Finally, combining the data of the real estate market of Xi'an , and using multi-layer analytical method ,HLM software, AHP approach and fuzzy comprehensive appraisal method ,it set up the analysis models of the function -price's individual effects and group's effect quantitativly.

It insists that with the Party's leadership in our country and society converting from an era of authority to one of law, the completely new leading era requires that during the course of our Party's theoretical innovation, the individual effects of leaders should be gradually weakened, and the Party's collective wisdom and theoretical research must play a more and more important role.

The presence of a QTL was declared at a significance threshold of p=0.005 by Mixed-model composite interval mapping using QTLMapper1.6.【Result】Nine QTLs located on chromosome 2D,3B,3D,4A,5B,6B,6D and 7D were detected and their individual effects ranged between 3.97% and 22.91% to the total phenotypic variation.

3 Effects of heavy metal on antioxidant enzymatic activities of barley seedlingThis study examined the individual effects of Cd2"\ Ni2"\ Pb2+> Hg2+on the enzymatic activities of superoxide (SOD), peroxidase (POD) and catelase (CAT) in Hordeum vulgare.

The results showed that the combined effect of NP and BPA was greater than the sum of their individual effects. The interaction of NP and BPA was synergism action.

A decrease of breaking life of the samples was observed with raising temperature and was explained as the r esult of increase of individual effects of pure creep or pure fatigue.

It is found that codoping calcium and praseodymium ions into the lattice does not result in summation of the individual effects of the dopants on either the critical temperature or the temperature dependences of the thermopower coefficient.

Some quantitative criteria for observation of these individual effects are presented.

The individual effects of the social positions upon self-derogation were generally statistically nonsignificant and/or not uniform throughout the population.

The individual effects of heterogeneity and roughness on contact angles have been repeatedly analysed in the literature, but the application of the accepted models to practical situations is often not correctly performed.

Nephrotoxicity of simultaneous exposure to mercury and uranium in comparison to individual effects of these metals in rats

Combined effects of α-chlorohydrin and glycidol on the ultrastructure of theinitial segment and the tail region of the rat epididymis have been studied by ultra-thin sections under electronmicroscope.Individual effects of the both drugs on thesame tissues were also examined simultaneously.The major results are as follows.1.Numbers of swollen and degenerated mitochondria were observed in principalcells,clear cells,apical cells and basal cells of epididymal epithelium,as well as insmooth muscle cells...

Combined effects of α-chlorohydrin and glycidol on the ultrastructure of theinitial segment and the tail region of the rat epididymis have been studied by ultra-thin sections under electronmicroscope.Individual effects of the both drugs on thesame tissues were also examined simultaneously.The major results are as follows.1.Numbers of swollen and degenerated mitochondria were observed in principalcells,clear cells,apical cells and basal cells of epididymal epithelium,as well as insmooth muscle cells of the ductus epididymidis and in endothelial cells of the capil-laries in epididymal interstitium during a period of 3～30 days after administrationof low dose of α-chlorohydrin combined with glycidol(5 mg α-chlorohydrin plus75mg glycidol/kg/day×2),which previously has been proved to be effective inmale rat antifertility.Additionally,Golgi vacuoles,pinocytotic vesicles,multivesicularbodies,stereocilia and smooth endoplasmic reticulum in the apical cytoplasm of someprincipal cells occasionally were found to decrease in number.No Morphologicalchanges of the nuclei were found in these affected cells.The number of morphologi-cally unchanged mitochondria appears to become more with extended time after drugswithdrawal.2.In the group treated with the large combined dose of the drugs(20 mg α-chlorohydrin plus 100 mg glycidol/kg/day×2),apart from the changes mentionedabove,necrosis and exfoliation of some epididymal epithelial cells could be found.Some lesions of the sperm,such as the destruction of the cytoplasmic membrane,swelling of mitochondria and pyknosis of nucleus were present in a few specimenstaken from this group.3.Effects similiar to that of the combined use of the drugs were also found ingroups using α-chlorohydrin or glycidol alone,but a less degree of lesions revealed.These observations suggested that the antifertile effects of α-chlorohydrin andglycidol either used in combination or alone could result injury of mitochondria inepididymal epithelial cells,which should lead to the decrease of the function ofepididymis,hence to interfere with the maturation of the sperm in it.

The difficulty in accuracy analysis of robot manipulators lies in the influence factors which are not only intricate but also interactive.The paper focuses its discussion on a method capable of separating the possible individual effect of each factor from the mathematical model of accuracy analysis,thus making it possible to find out the rule that governs the relationship between the individual factor and the repeatability error.The method offers a basis for choosing a typical position and orientation...

The difficulty in accuracy analysis of robot manipulators lies in the influence factors which are not only intricate but also interactive.The paper focuses its discussion on a method capable of separating the possible individual effect of each factor from the mathematical model of accuracy analysis,thus making it possible to find out the rule that governs the relationship between the individual factor and the repeatability error.The method offers a basis for choosing a typical position and orientation in error analysis and for rationally distributing kinematic accuracy to each related joint.Finally the theory is verified by applying the proposed method to the accuracy analysis of a 5R welding robot.

Laboratory investigation of rainsplash erosion on Malan Loess has been conducted based on a multivariate orthogonal design. Five factors including rainfall intensity (I) , cover density (V), rainfall duration (T) , antecedent soil moisture content (C) , and slope angle (A)were considered. In total, three replicates of 27 sets of experiments, each representating a different combination of the factors selected, were conducted.Regression equations using rainsplash detachment and rainsplash transport as dependent...

Laboratory investigation of rainsplash erosion on Malan Loess has been conducted based on a multivariate orthogonal design. Five factors including rainfall intensity (I) , cover density (V), rainfall duration (T) , antecedent soil moisture content (C) , and slope angle (A)were considered. In total, three replicates of 27 sets of experiments, each representating a different combination of the factors selected, were conducted.Regression equations using rainsplash detachment and rainsplash transport as dependent variables and derivatives of the five selected factors as independent variables were computed.What is significant is the inclusion of six and four interaction terms in the equation for splash detachmet Y and splash transport Z respectively.The analysis of results obtained from two equations shows that the interaction effects among some of the controlling factors of rainsplash erosion are of paramount importance. Apart from individual effects, both rainfall duration and rainfall intensity influence the role of slope angle in inducing splash detachment and splash transport. Throughout this paper, the existence of threshold slope angles has been shown. However, it is important to emphasize that for specific locations these slope angles can be approximately constant, they do vary in relation to the magnitude of rainfall events and vegetation cover condition. The protective effect of vegetation cover on splash transport is influenced by rainfall intensity primarily because there is a physical limit in the interception of raindrops by a given canopy cover. In addition, this effect is complicated by leafdrip which often form large drops that may induce high rates of splash detachment and transport.These results suggest that interaction terms should be included in models for erosion prediction. They not only bring about improvements in the precision of erosion predictions, but also reveal important aspects of the mechanics of erosion that should be pursued. The use of a multivariate orthogonal design has minimised the requisite number of experiments and maximised the amount of information that can be extracted from each experiment.