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dots strategies
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  dots策略
     Analysis on Implementation of DOTS Strategies and the Sputum Smear of Tuberculosis Patients in Pre- and Post-treatment with DOT in Tiandong ounty
     田东县实施DOTS策略和DOT治疗前后肺结核病人的痰涂片分析
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     Results The number and rate of people detected sputum and rate of sputum smear positive (SS+) in pre-implementation of DOTS strategies were lower than that in post-one.
     结果实施DOTS策略前的痰检人数、痰检率和涂阳率均比实施DOTS策略后低;
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  “dots strategies”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The caring effect of infect fountain had been found-treated was increased 104.3%,the rate of smear positive constant and temporary people decreased from 118 and 131 in 1991 to 52.1 and 80.4 in 2000 per 100000.Conclusion:There were good result on finding pulmonary tuberculosis of smear positive and on DOTS strategies.
     传染源发现—治疗总效果提高了 10 4.3%,全市涂阳患病率户籍、暂住分别由 1991年的 118/ 10万、 131/ 10万下降到 2 0 0 0年的 5 2 .1/ 10万和 80 .4/ 10万。
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     The ? R Strategies?
     “3R”策略是银行营销的核心内容。
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     Office strategies
     办公室降龙十八掌
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     It also suggests that sound tuberculosis control strategies(DOTS) should be carried out in Henan.
     同时提示河南省需采取得力措施落实DOTS策略。
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More than 110 thousand persons in army were investigated. The results indicated that the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in army was 120.82 per 100,000 population. The incidence of different official rank were 117.91 (cadre)、124.43 (soldier) and 55.83 (worker) per 100,000 population respectively. Among those definitely diagnosed cases, most were type Ⅱ and type Ⅴ. 36.67 percent of all cases were underreporting. The results also showed that the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis of army was in serious situation....

More than 110 thousand persons in army were investigated. The results indicated that the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in army was 120.82 per 100,000 population. The incidence of different official rank were 117.91 (cadre)、124.43 (soldier) and 55.83 (worker) per 100,000 population respectively. Among those definitely diagnosed cases, most were type Ⅱ and type Ⅴ. 36.67 percent of all cases were underreporting. The results also showed that the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis of army was in serious situation. The authors proposed that consulting with DOTS strategy, Tuberculosis Control Program of Army Should be worked out as soon as possible, and the notification rate should be improved firstly.

通过对全军部分单位11万余人的肺结核发病调查,结果表明部队肺结核平均发病率为12082/10万,其中战士肺结核发病率为12443/10万,干部为11791/10万,干部与战士合计发病率为12295/10万,职工发病率为5583/10万。在诊断明确的肺结核病例中以侵润型肺结核和结核性胸膜炎为主。所有调查点肺结核病平均漏报率为3667%。本次调查结果表明,目前部队肺结核疫情较为严重,应尽快参考DOTS战略制定并实施部队结核病控制规划,短期内应进一步提高疫情报告质量。

Objective:To analyze the features,trend and rules of incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the army, thus some measures can be taken to prevent and control the disease.Methods:Using Foxpro to set database and Epi Info package to analyze data from disease surveillance system. Using time-sequence analysis to explore the time distribution feature of pulmonary tuberculosis. Results:There were 6 375 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis reported in the army from 1992 to 1996. Among those, 923,942, 817, 1 344 and 2 018...

Objective:To analyze the features,trend and rules of incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the army, thus some measures can be taken to prevent and control the disease.Methods:Using Foxpro to set database and Epi Info package to analyze data from disease surveillance system. Using time-sequence analysis to explore the time distribution feature of pulmonary tuberculosis. Results:There were 6 375 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis reported in the army from 1992 to 1996. Among those, 923,942, 817, 1 344 and 2 018 cases in each of the five years were notified. As of all the notified infectious diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis ranked third. The results of time-sequence analysis indicated there were more cases between March and June of each year. Conclusion:In recent years the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in the army increased sharply, and thare was a distinctive seasonal variation. The disease did a considerable harm to the Army. So it is necessary to consult DOTS strategy and to work out a prevention and control program on tuberculosis in the army as soon as possible.

目的:分析近年来部队肺结核报告发病特点、趋势及规律,为部队肺结核病防治提供参考。方法:利用FoxPro建立数据库,采用EpiInfo软件包进行分析;采用时间序列方法对肺结核病例发病时间进行分析。结果:1992~1996年全军共报告肺结核病例6375例,其中各年度报告的发病数分别为923、942、817、1344和2018例。在所有报告传染病中,肺结核居第三位。时间序列分析结果表明,部队肺结核发病以每年3~6月份较多,有明显的集中趋势。结论:近年来部队肺结核病发病明显上升,其发病时间具有特殊的季节分布规律,已给部队造成了较大危害。建议参考直接监督短程化疗(DOTS)战略尽快制定部队结核病控制规划

Objective The study is to evaluate cost effetiveness of DOTS and non-DOTS strategy for smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods Cost accouting based on the expenses for drugs,chest X-ray films,sputum smears and cultures for the patients.Effectiveness of intervention was composed of two aspects:direct benefits to the patient treated,and indirect benefits to others though reduced transmission of tuberculosis,and DALY is the index.Results One DALY could be saved with 45.7 yuan by DOTS...

Objective The study is to evaluate cost effetiveness of DOTS and non-DOTS strategy for smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis.Methods Cost accouting based on the expenses for drugs,chest X-ray films,sputum smears and cultures for the patients.Effectiveness of intervention was composed of two aspects:direct benefits to the patient treated,and indirect benefits to others though reduced transmission of tuberculosis,and DALY is the index.Results One DALY could be saved with 45.7 yuan by DOTS and 471.4 yuan by non-DOTS.Conclusion DOTS is a good cost-effectiveness stratcgy for TB control.

目的 评价初治涂阳肺结核病人DOTS及非DOTS干预的成本 -效果。方法 以初治涂阳肺结核病人用于药品、痰涂片、痰培养及X线检查四个部分的支出构成成本 ;干预的效果包括直接与间接效果两部分 :一是治愈病人而减少的DALY损失 ,二是降低传染而减少的DALY损失。结果 DOTS干预的病人以 4 5 7元即可挽救一个寿命年 ,而非DOTS干预的病人则需要 4 71 .3元才能挽救一个寿命年。结论 DOTS是费用 -效果佳的结核病控制策略。

 
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