly deduced in details the parametric models and the corresponding welfare measures supported by the theory of random utility maximization,then in a case study the fitnessf good comparison between linear models and loglinear models based upon ad hoc utility difference was made.It is showed in this paper that:(1)Linear models such as logit advanced by Hanemann can well fit the Willingness to pay (WTP) curve and measure the welfare change of nalural resources,and the zero WTP can be adjusted by Spike model in linear models.Although there is no significant difference in the results such as mean WTP between linear and log linear models,yet this can not cover the possible truth that the significance level of linear models may be obviously lower than the log linear ones.(2)Log models based upon non linear utility difference can especially in the tails fit the WTP curve very well,which may be more appropriate for the description of the natural resources demand curve but not private goods.There is no significant difference between log logit and log probit models.(3)Median WTP is sensitive to the distribution assumption of consumer preference,and there exists difficulty in measuring the total social welfare because of the definition of the median.We suggest that the mean WTP calculated under log logit model should be used to measure the welfare change of natural resources in contingent valuation method,which can be got by numerical integration in the interval of from zero to the maximum bid amount.(4)Log linear models effectively excluded the negative WTP and make the models more powerful for the valuation program for resources protection or improvement project,but log models can not consider the zero WTP while the linear models can,and log models will bring obvious fat tail effect in the calculation of mean WTP,so more discussion and improvement are needed for the above flaws of log models.

对自然资源产生的社会福利进行货币化计量是目前资源与环境经济学研究的焦点之一,条件估值法(CVM)在评估自然资源福利的研究方面具有独特的优势。1984年提出的基于线性效用差下福利计量的参数模型及相应的表征尺度在后来的CVM研究中得到了较多的应用,但已有研究多侧重于方法的应用,对模型和尺度的理论有效性缺乏实证性的探讨。基于随机效用最大化原理对消费者偏好函数模型及相应的福利计量尺度进行了较为详细的数学推导(以Logit模型为例)。以上海某城市河流资源CVM福利计量为例,在实证分析过程中结合国外已有研究,将线性模型与基于非线性效用差下的对数模型进行了比较,给出了在CVM研究中对自然资源进行福利计量建议采用的参数模型与表征尺度。

 
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关welfare measure的内容
在知识搜索中查有关welfare measure的内容
在数字搜索中查有关welfare measure的内容
在概念知识元中查有关welfare measure的内容
在学术趋势中查有关welfare measure的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社