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cognitive operations
相关语句
  认知操作
     THE RELATIONSHIPS OF CHINESE COGNITIVE OPERATIONS AND STYLES WITH ECOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS
     认知操作和认知方式与生态文化因素的关系
短句来源
     2) based on task_independent assessment criteria,students did slightly better generally on code command and cognitive operations than on communicative adaptation;
     按照独立于任务的评测标准,学生在语码控制和认知操作方面表现略好于交际适应;
短句来源
     Applying cognitive linguistic theoretic framework,this paper conducts a tentative analysis over the nature and relation between narrative perspective and linguistic realization,from the perspective of cognitive operations underlying linguistic forms.
     利用认知语言学的理论把人的认知操作与语言形式结合起来对叙事语篇中视角的本质及其与语言形式之间的构建关系进行分析。
短句来源
  “cognitive operations”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Mental accounting is the set of cognitive operations used by individuals and households to organize, evaluate, and keep track of financial activities.
     所谓心理会计是指个人和家庭在对金融活动进行组织、评估和跟踪时所使用的一套认知行动计划。
短句来源
     In view of the inadequacy of the previous studies, the thesis has attempted to expose the cognitive operations behind the construal process of enigmatic folk similes on the basis of the combination of relevance theory and conceptual blending theory.
     鉴于以前研究的不足,本课题试图结合当前两大主要的认知语用理论一关联理论和概念整合理论来揭示歇后语解读过程中所涉及到的幕后认知。
短句来源
     This article starts its discussion from Conceptual-Relational Structure to the theory of knowledge-space. It focuses upon the subject of text utilization, along with the three major cognitive operations concerned.
     本文从“概念-关系结构”入手,引入知识空间理论,并围绕语篇利用问题讨论两种主要的认知操作方法。
短句来源
     methods m dialect research and corpus linguistics are of reat helps in revealing the cognitive operations in language.
     认知语言学的学科特点决定了认知语言学的研究方法具有跨学科、多元化的特征。
短句来源
     Strategy refers to goal-directed cognitive operations used to aid problem solving, which is responsible for the execution and control of underlying information process, and has effects on individual learning.
     策略作为目标指向的旨在解决问题的心理操作,负责对基本信息加工的执行和控制,影响着个体的学习效果,因而被引入到学习不良领域。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Cognitive semantics
     认知语义学
短句来源
     On the Cognitive Efficiency
     认识效率论
短句来源
     THE RELATIONSHIPS OF CHINESE COGNITIVE OPERATIONS AND STYLES WITH ECOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL FACTORS
     认知操作和认知方式与生态文化因素的关系
短句来源
     Joint Operations
     联合进攻——风暴行动
短句来源
     methods m dialect research and corpus linguistics are of reat helps in revealing the cognitive operations in language.
     认知语言学的学科特点决定了认知语言学的研究方法具有跨学科、多元化的特征。
短句来源
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  cognitive operations
Learners may choose a number of techniques to monitor their cognitive operations and thereby enhance retention of information.
      
Suggestions for future research are provided, including the need to develop more sensitive tasks that produce larger effects and measure more elementary cognitive operations.
      
Today, psychologists study language and texts because they present the trace markers of structures and cognitive operations.
      
There is ample evidence that these receptors are involved in normal cognitive operations within the brain.
      
Like audiovisual aids in instructional programs, they can be intentionally and systematically used as the informational base for cognitive operations and as an aid to new learning.
      
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This paper used cogitive tests, anthropological literature and field investigations to study 460 Chinese adults'cognitive operations, cognitive styles,and the relationships with eco-cultural factors. A 8×2×3 ( 8 subsistence strategies: agricultural, irrigation, fishing, hunting, forest industrial, city industrial, and trading/man and woman/18- 34 years of age, 35-49 years of age, and above 50 years) ANOVA with covariable(the influences of modernization)revealed significant covariable effect and...

This paper used cogitive tests, anthropological literature and field investigations to study 460 Chinese adults'cognitive operations, cognitive styles,and the relationships with eco-cultural factors. A 8×2×3 ( 8 subsistence strategies: agricultural, irrigation, fishing, hunting, forest industrial, city industrial, and trading/man and woman/18- 34 years of age, 35-49 years of age, and above 50 years) ANOVA with covariable(the influences of modernization)revealed significant covariable effect and main effect of subsistence strategy, sex and age in the analysis operation, significant covar-effect and main effects of subsistence strategy and age in the connection operation, significant covareffect and main effects of subsistence strategy in cognitive style. A regression (stepwise) revealed that ecology, subsistence style, social structural tightness, socialization emphases (compliance-assertion),and the influences of modernization are valid factors of predicting sample'cognitive operations and styles. This research result supported the eco-cultural model of cognitive operations and styles.

采用认识测试、查阅人类学资料、现场调查和谈话等多种方法探讨了我国不同生产方式、不同地区和不同民族460名成人的分析综合的认知操作和认知方式及其与生态文化因素的关系.认知测试分数的8×2×3的ANOVA协方差分析表明,在分析操作水平上存在着显著的组间差异、性别差异、年龄差异和协变量(现代化影响)的效应;在综合操作上,存在着显著的组间差异、年龄差异和协变量效应;在认知方式上,存在着显著的组间差异和协变量效应.Ste-pwise方法的多重回归分析表明,生态环境艰难程度、生产方式所决定的食物贮存程度、社会结构的紧密性、社会化的倾向性和现代化影响是预测被试认知操作和认知方式的有效因素.研究结果与“中国人认知操作和认知方式与生态文化关系”的理论模式所提出的预测基本一致,即研究结果支持了该理论模式.

This study tries to probe, in terms of cognitive operations, into the effects of the images of Chinese character radicals on Chinese character learning. It has been found by experiment that the ability to mentally present character radicals by means of images will improve with the development of cognitive ability in the learning of Chinese characters. On the whole,the ability in the mental presentation of character radicals by means of images markedly differs a-mong various cognitive level...

This study tries to probe, in terms of cognitive operations, into the effects of the images of Chinese character radicals on Chinese character learning. It has been found by experiment that the ability to mentally present character radicals by means of images will improve with the development of cognitive ability in the learning of Chinese characters. On the whole,the ability in the mental presentation of character radicals by means of images markedly differs a-mong various cognitive level groups of character learners. This understaning is expected to furnish new theoretical foundations to the improvement of Chinese character teaching methodology.

本研究的目的,在于探讨汉字偏旁部首的形象思维操作水平对于汉字认知学习水平的影响与作用,为培养和提高学习者汉字认知学习水平与能力提供新的科学理论依据.

This paper offers a cognitive framework for explaining L1 influence on L2 learner's thinking operations during L2 production L1 influence on L2 production, especially on L2 writing, has drawn considerable attention of generations of linguists It is noted that previous studies on L1 effect over L2 production tended to analyze the outcome of a linguistic act in real time which is static so far as the behavior is concerned It is still a mystery what, if any, influence L1 is likely to exert on the linguistic...

This paper offers a cognitive framework for explaining L1 influence on L2 learner's thinking operations during L2 production L1 influence on L2 production, especially on L2 writing, has drawn considerable attention of generations of linguists It is noted that previous studies on L1 effect over L2 production tended to analyze the outcome of a linguistic act in real time which is static so far as the behavior is concerned It is still a mystery what, if any, influence L1 is likely to exert on the linguistic information processing during the linguistic act That is to say, the psychological respect, especially the cognitive processing of L1 effect on L2 production has been hardly studied The present research attempts to find out the general systematicity behind the instantiations of the learners' thinking operations in L2 production with respect to L1 influence In the study, Think Aloud (TA) was employed to detect what is going on in the mind without significant interference from outside In order to obtain valid TA data, the subjects in this study were strictly selected from different grades which represent different proficiencies in English (L2), and technically trained before the testing The data used was collected from the Think Aloud protocols Based on the data gathered from 12 key informants who were selected through strict testing from among 50 candidates, two models of information processing operations are developed to generalize the universal patterns of L1 influence on the L2 learners' cognitive processing in L2 production One model is the macro construction of the L2 production It refers to the main sequence of thinking operations of L2 composition on the level of discourse planning The other is micro construction of the L2 production In this study, it is a sentence level information processing model The formulation of the theoretical framework of this research focuses on the identification of the two cognitive processing models In discussion of the two cognitive processing models, it is pointed that there are some crucial albeit covert, aspects of L1 effect on L2 production, which remain unexposed up to date by the existing language transfer theory These aspects are L1's service as intermediary language in logic (meaning) reasoning processing, in the formal monitoring in target language output, and in mutual retrieval of the world conception and the target language The three functions L1 plays on L2 production find no place in the existing transfer theory In conclusion, this study points out that: (1) L1 influence plays a more significant role in L2 production than traditionally supposed; and (2) L1 influence on L2 production is largely covert; it lies in the high level cognitive operations in language production The present study has limitations The subjects in this research are found at very local levels, and do not conform to the criteria of random sampling The Think Aloud way of data collection has a serious problem: Can language completely reflect cognitive processes? There is consensus that language follows a linear development, but do the operations of cognitive mechanisms which produce the language follow the same suit? Thus the instrumental bias that implicitly governs the source data of this study, no matter how appropriate that bias is, must also be recognized as a potentially limiting factor for the formation of the theoretical framework of this research

本文旨在解释母语在第二语言学习者目的语输出过程中对学习者认知处理的影响。本研究的理论框架基于对十二名不同英语(第二语言)水平的学生用“有声思维”法看图作文的结果所作的分析,通过对测试结果进行定性分析,建立了两个思维流程图式模型。笔者讨论了母语在第二语言输出过程中对各思维流程的影响作用,指出母语对第二语言输出最大的影响在于它对学习者认知处理的三大作用:理解中介、检索中介和形式判断、分析中介。笔者认为这三大功能用现有的迁移理论都不能得到满意的解释,因此建议用母语参与一词替代语言迁移

 
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