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inside ice
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     Ice
     冰
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     Inside and Outside
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     the Effect Analysis for Radition Heat Transfer inside the Ice Box
     冰箱系统内辐射换热效果的分析
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  inside ice
Figure 5 gives the thermal resistance of water layer inside ice both regressed from experimental data and from concentric cylinder model.
      


This paper deals with the elevation of sea ice, the therma1 effect of atmosphere and ocean on sea ice, the physical processes inside ice, and the influence of atmos-pheric and oceanic factors on sea ice parameters (ice thickness or concentration).Tbe thermal growth rate of sea ice is analysed by calculating the energy flux bud-get over sea and ice. A thermodynamic-dynamic mode1's simulation of the Bohai Sea ice during the winter of 1989-199O showed that for the melting process...

This paper deals with the elevation of sea ice, the therma1 effect of atmosphere and ocean on sea ice, the physical processes inside ice, and the influence of atmos-pheric and oceanic factors on sea ice parameters (ice thickness or concentration).Tbe thermal growth rate of sea ice is analysed by calculating the energy flux bud-get over sea and ice. A thermodynamic-dynamic mode1's simulation of the Bohai Sea ice during the winter of 1989-199O showed that for the melting process of sea ice from February l2-l8, 199O, this model with thermal processes has advantages over a mode1 which does not include thermal processes. The simulation results are in good agreement with satellite images and ship observations.

研究和讨论了海气相互作用过程中海冰演变的物理过程;大气和海洋对海冰的热力作用以及冰内物理过程;大气和海洋热力学参数对冰厚和密集度等协请参数的影响和上述物理过程的数学处理。计算了冰面与水面能量收支,并分析海体热力增长函数的特征;将热力模式与动力模式连接构成热动力模式。对渤海1989-1990年度海冰进行数值模相。结果表明,考虑热力过程的热动力模式,对类似于1990年2月12-18日海冰融化过程显示出明显的优越性,模拟结果与卫星和海上观测相符合。

The hydrologic station of Hailuogou Glacier at an elevation of 2 923 m is located at 101°59' 20" E and 29° 34' 16" N. The distance from the station to the glacial terminus is about 1 km. From the observation at the station in the summer of 1994, phenomenon is found, which shows that the water level of the river suddenly lowers, and then a rapidly rises again, and the fluctuation curve of the water level appears in a V-shape. When tracing back to the terminus, there was not abnormal change along the flow way...

The hydrologic station of Hailuogou Glacier at an elevation of 2 923 m is located at 101°59' 20" E and 29° 34' 16" N. The distance from the station to the glacial terminus is about 1 km. From the observation at the station in the summer of 1994, phenomenon is found, which shows that the water level of the river suddenly lowers, and then a rapidly rises again, and the fluctuation curve of the water level appears in a V-shape. When tracing back to the terminus, there was not abnormal change along the flow way of the river. It can be ex- plained by that the water channels inside ice are partially blocked up by the ice body carving in, then the discharge reduces and the water level lowers. Afterward, the ice-blocked water body bursts and the discharge increases. After the outburst, the water level moves back to the original posrition.The outburst water volume W(m3) of the ice-blocked water channels can be shown as follows:W= 60ΔQt (1)where ΔQ(m3 / s) is the discharge diffecence and t (minute) the duration of the ice block, t is related to the natural logarithm of W, for the V-shape curve, when t≤30 minutes,t= -14.056819+ 3.4624501nW (2)When 30 minutesice-blocked water channels are closely related to the climate condition in a year. When precipitation increases and temperature rises in a certain degrsee, the response of the outburst is the 1-2 months delay in the first half year and 2 months ahead of time in the second haly year.By hydrologic observation, the studies on the phenomena and problems of ice-blocked water channels in the glaciers and then outburst are favorable to monitor and observe the dynamic state of the water channels inside the maritime glaciers.

1994年作者在海螺沟冰川水文站观测到水位陡降急升的现象。将全年自记水位曲线搜寻,共得到79组冰下河堵溃资料。冰下河堵溃水量(W,m~3)为流量减幅(△Q,m~3/s)与堵溃平均历时(t,mi)的乘积,即W=60△Qt·t和W还存在对数函数关系,即t=A+B lnW,冰下河堵溃次数与水量大小和年内气候变化的水热组合紧密联系,它对年内气候变化的响应上半年有滞后性,下半年有惯性滚动拖后特点。

 
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