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energy-released
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  能量释放
     The Research of Effective Pressure and Energy-released Process of Al-containing Explosives
     含铝炸药爆压及能量释放过程的研究
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  “energy-released”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results indicated that when the ratio of RDX/AP kept constant,as aluminium content increased,the effective pressure of Al-containing explosives decreased at shock front and at the later stage the energy-released increased.
     结果表明,RDX/AP比例一定时,铝含量增加,含铝炸药的爆压减小,后期释放的能量增加。
短句来源
     When aluminium content kept constant,as the ratio of RDX/AP increased,the effective pressure of Al-containing explosives increased and at the later stage the energy-released almost reached consistent.
     铝含量一定时,随RDX/AP比值的增大,含铝炸药的爆压增加,后期释放的能量基本一致。
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  energy-released
The effects of beam size on the fracture behaviors of strain gradient stiffened cantilevers on a substrate were analyzed using the higher order J-integral and the energy-released rate.
      
In this paper, the higher order J-integral and energy-released rate for the analysis of fracture of strain gradient stiffened structures are developed.
      


In contrast to many other particles π- mesons at their stop-point effectively produce stars with large energy release. This phenomena has been used by us for selected detecting of π-mesons. The star-detector for π-mesons represents a simple telescope of two scintillation counters set in coincidence. The first counter is an ordinary counter with 100% efficiency for passing particles. The second counter of the star-detector works at a comparatively low voltage supply. Hence it detects the large light impulses...

In contrast to many other particles π- mesons at their stop-point effectively produce stars with large energy release. This phenomena has been used by us for selected detecting of π-mesons. The star-detector for π-mesons represents a simple telescope of two scintillation counters set in coincidence. The first counter is an ordinary counter with 100% efficiency for passing particles. The second counter of the star-detector works at a comparatively low voltage supply. Hence it detects the large light impulses only, produced in the scintillator as the result of π - stars. Its efficiency for the detecting of passing particles is very low. The photomultiplier of the second counter works as a spectrometric one with highly stabilized voltage supply. Using this detector one may quickly (in 15 minutes, the π-beam intensity being 103 per sec) measure the range and energy of π- mesons.

负π介子和许多其他粒子不同,它们在介质中停止处有效地产生星裂,从而释放出大量的能量。我们利用了这种现象来选择性地探测负π介子。 星裂探测器是个计数管望远镜。它由二个符合闪烁计数管组成。其中第一管是普通的闪烁计数管,它记录透过粒子的效率是100%。第二管的工作电压放得较低,使之只记录负π介子在晶体中引起星裂而生的大的光脉冲;它记录透过粒子的效率极低。第二管用能谱分析性能好的光电倍加管,由高稳定的电源来供应。 用星裂探测器可以迅速测量负π介子的射程和能量。例如对强度为10~3/秒的负π介子束,测量能量只需15分钟。 这种探测器记录粒子时有选择性。它只记录星裂,而不记录其他停止的带电粒子(例如负μ介子),实验证明参看图7。我们所用的星裂探测器,对负π介子的灵敏度,比对负μ介子的灵敏度至少要大20倍。

The relation between Crabtree effect and protein biosynthesis has been studied in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. It has been found that the addition of succinate to washed tumor cells, which had a low level of endogenous respiration, caused marked increase both in the rate of respiration and the rate of incorporation of C~(14)-labeled glycine into cellular protein. Thus active protein biosynthesis could be maintained solely on energy released in the oxidative metabolism of succinate, a fact not supporting the...

The relation between Crabtree effect and protein biosynthesis has been studied in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. It has been found that the addition of succinate to washed tumor cells, which had a low level of endogenous respiration, caused marked increase both in the rate of respiration and the rate of incorporation of C~(14)-labeled glycine into cellular protein. Thus active protein biosynthesis could be maintained solely on energy released in the oxidative metabolism of succinate, a fact not supporting the respirationdamage theory of tumor cells suggested by Warburg. When glucose or its analog, 2-deoxyglucose, was added together with succinate, both the rate of respiration and the rate of incorporation of C~(14)-labeled glycine were affected, the latter, however was much more markedly inhibited than the former. This indicates that under these conditions energy required for protein biosynthesis may not be so readily available, probably through the compartmentation of ATP within the mitochondria as suggested by a number of workers.

我們利用同位素C~(14)-标記甘氨酸参入蛋白貭的作用研究艾氏腹水肿瘤細胞中的Crabtree效应,观察由氧化作用释放出的能量被利用的情况。实驗結果說明艾氏腹水肿瘤細胞的呼吸效能是有效的,由琥珀酸氧化供应的能量可以支持旺盛的蛋白貭生物合成。說明由氧化磷酸化作用生成的ATP可以透到綫粒体外以供应蛋白貭生物合成的需要。若在加入琥珀酸同时加入葡萄糖或2-脫氧葡萄糖而引起Crabtree效应后,肿瘤細胞的呼吸略有降低,但是C~(14)标記甘氨酸参入蛋白貭的速度却比单独加入琥珀酸时要小得多,而仅接近单独加入葡萄糖时的参入速度,我們认为这可能是由于在引起Crabtree效应的条件下产生了线粒体中ATP局部化的緣故。

In this paper, analytical expressions for the earthquake displacement field pro-duced by rectangular strike-slip and dip-slip faults of arbitrary dip in a semi-infinite elastic medium for the case of unequal Lame constants are given in closed forms. Some numerical examples are presented to illustrate the effects of Poisson ratio of the medium, the dip angle, upper and lower boundary of the fault, to earthquake dis-placement field on surface. By comparing the geodetic data of the 1966 Hsingtai earth-quake to...

In this paper, analytical expressions for the earthquake displacement field pro-duced by rectangular strike-slip and dip-slip faults of arbitrary dip in a semi-infinite elastic medium for the case of unequal Lame constants are given in closed forms. Some numerical examples are presented to illustrate the effects of Poisson ratio of the medium, the dip angle, upper and lower boundary of the fault, to earthquake dis-placement field on surface. By comparing the geodetic data of the 1966 Hsingtai earth-quake to the theoretical surface displacements that would be produced by a single rectangular slip fault of various strike, dip direction, dip angle, fault length, width, focal depth, and dislocations, it is shown that the simplified single slip fault model can not explain satisfactorily the observed horizontal and vertical ground deforma-tion. In order to account for the observed data, a compounded fault model which consists of six simple rectangular slip faults, is proposed. By using the grid trial method, the source parameters appropriate to the observed horizontal as well as ver-tical displacement field are obtained. The results are as follows: the upper three simple rectangular slip faults breaking to the surface, have a dip angle of 45°, width 15 km, while the lower three simple rectangular slip faults have a dip angle of 82°, width 30 km. Other source parameters determined are as follows: strike, N35°B; dip direction, N125°E; total fault length, 50 km; average strike-slip dislocations respectively, -78, -134, -17, 2, -3, and 1 cm (minus stands for the right-lateral strike-slip while plus for the left-lateral strike-slip); average dip-slip dislocations respectively, 2, 50, 88, 24, -5, and -23 cm (minus stands for the reverse fault while plus for the normal fault); seismic moments respectively, 3.2, 5.9, 3.7, 2.0, 0.5, and 1.9 X 1025 dyne · cm, stress drops respectively, 22, 42, 33, 5, 1, and 4 bars, strain drops respectively, 3.3, 6.4, 5.0, 0.8, 0.2, and 0.6 X 10-5. Lower limit of strain energy release is 6.1 X 1022 ergs. A comparison of the obtained results with the epicentral distri-bution of earthquakes of magnitudes greater than 6 indicates that, the main shock and two larger foreshocks are related more closely with the dislocation of the upper three portions of this compounded fault, and that the two larger aftershocks are related with the dislocation near the ends of the lower portions of this compounded fault. Results of leveling survey in Hsingtai area since 1920, indicate that the upper limit of the rate of subsidence is about 5 mm/yr. If the strain accumulated in this area is as-sumed to be released entirely by the 1966 Hsingtai earthquake, the lower limit of the recurrence period of earthquakes of magnitudes as high as the 1966 Hsingtai earth-quake can be estimated in terms of the average dip-slip dislocation of this compound-ed fault to be about 176 years.

本文以完整的形式给出拉梅常数不相等情形的半无限弹性介质中任意倾角的矩形滑动断层引起的地震位移场解析表示式。以一些数值结果说明介质的泊松比、断层面的倾角、上界和下界对地面的地震位移场的影响。在比较1966年邢台地震的地形变资料和计算得到的各种走向、倾向、倾角、断层面长度、宽度、震源深度和错距的单个的矩形滑动断层引起的地面位移之后指出,简单的滑动断层错动模式不能同时很好地解释观测到的邢台地震的水平和垂直形变。为了解释观测结果,提出了一个复合的断层模式。这个复合断层模式由六个简单的矩形滑动断层构成。运用网格尝试法,得到了基本上符合观测到的水平和垂直位移场的震源参数。结果是:第一、二、三部分,出露到地面,倾角45°,宽度15公里;第四、五、六部分,倾角82°,宽度30公里。其它参数是:断层面走向N35°E,倾向N125°E,断层总长度50公里,断层各部分的平均走向滑动错距依次为—78、—134、—17、2、—3和1厘米(负号表示右旋走向滑动,正号表示左旋走向滑动),平均倾向滑动错距依次为2、50、88、24、—5和—23厘米(负号表示逆断层,正号表示正断层),地震矩依次为3.2、5.9、3.7、2.0、0.5、1.9...

本文以完整的形式给出拉梅常数不相等情形的半无限弹性介质中任意倾角的矩形滑动断层引起的地震位移场解析表示式。以一些数值结果说明介质的泊松比、断层面的倾角、上界和下界对地面的地震位移场的影响。在比较1966年邢台地震的地形变资料和计算得到的各种走向、倾向、倾角、断层面长度、宽度、震源深度和错距的单个的矩形滑动断层引起的地面位移之后指出,简单的滑动断层错动模式不能同时很好地解释观测到的邢台地震的水平和垂直形变。为了解释观测结果,提出了一个复合的断层模式。这个复合断层模式由六个简单的矩形滑动断层构成。运用网格尝试法,得到了基本上符合观测到的水平和垂直位移场的震源参数。结果是:第一、二、三部分,出露到地面,倾角45°,宽度15公里;第四、五、六部分,倾角82°,宽度30公里。其它参数是:断层面走向N35°E,倾向N125°E,断层总长度50公里,断层各部分的平均走向滑动错距依次为—78、—134、—17、2、—3和1厘米(负号表示右旋走向滑动,正号表示左旋走向滑动),平均倾向滑动错距依次为2、50、88、24、—5和—23厘米(负号表示逆断层,正号表示正断层),地震矩依次为3.2、5.9、3.7、2.0、0.5、1.9×10~23达因·厘米,应力降依次为22、42、33、5、1、4巴,应变降依次为3.3、6.4、5.0、0.8

 
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