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examination
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  examination
An examination of the translation invariance of V0 under dyadic rationals is presented, generating a new equivalence relation on the collection of wavelets.
      
In this article, a comprehensive examination of the interrelations among these localization and approximation concepts is made, with most implications shown to be sharp.
      
The analysis of roller pen inks has become more and more important in fraudulent document examination because of the extensive use of roller pens in financial documents.
      
Further examination of the foot of Jeholornis suggests this bird might not have possessed a fully reversed hallux.
      
Histopathological examination indicated that the cusps became thickening with unequal size, irregular shape (coiling and prolapse edge), enhanced hardness, and partly calcification.
      
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The pine caterpiller,Dendrolimus punctatus Walker, has the habit of leav-ing the crown part of a tree and hibernating under the loose bark of thetrunk. The present paper reports the successful control of this pest by treatinga part of the trunk with a DDT suspension. All experiments were carried outat Nanking, 1947-48. When solutions and water suspension containing 5% DDT, 1%γ 666,or 5% 1068 were applied with a brush to the trunk for a width of one footand over-wintering larvae were allowed to crawl over the...

The pine caterpiller,Dendrolimus punctatus Walker, has the habit of leav-ing the crown part of a tree and hibernating under the loose bark of thetrunk. The present paper reports the successful control of this pest by treatinga part of the trunk with a DDT suspension. All experiments were carried outat Nanking, 1947-48. When solutions and water suspension containing 5% DDT, 1%γ 666,or 5% 1068 were applied with a brush to the trunk for a width of one footand over-wintering larvae were allowed to crawl over the treated area, all theinsecticides tested were found to be effective when freshly applied. After oneweek, how-ever, only preparations containing DDT remained effective. DDTwater suspension was markedly better than DDT in kerosene, soybean oil, oracetone. Trees treated with a 5% DDT water suspension were still very toxic tothe caterpillars at the end of six weeks. The number of caterpillars crawling over a DDT-treated area would notinfluence the toxicity of the DDT film under practical field conditions. In oneexperiment all area of twenty inches square, treated with a 5% DDT suspension,still showed high toxicity to the caterpillars after 1,800 larvae had crawled overthe area in a period of nine days. Caterpillars were found to be more resistant to DDT in summer than inwinter. By increasing either the concentration of DDT to 10-15% or thewidth of the treated area to 2-3 feet, the "trunk treatment method" could beused as well in summer, if the caterpillars were beaten down to the grounedafter the trees had been treated with DDT. Under the field conditions in Nanking, 1947-48, the pine caterpilIars beganto leave the crown part of the trees and seek hibenation quarters in November.They became active again early in March, hence tree should he treated withDDT not later than the dates mentioned above. A total of 157,658 trees were treated with DDT on the Purple Mountain,Nanking, 1948. Examinations showed that larval population decreased 90-99%in the treated area, while in the check area an increase in population of16-350% had been observed.

本文研究在松树干上涂刷有持久性的药剂以防治越冬松毛虫的可能性。1947—48年在南京试验及实施防治的结果简述如下: (一)在实验室内使越冬松毛虫爬行越过涂有一市尺宽各种药液的松树干的结果,证明5% DDT,1%γ666,与5% 1068的悬液或溶液。在涂药的当天均 有相当高的杀虫效力,惟一周以后γ666与1068完全失效,仅DDT仍保持强大的毒力。DDT水悬液显著较DDT火油、大豆油或丙酮溶液为佳。涂有5%DDT悬液的松树杆曝露田间六星期后,杀死松毛虫能力仍达100%。 (二)据试验的结果,自制的可湿性DDT,内含DDT50%,稀释剂45%,与肥皂5%,尚适宜于防治松毛虫之用。 (三)松毛虫爬行的次数对涂药面积上DDT毒力的影响极微,在二十平方市寸涂有5% DDT悬液的小面积上,9天之内经过1800头松毛虫爬行后,毒力仍未减小,死亡率尚在90%以上。 (四)夏季松毛虫较越冬松毛虫不易杀死。夏季松毛虫抵抗DDT的能力随龄期而增强。试验中显示如增加药液浓度至含DDT 10—15%,或增加涂药的宽度至2—3市尺,夏季幼虫亦能中毒死亡。故树干涂药法亦可应用在夏季防治上,惟必须在涂药后将松毛虫从树上击落,使其在爬返树冠...

本文研究在松树干上涂刷有持久性的药剂以防治越冬松毛虫的可能性。1947—48年在南京试验及实施防治的结果简述如下: (一)在实验室内使越冬松毛虫爬行越过涂有一市尺宽各种药液的松树干的结果,证明5% DDT,1%γ666,与5% 1068的悬液或溶液。在涂药的当天均 有相当高的杀虫效力,惟一周以后γ666与1068完全失效,仅DDT仍保持强大的毒力。DDT水悬液显著较DDT火油、大豆油或丙酮溶液为佳。涂有5%DDT悬液的松树杆曝露田间六星期后,杀死松毛虫能力仍达100%。 (二)据试验的结果,自制的可湿性DDT,内含DDT50%,稀释剂45%,与肥皂5%,尚适宜于防治松毛虫之用。 (三)松毛虫爬行的次数对涂药面积上DDT毒力的影响极微,在二十平方市寸涂有5% DDT悬液的小面积上,9天之内经过1800头松毛虫爬行后,毒力仍未减小,死亡率尚在90%以上。 (四)夏季松毛虫较越冬松毛虫不易杀死。夏季松毛虫抵抗DDT的能力随龄期而增强。试验中显示如增加药液浓度至含DDT 10—15%,或增加涂药的宽度至2—3市尺,夏季幼虫亦能中毒死亡。故树干涂药法亦可应用在夏季防治上,惟必须在涂药后将松毛虫从树上击落,使其在爬返树冠时接触药剂而死亡。 (五)自然情形下,南京松毛虫在十一月即开始下树越冬,至来年三月初开始活动上树,故采用树干涂药法防治下?

The effects of copper and zinc ionsupon the precipitation of barium sul-phate have been noted for a long time.However,the results published wereeither not systematic(3,4b,5,6)or obtained under conditions apart fromusual analytical practice(7,8).Thus,it seems necessary to investigate thissubject in more detail by the usual methods of determination.The presentcommunication reports(a)the effect of various amounts of cupric and zincions and(b)the influence of different acidities during precipitation in thepresence...

The effects of copper and zinc ionsupon the precipitation of barium sul-phate have been noted for a long time.However,the results published wereeither not systematic(3,4b,5,6)or obtained under conditions apart fromusual analytical practice(7,8).Thus,it seems necessary to investigate thissubject in more detail by the usual methods of determination.The presentcommunication reports(a)the effect of various amounts of cupric and zincions and(b)the influence of different acidities during precipitation in thepresence and absence of zinc ions.It is found that the interference of copper in the determination of sulphuras barium sulphate up to a ratio of 20:1 for Cu:S is negligible.The deviationsof the results obtained from theoretical values are all within ±2‰(see Table1),and do not show any regularity with the amount of copper added.The presence of zinc ions alone gives satisfactory results(slightly lowerthan theoretical values).As the amount of zinc ions in solution increases,thedeviations become somewhat wider(Table 2).The low results are presumedto be due to(1)the formation of soluble zinc-sulphate complex,which holdsa part of sulphate in solution,and/or(2)diverse ion effect.In the presenceof zinc ions,introducing hydrochloric acid up to 0.1 N before precipitationcauses essentially the same errors as if hydrochloric acid were absent(cf.Tables2 and 3),while at and beyond 0.2 N positive errors are obtained.A spectrographic examination of the precipitates reveals that zinc doescoprecipitate with barium sulphate,though only to a slight extent.The amountof zinc coprecipitated decreases with the increase of the acidity of the solutionfrom which the precipitate is thrown down.

本文报告铜及锌离子对于硫酸钡定硫的影响,找出了铜的影响几近于零,锌的影响亦微。锌离子能与硫酸钡共同沉淀。

The formation of σ-phase in a 18% Cr 11% Ni 2.6% Mo 0.8% Ti stainless steel has been investigated. Microscopic and X-ray examinations showed that the formationσf σ-phase from δ-ferrite was accompanied by the formation of austenite, the reaction being most rapid at 850℃

本文叙述在含钼、钛的18/8型不锈钢中σ-相形成的过程及其对钢的性能的影响。 金相及X线衍射分析证实:在复相铬镍不锈钢中,铁素体分解成σ-相以在850℃为最快。应用特殊的侵蚀剂及高倍的金相检查,发现σ-相的沉淀开始发生于铁素体相界;伴随着σ-相的形成,其周围铁素体重结晶为奥氏体。 由于σ-相的形成,钢的硬度增加,韧性显著降低,因而严重地影响了钢的安全使用,但是适当的热处理可以恢复其原来的组织及性能。

 
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