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articulatory function
相关语句
  语音功能
     Articulatory function after maxillectomy: a comparison between surgical rehabilitation and prosthodontic rehabilitation
     上颌骨缺损手术重建与赝复体修复的语音功能评价
短句来源
     Objective: To evaluate the patients' articulatory function after glossectomies with different reconstruction methods.
     目的:评价不同舌重建术式对舌癌患者术后语音功能恢复的影响。
短句来源
     Conclusion: Articulatory function can be well achieved by forearm flaps or adjacent flaps reconstruction,and there was no significant difference between these two methods.
     结论:舌癌手术切除后运用前臂游离皮瓣或邻近组织瓣进行舌重建均能较好地恢复患者术后的语音功能,且两者间没有显著差异;
短句来源
  语音功能评价
     Articulatory function after maxillectomy: a comparison between surgical rehabilitation and prosthodontic rehabilitation
     上颌骨缺损手术重建与赝复体修复的语音功能评价
短句来源
  “articulatory function”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Evaluation of Articulatory Function after Glossectomies:a Comparison of Three Different Reconstruction Methods
     不同舌重建术后患者语音功能的评价
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The function of
     睾丸激素的功能
短句来源
     5 function.
     5函数极值加以验证.
短句来源
     Objective: To evaluate the patients' articulatory function after glossectomies with different reconstruction methods.
     目的:评价不同舌重建术式对舌癌患者术后语音功能恢复的影响。
短句来源
     Articulatory function after maxillectomy: a comparison between surgical rehabilitation and prosthodontic rehabilitation
     上颌骨缺损手术重建与赝复体修复的语音功能评价
短句来源
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the articulatory function of the maxillectomized patients with surgical rehabilitation or prosthodontic rehabilitation. METHODS: Since September of 1999, 20 patients who had undergone maxillectomies were investigated in our study. According to the rehabilitative methods for maxillary defects, patients were divided into two groups. One was the surgical rehabilitation group(10) in which the maxillary defects were reconstructed with individualized titanium mesh and forearm free flap or...

PURPOSE: To evaluate the articulatory function of the maxillectomized patients with surgical rehabilitation or prosthodontic rehabilitation. METHODS: Since September of 1999, 20 patients who had undergone maxillectomies were investigated in our study. According to the rehabilitative methods for maxillary defects, patients were divided into two groups. One was the surgical rehabilitation group(10) in which the maxillary defects were reconstructed with individualized titanium mesh and forearm free flap or combined with fibular flap. The other was the prosthodontic rehabilitation group (10) in which the defects were covered with the traditional prothesis. Speech intelligibility test and the computerized acoustic analysis of , , , were conducted to evaluate the postoperative articulatory function. 10 normal people were also involved in our study as the control group. ANOVA was used for statistictical analysis. RESULTS: The speech intelligibility test showed that the mean speech intelligibility(SI) score in surgical rehabilitation group, prosthodontic rehabilitation group and control group were 97.0%, 83.8%, 99.0% respectively. The SI scores of the prosthodontic group were significantly lower than those of the surgical group and the control group. The computerized acoustic analysis indicated, compared with the control group, the second formant frequencies of , were increased and the second and third formant frequencies of were decreased both in the surgical and prosthodontic rehabilitation group. Nasal resonances were significantly more frequent in the prosthetic restored patients than those in the surgical reconstructed patients. CONCLUSION: Surgical reconstruction with titanium mesh and composite flap can better restore the articulatory function than the prosthodontic rehabilitation for the maxillectomized patients.

目的:评价上颌骨切除后手术重建和赝复体修复2种方法对患者术后语音功能的影响。方法:选择因肿瘤行上颌骨切除的20例患者为研究对象,根据上颌骨切除术后修复的方式,分成2组:(1)手术重建组10例,即在手术切除上颌骨同期或二期,运用CAD/CAM个体化钛网支架结合前臂游离皮瓣或串联腓骨瓣行上颌骨缺损重建修复;(2)赝复体修复组10例,上颌骨切除术后未行手术重建,术后配戴修复体。采用主观语音清晰度测试法,评价患者术后语音清晰度;采用客观语音频谱分析法,比较2组发4个单元音[a]、[i]、[e]、[u]时第一、第二、第三共振峰频率的平均值和病理性鼻共振峰出现的频数。另选10例正常人作为对照组,对所收集资料进行单因素方差分析。结果:手术重建组、赝复组和正常对照组的语音清晰度平均测定值分别为97.0%、83.8%和99.0%。单因素两两比较显示,赝复组语音清晰度显著低于手术重建组和正常对照组(P<0.01),而手术重建组和对照组间语音清晰度无显著性差异(P>0.05)。语音频谱显示,手术重建组和赝复组的元音共振峰频率变化较为相似:即发[a]、[u]时,F2频率升高;发[i]时F2、F3频率下降;手术重建组和赝复组两者间在鼻...

目的:评价上颌骨切除后手术重建和赝复体修复2种方法对患者术后语音功能的影响。方法:选择因肿瘤行上颌骨切除的20例患者为研究对象,根据上颌骨切除术后修复的方式,分成2组:(1)手术重建组10例,即在手术切除上颌骨同期或二期,运用CAD/CAM个体化钛网支架结合前臂游离皮瓣或串联腓骨瓣行上颌骨缺损重建修复;(2)赝复体修复组10例,上颌骨切除术后未行手术重建,术后配戴修复体。采用主观语音清晰度测试法,评价患者术后语音清晰度;采用客观语音频谱分析法,比较2组发4个单元音[a]、[i]、[e]、[u]时第一、第二、第三共振峰频率的平均值和病理性鼻共振峰出现的频数。另选10例正常人作为对照组,对所收集资料进行单因素方差分析。结果:手术重建组、赝复组和正常对照组的语音清晰度平均测定值分别为97.0%、83.8%和99.0%。单因素两两比较显示,赝复组语音清晰度显著低于手术重建组和正常对照组(P<0.01),而手术重建组和对照组间语音清晰度无显著性差异(P>0.05)。语音频谱显示,手术重建组和赝复组的元音共振峰频率变化较为相似:即发[a]、[u]时,F2频率升高;发[i]时F2、F3频率下降;手术重建组和赝复组两者间在鼻共振峰出现频数上存在显著差异,在发[a]、[i]、[e]、[u]时,鼻共振峰在赝复组中出现的频数最高,在对照组中则无1例

BACKGROUND According to up-to-date development the best timing to repair cleft palate is at 9-12 months old after birth when the articulation does not begin to develop. However there are many over-eight-year-old children who still suffer from unrepaired cleft palate. Therefore it is very important to adopt proper surgery for these patients to improve palate form and articulatory function. OBJECTIVE To study the characteristics of the cleft palate in patients of over 8 years old and the effects of palate...

BACKGROUND According to up-to-date development the best timing to repair cleft palate is at 9-12 months old after birth when the articulation does not begin to develop. However there are many over-eight-year-old children who still suffer from unrepaired cleft palate. Therefore it is very important to adopt proper surgery for these patients to improve palate form and articulatory function. OBJECTIVE To study the characteristics of the cleft palate in patients of over 8 years old and the effects of palate repair and posterior pharyngeal flap transplantation PPFT on articulation. DESIGN:A controlled study with children patients as subjects. SETTING:Department of Maxillofacial Surgery Medical College of Stomatology Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA PARTICIPANTS Twenty-four children patients of cleft palate who were treated in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery  Medical College of Stomatology Fourth Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from January 2000 through December 2003 were enrolled in the study. Fourteen were male and ten female. Their ages varied from 8 to 20 years old mean 13.8 years. Three cases were bilateral complete cleft palate and twelve cases were unilateral complete cleft palate. Nine were incomplete cleft palate. METHODS:Two flap palatoplasty and upper pedicle PPFT were conducted in all the patients. In thirty days after surgical treatment the patients were asked to repeat the words of a doctor in the phonetic lab with his or her lips 10 cm away from microphone. The words of the patients were recorded and evaluated subjectively by 5 doctors specialized in pathologic phones. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:The palatopharynx was observed with nasopharyngoscope before and after operation. And the improvement of nasal gas leakage and enhanced rhinophonia were also evaluated. RESULTS The repaired cleft palate was healed in the first intention in all the patients. The soft palate retreated satisfactorily and the palatopharynx was apparently closed which created good preconditions for articulation. The patients’ articulation was also improved in different degrees. All the 24 patients had the fourth grade of enhanced rhinophonia and nasal gas leakage before repairing. After palate repair and PPFT the enhanced rhinophonia and nasal gas leakage of grade 1 was in 3 patients grade 2 in seven grade 3 in six and grade 4 in eight patients. CONCLUSION The combination of palate repair and pharyngoplasty is able to improve the form of soft palate and the articulation of over-eight-year-old patients with cleft palate.

背景:根据唇腭裂序列治疗的现代概念,腭裂修复应在语音发育开始前即出生后9~12个月左右进行,但由于诸多因素延误了就诊和手术时机,仍存在一些大于8岁而未手术的腭裂患者。选择合适的手术方法进行治疗,使发音功能及腭部外形得以改善显得更为重要。目的:探讨对大龄(8岁以上)腭裂患者的特点,同期行腭裂关闭术和咽后壁组织瓣转移术对语音的影响,以提高修复效果。设计:以患者为观察对象,对照观察。单位:解放军第四军医大学口腔医学院的颌面外科。对象:选择2000-01/2003-12第四军医大学口腔医学院颌面外科收治大龄腭裂患者24例,男14例,女10例;年龄8~20岁,平均13.8岁;双侧完全性腭裂3例,单侧完全性腭裂12例,不完全性腭裂9例。方法:全部腭裂均采用常规的两瓣后推术和蒂在上的咽后壁组织瓣转移术。术后30d在安静的语音实验室内,麦克风距受试者唇10cm,由医生领读,患者随读,录音。由5名从事语音病理研究的医师进行主观判听。主要结局观察:术前术后用鼻咽纤维镜检测其腭咽闭合情况,评价患者鼻漏气及过重鼻音改善情况。结果:24例腭裂修复术后创口均达到Ⅰ期愈合,软腭后退良好,腭咽闭合改善明显,为发音创造了条件,语音也有不同程度...

背景:根据唇腭裂序列治疗的现代概念,腭裂修复应在语音发育开始前即出生后9~12个月左右进行,但由于诸多因素延误了就诊和手术时机,仍存在一些大于8岁而未手术的腭裂患者。选择合适的手术方法进行治疗,使发音功能及腭部外形得以改善显得更为重要。目的:探讨对大龄(8岁以上)腭裂患者的特点,同期行腭裂关闭术和咽后壁组织瓣转移术对语音的影响,以提高修复效果。设计:以患者为观察对象,对照观察。单位:解放军第四军医大学口腔医学院的颌面外科。对象:选择2000-01/2003-12第四军医大学口腔医学院颌面外科收治大龄腭裂患者24例,男14例,女10例;年龄8~20岁,平均13.8岁;双侧完全性腭裂3例,单侧完全性腭裂12例,不完全性腭裂9例。方法:全部腭裂均采用常规的两瓣后推术和蒂在上的咽后壁组织瓣转移术。术后30d在安静的语音实验室内,麦克风距受试者唇10cm,由医生领读,患者随读,录音。由5名从事语音病理研究的医师进行主观判听。主要结局观察:术前术后用鼻咽纤维镜检测其腭咽闭合情况,评价患者鼻漏气及过重鼻音改善情况。结果:24例腭裂修复术后创口均达到Ⅰ期愈合,软腭后退良好,腭咽闭合改善明显,为发音创造了条件,语音也有不同程度改善。同期行腭裂关闭术和咽后壁组织瓣转移术前过重鼻音、鼻漏气4级患者24例,术后过重鼻音、鼻漏气1级患者3例,2级患者7例,3级患者6例,4级患者8例。结论:大龄腭裂患者同时采用腭裂关闭术及咽成形术的方法修复,有利于改善软腭的形态和发音。

Objective: To evaluate the patients' articulatory function after glossectomies with different reconstruction methods.Methods: The articulation of 32 patients underwent glossectomies was investigated by speech intelligibility test and sentence reading test,6 months after surgery.Results were compared according to the reconstruction type of tongue(reconstruction with pectoralis major myocutaneous flap,reconstruction with forearm flap or reconstruction with adjacent flap).Results: In pectoralis major myocutaneous...

Objective: To evaluate the patients' articulatory function after glossectomies with different reconstruction methods.Methods: The articulation of 32 patients underwent glossectomies was investigated by speech intelligibility test and sentence reading test,6 months after surgery.Results were compared according to the reconstruction type of tongue(reconstruction with pectoralis major myocutaneous flap,reconstruction with forearm flap or reconstruction with adjacent flap).Results: In pectoralis major myocutaneous flap group,forearm flap group,and adjacent flap group,the decline of speech intelligibility score were 26.60,7.84 and 4.18 respectively,and the decline of sentence reading score were 1.60,0.50 and 0.27 respectively.There was no significant difference between forearm group and adjacent group(P>0.05).Conclusion: Articulatory function can be well achieved by forearm flaps or adjacent flaps reconstruction,and there was no significant difference between these two methods.Articulation of the patients with large tongue defects can also be restored in a desirable degree with pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps.

目的:评价不同舌重建术式对舌癌患者术后语音功能恢复的影响。方法:32例舌癌患者据重建术式分组:带蒂胸大肌肌皮瓣修复组5人,除1例外舌切除缘范围均过中线;前臂游离皮瓣修复组和邻近组织瓣修复组分别为16人和11人,除1例外舌切除缘范围均不过中线。采用汉语语音清晰度测试和短句测试方法,对患者手术前后语音清晰度变化情况进行分析,并对前臂游离皮瓣修复组和邻近组织瓣修复组的评价结果进行团体t检验。结果:带蒂胸大肌肌皮瓣修复组、前臂游离皮瓣修复组和邻近组织瓣修复组术后的语音清晰度平均下降值分别为26.60、7.84和4.18分,短句测试得分下降值分别为1.60、0.50和0.27分;t检验结果显示,前臂皮瓣和邻近组织瓣修复组的语音清晰度和短句测试得分下降值间无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论:舌癌手术切除后运用前臂游离皮瓣或邻近组织瓣进行舌重建均能较好地恢复患者术后的语音功能,且两者间没有显著差异;对于舌缺损范围较大尤其是超过半侧舌的患者,采用带蒂胸大肌皮瓣也能够在一定程度上改善患者术后的语音功能。

 
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