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spondylolisthesis
相关语句
  相似匹配句对
     Spondylolisthesis (B);
     状态B为L45滑脱的腰椎滑脱模型;
短句来源
     Imaging study of spondylolisthesis
     脊椎滑脱的影像学研究
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  spondylolisthesis
Posterior reduction and anterior intervertebral fusion in lumbar spondylolisthesis
      
Inferior and superior gluteal nerve paresis and femur neck fracture after spondylolisthesis and lysis: a case report
      
A 33-year-old woman is presented with spondylolisthesis of L4 on L5 with osteolysis of the L4 vertebra, left-sided superior and inferior gluteal nerve paresis and a fracture of the neck of the left femur.
      
Dorsale Reposition und ventrale Spondylodese bei der lumbalen Spondylolisthesis
      
Dorsale Repositionsspondylodese bei der lumbalen Spondylolisthesis
      
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Congenital epithelial cyst withinthe spinal canal, which is unlikeeither dermoid or epidermoid cyst isof very rare occurrence. A clinicopa-thological report of 5 such cases: 3enterogenous cysts, a bronchiogeniccyst and a teratomatous cyst arepresented here. Problems concerning thecontroversial nomenclature of theserare lesions are discussed with abrief review of the related literature.We prefer to use the terms abovementioned on account of their originsand pathological characteristics. The possible origin and...

Congenital epithelial cyst withinthe spinal canal, which is unlikeeither dermoid or epidermoid cyst isof very rare occurrence. A clinicopa-thological report of 5 such cases: 3enterogenous cysts, a bronchiogeniccyst and a teratomatous cyst arepresented here. Problems concerning thecontroversial nomenclature of theserare lesions are discussed with abrief review of the related literature.We prefer to use the terms abovementioned on account of their originsand pathological characteristics. The possible origin and develop-ment theories about the enterogenouscyst with spinal column anomalies havebeen reviewed with reference to theliterature: "Notochordal theory", "Neu-renteric connexiong", "Split notochordsyndrome", etc. The bronchiogenic cystas a variation of enterogenous cysthas the same origin as the entergenic.The embryonal rests of primordialgerm cells are the cause of theteratomatous cyst. Pathologically these three kinds ofcongenital cysts have the same endo-dermal epithelial walls. Enterogenouscysts (case 1-3) and bronchiogenic cyst(case 4) have the same characteristicsas the epithelia of the intestine andbronchus respectively. But teratomatouscyst (case 5) is characterized first bythe disorderly grouping of the varioustissue elements. It also differs from thegastrocystoma or bronchiogenic cyst ofthe spinal canal reported in differentia-tion and function. Ependymal cystwhich has the same structure as entero-genous cyst can be differentiated byphosphotungstic hemotoxylin stain toshow the blepharoblast in cytoplasm.Moreover ependymal cyst mostly occursintracranilly and seldom within thespinal cord. Severe radicular pain and subse-quent progressive compression of spinalcord are the common clinical featuresin the patients with these congenitalintraspinal cysts. The episodic natureof the history suggests that the cystscompress the spinal cord at intervalsdue to slow filling of the cyst withmucinous secretion followed by spontan-eous rapture or due to the inbalancebetween the secretion and absorption ofintracystic mucous fluid. The entero- genous or bronchiogenic cysts occurin a ventral or intramedullary position,most commonly near the cervico-thoracic junction, in young patients. Themajority of teratomatous cysts havebeen found dorsal or dorso-lateral tothe spinal cord. The ratio betweenmen and women affected is 3:1. Theintraspinal cysts are usually associatedwith congenital vertebral or neurolo-gical anomalies, such as occult spinabifida meningomyelocele, hemivertebralor spondylolisthesis, widening of theverterbral canal, diastematomyelia orArnold-Chiari malformations. Totalremoval of the cyst will result in aremarkable improvement of neurologi-cal deficits.

本文报告极罕见的非皮样或非表皮样的椎管内上皮性囊肿,其中包括肠源性囊肿3例,支气管源性和畸胎瘤性囊肿各1例。结合文献复习,对其起源、命名、病理及临床等问题进行了讨论。

Many methods in the treatment of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis have been used in our institute, such as posterior spinal arthrodesis with "H" shaped grafting, screwing on pars interarticularis and anterior interbody fusion. Nevertheless, the failure rate remains rather high. In the last ten years we have performed the modified Wiltse's operation in treating the defect and better results have achieved.In this series, 14 cases had undergone the modified Wiltse's operation. The results in most of the...

Many methods in the treatment of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis have been used in our institute, such as posterior spinal arthrodesis with "H" shaped grafting, screwing on pars interarticularis and anterior interbody fusion. Nevertheless, the failure rate remains rather high. In the last ten years we have performed the modified Wiltse's operation in treating the defect and better results have achieved.In this series, 14 cases had undergone the modified Wiltse's operation. The results in most of the cases were satisfactory and only two cases failed, which had no direct relation with the technique itself. The modification, comparing with the original Wiltse's technique, is that we use the posterior midline incision to accomplish the grafting of transverse processes on both sides, it has been proved that the procedure is safer, simpler, less traumatic and With only moderate bleeding.

本文采用各种手术治疗方法治疗52例腰椎弓裂和脊椎滑脱症。介绍改良wiltse手术操作方法和手术指征。其中14例采用改良wiltse法取得较满意疗效。它与wiltse、watkin和后路横突间植骨比较,更为安全、简单、损伤小和出血少。

Twenty cases of spondylolisthesis complicated with cauda equina and nerve root compression were reviewed. The majority of them have combined spondylolytic and degenerative spondylolisthesis. All of these cases present backache, pain and numbness in the buttock and lower extremities and intermittent claudication; some cases show sphincter disturbance. The operative procedure of laminectomy and intertransverse fusion in one stage was described, in detail. Simple laminectomy should be done in the patient...

Twenty cases of spondylolisthesis complicated with cauda equina and nerve root compression were reviewed. The majority of them have combined spondylolytic and degenerative spondylolisthesis. All of these cases present backache, pain and numbness in the buttock and lower extremities and intermittent claudication; some cases show sphincter disturbance. The operative procedure of laminectomy and intertransverse fusion in one stage was described, in detail. Simple laminectomy should be done in the patient older than 60 suffering from degenerative spondylolsthesis. The results of the surgical treatment, in our group, indicate 13 cases with excellent and 7 cases with good results.

本文报告腰椎滑脱合并马尾及神经根受压外科治疗20例。本组中以腰椎峡部裂及退行性滑脱较多。主要症状是慢性腰腿痛合并间歇性跛行,少数病人有括约肌功能障碍。本文着重介绍椎板切除减压同时做横突间植骨手术方法,治疗结果均较满意。对老年退行性滑脱仅做椎板切除减压即可获得较好效果。

 
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