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damage to structures
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  结构破坏
     The concept of the energy is clear and can reflect the strength and spectra characteristic of the earthquake perfectly, especially the duration of the earthquake brought the general affects of damage to structures,and can learn the inelastic deformation process under the earthquake from the input and hysteric energy, so the energy method is considered an important developing direction of improving traditional resisting earthquake methods.
     能量法概念明确,能够较好的反映地震动强度、频谱特性,特别是持时对结构破坏的综合影响,从输入能量和耗散能量的角度捕捉到结构在强烈地震作用下的非弹性变形历程,因此,对能量法的研究成为改进传统抗震设计方法的重要发展方向。
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     The horizontal seismic load is traditionally regarded as the decisive role in damage to structures.
     若干年来的传统观点都认为水平地震力对结构破坏起着决定性作用。
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  “damage to structures”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results of this study indicate that HBO-induced seizure might be ralated to damage to structures, or disorders of metabolism and function of GABA neurotransmitter system in globus pallidus.
     实验结果提示,高压氧惊厥的发作可能与苍白球结构以及苍白球内GABA递质系统代谢和功能的受损有关。
短句来源
     Analysis of damage shows that engineering geological conditions, geologic tectonics, characteristics of surrounding rock, forms of support, layout of roadways and workmanship of construction have direct effect on the damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations.
     分析表明井巷工程震害与工程地质条件、地质构造、围岩特征、支护形式、相关巷道、施工质量等直接有关。
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     However, severe earthquakes cause tremendous damage to structures such as highway, railroad, viaduct and crossroads in recent 20 years.
     然而,近20年来世界各地发生多次的地震灾害,都造成大量高速公路、铁路高架桥、立交桥的严重破坏。
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     The thesis narrates many kinds of current methods of prediction forearthquake damage to structures and development situation of research ontime-dependent quality, analyses merits and demerits of every method, points outimportance and characteristic of the thesis.
     评述了目前各种建筑物震害预测方法和结构时变研究发展状况,分析了各种方法的优缺点,指出了本文工作的重点和特点。
短句来源
     Damage to structures during 2003 Algerian earthquake and earthquake resistance of structures in the south of Fujian Province
     从阿尔及利亚地震结构震害看我国闽南地区结构的抗震能力
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  相似匹配句对
     Causes of Damage to Concrete Structures
     混凝土结构损伤的原因及可靠性分析模型
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     Damage to the structures of mitochondria was evident.
     线粒体明显受损。
短句来源
     structures.
     结构延性的有效措施——人工塑性铰。
短句来源
     The structures of
     这些醚化产物的结构由红外、核磁、质谱确定。
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     Dynamic detection of derrick damage structures
     井架结构损伤的动力学识别
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  damage to structures
Freezing rain (FZRA) is well documented as a major weather hazard, producing damage to structures, the environment, and humans, and delaying various operations such as transportation.
      
Fortunately, most of the riversides were used for agricultural purposes alone, damage to structures from liquefaction and associated ground failures were rather limited.
      
Damage to structures was markedly more in areas of unconsolidated sediments.
      
Owing to humidity variations throughout the year, this type of soil causes much damage to structures due to continuous changes in volume.
      
Areas that showed maximum damage to structures have been assigned maximum intensity X.
      
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In this paper, the authors, after thoroughly analysing the surface effects caused by the strong Xing tai (邢台) earthquake of March, 1966, point out that at the time of the earthquake various, forms of damages to structures, such as buildings and bridges etc. are by no means random.The directions of collapse and falling assume certain predominance. A model is suggested that the Xing tai earthquake may have been the result of movement at the same time of the faults on both sides of the Shulu (束鹿) graben....

In this paper, the authors, after thoroughly analysing the surface effects caused by the strong Xing tai (邢台) earthquake of March, 1966, point out that at the time of the earthquake various, forms of damages to structures, such as buildings and bridges etc. are by no means random.The directions of collapse and falling assume certain predominance. A model is suggested that the Xing tai earthquake may have been the result of movement at the same time of the faults on both sides of the Shulu (束鹿) graben. Focal mechanism solution shows that the predominant derection of damage is related to the direction of ground surface movement near the fault, This kind of study might bring about more in economical and effective ways of taking antiseismic measures (to constructions).

本文通过对1966年3月邢台地震宏观现象的分析,指出了地震时房屋和桥梁等建筑物的破坏倒塌方向不是随机的,而是具有一定的优势方向.并提出了邢台地震是由于束鹿地堑两侧断层同时活动的震源模式.由震源机制的结果证明了建筑物破环倒塌的优势方向同断层附近的地面位移场有关系.随着这一方面工作的开展,有可能找到更加经济有效的抗震措施.

Typical damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations of the Kailuan Colliery, such as shafts, stations, chambers, main roadways, panel roaiways, extraction faces and tunnel supports during the Tangshau Earthquake of 28 July, 1976, is discussed. Analysis of damage shows that engineering geological conditions, geologic tectonics, characteristics of surrounding rock, forms of support, layout of roadways and workmanship of construction have direct effect on the damage to structures...

Typical damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations of the Kailuan Colliery, such as shafts, stations, chambers, main roadways, panel roaiways, extraction faces and tunnel supports during the Tangshau Earthquake of 28 July, 1976, is discussed. Analysis of damage shows that engineering geological conditions, geologic tectonics, characteristics of surrounding rock, forms of support, layout of roadways and workmanship of construction have direct effect on the damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations. The pap.:r also shows that a lot of roadways and equipment were flooded due to sudden increase of flow of underground water and the breakdown of power supply during the strong earthquake induced a lot of serious secondary damage. Suggestions have been proposed on the aseismic design of underground mint in the seismic area and the aseismic measures have been taken.

本文论述了1976年7月28日唐山地震中开滦煤矿竖井井筒、井底车场、硐室、大巷、采区巷道、回采工作面和巷道支护等井巷工程的典型震害情况。分析表明井巷工程震害与工程地质条件、地质构造、围岩特征、支护形式、相关巷道、施工质量等直接有关。文中指出强烈地震使电源中断,并使井下涌水量成倍增加,淹没大量巷道和设备,产生了严重的次生灾害。文中并对地震区矿井井巷工程的设计和抗震措施提出了一些建议。

The horizontal seismic load is traditionally regarded as the decisive role in damage to structures. In 1957, the author pointed out: "The traditional viewpoint is incorrect, actually, it is vertical seismic load that plays the important role in destruction". The author proved his viewpoint continually these years.From the amount of vertical seismic load determined in many state standards, it seems that traditional viewpoint probobly stems from two main ways. (1) Many earthquake records show that the peak...

The horizontal seismic load is traditionally regarded as the decisive role in damage to structures. In 1957, the author pointed out: "The traditional viewpoint is incorrect, actually, it is vertical seismic load that plays the important role in destruction". The author proved his viewpoint continually these years.From the amount of vertical seismic load determined in many state standards, it seems that traditional viewpoint probobly stems from two main ways. (1) Many earthquake records show that the peak accelerations of vertical ground motion are only about the half of horizontal ground motion; (2) Structures have little magnification effect for vertical ground motion. Many motion appearances of components, bodies or men on ground or structures will be enumerated in this paper to illustrate that the main bases of traditional viewpoint are really serious. In addition it is proved on the bases of damage positions and damage char acteristic of structures at epicentra or at sites far from epicentra that only with the concept of vertical seismic load flaying decisive role can enplain destruction of earthquake more reasonably.

若干年来的传统观点都认为水平地震力对结构破坏起着决定性作用。笔者1957年提出,这些年又继续证明:“传统观点是错误的,实际上是竖向地震力起主要作用。” 从很多国家规范规定的竖向地震力看来,传统观点可能基于两个主要考虑:1.很多地震记录都说明地面竖向加速度只有水平加速度的二分之一左右;2.结构对地面竖向运动没有放大作用。本文将列举大量地面上及结构上构件、物体与人的运动现象来说明传统观点的主要根据是很成问题的。另外,文中还根据震中区和远离震中区很多结构的破坏位置、破坏特征等证明:只有按竖向地震力起主要作用的观点才能给予较合理的解释。

 
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