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the grottoes
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  石窟
     It has obvious effects to sand control, there are 1 ) 95 % of sand-transporting quantities from the west of the grottoes are directly controlled ;
     对保护石窟和壁画已经起到重要的作用.其具体防护作用是:1)直接控制偏西风向洞窟搬运沙量的95%左右;
短句来源
     The conclusion is useful to protecting and maintaining the grottoes.
     这一结论对保护和维护石窟稳定性具有实际参考意义。
短句来源
     The new dis- covery is an important significance for us to research the history of the temple, art of the grottoes and pro- tection of cultural relics.
     此次新发现为我们研究巩县石窟寺的历史、石窟艺术及文物保护等,具有十分重要的意义。
短句来源
     Placing the grottoes against the great background of the diffusion of the Buddhist culture, this thesis inquires into the time of its construction,its artistic features and historical significance .
     本文将这一石窟放在中国佛教文化传播的大背景上 ,探讨了它的建窟时间、艺术特色及历史作用
短句来源
     Main diseases and their curing methods of the grottoes in Xinjiang autonomous region
     新疆石窟的主要病害及其治理方针
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  “the grottoes”译为未确定词的双语例句
     2) 80% of accumulated sands in front of the grottoes at night are reduced;
     2)洞前夜间积沙减少了80%以上;
短句来源
     otherwise, strong erosion will occur. Comparison with no fence, the sand accumulation during March to May before the grottoes decrease 39\^4%~83\^3%, 75\^4%~95\^2% and 94\^0%~98\^7% respectively under no sand control in 1992, medium sand control in 2002, and well sand control in 2003. Net fence is a better material in comparison the others;
     3~5月间,对比分析前方沙源充足(1992年)、基本控制(2002年)和较好控制(2003年)3种情况,窟前栈道不同部位洞前积沙分别减少39.4%~83.3%、75.4%~95.2%和94.0%~98.7%。
短句来源
     Great achievements were made in the collection and processing of the data of the Grottoes culture.
     洞窟文化资料的搜集与整理成果丰硕。
短句来源
     The average annual moving speed Of dune on the top of grottoes is 0. 42m/a and the transported sand amount into the grottoes is 4 291m ̄3. On the basis of this result,it is impossible that the grottoes would be buried with sand in hundred years.
     窟顶沙丘年平均移动量0.42m/a,入窟沙量4291m ̄3。
短句来源
     ④A large amount of sediments have deposited in the valley in front of the grottoes.
     ④窟前泥砂淤积。
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  相似匹配句对
     LONGSHAN GROTTOES
     中国最大的道教石窟、全国重点文物保护单位——龙山石窟
短句来源
     Protecting of the Dunhuang Grottoes
     保护莫高窟
短句来源
     Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang
     敦煌莫高窟(英文)
短句来源
     The Study of Furniture in the Dunhuang Grottoes
     敦煌家具研究
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  the grottoes
Gravel coverage has reached an equilibrium state in the portion of the gobi directly above the grottoes, but decreases towards the Mingsha Mountains.
      
The gobi belt on the cliff top of the Mogao Grottoes is not only a natural sand transport field but also a natural protective screen which prevents the megadune and its frontal edge dunes from advancing towards the grottoes or burying the grottoes.
      
The grottoes at Dunhuang and Yungang in China are cases in point.
      
Studies were also conducted on the deterioration of and causes of damage to statues and wall paintings in the grottoes.
      
Similarly, the grottoes north and west along the cliff face seem to afford an opportunity to experi ment with intrusion-abatement programs.
      
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The Tibetan Eared Pheasant is an endemic and rare species of Chinese birds and has now been put under protection. It has also been listed as one of the endangered birds of the Red Data Book (King, 1981).This species is distributed in the mountains of western Sichuan, northwestern Yunnan, southern Qinghai and eastern Tibet.In studying breeding ecology of this species, we worked in the field from April to August 1983 in Mt. Jajin of Baoxing county and from May to July 1985 in Mt. Long-er-ka in Ma-er-kong county,...

The Tibetan Eared Pheasant is an endemic and rare species of Chinese birds and has now been put under protection. It has also been listed as one of the endangered birds of the Red Data Book (King, 1981).This species is distributed in the mountains of western Sichuan, northwestern Yunnan, southern Qinghai and eastern Tibet.In studying breeding ecology of this species, we worked in the field from April to August 1983 in Mt. Jajin of Baoxing county and from May to July 1985 in Mt. Long-er-ka in Ma-er-kong county, western Sichuan. Results of our field observations on this species may be summarized as follows1. A general account of the natural environmentAs to vegetation, it may be divided into 5 zones. They are bare rock and putty zone, alpine meadow and shrubby zone, zone of subalpine coniferous forest, zone of evergreen and deciduous broadleaf forest, and zone of evergreen broadleaf forest.2. Habitat and behaviourMost of Tibetan Eared Pheasants are found in the subalpine coniferous forest at an altitude of 3,500-3,900 m. In winter, they descend to 2,800 m.During the breeding season, the pheasants are often found as singles or in pairs, but also in small flocks.After the breeding season, the flocks may consist of several families. Huge flocks from sixty to several hundreds may appear in winter or early spring. There is a 'leader 'cock in a huge flock. When disturbed, the 'leader' utters an alarm call, runs uphill and then swoops down, the others follow one after another, forming a long train.3. Number and density of the Tibetan Eared Pheasant Our census shows that there are 80 (48 adults, 32 young) pheasants and that the density is about 4/km2 in our observational area convering about 20 km2 in Ma-er-koag county, Sichuan.4. BreedingThe Tibetan Eared Pheasant is monogymous. The pairf ormation starts during the middle part of April. During this time they occur at an altitude of 3,541-3,790 m in the coniferous forest.Four nests have been found in the area under observation. The nests are very simple hollows. They were built on the ground in shrubbery or in the grotto under the coniferous forest. Four nests have been measured. They are 390×230, 385×240, 240×220, 400×250 mm in size and 105, 70 and 95 and 170 mm in depth.Population density of this species has been on the decreasing as the habitat is being destroyed by the economic activities of humen beings. Most of the carnivors and birds of prey do tre-medous harm to the eggs, young and adult+ birds.

藏马鸡是典型高山地牺雉类,见于海拔3,500—3,900米的针叶林带。自4月中至7月底为繁殖期。一“夫”配一“妻”。营巢于海拔3,544—3,790米的岩洞、灌丛中或倒木下。共发现4巢,3巢已被破坏,成功率25%。近年来,由于过渡砍伐森林,天敌的伤害,自身弱点(繁殖率低,成熟期长(3年左右)以及其他因素,藏马鸡的数量日趋减少,正面临绝种的厄运。必须及时地采取有效保护措施。

On the basis of many macroscopic investigations and observations with apparatus, synthetic analyses and material studies of the granite stratum and tens of tunnels and grottoes, in this paper, the author proposed a vibrational failure criterion for the granite stratum and the grotto under dynamical loading of explosion. It provides a valuable design basis for engineering.

本文对爆破峒附近的花岗岩体和数十条巷道和岩峒,进行了大量的宏观调查和仪器观测,综合分析研究大量资料,提出花岗岩体和岩峒围岩,在爆炸动载荷作用下的震动破坏判据,为类似的岩性提供了有价值的设计依据。

On the basis of investigation and analysis to the main rottoes in Xingjiang,this paper summed up all kinds of diseases and their causes for the grottoes in Xingjinag,and in connection with the experiences to restores and consolidate the grottoes of Dunhuang,Maizishan,Longmen,and Yungang since foundation of our country presented a series of curing methods which is appropriate to the characters of diseases of grottoes in Xingjinag.In the meantime this paper has also put forward some proposals...

On the basis of investigation and analysis to the main rottoes in Xingjiang,this paper summed up all kinds of diseases and their causes for the grottoes in Xingjinag,and in connection with the experiences to restores and consolidate the grottoes of Dunhuang,Maizishan,Longmen,and Yungang since foundation of our country presented a series of curing methods which is appropriate to the characters of diseases of grottoes in Xingjinag.In the meantime this paper has also put forward some proposals to conserve the Kumutula Thousand-Buddha Cave's mural paintings and has approached to the way to conserve the grottoes in Xinjiang.

在对新疆境内主要石窟进行调查分析的基础上.总结了新疆石窟的主要病害类型及造成原因,结合建国以来我国对敦煌、麦积山、龙门、云岗等石窟进行加固经验.以新疆克孜尔千佛洞为试点.提出了一套适合于新疆石窟病害特点的治理方法.同时对库木吐拉千佛洞的壁画保护工作也提出了一些初步设想.探讨了新疆石窟维修保护的途径。

 
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