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   low-vision 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.008秒
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low-vision
相关语句
  低视力
     Psychometric properties of the Veterans Affairs Low- Vision Visual Functioning Questionnaire
     退伍军人事务部低视力视觉功能调查表的心理测试性能
短句来源
     Effect of Jolethin on retinal function and morphology in low-vision patients of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment after scleral buckling
     卵磷脂络合碘对视网膜脱离复位术后低视力患者视网膜功能和形态的影响
短句来源
     Student trial of this platform is organized and questionnaires are conducted. Then valuable conclusions are obtained based on the analysis: 1. Systematic functions and operating styles can meet different needs of blind students and low-vision students;
     研究者组织肓生试用了该平台并进行了问卷调查,在统计分析基础上得出如下结论:1、系统的功能和操作方式,较好满足了盲生和低视力学生的不同需求;
短句来源
  “low-vision”译为未确定词的双语例句
     MethodsProspective randomlized,controlled study was performed on 50 patients(50eyes) with low-vision after RRD surgery. Patients was randomly assigned to Jolethin group and control group and 25 eyes for each with the matched age,course of disease and gender.
     方法采用前瞻随机对照研究的方法将50例(50眼)RD术后患者分为卵磷脂络合碘组和对照组;
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Low and N.
     Low和N .
短句来源
     low welfare;
     社会福利待遇低;
短句来源
     and for T-N and T-P are quite low.
     对T-N和T-P的去除效果较差。
短句来源
     The supervision efficacy is low.
     监督体系缺乏合力,监督效能低;
短句来源
     Whistlers of Low-Latitude
     低纬度哨声
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  low-vision
Problem of providing special corrective aids for low-vision outpatients
      
All patients achieved a useful reading VA using low-vision aids, with 7.16 ± 6.1 mean magnification power.
      
The visual function was assessed by means of visual acuity (VA) measurement, central perimetry, scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) scotometry and capability of using low-vision aids with success.
      
Low-vision reading aids: reading as a pleasurable experience
      
The prism loupe used as a low-vision aid and in ocular surgery
      
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This paper reports the epidemiological survey of blindness and low vision in Huai-rou county, Beijing. The incidence of binocular blindness is 0.39%, and that of binocular low vision 0.42%. The common diseases causing blindness are: tracnoma, glaucoma, corneal dieases and senile cataract in order of frequency. The causes of binocular low vision are almost the same as that of binocular blindness. Over 50% of the blind patients suffered twenty years ago and about half of the low vision patients are new sufferers...

This paper reports the epidemiological survey of blindness and low vision in Huai-rou county, Beijing. The incidence of binocular blindness is 0.39%, and that of binocular low vision 0.42%. The common diseases causing blindness are: tracnoma, glaucoma, corneal dieases and senile cataract in order of frequency. The causes of binocular low vision are almost the same as that of binocular blindness. Over 50% of the blind patients suffered twenty years ago and about half of the low vision patients are new sufferers in recent years.

本文报告了北京市怀柔县盲目及低视力的流行病学调查:双盲患病率为0.39%;双眼低视力的患病率为0.42%。主要致盲眼病依次为沙眼、青光眼、角膜病及老年性白内障等。双眼低视力的病因与双眼盲的病因基本相同。50%以上的盲人是在20年以前致盲的,50%以上的低视力是近年发病的。

Demographic studies consistently show that age is the best predictor of blindness and vision impairment(Hatfield,1973;Trovern-Trend, 1968).Aging contributes to visual impairment through normal deterioration of eye tissues and increased incidence of eye pathology.It is speculated that because of continued advances in medical and surgical technology and treatment regimens,sight loss will less often be total and the relative proportion of partial loss will be greater. Sight impairments traditionally have been divided...

Demographic studies consistently show that age is the best predictor of blindness and vision impairment(Hatfield,1973;Trovern-Trend, 1968).Aging contributes to visual impairment through normal deterioration of eye tissues and increased incidence of eye pathology.It is speculated that because of continued advances in medical and surgical technology and treatment regimens,sight loss will less often be total and the relative proportion of partial loss will be greater. Sight impairments traditionally have been divided into four classes:1)central acuity reduction, 2)central field loss,3)peripheral field loss,4) combinations of these three.It has been a common clinical observation that not all people are affected the same by acuity and/or field losses(Genensky, 1976)and that performance and functional abilities can vary considerably.Studies by Trevarthen,1973 and Liebowitz and Post,1982 indicate that there are two fundamental modes of visual processing:focal and ambient.These modes of processing are mediated by the eye and brain.Further,the affect of a sight impairment on performance may vary between individuals depending upon the interference in processing,rather than solely on the quantitative measurement of acuity or visual field.For example, aging appears to cause a reduction in visual contrast sensitivity to lower spatial frequencies(Sekuler, 1983)thereby causing individuals of different ages to have similar acuities but performance that is affected very differently. A vision impairment can profoundly interfere with performance thereby affecting independence,learning abilities,employment opportunities,and social relationships,to name several. Medical and surgical intervention is the primary approach utilized throughout the world to prevent blindness.Success in prevention of blindness often yields a sight impairment.Historically,sight-saving programs and compensatory care services oriented toward compensating for the loss of independence were developed for the sight impaired person. Unfortunately,these approaches are still the only approaches offered in many areas of the world.An equally aggressive approach needs to be taken with visually rehabilitating the patient who still has useable vision.Through a specialized low vision examination and the prescription of optical and non-optical devices,the sight impaired individual can maximize use of residual vision. The low vision examination is provided through a rehabilitative approach and may be part of a multidisciplinary service designed to improve vision function.The low vision examiner utilizes special exam techniques for the purpose of evaluating qualitative performance of the visual process as well as quantitative measurements.Eye charts designed for evaluating eccentric viewing,contrast sensitivity testing,dynamic acuity testing,detailed field analysis, special refracting techniques utilizing prisms,and use of magnification for near and distance ranges,are some of the innovative approaches utilized to improve visual function for the visually impaired patient.Training programs using optical devices individually designed to meet the needs of the patient are important in establishing effective use of focal and ambient modes of visual processing. Low vision services are a means to develop effective visual functioning;the purpose is to increase the independence and improve self concept in the visually impaired person.

人口统计学研究一致认为年龄是盲和视觉损害的最好预告者,因为眼正常组织的退化和眼病理学发病率的增加,年龄造成对视觉的损害。由于医学工艺学、外科技术和治疗方面的不断进步,完全丧失视力将会减少,而部分视力丧失的患者比例将增加。习惯上将视觉损害分为4类:1)中心视力下降,2)中心视野丧失,3)周边视野丧失,4)以上三种情况的混合。临床常常看到,并非所有病人的视力和/或视野丧失都是同样的,视觉的完成和视功能的能力可以大不相同。1973年 Trevarthen 和1982年 Liebowitz 和Post 等认为视觉的过程有两种基本形式:焦点的和周围的。这些过程的形成有眼和脑的参与。而且,在完成视觉过程中影响到视力,按其过程中所受干扰的不同每个人有所不同。而不单是靠视力和视野的定量测定。例如,年龄增加会引起对低空间频率的视对比敏感功能下降。因此不同年龄的人可以有同样的视力,但视觉的完成所受的影响却是非常不同的。视觉损害可深刻干扰视觉的完成,因而影响独立生活、学习能力、就业机会和社会关系等等方面。药物和外科干预是全世界防盲的首要措施,防盲的成功常导致视力缺损。历史上,为视觉损害人制定的抢救视力的计划和补偿性照顾服务是着重于...

人口统计学研究一致认为年龄是盲和视觉损害的最好预告者,因为眼正常组织的退化和眼病理学发病率的增加,年龄造成对视觉的损害。由于医学工艺学、外科技术和治疗方面的不断进步,完全丧失视力将会减少,而部分视力丧失的患者比例将增加。习惯上将视觉损害分为4类:1)中心视力下降,2)中心视野丧失,3)周边视野丧失,4)以上三种情况的混合。临床常常看到,并非所有病人的视力和/或视野丧失都是同样的,视觉的完成和视功能的能力可以大不相同。1973年 Trevarthen 和1982年 Liebowitz 和Post 等认为视觉的过程有两种基本形式:焦点的和周围的。这些过程的形成有眼和脑的参与。而且,在完成视觉过程中影响到视力,按其过程中所受干扰的不同每个人有所不同。而不单是靠视力和视野的定量测定。例如,年龄增加会引起对低空间频率的视对比敏感功能下降。因此不同年龄的人可以有同样的视力,但视觉的完成所受的影响却是非常不同的。视觉损害可深刻干扰视觉的完成,因而影响独立生活、学习能力、就业机会和社会关系等等方面。药物和外科干预是全世界防盲的首要措施,防盲的成功常导致视力缺损。历史上,为视觉损害人制定的抢救视力的计划和补偿性照顾服务是着重于补偿病人丧失独立性的那部分。不幸的是,这些措施仍是世界许多地区提供的唯一措施。此外,同样要采取积极措施使仍有可用视力的患者重建视力。通过特殊的低视力检查,让病人使用光学和非光学辅助器,视觉受损者可以最大限度地使用他们的残存视力。低视力检查是通过视觉再建措施来进行和可为改善视功能而设计的多样训练的一部分。低视力检查者使用特殊的检查技术,目的在于对视觉的完成过程进行定性估计和定量测定。用于估计旁中心固视的眼图、对比敏感度试验、动态视力试验、详细的视野分析、使用三棱镜的特殊的屈光技术,以及在远、近距离中用的放大方法是用来改善视觉受损者视功能的一些新方法。为了有效使用聚焦式和周围式的视觉过程,按病人需要而个别设计的光掌辅助器使用的训练是很重要的。低视力服务是提供有效视功能的一种方法,目的是增强视力损害患者的独立性,改善自我概念。

The etiology of low vision in 856 patients(1477 eyes) has been investigated in our clinic.The causes included severe myopia (22.55%),congenital coloboma of iris and choroid (10.98%), optic atrophy (10.04%), congenital cataract (8.29%), retinitis pigmentosa (7.02%);other causes were congenital microphthalmus and microcornea. These causes are different from those observed in epidemic research. Patients below 40 years most often presented with congenital and inherited ocular diseases. In addition to inherited ocular...

The etiology of low vision in 856 patients(1477 eyes) has been investigated in our clinic.The causes included severe myopia (22.55%),congenital coloboma of iris and choroid (10.98%), optic atrophy (10.04%), congenital cataract (8.29%), retinitis pigmentosa (7.02%);other causes were congenital microphthalmus and microcornea. These causes are different from those observed in epidemic research. Patients below 40 years most often presented with congenital and inherited ocular diseases. In addition to inherited ocular diseases such as severe myopia and retinitis pigmentosa, patients over 40 years had optic atrophy and senile cataract as the main causes of vision compromise.The study shows that congenital and inherited diseases of the eye should be studied further.

本文从低视力门诊分析856例(1477眼)低视力患者的病因学,主要为高度近视(22.55%)、先天性小眼球、小角膜、虹膜脉络膜缺损(10.98%)、视神经萎缩(10.04%)、先天性自内障(8.29%)、视网膜色素变性(7.02%)等,与低视力流行病学调查的病因不同。40岁以下患者以先天性、遗传性限病为主。40岁以上患者除遗传性限病(如高度近视、视网膜色素变性)外,视神经萎缩及老年性自内障为主要病因。因此,先天性、遗传性眼病应是我们今后主要研究的问题。

 
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