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equity
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  相似匹配句对
     EQUITY OF LIFE
     生活的另一种公平
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     On Equity and Efficiency
     公平和效率
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  equity
Customer equity: Making marketing strategy financially accountable
      
The article presents an overview of the literature on customer equity and how customer equity provides an opportunity for marketers to make marketing strategy financially accountable.
      
However in addition to requiring lengthy longitudinal data, these models also have the disadvantage of not evaluating the effect of the strategies on a firm's customer equity.
      
Hence, it is important to evaluate a firm's marketing strategies in terms of the drivers of its customer equity.
      
Modeling jumps in returns of financial assets as M4 processes: Measured exchange rate exposure of Asian equity portfolio
      
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The author is an assistant research fellow and deputy director of theIndustrial Economic Research Department of the Industrial EconomicResearch Institute under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, anda member of China's Association of Industrial Economics. The article puts forward a view on wage readjustment during the peri-od of transition from old economic structure to the new in China. Analys-ing the demand for wage readjustment and the difficulty of accomplish-ing this task during the Seventh Five-Year...

The author is an assistant research fellow and deputy director of theIndustrial Economic Research Department of the Industrial EconomicResearch Institute under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, anda member of China's Association of Industrial Economics. The article puts forward a view on wage readjustment during the peri-od of transition from old economic structure to the new in China. Analys-ing the demand for wage readjustment and the difficulty of accomplish-ing this task during the Seventh Five-Year Plan period, the author holdsthat to fulfil the work, it is necessary to proceed from actual conditionsand adopt flexible measures. The author suggests three improvbments in wage readjustment in ourcountry: 1. Dynamic readjustment. Because the past readjustment method(static readjustment) has some shortcomings and the economic reformhas caused the wage system to "multipolarize", it is necessary to exerciseelastic control in total wages, the wage form in enterprises, and thelabour reward for the individual. 2. All-round implementation of the economic responsibility system.The wage reform in China should start with the all-round implementa-tion of the system of economic responsibility, linking levels of wages com-pletely or partly with the economic results of the enterprise and withvarious economic quotas. 3. Wage legislation, this is to solve the problems of minimum wage,the wide gap between high and low wages lawsuits, supervision throughpolicies, and floating labour forces, etc. The author also puts forward his opinion on the problems of "thoseoxes which run faster get more whips." policy restraint, equity and effi-ciency, and encouraging some people to become prosperous sooner thanothers.

本文对我国经济体制新旧交替时期的工资调节提出了看法。作者分析了“七五”期间工资改革的要求以及完成工资调节任务的困难,认为完成工资调节的任务必须从实际出发,采取灵活的措施。作者提出,我国工资调节应从三个方面加以改进:一、实行动态调节。一方面过去的调节方式(静态调节)存在缺陷,另一方面经济改革使工资制度出现了“多极化”形势,因此应当在工资总额、企业工资形式和个人劳动报酬等方面实行弹性管理。二、全面实行经济责任制。我国的工资改革应从全面实行经济责任制开始,职工工资水平和企业经济效益分别实行全挂钩、半挂钩两种形式,并和不同的经济指标挂钩。三、进行工资立法。解决最低工资、高低悬殊、工资诉讼,政策监督、劳动力流动等问题。文章还对鞭打快牛、政策约束、公平与效率、关于一部分人先富起来等认识问题提出了看法。

The total energy curves of Bl-WN and Bl-MoN crystals as a function of relative volume have been calculated by the LMTO-ASA method based on local density functional theory, thereby obtaining the equilibrium lattice constant Aa and the bulk moduli B0, A0 are 0,419 nm and 0 418 nm for WN and MoN respectively, in good agreement with the available experimental data. The corresponding B0 are 3 85 Mbar and 3.81 Mbar. The values of B0 indicate that both crystals bear very high hardness In addition, the electronic Pressure...

The total energy curves of Bl-WN and Bl-MoN crystals as a function of relative volume have been calculated by the LMTO-ASA method based on local density functional theory, thereby obtaining the equilibrium lattice constant Aa and the bulk moduli B0, A0 are 0,419 nm and 0 418 nm for WN and MoN respectively, in good agreement with the available experimental data. The corresponding B0 are 3 85 Mbar and 3.81 Mbar. The values of B0 indicate that both crystals bear very high hardness In addition, the electronic Pressure for these crystals have been calculated by using the LMTO-ASA force theorem, and the Properties of chemical bond were discussed, The suce-ssful calculations have shown the availability in the choice of atomic sphere radii in compounds from the equity condition for effective Potential on the surfaces of different muffin-tin spheres.

本文利用局域密度泛函理论和LMTO ASA方法计算了BI结构的MoN和WN的总能-体积曲线,得到体弹性模量,以及MoN和WN的平衡格常数A_0分别为0.418nm和0.419nm,与实验值符合.并用LMTO-ASA力定理计算了电子波压力,由此讨论了晶体的化学键性质.在总能及电子压力计算中,都采用了与原子球同比例的Muffin tin球面上有效势相等的原则来选定不同原子球半径比,均得到较好的结果.

Using the optimal control theory we derive the necessary condition for intergeneration equity in optimal growth with nonrenewable resource, The existence condition for the case of constant population and exponential population growth with technical progress is given.

利用最优控制理论导出在经济最优增长问题中各代人平等享用非再生资源可能性的必要条件,给出有技术进步而人口为有限及人口为指数增长这两种情形最优解存在的条件。

 
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