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polite strategies
相关语句
  礼貌策略
     A contrastive study on polite strategies of complaint in Chinese and English
     汉英语中不满言语行为的礼貌策略
短句来源
     Through linguistics genre theory and investigation of 40 letter corpus, this paper makes an analysis of the schematic structure of letters, further explores their pragmatic features like social distance and polite strategies, and the paralinguistic features like letter format. Schematic structure is a hypothetical mental structure for representing genre concepts stored in memory.
     本文运用语言学体裁理论 ,收集调查了 4 0封信函语料 ,对信函进行了图式结构分析 ,并剖析了信函的语用特征如社会距离、礼貌策略和副语言特征 (如信函格式 )。 图式结构是一种假设的心理结构 ,表达储存在记忆中的体裁概念。
短句来源
     The purpose of this study is to examine the polite strategies of complaint in Chinese and English based on the Brown & Levinson and also Leech's politeness theory. The methodological framework is based on Blum-kulka and Wood & kroger's pattern of analyzing speech acts. This paper suggests nine polite strategies of complaint in Chinese and English.
     以Leech的礼貌原则和Brown&Levinson的面子理论为基础,依照Blum&Kulka等学者对言语行为三层面的分析方法,对广义的汉英语不满言语行为进行了研究,提出了九种汉英不满言语行为使用的礼貌策略,并做了对比分析。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The ? R Strategies?
     “3R”策略是银行营销的核心内容。
短句来源
     Enterprise Strategies
     企业经营战略
短句来源
     A contrastive study on polite strategies of complaint in Chinese and English
     汉英语中不满言语行为的礼貌策略
短句来源
     Polite Words and Manners
     礼貌用语和举止
短句来源
     Polite Language in Library
     图书馆的礼貌用语
短句来源
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Backchannels are a hearer′s brief responses to the current speaker′s speech in conversation Non native English speakers may come across problems in English conversation such as how often or in what context they should make backchannels The present research studies the distribution of 706 tokens of backchannels retrieved in a 91,802 word subcorpus from the London Lund Corpus of Spoken English(LLC) With the help of Oxford Concordance Program (OCP), backchannels are analyzed in terms of their linguistic...

Backchannels are a hearer′s brief responses to the current speaker′s speech in conversation Non native English speakers may come across problems in English conversation such as how often or in what context they should make backchannels The present research studies the distribution of 706 tokens of backchannels retrieved in a 91,802 word subcorpus from the London Lund Corpus of Spoken English(LLC) With the help of Oxford Concordance Program (OCP), backchannels are analyzed in terms of their linguistic environmental features, language devices and strategies, pragmatic functions and social constraints The results show: 1 Backchannelling, usually in a form of simultaneous speech, is a frequent phenomenon in English conversation but it does not occur at random It is most likely to occur at a turn constructional unit boundary, which is usually signaled by prosodic, lexical and syntactic features A hearer makes use of the intervals of information units in the current speaker′s turn so as not to interrupt the current speaker′s turn but to show his or her attention to or agreement with the current speaker 2 Backchannels are characterized by their briefness (1 4 word in average) and a very limited number of words Three types of words "yes (yeah, yup)", "uhm (uh, @, @m, uhu, aha)" and “oh (ah) take up 83 5% of all the initials of backchannels They are mostly stressed and with one third of the total tokens in rising and level tone, which indicates the hearer is cooperating and encouraging the current speaker to go on speaking instead of bidding for a turn 3 Occurrence of backchannels is constrained by the degree of formality of conversational context, the familiarity of interlocutors′ relationship and gender difference Informal daily conversation has a higher frequency of backchannels than formal public discussion The same tendency also occurs in conversations among intimate interlocutors when compared with conversations among strangers Female speakers tend to make more backchannels in mixed gender conversation than male speakers do These findings show that "in spite of the messy impression it may give in a transcription, impromptu speech (including backchannels), is highly structured" (Svartvik, 1997: 3) Although backchannelling is usually among the last of the conversational skills acquired by children in their mother tongue development, it seems amongst the first communicative strategies adopted by non native speakers because of their salience and difference from their mother tongue Backchannelling can serve a pragmatically safe and polite strategy in cross cultural conversation, yet its improper use may hamper communication as well This implies that making appropriate backchannels can be included as part of the teaching of English to non native speakers and further study can be made to explore the features of backchannels made by non native English learners in cross cultural communication

本文以近10万字的英语会话语料为基础,分析了英语本族人在日常对话,公开讨论和电话交谈三种类型会话中的听者反馈语。从语音、词汇和语法三个层面探讨反馈语发生的语言环境特征,实施反馈语的语言策略以及制约反馈语的各种社会因素。最后讨论该研究对英语教学的启示

Genre is a controversial term. Through linguistics genre theory and investigation of 40 letter corpus, this paper makes an analysis of the schematic structure of letters, further explores their pragmatic features like social distance and polite strategies, and the paralinguistic features like letter format. Schematic structure is a hypothetical mental structure for representing genre concepts stored in memory. Because letters connect individuals (cognition) and society (construction), genre has social...

Genre is a controversial term. Through linguistics genre theory and investigation of 40 letter corpus, this paper makes an analysis of the schematic structure of letters, further explores their pragmatic features like social distance and polite strategies, and the paralinguistic features like letter format. Schematic structure is a hypothetical mental structure for representing genre concepts stored in memory. Because letters connect individuals (cognition) and society (construction), genre has social and dynamic attributes; we can analyze letters from the point of pragmatics and sociology. With the help of genre classification rule ‘subjectivity, hierarchy, and overlap', we can find the basis for the analysis and classification of letters.

体裁是一个颇具争议的术语。本文运用语言学体裁理论 ,收集调查了 4 0封信函语料 ,对信函进行了图式结构分析 ,并剖析了信函的语用特征如社会距离、礼貌策略和副语言特征 (如信函格式 )。图式结构是一种假设的心理结构 ,表达储存在记忆中的体裁概念。因为信函连接个人 (认知 )与社会 (结构 ) ,体裁具有社会性与动态性 ,我们就能从语用学与社会学的角度去分析信函。体裁分类的“主观、等级、复叠”的分类规则和信函语料的调查 ,使我们对信函体裁分类、分析找到了依据

This thesis discusses the relation between English euphemisms and the Polite Strategies of the Face Theory.It concludes that English euphemisms are used,to a great extent,to save the face of the communicators.

该文讨论英语委婉语与"面子论"中的礼貌策略的关系,指出英语委婉语的使用在很大程度上是为了维护交际各方的面子。

 
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