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damage to structures
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  “damage to structures”译为未确定词的双语例句
    DAMAGE TO STRUCTURES AND GROUND DISPLACEMENT NEAR THE FAULTS
    建筑物的破坏和断层附近的地面运动
短句来源
    DAMAGE TO STRUCTURES AND INSTALLATIONS IN THE UNDERGROUND EXCAVATIONS OF THE KAILUAN COLLIERY DURING THE TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE
    唐山地震开滦煤矿井巷工程的震害
短句来源
    Typical damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations of the Kailuan Colliery, such as shafts, stations, chambers, main roadways, panel roaiways, extraction faces and tunnel supports during the Tangshau Earthquake of 28 July, 1976, is discussed.
    本文论述了1976年7月28日唐山地震中开滦煤矿竖井井筒、井底车场、硐室、大巷、采区巷道、回采工作面和巷道支护等井巷工程的典型震害情况。
短句来源
    Analysis of damage shows that engineering geological conditions, geologic tectonics, characteristics of surrounding rock, forms of support, layout of roadways and workmanship of construction have direct effect on the damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations.
    分析表明井巷工程震害与工程地质条件、地质构造、围岩特征、支护形式、相关巷道、施工质量等直接有关。
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  damage to structures
Freezing rain (FZRA) is well documented as a major weather hazard, producing damage to structures, the environment, and humans, and delaying various operations such as transportation.
      
Fortunately, most of the riversides were used for agricultural purposes alone, damage to structures from liquefaction and associated ground failures were rather limited.
      
Damage to structures was markedly more in areas of unconsolidated sediments.
      
Owing to humidity variations throughout the year, this type of soil causes much damage to structures due to continuous changes in volume.
      
Areas that showed maximum damage to structures have been assigned maximum intensity X.
      
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In this paper, the authors, after thoroughly analysing the surface effects caused by the strong Xing tai (邢台) earthquake of March, 1966, point out that at the time of the earthquake various, forms of damages to structures, such as buildings and bridges etc. are by no means random.The directions of collapse and falling assume certain predominance. A model is suggested that the Xing tai earthquake may have been the result of movement at the same time of the faults on both sides of the Shulu (束鹿) graben....

In this paper, the authors, after thoroughly analysing the surface effects caused by the strong Xing tai (邢台) earthquake of March, 1966, point out that at the time of the earthquake various, forms of damages to structures, such as buildings and bridges etc. are by no means random.The directions of collapse and falling assume certain predominance. A model is suggested that the Xing tai earthquake may have been the result of movement at the same time of the faults on both sides of the Shulu (束鹿) graben. Focal mechanism solution shows that the predominant derection of damage is related to the direction of ground surface movement near the fault, This kind of study might bring about more in economical and effective ways of taking antiseismic measures (to constructions).

本文通过对1966年3月邢台地震宏观现象的分析,指出了地震时房屋和桥梁等建筑物的破坏倒塌方向不是随机的,而是具有一定的优势方向.并提出了邢台地震是由于束鹿地堑两侧断层同时活动的震源模式.由震源机制的结果证明了建筑物破环倒塌的优势方向同断层附近的地面位移场有关系.随着这一方面工作的开展,有可能找到更加经济有效的抗震措施.

Typical damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations of the Kailuan Colliery, such as shafts, stations, chambers, main roadways, panel roaiways, extraction faces and tunnel supports during the Tangshau Earthquake of 28 July, 1976, is discussed. Analysis of damage shows that engineering geological conditions, geologic tectonics, characteristics of surrounding rock, forms of support, layout of roadways and workmanship of construction have direct effect on the damage to structures...

Typical damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations of the Kailuan Colliery, such as shafts, stations, chambers, main roadways, panel roaiways, extraction faces and tunnel supports during the Tangshau Earthquake of 28 July, 1976, is discussed. Analysis of damage shows that engineering geological conditions, geologic tectonics, characteristics of surrounding rock, forms of support, layout of roadways and workmanship of construction have direct effect on the damage to structures and installations in the underground excavations. The pap.:r also shows that a lot of roadways and equipment were flooded due to sudden increase of flow of underground water and the breakdown of power supply during the strong earthquake induced a lot of serious secondary damage. Suggestions have been proposed on the aseismic design of underground mint in the seismic area and the aseismic measures have been taken.

本文论述了1976年7月28日唐山地震中开滦煤矿竖井井筒、井底车场、硐室、大巷、采区巷道、回采工作面和巷道支护等井巷工程的典型震害情况。分析表明井巷工程震害与工程地质条件、地质构造、围岩特征、支护形式、相关巷道、施工质量等直接有关。文中指出强烈地震使电源中断,并使井下涌水量成倍增加,淹没大量巷道和设备,产生了严重的次生灾害。文中并对地震区矿井井巷工程的设计和抗震措施提出了一些建议。

Fault rupture is a main type of earthquake-induced geological hazards in the region where faults are developed.Generally speaking,the damage to structures caused by surface rupture is difficultly to withstood.Therefore,Rupture hazard analysis becomes a more important subject in earthquake microzonation.Based on the principles of seismic risk analysis,the paper presents a rupture hazard analysis model for a site with the at-enuation of displacement taken into account Finally,taking the Xianshuihe fault...

Fault rupture is a main type of earthquake-induced geological hazards in the region where faults are developed.Generally speaking,the damage to structures caused by surface rupture is difficultly to withstood.Therefore,Rupture hazard analysis becomes a more important subject in earthquake microzonation.Based on the principles of seismic risk analysis,the paper presents a rupture hazard analysis model for a site with the at-enuation of displacement taken into account Finally,taking the Xianshuihe fault as an texample,we make an estimation of the rupture hazard of a certain site.

地表破裂是断裂发育地区主要的地震地质灾害。断层错动、地表破裂对结构物的破坏不是一般的抗震措施所能抵御的。因而地表破裂危险性分析日益引起工程设计人员的重视。利用地震危险性分析的原理,建立了考虑位错衰减的场地破裂危险性分析模型。利用该模型,可以了解场地在未来的有效时间内最大位错超过给定值的可能性。最后,以鲜水河断裂为例,评价了某场地的破裂危险性。

 
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