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  renal
    The Expression of Angiotensin Ⅱ Type2 Receptor in Acute Renal Ischemia and Reperfusion and the Effect on Inducing Renal Tubular Cells Apoptosis
    胎鼠急性缺血/再灌注损伤后脏血管紧张素Ⅱ受体2的变化及其在小管上皮细胞凋亡中的作用
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    Study of Bivalent Purified Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome Vaccine (Vero Cell)
    双价综合征出血热纯化疫苗(Vero 细胞)的研究
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    The Roles of [Ca~(2+)]i, Oxidative Stress, and Osteopontin in Fluoride-induced Renal Damages and Proteomic Analysis of Fluorotic Rat Kidney
    细胞内Ca~(2+)浓度、氧化应激、骨桥蛋白在氟中毒损害发生发展中的作用及氟中毒大鼠组织蛋白质组研究
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    Establishment of Cynomolgus Macaque Renal Allotransplantation Model and Its Application for Anti Graft Rejection Research
    食蟹猴同种异体移植模型的建立及其抗排斥研究
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    Morphological Study on the Origin and Development of Renal Corpuscles in Mouse
    小鼠小体发生与发育的形态学研究
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  kidney
    The Roles of [Ca~(2+)]i, Oxidative Stress, and Osteopontin in Fluoride-induced Renal Damages and Proteomic Analysis of Fluorotic Rat Kidney
    细胞内Ca~(2+)浓度、氧化应激、骨桥蛋白在氟中毒损害发生发展中的作用及氟中毒大鼠组织蛋白质组研究
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    Preliminary Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Survival of Dogs Transplanted with Autologous Kidney Preserved for 24-48 Hours
    保存24~48小时的狗自体移植后影响狗存活因素的初步分析
短句来源
    A HISTOLOGICAL AND HISTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF SOME PRESERVATING METHODS IN LOCAL ISCHEMIC KIDNEY
    几种缺血原位保护方法的比较实验研究——组织学及组织化学观察
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    TRANSLATION ACTIVITIES OF POLY(A)~+RNA FROM HUMAN EMBRYO KIDNEY CELLS IN RABBIT RETICULOCYTE LYSATE SYSTEM
    人胚培养细胞poly(A)~+RNA在兔网织红细胞无细胞系统中的转译
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    Effects of Indirect Nd:YAG Laser Photoradiation on Tissues of Brain, Heart, Liver and Kidney:Histological Observation of Tissue Damage
    YAG激光对脑、心、肝、损伤作用的组织学观察
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  “肾”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Establishment of the Model of Simultaneous Pancreas-kidney Transplantation in Pigs and Experimental Study of Comparison of Portal-enteric Drainage Versus Systemic-enteric Drainage
    猪胰联合移植模型的建立及门静脉回流肠道引流和体静脉回流肠道引流术式对比的实验研究
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    Studies on HFRSV Receptors
    综合征出血热病毒受体的研究
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    CHANGES OF SUCCINATE DEHYDROGENASE OF HYPERTENSION INDUCED LEFT VENTRICLE HYPETROPHY IN RATS
    单型高血压对大鼠肥大左室心肌琥珀酸脱氢酶活性的影响
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    Preparation of Digoxigenin-labeled Human IL-2RcccDNA Probe and its Preliminary Application in Allorenal Transplantation
    人IL-2RαcDNA探针制备及在移植中的应用初探
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    The role of monokines in the fibrosis formation in tubulointerstitial nephritis induced by Tamm-Horsfall protein
    单核因子在Tamm-Horsfall蛋白所致小管间质炎纤维化形成中的作用
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  renal
Investigations of their biodistribution in mice showed all five pseudo-peptide chelators (MGQ, MGGQ, MAGQ, MVGQ, MFGQ) are rapidly cleared from blood, mainly through renal clearance.
      
99mTc-MGGQ and 99mTc-MVGQ had high kidney uptake, quick blood clearance and high activity ratios of kidney to blood, thus showing potential application as renal imaging agents.
      
Diabetic complications including nephropathy, neuropathy, and cataract are leading causes of end-stage renal diseases and neurological disorders.
      
Within three months after transplantation, four recipients (7.14%) died due to small-for-size syndrome (one case), renal failure (one case) and multiple organ failure (two cases).
      
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
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  kidney
99mTc-MGGQ and 99mTc-MVGQ had high kidney uptake, quick blood clearance and high activity ratios of kidney to blood, thus showing potential application as renal imaging agents.
      
Among the tested compounds, compounds 4d and 5a exhibited potent antifibrotic activity without harmful side effects on liver and kidney functions.
      
Screening and evaluation of rat kidney aldose reductase inhibitory activity of some pyridazine derivatives
      
We evaluated a series of 2H-pyridazine-3-one and 6-chloropyridazine analogues via an in vitro spectrophotometric assay for their ability to inhibit rat kidney AR.
      
Preliminary evaluation of rat kidney aldose reductase inhibitory activity of 2-phenylindole derivatives: affiliation to antioxid
      
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The types of origin of the inferior phrenic artery in 220 sides of 110 cada- vers were observed and analysed. The origin of this artery shows the following 6 types: Type Ⅰ: As a branch of the coeliac artery (51.36±3.4%). Type Ⅱ: Directly from the abdominal aorta (36.36±3.2%). Type Ⅲ: From the renal artery (8.18±1.8%). Type Ⅳ, Ⅴ, Ⅵ: As a branch of the left gastric, common hepatic or su- perior mesenteric artery. They comprise 4.09±1.3% of the cases. Regarding the manner of the origin of the inferior phrenic...

The types of origin of the inferior phrenic artery in 220 sides of 110 cada- vers were observed and analysed. The origin of this artery shows the following 6 types: Type Ⅰ: As a branch of the coeliac artery (51.36±3.4%). Type Ⅱ: Directly from the abdominal aorta (36.36±3.2%). Type Ⅲ: From the renal artery (8.18±1.8%). Type Ⅳ, Ⅴ, Ⅵ: As a branch of the left gastric, common hepatic or su- perior mesenteric artery. They comprise 4.09±1.3% of the cases. Regarding the manner of the origin of the inferior phrenic artery on the two sides, the following types are found: Type Ⅰ: Both sides arise symmetrically from the same origin (coeliac, aorta or renal artery) in 30.00±4.5%. Type Ⅱ: Both sides originate by a common stem (from coeliac or aorta) in 23.63±4.0%. Type Ⅲ: Both sides arise from different origins in 46.37±4.6%.

1.作者解剖了110具尸体,观察220例膈下动脉的起始动脉,计分为6型: 第Ⅰ型:膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,占51.36±3.4%。第Ⅱ型:膈下动脉起于腹主动脉的,占36.36±3.2%。第Ⅲ型:膈下动脉起于动脉的,占8.18±1.8%。第Ⅳ型:膈下动脉起于胃左动脉的,占2.27±1.0%。第Ⅴ型:膈下动脉起于肝总动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。第Ⅵ型:膈下动脉起于肠系膜上动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。2.在此220例中,作者观察国人膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,远超过起于腹主动脉,与 Adachi 及 Pick 和 Anson等人的研究结果一致,与 Quain、Lipshutz等人的结果及一般教科书中的记载相反。 3.在此110具尸体中,作者观察比较了左右侧膈下动脉的起始动脉配布,可分为下列三型: 第Ⅰ型:左右侧膈下动脉对称的分别起于同一个动脉,共占30.00±4.5%;以起于腹腔动脉的占多,为18.18±3.6%;次为起于腹主动脉的,占10.91±2.9%;又0.91±0.89%起于动脉。第Ⅱ型:左右侧膈下动脉共一总干起始,也是对称的,共占23.63±4.0%,以起于腹腔动脉的为最多...

1.作者解剖了110具尸体,观察220例膈下动脉的起始动脉,计分为6型: 第Ⅰ型:膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,占51.36±3.4%。第Ⅱ型:膈下动脉起于腹主动脉的,占36.36±3.2%。第Ⅲ型:膈下动脉起于动脉的,占8.18±1.8%。第Ⅳ型:膈下动脉起于胃左动脉的,占2.27±1.0%。第Ⅴ型:膈下动脉起于肝总动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。第Ⅵ型:膈下动脉起于肠系膜上动脉的,占0.91±0.63%。2.在此220例中,作者观察国人膈下动脉起于腹腔动脉的,远超过起于腹主动脉,与 Adachi 及 Pick 和 Anson等人的研究结果一致,与 Quain、Lipshutz等人的结果及一般教科书中的记载相反。 3.在此110具尸体中,作者观察比较了左右侧膈下动脉的起始动脉配布,可分为下列三型: 第Ⅰ型:左右侧膈下动脉对称的分别起于同一个动脉,共占30.00±4.5%;以起于腹腔动脉的占多,为18.18±3.6%;次为起于腹主动脉的,占10.91±2.9%;又0.91±0.89%起于动脉。第Ⅱ型:左右侧膈下动脉共一总干起始,也是对称的,共占23.63±4.0%,以起于腹腔动脉的为最多,占16.36±3.6%;次为起于腹主动脉,占7.27±2.4%。第Ⅲ型:左右侧膈下动脉所起始的动脉不相同,共占46.37±4.6%。以左侧膈下动脉起于腹主动脉,右侧膈下动脉起自腹腔、右、胃左、肝总及肠系膜上动脉的占多,共占23.64±4.0%;次为右膈下动脉起自腹主动脉,左膈下动脉起自腹腔或胃左动脉,占12.72±3.1%;再次是左膈下动脉起自腹腔动脉,右膈下动脉起自右、胃左、肝总、和肠系膜上动脉,占8.18±2.6%;另有1.81±1.2%右膈下动脉起自腹腔动脉,左膈下动脉起自左动脉;其百分率最低。

Two cases of double inferior vena cava and one case of inferior caval blood return-ing to the heart through the right azygos vein were described and discussed as to their causa-tion. The return of inferior caval blood through the azygos vein is apparently due to afailure of appearance of the downward outgrowth of the hepatic vein to join the rightsubcardinal vein so that the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava fails to take formand the blood from the lower body is forced to return to the heart through...

Two cases of double inferior vena cava and one case of inferior caval blood return-ing to the heart through the right azygos vein were described and discussed as to their causa-tion. The return of inferior caval blood through the azygos vein is apparently due to afailure of appearance of the downward outgrowth of the hepatic vein to join the rightsubcardinal vein so that the hepatic segment of the inferior vena cava fails to take formand the blood from the lower body is forced to return to the heart through the originalright supracardinal vein, the upper end of which being the right azygos vein.

(一)在200例尸体解剖中发现2例双下腔静脉,为1±0.2%;一例借奇静脉回流的下腔静脉异常,为0.5±0.5%。 (二)双下腔静脉均系双侧上主静脉下段存留而成。借奇静脉回流的下腔静脉异常,系右上主静脉全部存留而成。 (三)双下腔静脉第一号的发生因素可能由右髂总动脉、右动脉压迫所致。双下腔静脉第二号因破坏较大未作描述。借奇静脉回流的下腔静脉异常可能由于下腔静脉肝后段的不发育,肝静脉与右下主静脉上端间失却联系而上主静脉下段的血液不得不循原路流经该静脉上段所成的奇静脉所致。

The extraorganic and intraorganic arteries of the kidneys have been studied with radioscopy and dissection in 140 sides of adults and youngsters.In our series,it is found that majority of the cases possess 2 first order branches.The number of such type is almost five times as much as the sum total of those which possess 3 and 4 first order branches.In 60% of the cases the first order branches are given off from renal arteries at the hilum and in 13.5% near the aorta. We have also found that the number,type and...

The extraorganic and intraorganic arteries of the kidneys have been studied with radioscopy and dissection in 140 sides of adults and youngsters.In our series,it is found that majority of the cases possess 2 first order branches.The number of such type is almost five times as much as the sum total of those which possess 3 and 4 first order branches.In 60% of the cases the first order branches are given off from renal arteries at the hilum and in 13.5% near the aorta. We have also found that the number,type and arrangement of the intrarenal arteries correlate with the number,type and arrangement of the first order branches of the renal arteries.The name “accessory arteries” is usually given to those which do not enter the kidney through the hilum.Our observations have made us believe that the distribution of the so-called accessory artery is in noway different from the ordinary segmental ar- tery.Only when 2 arteries exist in one segment,the name “accessory artery” can be given.Whether or not an extra-artery belongs to the accessory artery can only be judged by examining the intraorganic as well as the extraorganic parts of the arteries.In ques- tionable cases the name “aberrant artery” is a better choice. In most cases there is a close correlation of the external forms of the kidneys and the arrangements of the intraorganic arteries.We have found that the form of the an- terior half of the kidney is of the “bean type” in 80%,the posteriorhalf is of the “comma type” in 83%.In the “bean type”,the lips of the organ usually assume the “dentate type” (festoon type) in 95.38%,and their intrarenal arteries are of the “mul- tiple branch type” in 95.38%,whereas in the “common type”,the lips of the organ are of the “angular type” in 95.71% and the arrangements of the intraorganic arteries of the “chief branch type” in 97.85%.This rule of correlation will help the surgeons to have an idea on the arrangement of the arteries by judging from the shape of the kidney.

1.本文分析了140例国人器官外动脉、器官内动脉及外形与器官外、内动脉的关系。2.动脉的条数无论左侧或右侧都以一条的为多占85.71%。二条以上的占14.29%。动脉的一级分支以2支者为多占83.33%。2支的数目为3及4支相加总数的5倍。一级分支的起点,以在距动脉中点远侧的“近门型”为多占60%;在动脉中点近侧分的“近主动脉型”占16%;在窦内者占24%。3.内动脉的分支情况、类型常随动脉数及一级分支类型而异。平常所称不经门入的“副动脉”它们在内分布情况多数是正常的段动脉,所不同的只是起点及入门点的变化而已,我们认为与其叫做副动脉不如叫做“迷走动脉”比较恰当,因为迷走动脉只是表示其走行的不正常,并不说明其对于的一个区域的血液供给是处于主要或次要地位。4.外形与内动脉的排列形式有一定规律性的联系。前半有80%属于“蚕豆型...

1.本文分析了140例国人器官外动脉、器官内动脉及外形与器官外、内动脉的关系。2.动脉的条数无论左侧或右侧都以一条的为多占85.71%。二条以上的占14.29%。动脉的一级分支以2支者为多占83.33%。2支的数目为3及4支相加总数的5倍。一级分支的起点,以在距动脉中点远侧的“近门型”为多占60%;在动脉中点近侧分的“近主动脉型”占16%;在窦内者占24%。3.内动脉的分支情况、类型常随动脉数及一级分支类型而异。平常所称不经门入的“副动脉”它们在内分布情况多数是正常的段动脉,所不同的只是起点及入门点的变化而已,我们认为与其叫做副动脉不如叫做“迷走动脉”比较恰当,因为迷走动脉只是表示其走行的不正常,并不说明其对于的一个区域的血液供给是处于主要或次要地位。4.外形与内动脉的排列形式有一定规律性的联系。前半有80%属于“蚕豆型”,后半有85%是“逗点型”。“蚕豆型”唇95.38%是“齿状唇”它的段动脉排列有95.38%为分散的“复支型”。“逗点型”唇有95.71%是“角状唇”,它的段动脉排列有97.85%是较集中的“主支型”。借助外形及唇形状,大致可以判断出来内动脉的分布规律,对于手术有指示意义。

 
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