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     Construction and Removal of Cofferdam
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The removal of two outliers led to statistically significant models.
      
(4) The original-location method, which corresponds with the traditional removal-location method, was founded and used to determine the SML thickness.
      
The text area was extracted after preprocessing such as skew correction and marginal noise removal.
      
The effect of the pH value of the solution, treatment temperature and the molar ratio of calcium ions to phosphite ions on the removal efficiency of phosphite was investigated.
      
Impact of the invasion of pinewood nematode and the following different removal disturbance intensities on the plant diversity o
      
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1.Homo-ionic colloidal clays (Mg-clay>H-clay>Be-clay>NH4-clay>K-clay>Na-clay. 3.The collcidal clays from yellow earth having lower SiO_2/R_2O_3 ratios fix more phosphate than that from purple brown...

1.Homo-ionic colloidal clays (Mg-clay>H-clay>Be-clay>NH4-clay>K-clay>Na-clay. 3.The collcidal clays from yellow earth having lower SiO_2/R_2O_3 ratios fix more phosphate than that from purple brown soil. 4.The phosphate fixation power of H-clay is markedly reduced after the removal of free irn and aluminum oxides. 5.In Ca-clay,the fixed phosphate was unstable.The association of phosphate with the exchangeable calcium is easily liberated by a very dilute acid solution.

土壤中磷酸固定作用每受外界环境之影响而有很大差异,如粘土矿物的种类,土壤反应,代换性盐基等,黏土矿物与土壤反应对于磷酸固定前,人已有较详细之报告,本文特重视代换性盐基之种类对于磷酸固定之关系。本试验以紫色土与黄壤为代表,均取于北碚。紫色土系发育于白垩纪自流井层紫色页岩,属中性而无石灰性反应,pH=7.0,黄壤系自侏罗纪灰色砂岩风化者,心土微红,pH=4.5—5.0,为避免过高之有机质,均采取心土,按照 Stoke 氏定律提取5微米(micron)直径之黏土粒,晒干后,分别以 N NaCl,N KGl,N NH_4Cl,N MgCl_2,N BaCl_2及 pH=3 HCl 处理,然后再以90%酒精洗涤至无氯为止,总之以不变更胶体之构造为原则,经处理之黏土,先分析其中之代换性盐基以及盐基代换总量,然后再测定其磷酸固定量,在酸性反应如 H~-黏土,其磷酸固定之主要因子为水化铁及水化铝,故再以 pH=2之盐酸淋洗,除去其中游离铁铝,再测定其磷酸固定量以资比较。按分析结果,黄壤胶体(<2 micron)中之(SiO_2)/(R_2O_3)为2.19,紫色土为2.56,前者盐基代换总量每百克黏土粒(<5 micron)...

土壤中磷酸固定作用每受外界环境之影响而有很大差异,如粘土矿物的种类,土壤反应,代换性盐基等,黏土矿物与土壤反应对于磷酸固定前,人已有较详细之报告,本文特重视代换性盐基之种类对于磷酸固定之关系。本试验以紫色土与黄壤为代表,均取于北碚。紫色土系发育于白垩纪自流井层紫色页岩,属中性而无石灰性反应,pH=7.0,黄壤系自侏罗纪灰色砂岩风化者,心土微红,pH=4.5—5.0,为避免过高之有机质,均采取心土,按照 Stoke 氏定律提取5微米(micron)直径之黏土粒,晒干后,分别以 N NaCl,N KGl,N NH_4Cl,N MgCl_2,N BaCl_2及 pH=3 HCl 处理,然后再以90%酒精洗涤至无氯为止,总之以不变更胶体之构造为原则,经处理之黏土,先分析其中之代换性盐基以及盐基代换总量,然后再测定其磷酸固定量,在酸性反应如 H~-黏土,其磷酸固定之主要因子为水化铁及水化铝,故再以 pH=2之盐酸淋洗,除去其中游离铁铝,再测定其磷酸固定量以资比较。按分析结果,黄壤胶体(<2 micron)中之(SiO_2)/(R_2O_3)为2.19,紫色土为2.56,前者盐基代换总量每百克黏土粒(<5 micron)为18m.e.后背为30m.e.,兹将试验所得结果归纳如次: 1.磷酸固定量每因土壤胶体之不同而有差异,由黄壤所提取之黏土其磷酸固定量亦较紫色土为高。 2.土壤之磷酸固定量,非特因土壤胶体之不同而有差异,即或同一黏土,其磷酸固定量亦因其代换性盐基之不同而有差异,概言之,钠黏土之磷酸固定量为最小,钾黏土次之钡、铵黏土又次之,而以钙黏土为最大,其磷酸固定次序为: Ca-黏土>Mg-黏土>H-黏土>B(?)-黏土>NH_4-黏土>K-黏土>Na 黏土 3.各种不同代换性盐基的粘土,加磷酸溶液后,其反应亦各不相同,H~-黏土之 pH 值为3.2—4.5,因其酸度较高,溶液中之游离铁与游离铝含量较多,是故磷酸固定量亦较高,如以淡盐酸(pH=2)洗涤,除去其中游离铁铝后,其磷酸固定量则大为减少,Na~-黏土与 K~-粘土之溶液中,因 OH 离子较多(pH=8.0—8.6),而磷酸钠与磷酸钾又为水溶性,故磷酸固定量为最少。Ca~-粘土与 Mg-粘土其反应属中性至微碱性,pH=7.5—8.0,因溶液中 Ca,Mg 离子浓度较高,磷酸则为此 Ca,Mg离子所固定,故在中性土壤中,磷酸固定以 Ca 为其主要在子,酸性土壤则以水化铁为其主要因子。 4.钙粘土所固定之磷酸,如以0.002 N H_2SO_4提取,其所固定之磷酸复可溶解,是项固定之磷酸与 Heck 所称「暂时固定磷酸」颇为相似。

This preliminary study of the influence of spikelet pruning on the quality and yield of wheat grains was carried out at Fukien Agricultural College in October 1952 through May 1953. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The number of grains increases in each spikelet as a result of pruning. 2. Size, weight, and protein content of the grain increase both with the difference in variety and the dates of planting. 3. Treated wheat plants ripen earlier. 4. The total yield decreases slightly. This is probably...

This preliminary study of the influence of spikelet pruning on the quality and yield of wheat grains was carried out at Fukien Agricultural College in October 1952 through May 1953. The results are summarized as follows: 1. The number of grains increases in each spikelet as a result of pruning. 2. Size, weight, and protein content of the grain increase both with the difference in variety and the dates of planting. 3. Treated wheat plants ripen earlier. 4. The total yield decreases slightly. This is probably due to the fact that the gain in weight of grains does not overcome the loss of weight by the removal of some of the spikelets,

作者等于一九五二年十月至一九五三年五月在本校农场进行小麦花序修整的研究,结果归纳如下: 1.剩佘小穗的结实性,种子肥大性,及蛋白质含量均有提高,但提高的程度因品种和播种期而有所不同。 2.成熟期提早。 3.不同品种不同播种期,对于修整花序有不同的反应,以迟熟种的反应更为显著。 4.产量稍为减低,可能是因为千粒重的增加弥补不了粒数的减少。

The anhydro ring in a-methyl 2:3-anhydro-4:6-benzylidene-D-allopyranosidehas been opened by the action of sodium benzylate to give 53% yield ofα-methyl 2-benzyl-4:6-benzylidene-D-altropyranoside and 9% of a-methyl 3-benzyl-4:6-benzylidene-D-glucopyranoside.After the removal of the benzy-lidene residue by acid hydrolysis,the position of attachment of the benzylgroup is determined by periodate oxidation.Catalytic hydrogenolysis of thebenzyl group gives the known α-methyl D-altroside and a-methyl D-glucosiderespectively...

The anhydro ring in a-methyl 2:3-anhydro-4:6-benzylidene-D-allopyranosidehas been opened by the action of sodium benzylate to give 53% yield ofα-methyl 2-benzyl-4:6-benzylidene-D-altropyranoside and 9% of a-methyl 3-benzyl-4:6-benzylidene-D-glucopyranoside.After the removal of the benzy-lidene residue by acid hydrolysis,the position of attachment of the benzylgroup is determined by periodate oxidation.Catalytic hydrogenolysis of thebenzyl group gives the known α-methyl D-altroside and a-methyl D-glucosiderespectively and their constitutions are thus proved.While an ethylene oxide ring in a sugar molecule can be opened by alkaline reagents,such as sodium hydroxide,sodium methoxide,ammonia,etc,the use of sodium benzylate has the advantage that one of the hydroxylgroups is protected after the scission by the benzyl group which can in turnbe removed by catalytic hydrogenation.

应用苯甲醇钠可以裂解α-甲基2∶3-内醚-4∶6-苯亚甲基-D-同侧醣氧六圜配醣物的醚环,生成53%的α-甲基2-苯甲基-4∶6-苯亚甲基-D-2-异侧醣氧六圜配醣物及9%的α-甲基3-苯甲基-4∶6-苯亚甲基-D-葡萄糖氧六圜配醣物。此两化合物的结构,应用水解除去苯亚甲基及接触氢解除去苯甲基后,证明是已知的α-甲基 D-2-异侧醣氧六圜配醣物,及α-甲基 D-葡萄糖氧六圜配醣物;苯甲基在醣分子中的衔接位置,则应用高碘酸钠氧化测定。

 
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