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anatomy and variation     
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  解剖和变异
     Conclusions:The familiarity of the anatomy and variation of RLN, and the exposure of RLN in thyroid operation, can reduce the rate of the RLN injury.
     结论:熟悉喉返神经的解剖和变异,行甲状腺切除术时解剖显露喉返神经可以降低喉返神经损伤的发生率。
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     Conclusion 64-detector spiral CT angiography can display clearly renal artery anatomy and variation. It provides valuable information for the diagnosis of the renal artery diseases and especially for surgical operation.
     结论64层螺旋CT血管成像技术可以在无创或微创的情况下清晰地显示肾脏的动脉解剖和变异,能够准确地诊断肾动脉性病变,为临床的诊断和治疗提供有价值的依据。
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  解剖与变异
     Anatomy and variation of the portal vein
     门静脉的解剖与变异
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  解剖及变异
     Conclusion SSFSE MRCP can well show the normal anatomy and variation of pancreatic duct.
     结论MRCP能满意显示胰管正常解剖及变异
短句来源
     MSCTP can display the anatomy and variation of the target vessel accurately, especially the relationship between the target vessel and adjacent tissue from multiple point of view, which is of great clinical value.
     MSCTP可以准确显示靶血管的解剖及变异,尤其是能多角度来观察靶血管与周围组织的关系,具有较强的临床实用价值。
短句来源
     Objective: To observe the anatomy and variation of cystic artery during laparoscopic cholecystectomy and to prevent bleeding during the operation.
     目的:在腹腔镜胆囊切除手术中,利用腹腔镜的直视性,观察胆囊动脉的正常解剖及变异情况,并进行归纳分类,确定手术过程中恰当的处理方式,防止胆囊动脉损伤出血。
短句来源
     Conclusion:The anatomy and variation of RLN must be well known,and the dissection of RLN in generl is a effective method to prevent the injury of RLN in thyroid surgery.
     结论 :熟悉喉返神经的解剖及变异 ,术中显露喉返神经 ,行瘤侧腺叶或腺叶 +峡部切除术 ,能避免损伤喉返神经 ,是甲状腺肿瘤手术中预防喉返神经损伤的有效方法
短句来源
     Conclusions\ In order to keep away the risk during LC efficiently,surgeon must be aware of anatomy and variation of biliary system and proficient in laparoscopic surgical technique.
     结论 必须高度重视围手术期的处理和手术难度的评估 ,熟悉胆道系统的解剖及变异 ,具有娴熟的腹腔镜外科操作技巧 ,从而有效地防范LC的手术风险
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  解剖与变异的
     The overall accuracy of 3D CE MRA in depiction of the arterial anatomy and variation was 95%.
     3DCEMRA显示肝动脉解剖与变异的总体准确性为 95 %。
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    Coronary-angiography is the most effective procedure in the diagnosis of coronry atherosclerotic heart disease before operation. It can provide the exact signs such as the sites, the degrees and the limits of the atherosclerotic lesions for selecting the indications of surgical treatment. Four cases receiveing coronary arteriography were reported. One of them had been operated on. The result of the operation and the condition of the patient postoperatively are satisfactory. This review summarizes the techniques...

    Coronary-angiography is the most effective procedure in the diagnosis of coronry atherosclerotic heart disease before operation. It can provide the exact signs such as the sites, the degrees and the limits of the atherosclerotic lesions for selecting the indications of surgical treatment. Four cases receiveing coronary arteriography were reported. One of them had been operated on. The result of the operation and the condition of the patient postoperatively are satisfactory. This review summarizes the techniques especially the technique of the projective porition of coronary arteriography. Besides, it also gives a brief account of anatomy and variations of the coronary arteries, the features of the atherosclerotic lesions, the collateral vessels, the differential diagnosis, the pre-operative and the post-operative significance.

    报告了我院近期进行的4例冠状动脉造影。并结合文献复习综述了冠状动脉造影的技术,投照位置,冠状动脉的解剖,正常变异,侧支循环,冠状动脉硬化的造影表现及手术治疗前后冠状动脉造影的意义。

    Analysis of X-ray anatomy are performed on the ansiograph of 285 cases. In the present material,the opening of celiac artery is located in the level between the lower part of the twelfth thoracic vertebra and the upper part of the first lumbar vertebra in 76.8%,and arise from the left-arterior or ante- rior wall of the abdominal aorta in 88.1%.The main trunk of celiac artery arises from the abdominal aorta and divides into three branches:the left gastric,splenic and common hepatic arteries in 80.0%.Thirty-nine...

    Analysis of X-ray anatomy are performed on the ansiograph of 285 cases. In the present material,the opening of celiac artery is located in the level between the lower part of the twelfth thoracic vertebra and the upper part of the first lumbar vertebra in 76.8%,and arise from the left-arterior or ante- rior wall of the abdominal aorta in 88.1%.The main trunk of celiac artery arises from the abdominal aorta and divides into three branches:the left gastric,splenic and common hepatic arteries in 80.0%.Thirty-nine aberrant hepatic arteries are found,in addition,there are 91 variations in the branches of celiac arteries. Understanding of normal X-ray anatomy and variations of the celiac ar- tery and its main branches is important for more successful angiography, correct interpretation and diagnosis,aud makiug proper interventional thera- peutic plan.

    本文对285例腹腔动脉的 X 线解剖进行了分析.发现腹腔动脉开口于腹主动脉的左、正前壁者占88.1%;起始高度在第十二胸椎下份至第一腰椎上份之间者占76.8%;腹腔动脉主干直接分为胃左、脾、肝总动脉三大分支者占80.0%;发现39条肝迷走动脉,并有91条腹腔动脉主要分支存在变异.

    Objective A prospective 3dimensional dynamic contrast enhanced MRA (3D DCE MRA) study was undertaken to determine the anatomy and variations of the intrahepatic portal vein and hepatic veins. Methods 142 3D DCE MRA of the portal and hepatic venous systems were analyzed. The normal anatomy of these venous systems was determined. Variants of the intrahepatic portal veins were classified. The percentage of each variation was calculated. The visualization rate of the right posterior inferior...

    Objective A prospective 3dimensional dynamic contrast enhanced MRA (3D DCE MRA) study was undertaken to determine the anatomy and variations of the intrahepatic portal vein and hepatic veins. Methods 142 3D DCE MRA of the portal and hepatic venous systems were analyzed. The normal anatomy of these venous systems was determined. Variants of the intrahepatic portal veins were classified. The percentage of each variation was calculated. The visualization rate of the right posterior inferior hepatic vein was measured. Results Of the 142 patients examined, 8(5.6%) had trifurcation, 7 (4.9%) had a right posterior branch arising from the main portal vein first and then the right anterior and left portal vein originating from the ascending main portal vein, 4(2.8%) had a right anterior branch from the left portal vein, and the absence of the horizontal segment of the left portal vein or absence of the right portal vein was not demonstrated. The remaining 123 (86.6%) patients had normal distribution of the intrahepatic portal vein. In the majority of cases (95.1%), the middle hepatic vein formed a common trunk with the left hepatic vein, while the three major hepatic veins were independent in 4.9% cases. The visualization rate of the right posterior inferior hepatic vein was 7.7%. Conclusions Variations of the intrahepatic portal vein branching are not rare. The middle and left hepatic veins frequently share a common trunk. Some patients have relatively largesize right posterior inferior hepatic vein. The anatomy and variations of the portal and hepatic veins are easily recognized with 3D DCE MRA.

    目的用三维动态增强磁共振血管成像(3dimentionaldynamiccontrastenhancedMRA,3DDCEMRA)前瞻性地观测肝内门静脉(简称门脉)和肝静脉的解剖和变异。方法共进行142例门脉和肝静脉3DDCEMRA检查。对肝内门脉和肝静脉的解剖和变异做分型,计算每一型所占总调查人数的比例,并计算右后下肝静脉的显示率。结果142次成像中,8例(5.6%)显示门脉呈三分叉状,7例(4.9%)门脉先分出右后支,然后上行分为左支和右前支,4例(2.8%)门脉右前支源于左支,未发现有门脉左支水平段或右支缺如,余下123例(86.6%)显示正常门脉分支。绝大多数情况下(95.1%)肝中、肝左静脉合并,而三大支肝静脉单独汇入下腔静脉仅占4.9%。右后下肝静脉的显示率为7.7%。结论肝内门脉变异并不少见。肝中和肝左静脉多合并后汇入下腔静脉。部分病人有较为粗大的右后下肝静脉。3DDCEMRA能方便而清楚地显示上述血管的解剖和变异

     
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