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   卵黄囊瘤 在 泌尿科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.441秒
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卵黄囊瘤
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  yolk sac tumors
    Results:In the group,there were 7( 26.9 %) cases of embryonal carcinomas (EC), 5( 19.2 %) teratomas, 4( 15.4 %) yolk sac tumors, 1( 3.9 %) choriocarcinomas and 9 ( 34.6 %) mixed germ cell tumors (MGCT) respectively.
    2 6例中 ,胚胎癌 7例 (2 6 .9% ) ,畸胎瘤 5例 (19.2 % ) ,卵黄囊瘤 4例(15 .4 % ) ,绒毛膜上皮癌 1例 (3.9% ) ,混合性生殖细胞瘤 (MGCT) 9例 (34.6 % )。
短句来源
    There were 35 embryonal carcinomas, 11 teratomas, 3 yolk sac tumors, 6 choriocarcinomas and 13 mixed germ cell tumors.
    胚胎癌35例,畸胎瘤11例,卵黄囊瘤3例,绒毛膜上皮癌6例,混合性生殖细胞瘤13例。
短句来源
    Results:In the group,there were 17(26.2%)cases of embryonal carcinomas(EC),13(20%) cases of teratomas,10(15.4%) cases of yolk sac tumors,4(4.6%) cases of choriocarcinomas and 22(33.8%) cases of mixedgerm cell tumor(MGCT).
    结果:65例NSGCT患者中,胚胎癌17例(26.2%),畸胎瘤13例(20%),卵黄囊瘤10例(15.4%),绒毛膜上皮癌3例(4.6%),混合性生殖细胞瘤(MGCT)22例(33.8%)。
短句来源
    Retrospective review of testical yolk sac tumors during 25 years' period
    治疗小儿睾丸卵黄囊瘤25年的临床回顾
短句来源
    Methods The outcomes of 43 children with testicle Yolk sac tumors of the past 25 years were reviewed.
    方法  43例小儿睾丸卵黄囊瘤均施行根治性高位精索睾丸切除术。
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  yolk sac tumors
Gastric yolk sac tumors are very rare, and only six cases of gastric yolk sac tumors have been previously reported in the literature.
      
High AFP (FA) alone occurred in yolk sac tumors, HCG (PM) with AFP (FA) or PLAP (H7) in patients where the tumors had components of teratoma and/orembryonal carcinoma, moderately elevated levels of AFP (FA) and sometimes also HCG (PM) occurred.
      
Teratomas and yolk sac tumors are the commonest histologic types seen.
      
Teratomas before puberty behave benignly but yolk sac tumors are malignant.
      
The management of yolk sac tumors is in flux and there is little reliable data upon which to base management.
      
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cases of yolk sac tumor(endodermal sinus tumor) of the testis were reported, accounting for 14.9% of germ cell tumors in the testis.6 cases were children and 4 adults.Two patients of those aged 42 and 52 years,who had abdominal retained testis and suffered from yolh sac tumor later,were the first men reported in China.The authors also discussed the pathomorphologic features and the relation with histogenesis of this tumor.

本文报告睾丸卵黄囊瘤(内胚窦瘤)10例,占同期睾丸生殖细胞肿瘤的14.9%。儿童6例,成人4例。其中42岁和52岁年长患者腹腔隐睾恶变发生此瘤,国内尚无报导。作者还讨论了本瘤的病理形态特,点及其与组织发生的关系。

Objective To discuss a proper treatment protocol for testicle yolk sac tumors. Methods The outcomes of 43 children with testicle Yolk sac tumors of the past 25 years were reviewed. All cases were underwent radical high level spermatectomy and orchiectomy, and 27 of them were performed on retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy simultaneously or in stage. The AFP was increased in 16 cases. The follow up results showed that 29 were still alive. There were no difference among patients with retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy...

Objective To discuss a proper treatment protocol for testicle yolk sac tumors. Methods The outcomes of 43 children with testicle Yolk sac tumors of the past 25 years were reviewed. All cases were underwent radical high level spermatectomy and orchiectomy, and 27 of them were performed on retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy simultaneously or in stage. The AFP was increased in 16 cases. The follow up results showed that 29 were still alive. There were no difference among patients with retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy or without. Conclusions Patients with testicle yolk sac tumors in stage I needn't retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy. It is indicated in cases with a sustained elevation of AFP, and confirmation of retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis by ultrasound or CT. For chemotherapy, AD protocol is used in stage 1 of yolk sac tumors, and PVB protocol is adopted in stage II or stage III.

目的 回顾 2 5年治疗小儿睾丸卵黄囊瘤的疗效 ,以探讨睾丸卵黄囊瘤的合理治疗方案。方法  43例小儿睾丸卵黄囊瘤均施行根治性高位精索睾丸切除术。 2 7例同时或分期施行腹膜后淋巴结清扫术。 16例甲胎蛋白 (AFP)升高。随访 32例 ,存活 2 9例 ,其中淋巴结清扫 16例 ,未清扫13例。结果 腹膜后淋巴结清扫组存活率与未清扫组差异无显著性意义 ,术前AFP阳性的存活率与AFP阴性者也差异无显著性意义。结论 对Ⅰ期小儿睾丸卵黄囊瘤不进行腹膜后淋巴结清扫。术后 3周血清AFP仍增高者 ,结合CT或B超明确有淋巴结转移者 ,才有腹膜后淋巴结清扫的指征。术后化疗Ⅰ期患儿选用AD方案 ,Ⅱ期、Ⅲ期选用PVB方案。

Purpose:To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of primary testicular nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT).Methods:26 cases of NSGCTs of the testis were analysed retrospectively.Results:In the group,there were 7( 26.9 %) cases of embryonal carcinomas (EC), 5( 19.2 %) teratomas, 4( 15.4 %) yolk sac tumors, 1( 3.9 %) choriocarcinomas and 9 ( 34.6 %) mixed germ cell tumors (MGCT) respectively. The cardinal clinical manifestation was painless solid enlargement of the testis. B ultrasonography, CT...

Purpose:To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of primary testicular nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT).Methods:26 cases of NSGCTs of the testis were analysed retrospectively.Results:In the group,there were 7( 26.9 %) cases of embryonal carcinomas (EC), 5( 19.2 %) teratomas, 4( 15.4 %) yolk sac tumors, 1( 3.9 %) choriocarcinomas and 9 ( 34.6 %) mixed germ cell tumors (MGCT) respectively. The cardinal clinical manifestation was painless solid enlargement of the testis. B ultrasonography, CT or MRI could provide informations for clinical staging of the tumors, 16 patients were clinical stage I, 8 clinical stage II and 2 clinical stage III. Elevation of tumor markers was associated with the pathologic type of tumors and the therapeutic response. Combined therapy, including radical orchiectomy, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection(RPLND) and chemotherapy, were taken. 22 patients have been followed up for 0.5 ~ 10 years, of them 2 had relapsed, 2 died of distant metastasis.Conclusions:MGCT and EC are the most common in NSGCTs of the testis. Clinical staging is based on B ultrasonography, CT or MRI. Tumor markers are helpful to the diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring therapeutic effect of NSGCT. The choice of treatment depends on the pathologic type and clinical stage.

目的 :总结原发性睾丸非精原细胞性生殖细胞肿瘤 (NSGCT)的诊断与治疗体会。方法 :回顾性分析收治的 2 6例NSGCT的临床资料。 2 6例中 ,胚胎癌 7例 (2 6 .9% ) ,畸胎瘤 5例 (19.2 % ) ,卵黄囊瘤 4例(15 .4 % ) ,绒毛膜上皮癌 1例 (3.9% ) ,混合性生殖细胞瘤 (MGCT) 9例 (34.6 % )。睾丸无痛性肿大为其主要临床表现。Ⅰ期 16例 ,Ⅱ期 8例 ,Ⅲ期 2例。在根治性睾丸切除基础上采用腹膜后淋巴结清扫术及化疗等综合治疗措施。结果 :2 2例获随访 ,随访时间 6个月~ 6 .5年 ,术后复发 2例 ,2例死于全身广泛转移 ,其余患者均健康生存。结论 :NSGCT中以MGCT及胚胎癌最为常见 ,B超、CT或MRI为其诊断和临床分期的主要手段。肿瘤标记物对肿瘤的治疗与及预后判断有一定参考价值

 
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