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marginal propensity to consumption
相关语句
  边际消费倾向
     A study on relationship between interest rate and marginal propensity to consumption of Chinese town residents
     我国城镇居民边际消费倾向与利率的关系研究
短句来源
     In the light of Keynes' s absolute income hypothesis of consumption function theory, income has function with consumption, formula is c=a+by, and c represents consumption, a represents the spontaneity consumption with no relation with income ,b represents marginal propensity to consumption , that is the ratio of consumption increment to the income increment, y represents income.
     收入决定居民消费,依据凯恩斯的绝对收入假说消费函数理论,收入与消费存在这样一种函数关系:公式为c=a+by。 其中,c代表消费,a代表与收入无关的那部分自发性消费,b代表边际消费倾向,即消费的增量占收入的增量的比例,y代表收入。
短句来源
     By analyzing two effects of interest-tax shock,under a simple model of general equilibrium dynamics-the increasing marginal propensity to consumption and reducing capital stock-we find the effect of interest-tax shock on steady-state consumption and steady-state income in long-run.
     本文在一个简单的动态一般均衡模型中 ,通过分析利息税冲击的两种效应———提高边际消费倾向和降低资本存量 ,发现利息税冲击对稳态 (steadystate)消费的瞬时是正的 ;
短句来源
     Keynesian diminishing marginal propensity to consumption, permanent income hypothesis, life cycle hypothesis, random walk hypothesis and Mankiw’s λ hypothesis can be explained by this model or, in other words, special cases of this model.
     凯恩斯边际消费倾向递减律、永久性收入假说、生命周期假说、随机游走假说,以及曼昆的λ假说等消费理论或假说,也都可以在这一框架下得到解释,或者说上述理论流派或假说都属于特例。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Appraisals of the Methods of Marginal Propensity to Consume
     对中国现有的几种边际消费倾向计算方法的评析
短句来源
     The Analysis on Marginal Propensity to Consume (MPC) of China
     对于我国边际消费倾向的分析及对策研究
短句来源
     Probe into Differences of Marginal Consumption Propensity in Urban and Rural Area
     城乡边际消费倾向差异及其成因
短句来源
     Study of the changes in the marginal consumption propensity of Chinese town residents
     我国城镇居民边际消费倾向的变化
短句来源
     marginal cost
     边际成本
短句来源
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The direct impact of interest-tax shock is the reduction of interest,so economists commonly argue that inerest-tax shock will reduce saving and encourage consumption and thus increase aggregate demand and outputs.By analyzing two effects of interest-tax shock,under a simple model of general equilibrium dynamics-the increasing marginal propensity to consumption and reducing capital stock-we find the effect of interest-tax shock on steady-state consumption and steady-state income in long-run.Keeping...

The direct impact of interest-tax shock is the reduction of interest,so economists commonly argue that inerest-tax shock will reduce saving and encourage consumption and thus increase aggregate demand and outputs.By analyzing two effects of interest-tax shock,under a simple model of general equilibrium dynamics-the increasing marginal propensity to consumption and reducing capital stock-we find the effect of interest-tax shock on steady-state consumption and steady-state income in long-run.Keeping time preference rate and depreciation rate constant,interest-tax also has the property of Laffer Curve,that is,steady-state consumption and steady-state income increase first and then decrease with the increase of interest-tax rate,reflected in the reversed"U"shape.

利息税冲击的直接影响是降低了利息 ,于是经济学家们普遍认为 ,利息税冲击会减少储蓄并鼓励消费 ,从而扩大总需求和总产出。本文在一个简单的动态一般均衡模型中 ,通过分析利息税冲击的两种效应———提高边际消费倾向和降低资本存量 ,发现利息税冲击对稳态 (steadystate)消费的瞬时是正的 ;而长期来看 ,则可能导致消费和收入的稳态水平有所下降。在时间偏好率和折旧率不变的情况下 ,利息税本身也具有准拉弗曲线的特征 ,即稳态消费和稳态收入随着利息税税率的提高而先增加后减少 ,出现倒U型关系。

this paper analyzes the relationship between consumer credit and economic development based on provincial data in China. Consumer credit affects economic growth through the changes in consumption rate, savings rate and credit allocation. In China, consumer credit caused funds flow from low- income households to mid - and high - income households, reduced the marginal propensity to consumption, and therefore the consumption rate. Rapid expansion of consumer credit may (i) reduce the fund supply in...

this paper analyzes the relationship between consumer credit and economic development based on provincial data in China. Consumer credit affects economic growth through the changes in consumption rate, savings rate and credit allocation. In China, consumer credit caused funds flow from low- income households to mid - and high - income households, reduced the marginal propensity to consumption, and therefore the consumption rate. Rapid expansion of consumer credit may (i) reduce the fund supply in other areas (savings rate reduction), and (ii) crunch out fund supply to SMEs. Over - expansion of consumer credit may reduce the over all economic growth rate. At last the paper brings forward several policy suggestions: Opening up the rural financial markets, and allowing new rural financial institutions. Promulgating a community re - investment law to keep the funds in the rural areas. Promoting interest liberalization over time, while expanding the floating band for the lending rates especially for SMEs and rural areas, and Hastening the establishment of individual credit system.

消费信贷是信用资源分配的一种形式。在通货紧缩,消费需求不足的情况下,消费信贷是鼓励提前消费,增加有效需求的一个重要途径,我国的消费信贷就是在这样的背景下发展起来的。然而,消费信贷对经济发展的促进作用更取决于信用资源的有效配置。本文将从信用资源分配的角度来分析消费信贷与经济发展之间的关系。如果消费信贷增长以降低储蓄率、压抑中小企业的资金需求为代价,那么消费信贷对经济增长的积极作用就有可能被抵消;同时如果消费信贷在地区间发展不平衡也会带来经济增长的不平衡,扩大东中西部地区经济发展的差距。本文利用中国分省的消费信贷(主要包括住房信贷、汽车贷款和助学贷款)、居民储蓄率、中小企业贷款和其他相关资料,用实证分析的方法验证消费信贷与居民储蓄率和中小企业贷款之间的消长关系,探讨消费信贷对经济发展的作用,并从信贷组合的角度,提出最佳信贷组合的政策建议。

Monetary policy in China has been gradually strengthened by its Central Bank to control economy in terms of frequency and implication along with the proceeding of economic system reform.Since interest rate is the most important monetary policy tool,the change of it may influence the income and consumption of town residents,and thus marginal propensity.Through exploring the relationship between interest rate and marginal propensity,it is found that there exits two-order autocorrelation in marginal propensity...

Monetary policy in China has been gradually strengthened by its Central Bank to control economy in terms of frequency and implication along with the proceeding of economic system reform.Since interest rate is the most important monetary policy tool,the change of it may influence the income and consumption of town residents,and thus marginal propensity.Through exploring the relationship between interest rate and marginal propensity,it is found that there exits two-order autocorrelation in marginal propensity to consumption of town residents,while interest rate first-order autocorrelation.The operation of interest rate on marginal propensity to consumption is two-phase time lag,little affection of marginal propensity to consumption on interest rate has been found.That indicates that China's interest rate policy is more initiative. In the end,some suggestions on monetary policy has been concluded.

随着我国经济体制改革的不断深入,央行逐渐加大货币政策调节经济的次数与力度.而利率是最重要的货币政策手段与工具.利率变动会影响居民的收入和消费,从而影响边际消费倾向.探究利息率与我国城镇居民边际消费倾向的关系,发现我国城镇居民的边际消费倾向存在二阶自相关,而利率存在一阶自相关,利率对边际消费倾向的作用存在二期时滞,边际消费倾向对利率几乎没有影响.说明我国的利率政策比较主动,并得出一些政策性建议.

 
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