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   orientation of exploration 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.193秒
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orientation of exploration
相关语句
  勘探方向
     Therefore, try to discover volcanic reservoirs and find new reserve replacement area have become an important orientation of exploration.
     因此积极探索火山岩储层勘探新领域,寻找新的储量接替区已成为一个重要的勘探方向
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  “orientation of exploration”译为未确定词的双语例句
     CBM Geology and Orientation of Exploration and Development of Eastern Fringe of Ordos Basin
     鄂尔多斯盆地东缘煤层气地质及勘探开发方向
短句来源
     Although the said models involved in the methods of assessment originate from the viewpoints of Western medicine and are not in perfection,they still afford us useful experiences and the orientation of exploration in how to make scientific assessment of the effectiveness of Chinese medicines in accordance with TCM viewpoints.
     尽管这些评价方法所涉及的模型源于西医观点,其方法还不完善,但它们给予我们如何按中医观点对中药药效进行科学的评价提供了很好的借鉴和探索的方向。
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  相似匹配句对
     Orientation of Design
     设计的方向
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     Reasonable Orientation.
     合理定位。
短句来源
     employment as orientation;
     以就业为导向;
短句来源
     The Orientation of Culture
     文化的定位
短句来源
     EXPLORATION
     房地产品牌之路探索
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Sun Hong(lab of Pharmacy,Institute of Medicinal Plants,the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College,Beijing100094)Shi Zhihong(Department of Medicine of the First People's Hospital,Xinxiang Municipality453002,Henan Province,China)With the entry of China into WTO,the spread and application of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)in the whole world has become a problem to be solved urgently at present.It cannot be denied that compared with Western medicine,TCM has its weak points,such...

Sun Hong(lab of Pharmacy,Institute of Medicinal Plants,the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College,Beijing100094)Shi Zhihong(Department of Medicine of the First People's Hospital,Xinxiang Municipality453002,Henan Province,China)With the entry of China into WTO,the spread and application of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)in the whole world has become a problem to be solved urgently at present.It cannot be denied that compared with Western medicine,TCM has its weak points,such as undefined functional mechanisms,difficultly controlling quality,complex quantity -effectiveness relationship and effectiveness less than that of Western medicine in single indeces,which are closely related to the predicament TCM faces today.Since the study in this field in recent decades,however,people have seen the strong points of TCM in its treatment of diseases,which are difficult for Western medicine to acquire,such as rich in multi-effectiveness,functions of bilateral regulation,characteristics of no rebound and bearability in the effectiveness of some medicines,and weak side effects,thus fitting for the physically weakened.Therefore,one should see its strong points while facing its weak ones squarely.For Chinese medicines it is particularly important to assess their effectiveness scientifically.According to the reports on the methods for the assessment of the effectiveness of Chinese medicines in current literatures the method of mathematic models is the main one which is taken to assess multiple parameters of their effectiveness comprehensively.The mathematic models involved include the simplest four fundamental operations of addition,subtraction,multiplication and division and the application of matrix and fuzzy mathematics,and the choice of parameters in assessment is many and varied as well.Although the said models involved in the methods of assessment originate from the viewpoints of Western medicine and are not in perfection,they still afford us useful experiences and the orientation of exploration in how to make scientific assessment of the effectiveness of Chinese medicines in accordance with TCM viewpoints.

随着我国加入WTO,如何使中药在全世界得以推广使用,成为目前迫切需要解决的问题。不可否认,与西药相比,中药本身存在某些弱点(如:作用机理不明确、质量难控、量效关系复杂及在单个指标上药效强度不如西药等)应该为中药目前所面临的困境负一定的责任。但是随着近几十年来的研究,我们也看到了中药在治疗疾病上的优势,这些优势也是西药在现阶段很难实现的,比如:具有丰富的多效性,表现出双向调节的作用,在某些药效中有不反弹不耐受的特点,副作用较弱,适合弱势群体等。因此,在正视中药的弱点的同时我们也应该看到它的优点,其中,如何对其药效进行科学的评价就是一个必须面对的重要问题。当前文献报道的中药药效评价方法主要是采用数学模型的方法对中药的多项药效参数进行综合评价,涉及的模型有最简单的加减乘除,也有矩阵法及模糊数学的应用,在评价参数的选择上同样也是多种多样。尽管这些评价方法所涉及的模型源于西医观点,其方法还不完善,但它们给予我们如何按中医观点对中药药效进行科学的评价提供了很好的借鉴和探索的方向。

>=The peculiarity of source kitchen in Bozhong depression, Offshore Bohai Bay Basin are that source rocks are predominated with Ⅰ and Ⅱ type organic matter, thermal maturity range from high mature to overmature stage. The fundamental cognition of previous petroleum resource assessment indicated that gas generation amount exceeds oil generation amount, gas to oil ratio(GOR) of generated hydrocarbon approximates 1500(m3/T). Many explorers and geologists believe that Bozhong depression is gas-rich area, hence natural...

>=The peculiarity of source kitchen in Bozhong depression, Offshore Bohai Bay Basin are that source rocks are predominated with Ⅰ and Ⅱ type organic matter, thermal maturity range from high mature to overmature stage. The fundamental cognition of previous petroleum resource assessment indicated that gas generation amount exceeds oil generation amount, gas to oil ratio(GOR) of generated hydrocarbon approximates 1500(m3/T). Many explorers and geologists believe that Bozhong depression is gas-rich area, hence natural gas is main orientation of exploration activitities. This paper presents the new idea of gas generation assessment in the areas with Ⅰ and Ⅱ type oil prone source rocks,According to the open- and composite-pyrolysis models, Type-Ⅰ and Type-Ⅱ kerogen has the low potential for deep gas generation. This implies that basins with deeply buried lacustrine sapropelic source rocks are not likely to be good gas source kitchen. The key control factor of GOR is the type of organic matter(or HI). The petroleum expulsion efficiency(PEE) of Type-Ⅰ and Type-Ⅱ source rocks at the bottom of oil windows(about 1.3%VRo achieved 80%-90%, most of generated oil had been expelled out of source rocks, the small amounts of remaining unexpelled oil and residual kerogens generated minor natural gas, most gas will dissolved in the oil.Therefore, the uplifts zone surrounding Bozhong sag are rich in oil not natural gas, although the thermal maturity of Shahejie Formation and Dongying Formation source rocks range from high mature to overmature stage. The previous gas yields data and models are unsuitable for natural gas resource assessment, because these data and models were based on the results of closed system pyrolysis with no consideration of oil expulsion from source rocks, which overestimated the gas yields of source rocks, especillly for Type-Ⅰ and Type-Ⅱ source rocks. The evaluation of natural gas resource must based on the parameters of open system pyrolysis with high oil expulsion efficiency, according to the kinetics model and mass balance approaches. Basins and petroleum systems with Ⅰ and Ⅱ type oil prone source rocks are always oil-rich, regardless the maturity of source kitchen range from high mature to overmature stage, unless the generated oil had been cracked to the gas. Source rocks in the condensate and wet gas stage or dry gas stage does not mean the exploration orientadon focused on gas accumulations, and natural gas predominated in the whole petroleum resource. This new concept has important implication to the petroleum resource assessment and exploration stratagem of China Offshore.

渤中凹陷烃源灶具有机质类型好(主体为Ⅱ型和Ⅰ型)和有机成熟度高(主体处于过成熟阶段)的特点,已有的资源评价的基本认识是这一地区生气量要大于生油量,生成烃类的气油比约为1500(m3/T),许多勘探家和学者认为这一地区应富含天然气。本文提出Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩生气评价的新思路,论证了深埋的Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩灶并非是高效的气源灶,其生气量远低于Ⅲ型源岩灶。沉积盆地气油比的主要控制因素是源岩氢指数,Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩至生油窗底界排油效率可高达80%-90%,由于生成的油绝大部分已排离源岩,在进一步成熟过程仅生成少量天然气,生成的天然气可能溶于油藏之中。因此,即使渤中凹陷目前东营组和沙河街组源岩处于在高过成熟阶段,环渤中凹陷发现的仍主要是液态烃。已有的油气产率图版主要基于封闭体系模拟实验,没有考虑石油的排出,对于Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩生气量评价明显过高,它不适用天然气资源评价。对于目前处于高过成熟的Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩,要以开放体系高排油效率的思想,按生烃动力学和质量平衡的方法分析生排烃量在地质历史中演化。对于主体为Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩灶的油气系统或沉积盆地,只要其生成的石油没有经历高温裂解,即使源岩灶处于高过成熟阶段,我们仍应以找油为主,源岩处于凝...

渤中凹陷烃源灶具有机质类型好(主体为Ⅱ型和Ⅰ型)和有机成熟度高(主体处于过成熟阶段)的特点,已有的资源评价的基本认识是这一地区生气量要大于生油量,生成烃类的气油比约为1500(m3/T),许多勘探家和学者认为这一地区应富含天然气。本文提出Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩生气评价的新思路,论证了深埋的Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩灶并非是高效的气源灶,其生气量远低于Ⅲ型源岩灶。沉积盆地气油比的主要控制因素是源岩氢指数,Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩至生油窗底界排油效率可高达80%-90%,由于生成的油绝大部分已排离源岩,在进一步成熟过程仅生成少量天然气,生成的天然气可能溶于油藏之中。因此,即使渤中凹陷目前东营组和沙河街组源岩处于在高过成熟阶段,环渤中凹陷发现的仍主要是液态烃。已有的油气产率图版主要基于封闭体系模拟实验,没有考虑石油的排出,对于Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩生气量评价明显过高,它不适用天然气资源评价。对于目前处于高过成熟的Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩,要以开放体系高排油效率的思想,按生烃动力学和质量平衡的方法分析生排烃量在地质历史中演化。对于主体为Ⅰ型和Ⅱ型源岩灶的油气系统或沉积盆地,只要其生成的石油没有经历高温裂解,即使源岩灶处于高过成熟阶段,我们仍应以找油为主,源岩处于凝析油-湿气阶段甚至处于干气阶段,并不意味着区域勘探方向应以找天然气为主,资源量构成上天然气为主导,这一新理念对中国油气勘探宏观决策和资源评价具重要意义。

 
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