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global circulation models
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  全球环流模型
     The atmospheric angular momentum (AAM) variation and the Earth's variable rotation are closely related to each other. They might be applied to the verification of global circulation models (GCMs).
     大气角动量(AAM) 变化和地球自转变化密切相关,它们可应用于全球环流模型的检验.
短句来源
     In general, the highly accurate astronomically observed Earth rotation series might serve as an important reference for the verification of global circulation models.
     总之,高精度的天文观测的地球自转系列可以作为全球环流模型检验的一种重要参考依据.
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  “global circulation models”译为未确定词的双语例句
     To evaluate the performance of a computer model simulating runoff in the upper reaches of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River Basin over a relatively short time interval, including examining the applicability of the input precipitation data generated from global circulation models and satellite data, we used a spatially distributed model, HSPF with the ISLSCP precipitation data for 1987 and 1988 as input data.
     为了评价在相对较短时间内针对长江上游地区地表水径流所建立模型的模拟效果,以及检验以GCM模型和其他卫星数据所估算的降水数据作为输入数据的可行性,选择分布式水文模型HSPF以及1987年和1988年的ISLSCP降水数据作为输入数据。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     EFFECTS OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE ON C AND N CIRCULATION IN NATURAL SOILS
     全球气候变化对自然土壤碳、氮循环的影响
短句来源
     COMMENTS ON THE ROLE OF THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION IN GLOBAL CLIMATE SYSTEM
     大洋温盐环流与气候变率的关系研究:科学界的一个新课题
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     Circulation Modernization
     流通现代化
短句来源
     3) circulation.
     3、再循环原则。
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     Global Vision
     环球看点
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  global circulation models
Seven global circulation models (GCMs) were used to derive the climate change scenarios.
      
These simulations are driven by the HadCM2 and the ECHAM4/OPYC3 global circulation models (GCMs) for 10 years.
      
Climate change scenarios, using transient and equilibrium global circulation models (GCM), were defined, created and applied to the daily historical weather data.
      
Three-dimensional global circulation models (GCMs) are 'state-of-the-art' tools for projecting possible changes in climate.
      
Simulated, large scale atmospheric fields, provided by two different Global Circulation Models (GCMs) and driven by the emission scenario IS95a ("business as usual") are then used as input to the method of expanded downscaling (EDS).
      
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This paper reviews research progress on the atmospheric electricity relative to the weather and climate phenomena. By contrast with measuring data,the correlation and probable coupling mechanism among fair weather electric processes,thunderstorm,lightning and the weather,climate are discussed. The results indicate that global and regional thunderstorms are a critical factor in the coupling mechanism,the lightning is an immediate parameter which can establish coupling relationship between parameters above...

This paper reviews research progress on the atmospheric electricity relative to the weather and climate phenomena. By contrast with measuring data,the correlation and probable coupling mechanism among fair weather electric processes,thunderstorm,lightning and the weather,climate are discussed. The results indicate that global and regional thunderstorms are a critical factor in the coupling mechanism,the lightning is an immediate parameter which can establish coupling relationship between parameters above mention and can introduce in the global circulation model(GCM) in the form of parameterization and quantitatively discuss coupling mechanism. A developing global circuit concept can establish a phsical relationship among solar,atmosphere and earth. A global and regional precipitation forecast and regional tornado storm,hail forecast at the ground are studied by using lightning data.

该文论述了大气电学在天气气候学研究中的渗透,并根据实测资料的对比分析,讨论了晴天大气电过程、雷暴和闪电与天气气候过程之间的相关性和可能的耦合机制。结果表明,区域和全球性雷暴活动是耦合机制的一个关键参量,闪电是直观量,能以参数化形式引入大气环流模式定量地讨论耦合机制;发展的全球电路概念有可能把太阳、大气和地层联结在一起进行整体研究。

A regional climate model (RCM) is nested into CSIRO global circulation model (GCM) for long term climate simulations Numerical experiments show that how to set buffer zone is important in the nest procedure between RCM and GCM High resolution output from RCM must be consistent with GCM in the boundary layer, and at the same time RCM must be able to give the information besed on its own physical processes In this article, a RCM is nested into CSIRO-GCM and a continuous three-year climate simulation...

A regional climate model (RCM) is nested into CSIRO global circulation model (GCM) for long term climate simulations Numerical experiments show that how to set buffer zone is important in the nest procedure between RCM and GCM High resolution output from RCM must be consistent with GCM in the boundary layer, and at the same time RCM must be able to give the information besed on its own physical processes In this article, a RCM is nested into CSIRO-GCM and a continuous three-year climate simulation is finished Model output shows that with high resolution and detailed description of land surface characteristics, RCM has improved the simulation in comparison with GCM, especially in the simulation of monsoon precipitation

将区域模式嵌入澳大利亚CSIRO (CommonwealthScientificandIndustrialResearchOr ganization)的全球模式中 ,并将其应用于区域模式的长期气候积分试验。模拟结果表明 ,当区域与全球模式嵌套时 ,边界吸收问题十分重要 ,由区域模式得到的高分辨率大尺度环流形式在边界上必须与全球模式提供的强迫一致 ,同时区域模式必须给出基于模式内部物理过程产生的高分辨信息。因此 ,在嵌套过程中 ,必须仔细考虑缓冲区的设置 ,使大尺度强迫与中尺度特征充分混合 ,既保持区域模式内外的一致性 ,又使区域内部中尺度强迫物理过程得到充分发展。将区域模式与澳大利亚CSIRO的 9层 2 1波三角形截断谱模式嵌套后 ,完成了连续 3年的区域气候模式积分。模拟结果表明 ,由于区域模式较好地刻划了区域尺度的地形、下垫面和海岸线分布等的细节特征 ,模拟的区域气候特征比全球模式有较大的改进 ,尤其是对季风降水的模拟 ,区域模式明显改进了全球模式的模拟结果。

Similar to numerical simulations with atmospheric global circulation models (AGCM) in the Atmospheric Model Inter-comparison Plan (AMIP), an atmospheric global circulation model is introduced to make 43 years integration by monthly observed sea surface temperatures from 1950 to 1993. We use the long-time series to discuss the inter-decadal variations of the atmospheric circulation, mainly focusing on the three key oscillations and principal circulation systems in the tropics and...

Similar to numerical simulations with atmospheric global circulation models (AGCM) in the Atmospheric Model Inter-comparison Plan (AMIP), an atmospheric global circulation model is introduced to make 43 years integration by monthly observed sea surface temperatures from 1950 to 1993. We use the long-time series to discuss the inter-decadal variations of the atmospheric circulation, mainly focusing on the three key oscillations and principal circulation systems in the tropics and the Northern Hemisphere, such as Southern Oscillation (SO), Pacific-North Americal pattern (PAN), though in East Asia at 500 hPa. The results strikingly show that the inter-decadal variations, including 10-20 and more than 30 years quasi-periods oscillations are very clear. The simulation results agree with observations quite well. We also analyze the precipitation in the eastern China with the simulation data, and obtain the notable inter-decadal variations, including the climate jump in the 1960's. At the same time, the above features correspond with the variations of the atmospheric circulation in East Asia very well. Above all, we can use the GCM simulation data to investigate not only the seasonal and inter-annual variations of the amtospheric circulation and climate, but the inter-decadal virations as well.

类似大气环流模式比较计划(AMIP)的数值模拟,将实际观测的海表水温(SST)资料引入模式进行40多年的数值积分,得到长时间的大气环流模拟结果。分析数值模拟结果发现,无论是大气中的主要涛动和遥相关型,还是重要大气环流系统都极为清楚地存在着年代际变化特征,包括10~20年准周期振荡和可能的30年以上的准周期振荡;而且上述主要环流系统的形势及其年代际变化大都与实际观测资料所给出的结果相一致。顺便分析中国东部气候的模拟结果,年代际变化特征(包括60年代的气候突变)也很清楚,并同大气环流变化配合十分合理。结果也表明,同研究季节和年际变化一样,大气环流模式(AGCM)数值模拟也是研究大气环流和气候年代际变化的有效方法。

 
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