助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   damage to structures 在 地球物理学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.52秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
地球物理学
地质学
建筑科学与工程
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

damage to structures
相关语句
查询“damage to structures”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  damage to structures
Freezing rain (FZRA) is well documented as a major weather hazard, producing damage to structures, the environment, and humans, and delaying various operations such as transportation.
      
Fortunately, most of the riversides were used for agricultural purposes alone, damage to structures from liquefaction and associated ground failures were rather limited.
      
Damage to structures was markedly more in areas of unconsolidated sediments.
      
Owing to humidity variations throughout the year, this type of soil causes much damage to structures due to continuous changes in volume.
      
Areas that showed maximum damage to structures have been assigned maximum intensity X.
      
更多          


Due to complication of structure and limitation of measurement techaique it is very difficult to diagnose damage to structures based only on theoretical analysis. In the paper, a method to investigate the storey stiffness according to dynamic response of fundamental mode is presented. It is a simple and convenient method. Ih practice, it will be more effective on diagnosing structural damage with adoption of investigation, analogy and analysis. some examples are given in this paper.

动态监测方法在理论上是可行的,方法也是简便的,有着广阔的发展前景.但是,由于结构的复杂性、测量技术的局限性,单纯依赖理论计算分析诊断结构的病害状况并不总是容易实现的.本文介绍一种依据基本振型的振动反应求层间刚度的方法,简单、实用.实践中如果辅以调查、考察、类比、分析……,可作出更切合实际的可靠诊断;文中还介绍一些实例,有助于启迪、开拓动态监测的应用领域.

The study on seismic intensity can be traced prior to the time that modern seismology was established. In its early stage the seismic intensity was designed to serve as a measure in scaling the severity of earthquake damage to civil engineering and environmental structures. Also the seismic intensity is usually assigned by engineers and seismologists with one or two characteristic parameters of earthquake ground motions to reflect earthquake damage potential so as to be able to serve as an input earthquake load...

The study on seismic intensity can be traced prior to the time that modern seismology was established. In its early stage the seismic intensity was designed to serve as a measure in scaling the severity of earthquake damage to civil engineering and environmental structures. Also the seismic intensity is usually assigned by engineers and seismologists with one or two characteristic parameters of earthquake ground motions to reflect earthquake damage potential so as to be able to serve as an input earthquake load for seismic design of structures. So choosing a proper parameter to reflect the action of seismic intensity is the main objective of the research on physical measure of seismic intensity. However, since various kinds of structures have quite different damage mechanisms there will exist great differences in damages to different structures located at the same area during the same earthquake. Particularly, in some cases, quite different damages have happened even to the structures of same kind due to many other factors such as different construction materials, different configurations or on the different types of sites where structures located. In addition, the ground motion parameters, which result in damage to structures, are not the single peak value of ground motion. Hence, this paper emphasizes that the research on new physical measure of seismic intensity should not only consider the structural characteristics but also take into account other parameters such as duration, energy of ground motion and so on. In particular, as the physical measures of intensity, different ground motion parameter should be adopted for different structures.

自从现代地震学形成以来, 人们一直沿用地震烈度来度量地震的破坏后果和破坏程度, 地震工程师也致力于给地震烈度赋以恰当的物理量, 一方面旨在解释地震的破坏作用,同时也希望能用这个物理量来代表地震对结构的一种输入荷载, 以供工程抗震设计使用. 这就是研究“地震烈度物理标准”工作的任务. 但是由于不同结构的破坏机理很不相同, 甚至同一类结构由于层高、使用的材料以及所在场地的差别, 即使在同一地震作用下, 其震害也会有很大的差异. 此外, 导致结构破坏的地震动因素也十分复杂, 绝不限于地震动峰值一个因素. 因此本文指出, 新的烈度标准应不仅能反映各种结构的具体特点, 还应在研究地震动幅值参数的同时进一步考虑与地震动能量有关的参数, 特别是针对不同结构应采用不同的地震动参数.

The comparison of the isoseismal with the isoline of PGA and PGV of Chi-Chi Earthquake is conducted in this paper.The result implies that the isoline of PGA is more similar to the isoseismal than the isoline of PGV.The mathematical analysis gives the same result,which indicates that compared to PGV,PGA can reflect the damage potential of brittle structures better because most of the structures destroyed in this earthquake are brittle structures with low periods.Though PGV has some relationship with the damage...

The comparison of the isoseismal with the isoline of PGA and PGV of Chi-Chi Earthquake is conducted in this paper.The result implies that the isoline of PGA is more similar to the isoseismal than the isoline of PGV.The mathematical analysis gives the same result,which indicates that compared to PGV,PGA can reflect the damage potential of brittle structures better because most of the structures destroyed in this earthquake are brittle structures with low periods.Though PGV has some relationship with the damage to structures the damage capability it reflects is less than the one reflected by PGA.

本文通过比较集集地震的等震线、加速度和速度等值线的相似度,发现加速度等值线和烈度等震线有更好的相似性,后通过数学分析也得到了相同的结果。由于集集地震中受损的大部分是短周期脆性结构,本文的研究结果可以说明:和峰值速度相比,地震动峰值加速度能够更好地体现地震动对脆性结构的破坏势。峰值速度也和震害有一定的相关性,但对于脆性结构它所体现的破坏能力不如峰值加速度。

 
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关damage to structures的内容
在知识搜索中查有关damage to structures的内容
在数字搜索中查有关damage to structures的内容
在概念知识元中查有关damage to structures的内容
在学术趋势中查有关damage to structures的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社