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methods of working
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  工作方法
     Study on Mao Zedong's Methods of Working and Thinking
     毛泽东思想方法、工作方法理论研究
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     His methods of working include method of coming from the mass and working among the mass, that of stereotypical model, that of political mobilization, that of analysis like that of anatomization of a sparrow, that of combination of political work and administrative work, and combination of ideological-political work and practical work in all fields, etc.
     工作方法包括:从群众中集中起来又回到群众中坚持下去的方法,典型示范的方法,政治动员的方法,解剖麻雀的方法,政治工作与行政手段相结合的方法,思想政治工作同不同领域具体业务工作结合的方法等。
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  “methods of working”译为未确定词的双语例句
     (3) Development of evaluation and system reliability computation methods of working environment.
     (3)建立了评价作业环境系统可靠性的计算方法。
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     The structure and principium of a vacuum-molding machine PLC control system applied in refrigerator product line is briefly introduced. The methods of working procedure control and temperature control using PLC are also given.
     给出了一种用于电冰箱生产线中的真空成型机的PLC控制系统的结构及工作原理,介绍了用PLC进行成型工艺流程控制和加热温度控制的实现方法。
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     By studying the methods of working out, doing and controlling responsibility cost, this paper points out a effective way of controlling engineering cost.
     本文通过对责任成本的确定、下达、控制、检查方法的研究 ,指出了行之有效的工程成本管理思路。
短句来源
     By studying the methods of working out,doing and controlling responsibility cost this paper points out a effective way of controlling engineering cost
     本文通过对责任成本的确定、下达、控制、检查方法的研究 ,指出了行之有效的工程成本管理思路。
短句来源
     This paper analyses the strata behaviors characteristics of working face insteep soft coal seam betwween soft roof and floor and its effect on working face supporting,put forward the principles and methods of working face supporting design.
     依据现场实测结果和大倾角煤层开采的特点,建立了与支护有关的围岩不同力学结构模型; 在此基础上,分析了大倾角“三软”煤层工作面矿压显现特征和其对工作面支护的影响,提出了工作面支护设计的原则、方法以及采用后的效果。
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  相似匹配句对
     METHODS E.
     方法采用ipE.
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     Methods.
     方法:
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     on working
     在工作
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     and working conditions.
     编辑工作、学习条件等。
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     Working with Wireless
     享受工作
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  methods of working
Increasing the supporting capacity of joints with interference by electrophysical methods of working the contacting surfaces
      
Facilities are presented for a new computerized data system and methods of working with accumulated information, and a quantitative evaluation is given for the state of the published CMC data for leading countries.
      
The study and popularization of the latest methods of working.
      
Hydraulic methods of working noncohesive minerals at the bottom of a body of water
      
Geotechnological methods of working mineral deposits
      
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Detailed procedures of the total synthesis of the less toxic, more effective antitumor camptothecinoid alkaloids, dl-10-hydroxycamptothecin and dl-10-methoxycamptothecin, are described.Based on the previous works on the total synthesis of dl-camptothecin (dl-1), the following procedures were devised. The acetal 4 which was prepared from 2-nitro-5-methoxybenzaldehyde with ethylene glycol followed by hydrogenation, was condensed with 1', 2', 3', 5'-tetrahydro-5'-oxo-6'-cyano-7'-(1-carbethoxy) propyl-spiro...

Detailed procedures of the total synthesis of the less toxic, more effective antitumor camptothecinoid alkaloids, dl-10-hydroxycamptothecin and dl-10-methoxycamptothecin, are described.Based on the previous works on the total synthesis of dl-camptothecin (dl-1), the following procedures were devised. The acetal 4 which was prepared from 2-nitro-5-methoxybenzaldehyde with ethylene glycol followed by hydrogenation, was condensed with 1', 2', 3', 5'-tetrahydro-5'-oxo-6'-cyano-7'-(1-carbethoxy) propyl-spiro (1, 3-dioxolene-2, 1-indolizine) (5) to give 2-methoxy-7- (1-carbethoxy) propyl-8-cyano-9, 11-dihydro-9-oxo-indolizino (1, 2-b) quinoline (6)in 66 % yield. It was hydrogenated under atmospheric pressure in a mixture of glacial acetic acid and acetic anhydride with Raney Nickel as catalyst to give 2-methoxy-7-(1'-carbethoxy) propyl-8-acetamidomethyl-9, 11-dihydro-9-oxo-indolizino(1, 2-b)quinoline(7). Without purification, the crude 7 was treated directly with sodium nitrite to afford 2-methoxy-7-(1'-carbethoxy) propyl-8-acetoxy-9, 11-dihydro-9-oxo-indolizino (1, 2-b)quinoline (8). On hydrolysis of compound 8 with dilute sulphuric acid, 10-metboxy-20-deoxycamptothecin (9) was obtained in 62% overall yield based on compound 6. Compound 9 was then oxidized by air in dimethylformamide solution in the presence of cupric chloride and dimethylamine to give dl-10-methoxycamptothecin(dl-3)with a yield of 62%. dl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (dl-2)was obtained by hydrolysis of dl-3 with 48% hydrobromic acid, with a yield of 65%.In order to avoid using silicagel chromatography for the purification of dl-2 and dl-3, an alternative method of working up was developed. The crude dl-2 produced during the hydrolysis of crude dl-3 with hydrobromic acid may be directly acetylated with acetic anhydride-pyridine to give a diacetyl derivative(10) which was then purified by recrystallization. Sufficiently pure dl-2 was obtained upon hydrolysis of 10 with hydrochloric acid-acetic acid. However, this alternative method gave a lower yield.The synthetic dl-2 and dl-3 thus prepared were identical in the TLC R_f-value, UV, NMR and MS spectra with those of the natural alkaloids. Pharmacological tests revealed that the synthetic dl-2 and dl-3 showed similar activity as the natural alkaloids on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma, ascitic reticule-cell sarcoma or lymphosarcoma in mice at an equi-toxicity dosage level. One of the synthetic alkaloids dl-2, is subjected to clinical trials.

本文详细报道以1′,2′,3′,5′-四氢-5′-氧代-6′-氰基-7′(1-乙氧羰基)丙基-螺(1,3-二噁茂烷-2,1′- 吲嗪)为原料,经6步及5步反应合成dl-10-羟基喜树碱及dl-10-甲氧基喜树碱的方法。合成产品与天然生物碱的薄板层析、紫外光谱、核磁共振谱和质谱均一致。dl-10-羟基喜树碱正在临床试用中。

The land resources map is a graphic record of a comprehensive appraisal of land resources.The method of working out the map of land resources of Zigong (1:1,000,000) is based on land type and referred to the present use of land.Appraising items and targets are chosen in accordance with the suitability, restriction and the level of latent productive capacity of land in regard to agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry. The method of index number is used in the classification of the estate system...

The land resources map is a graphic record of a comprehensive appraisal of land resources.The method of working out the map of land resources of Zigong (1:1,000,000) is based on land type and referred to the present use of land.Appraising items and targets are chosen in accordance with the suitability, restriction and the level of latent productive capacity of land in regard to agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry. The method of index number is used in the classification of the estate system of land.

土地资源图是土地资源综合评价的图形记录。 自贡市幅1:100万土地资源图的编制方法,以土地类型为基础,参考土地利用现状,按照土地对农、林、牧各业生产的适宜性、限制性及生产潜力水平,选定评价的项目和指标,用指数评分法进行等级系统的划分。

This paper describes 9 patients who received cadaveric renal transplantation of identical blood types, and all but one developed accelerated rejection within 1 to 4 days following transplantation. All the 9 patients had a negative lymphooytotoxioity crossmatoh reaction prior to transplantation, but 4 out of the 9 had displayed a positive orossmatch to other donors.The accelerated rejection was clinically characterized by its early appearance. The transplanted kidneys usually failed to function in less than 2...

This paper describes 9 patients who received cadaveric renal transplantation of identical blood types, and all but one developed accelerated rejection within 1 to 4 days following transplantation. All the 9 patients had a negative lymphooytotoxioity crossmatoh reaction prior to transplantation, but 4 out of the 9 had displayed a positive orossmatch to other donors.The accelerated rejection was clinically characterized by its early appearance. The transplanted kidneys usually failed to function in less than 2 weeks. All the 9 patients had a fever in excess of 39CCCC, and 8 of them developed gross hematuria. Significant oliguria occurred within 1 week in 6 aptients, and untolerably severe pain over the transplanted kidney area were observed in 6. All these rejection episodes failed to respond to intravenous infusion of standardized doses of methylprednisolona or hydrocortisone succinate.The main pathological changes of accelerated rejection in the transplanted kidney were extensive inflammatory reaction in small vessels accompanied by thrombosis, infarction, fibrinold necrosis and proliferative changes of the glomeruli.The importance of early diagnosis of accelerated rejection and early extraction of the transplanted kidney, and also the danger of improper use of steroid are emphasized. The methods of working up the diagnosis and prevention of this form of rejection are discussed.

本文总结9例接受相同血型尸体肾移植患者,术前血清淋巴细胞毒抗体阴性,术后发生加速型排异反应,经病理检查证实。加速型排异反应属不可逆性体液排异反应,主要病理改变为肾小血管急性炎症和纤维素样坏死,常伴血栓形成、出血和梗死灶,在临床上表现为排异反应时间早、程度严重,常在1~2周内发生移植肾功能衰竭,对大剂量肾上腺醣皮质类固醇治疗无效。及时诊断,早期摘除移植肾,可避免盲目免疫抑制剂治疗招致严重不良后果。并就如何诊断和预防此型排异反应作了讨论。

 
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