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natural climate variability
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  “natural climate variability”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In addition,thre e challenging initiatives,including understanding natural climate variability an d the causes of rapid climate change,in_situ monitoring of geological processes, and exploring the deep structure of continental margins and oceanic crust,are al so introduced.
     同时,也介绍了ODP提出的3个挑战性项目,即自然气候变化和气候剧变原因、地质过程的现场监测和大陆边缘与洋壳深部结构探测。
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  相似匹配句对
     natural climate
     自然气候康乐馆
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     historical climate and natural disasters;
     ②历史气候与自然灾害研究;
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     Natural.
     Natural(天然等同)相近。
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     NATURAL CHARM
     黄亦方:魅力无需妆
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     Changing Climate
     变化的气候(影响篇)
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  natural climate variability
However, it indicates a close relationship between natural climate variability, measured by the NAO index, and flowering time of tree species for Denmark.
      
Natural climate variability inferred from cosmogenic isotopesand other geophysical data and its impact on human activity
      
The observed and simulated interannual variability and teleconnectivity are compared and interpreted in order to improve the understanding of natural climate variability on interannual to decadal time scales for the late Holocene.
      
Nevertheless, in the critical interval of the next two decades the externally-driven natural climate variability might possibly confuse the debate about temperature trends and impede detection of the anthropogenic climate change signal.
      
Public policy decisions hinge on the question of whether this trend is natural climate variability or the result of the increase in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases.
      
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The research priorities and drilling goals of Ocean Drilling Pro gram ar e introduced from two scientific themes,e.g.dynamics of earth's environment and dynamics of earth's interior,in this paper.The scientific theme of dynamics of e arth's environment try to understand earth's changing climate,causes and effect s of sea_level change,and other problems such as global carbon cycle,formation o f gas hydrates and submarine biological resources based on studies on sediment,flu ids and bacteria.The scientific theme...

The research priorities and drilling goals of Ocean Drilling Pro gram ar e introduced from two scientific themes,e.g.dynamics of earth's environment and dynamics of earth's interior,in this paper.The scientific theme of dynamics of e arth's environment try to understand earth's changing climate,causes and effect s of sea_level change,and other problems such as global carbon cycle,formation o f gas hydrates and submarine biological resources based on studies on sediment,flu ids and bacteria.The scientific theme of dynamics of earth's interior try to exp lore the transfer of heat and materials to and from Earth's interior,and to inve stigate deformation of the lithosphere and earthquake processes.In addition,thre e challenging initiatives,including understanding natural climate variability an d the causes of rapid climate change,in_situ monitoring of geological processes, and exploring the deep structure of continental margins and oceanic crust,are al so introduced.

从地球环境动力学和地球内部动力学2个方面介绍国际大洋钻探计划研究方向与钻探目标,前者主要试图了解地球气候变化历史与规律、海平面变化的原因与影响以及通过沉积物、液体和细菌等研究了解全球碳循环、气水合物形成和深海生物资源等重要问题;后者主要试图探测地球深部热与物质的转换、调查岩石圈变形与地震形成过程。同时,也介绍了ODP提出的3个挑战性项目,即自然气候变化和气候剧变原因、地质过程的现场监测和大陆边缘与洋壳深部结构探测。

In the background of global warming, the studies of natural climate variability on decadal to century time scales, one of the most active fields of the current global change research, have been remarkably emphasized for the last decade.This situation can be felt in China as well.Some progresses in the studies are obvious both in China and abroad, but there are still a lot of problems facing the paleo-science community.Although there have been some preliminary reconstructed results of regional temperature...

In the background of global warming, the studies of natural climate variability on decadal to century time scales, one of the most active fields of the current global change research, have been remarkably emphasized for the last decade.This situation can be felt in China as well.Some progresses in the studies are obvious both in China and abroad, but there are still a lot of problems facing the paleo-science community.Although there have been some preliminary reconstructed results of regional temperature series in China, the reliability of the results needs to be further enhanced.It would be necessary to tackle such problems as the poor quality of the site reconstruction, the sparseness of the proxy-data sites and the incomplete methodology of region-averaged temperature reconstruction.

近年来,年代到世纪尺度气候变化研究在国际地球科学领域受到高度重视,而近千年左右大范围区域平均温度序列的重建和分析工作尤其令人瞩目,我国的相关研究也已获得了若干重要成果。作者从过去千年温度变化概况、机制及相关研究资料和方法等方面,对国内外近千年温度变化研究做了初步回顾和展望。

The climate system is composed of five spheres in the earth system,i.e.,atmosphere,hydrosphere,cryosphere,lithosphere and biosphere.The interaction among these spheres of climate system determines the natural climate variability.As the human activities increase,more and more influence has exerted on the climate system.Both natural and anthropogenic climate changes have influenced greatly on the society,the economics and the human life,and have led to the arousing of the issues on the...

The climate system is composed of five spheres in the earth system,i.e.,atmosphere,hydrosphere,cryosphere,lithosphere and biosphere.The interaction among these spheres of climate system determines the natural climate variability.As the human activities increase,more and more influence has exerted on the climate system.Both natural and anthropogenic climate changes have influenced greatly on the society,the economics and the human life,and have led to the arousing of the issues on the national security,the environmental diplomacy and the sustainable development,etc.In order to understand the climate change and its forcings,and forecast the future climate change,the basic need is to set up a comprehensive climate observing system dealing with the five spheres in the earth system.The detailed information on the variation of the climate system can be provided by the high quality climate data and related products obtained from the climate observing system.The development of designing a climate observing system in China is reviewed,especially the role played by the Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences.Based on the analysis of the climate observing system,some crucial issues concerning the setting up of the climate observing system are discussed.These issues include the scientific requirements to the climate observing system,its representativeness,comprehensiveness,standard,supportiveness to the climate prediction and projection and to the climate model development,application to the interdisciplinary,social and economical application,data opening and sharing,assimilation and reanalysis of the climate system data,and the rescue of the historical data.

地球系统中的大气圈、水圈、冰雪圈、岩石圈和生物圈构成了气候系统,气候系统中不同圈层之间的相互作用决定了气候的自然变化。由于人类活动的日益加剧,对气候系统已经产生了显著影响。气候的自然变化和人类活动导致的气候变化对社会经济的发展以及人民生活的影响日益加大,并涉及到国家安全、环境外交和可持续发展等一系列重大问题。要认识气候变化及其强迫因素、预测未来气候变化,最基础的工作是建立针对气候目的涉及到气候系统五大圈层的综合气候观测系统,以获取所需的高质量资料和相关产品,提供气候系统变化的详细信息。该文回顾了气候观测系统设计在中国的发展以及中国气象科学研究院在组织设计中国气候观测系统中的作用,并指出了在建立我国气候观测系统中存在的一些需要改进的方面。在对气候观测系统进行分析的基础上,指出了与建立气候观测系统相关的10个方面的关键问题,这些问题包括:气候观测系统的科学需求、气候观测系统的代表性、全面性、规范性、对气候预测和预估及模式发展的支撑性、多学科应用性、社会经济性、资料开放共享性以及气候系统资料的同化再分析和历史资料的抢救。

 
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