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   急性肾功能衰竭 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.046秒
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急性肾功能衰竭     
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  acute renal failure
Intra-abdominal hypertension is an independent cause of acute renal failure after orthotopic liver transplantation
      
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The main complications after transplantation included pulmonary infection in two cases, acute renal failure in three cases and transplantation-related encephalopathy in one case.
      
Mitochondrial dysfunction at the early stage of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure in rats
      
The present study was undertaken to clarify the pathogenesis of cisplatin-induced acute renal failure at the early stage.
      
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  acute renal failure (arf)
An independent association between acute renal failure (ARF) and intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) after liver transplantation has not been established previously.
      
The mortality of acute renal failure (ARF) has remained unchanged in the last 10 to 20 years and is currently 50 - 70%.
      
Acute renal failure (ARF) is the most frequent systemic consequence after reperfusion of ischemic extremities.
      
Acute renal failure (ARF) mostly occurs as part of a multiorgan failure syndrome and is observed in 4-16% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients.
      
The use of iodinated contrast media (CM) continues to be a common cause of hospital-acquired acute renal failure (ARF) and its development increases the in-hospital mortality significantly.
      
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  acute kidney failure
Only 4 patients died (acute kidney failure, stroke, marasmus, systemic progression).
      
Predictors of early death were higher preoperative PVR, retransplantation, longer ischemic time, postoperative acute kidney failure and longer intubation time.
      
This rise depends on the scalding time and surface, and demonstrates an acute kidney failure, the cause of which possibly is the redistribution of electrolytes and water between the intravasal and extravasal space.
      
One patient died of acute kidney failure, probably related to occlusion of the bypass.
      
During the first 30 postoperative days there were nine deaths (8.1%) attributable to four neurologic events - one myocardial infarction, two hemorrhages, and one acute kidney failure.
      
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The renal histopathological findings of the 71 cases with complete clinical histories were observed, 40 cases developed clinically hepatorenal syndrome, including 11 cases with functional renal failure and 29 cases with acute tubular necrosis.Moreover the former was liable to convert into the latter in coures of time.It was suggested that hepatorenal syndrome should be defined as a complication of advanced liver diseases such as extensive liver cirrhosis, hepatoma, fulminant heptitis,etc.,characterised by acute...

The renal histopathological findings of the 71 cases with complete clinical histories were observed, 40 cases developed clinically hepatorenal syndrome, including 11 cases with functional renal failure and 29 cases with acute tubular necrosis.Moreover the former was liable to convert into the latter in coures of time.It was suggested that hepatorenal syndrome should be defined as a complication of advanced liver diseases such as extensive liver cirrhosis, hepatoma, fulminant heptitis,etc.,characterised by acute renal failure with oliguria and azotemia, which pathologically may be shown as functional renal failure or acute tubular necrosis.This paper discussed the pathogenesis of functional renal failure and acute tubular necrosis, the relationship between renal failure and histologic changes of kidneys, as well as the prognosis of hepatorenal syndrome.

本文观察了71例有较完整临床病史的几种肝病尸检肾的组织学改变。在40例发生肝肾综合征的病例中,11例为功能性肾衰,29例为急性肾小管坏死,前者也可发展为后者。因此,我们认为肝肾综合征的定义应该是:各种严重肝病(如肝硬化、肝癌、暴发性肝炎等)在晚期并发急性肾功能衰竭,出现少尿及氮质血症等,在病理上可表现为功能性肾衰或急性肾小管坏死。

In recent years, the incidence of gentamicin nephrotoxicity and its induced acute renal failure(ARF) is on the increase. 3 patients with ARF in relation to the gentamicin treatment were studied. Among them, 2 cases of ARF were caused directly by gentamicin nephrotoxicity, one of which was nonoliguric and the other oliguric. Although the third case had traumatic history, the cause of ARF was related to gentamicin nephrotoxicity. In this paper, the causes of ARF in the 3 cases were analysed and such problems as...

In recent years, the incidence of gentamicin nephrotoxicity and its induced acute renal failure(ARF) is on the increase. 3 patients with ARF in relation to the gentamicin treatment were studied. Among them, 2 cases of ARF were caused directly by gentamicin nephrotoxicity, one of which was nonoliguric and the other oliguric. Although the third case had traumatic history, the cause of ARF was related to gentamicin nephrotoxicity. In this paper, the causes of ARF in the 3 cases were analysed and such problems as application of gentamicin and how to apply it clinically were discussed.

报告3例与庆大霉素治疗有关的急性肾功能衰竭,其中2例单纯为庆大霉素肾中毒所致。另1例虽有外伤史,但庆大霉素的肾毒性不容忽视。通过分折上述3例急性肾功能衰竭的发病原因,就临床上如何合理使用庆大霉素等问题进行了讨论。

The urine osmolality of 109 normal school-age children was determined,The mean

本文测定109名正常学龄儿童的尿渗量,其平均值为748.7±219.7mOsm/kgH_2O。并测定32例各种肾脏疾病患儿的血、尿渗量,再计算尿、血渗比,纯(无溶质)水清除率,以了解肾脏的浓缩功能变化。结果显示在肾小管性疾病及慢性肾炎中肾脏浓缩功能明显降低,在急性肾功能衰竭时变化更为显著。作者认为尿,血渗比及纯水清除率可作为肾小管功能障碍、急性肾衰早期诊断及恢复期随访的重要指标。

 
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