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nerve morphology
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  神经形态
     SETTING: Laboratories of Nerve Morphology and Cytobiology, Medical College of Shanghai Jiaotong University;
     单位:上海交通大学医学院神经形态实验室和细胞生物学实验室以及中科院上海生理研究所电镜室。
短句来源
     The results showed that if the leg was increased at a rate of 1 mm per day would not result in any changes of nerve morphology or functional damage. The conduction rate of the motor nerve and the potential of the muscular action were all normal;
     结果表明:以每天1mm速度延长肢体,不会引起神经形态改变与功能损害,运动神经传导速度及肌肉动作电位均正常。
短句来源
     Electron Microscope Room of Institute for Physiology, Chinese Academy of Science. MATERIALS: The experiment was performed in Teaching and Research Section of Anatomy, Laboratories of Nerve Morphology and Cytobiology of Shanghai Second Medical University Medical College of Shanghai Jiaotong University;
     材料:实验于2002-10/2003-06在上海第二医科大学(现称上海交通大学医学院)解剖教研室神经形态实验室、细胞生物学实验室以及中科院上海生理研究所电镜室完成。
短句来源
  神经形态学的
     Magnetic Resonance Neurography is defined as tissue selective imaging directed at identifying and evaluating characteristics of nerve morphology.
     神经磁共振学被看作是组织选择性的影像学检查 ,能识别和评价神经形态学的特征。
短句来源
  “nerve morphology”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In this paper,the optic nerve morphology ofyoung adult and old cats was compared in order to disclose the characteristics of it’s age dependent changes and accumulate morphological data for elucidating the neural mechanism underlying visual function degradation during senescence.
     本文通过对青年猫和老年猫视神经形态结构的比较研究,揭示视神经年龄相关性变化特点,为阐明老年性视觉功能衰退的神经机制积累形态学资料。
短句来源
     The specimen, taken on 4th and 8th week, was investigated for nerve morphology, motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV), amplitude of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) and wet muscle weight to evaluate the status of nerve regeneration.
     术后4周和8周(每组均为8只)取标本,作形态学,肌湿重,运动神经传导速度(MNCV)、复合运动动作电位(CMAP)波幅,及组织学的检测。
短句来源
     Results: At 6 months following operation, nerve regeneration in group B was superior to that of group A in triceps weight, nerve conduct velocity and nerve morphology.
     结果:B组的小腿三头肌湿重恢复率、运动神经传导速度、再生的有髓神经纤维数量、直径、轴突直径、髓鞘厚度均优于A组。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     THE MORPHOLOGY OF THE ACCESSORY NERVE
     国人副神经的形态学研究
短句来源
     MORPHOLOGY OF SOMA OF RAT PERONEAL NERVE
     大鼠腓总神经胞体的形态学
短句来源
     cell morphology;
     细胞形态;
短句来源
     MORPHOLOGY OF POLYACRYLAMIDE
     聚丙烯酰胺的形态结构研究
短句来源
     Nes-B in nerve;
     神经为Nes—B;
短句来源
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  nerve morphology
Moreover, we believe that an extensive preoperative assessment of median nerve morphology and function is mandatory prior to endoscopic approach in treating CTS.
      
We studied adrenergic nerve morphology and function in guinea pig trachea in relationship to dose and time after administration of 6-hydroxy dopamine (6-OHDA).
      
By taking into account the effects of temperature and by introducing a realistic nerve morphology, a good fit is obtained between the shape, duration and conduction velocity of simulated and in vivo action potentials in mammals.
      
Changes in nerve morphology, distribution and density in first and second molars and their supporting tissues were analyzed and compared in experimental (n=30) and control rats (n=14).
      
To study the effect of this trauma on CGRP and SP immunoreactive nerve morphology in pulp and periodontium, traumatic occlusion was induced in 2-months-old rats.
      
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The changes of nerve function were observed from the study of electrophysiology and histomorphology in 15 rabbits undergoing gradual lengthening of the legs from different rates and magnitudes. The results showed that if the leg was increased at a rate of 1 mm per day would not result in any changes of nerve morphology or functional damage. The conduction rate of the motor nerve and the potential of the muscular action were all normal; if at a rate of 2mm per day, the leg length was increased within...

The changes of nerve function were observed from the study of electrophysiology and histomorphology in 15 rabbits undergoing gradual lengthening of the legs from different rates and magnitudes. The results showed that if the leg was increased at a rate of 1 mm per day would not result in any changes of nerve morphology or functional damage. The conduction rate of the motor nerve and the potential of the muscular action were all normal; if at a rate of 2mm per day, the leg length was increased within 40%, it was still quite safe. It was believed that the peripheral nerve was markedly tolerable to gradual lengthening from traction.

对15只家兔以不同速度与幅度缓慢延长小腿,进行电生理与组织形态学研究,观察胫神经功能变化。结果表明:以每天1mm速度延长肢体,不会引起神经形态改变与功能损害,运动神经传导速度及肌肉动作电位均正常。以每天2mm速度延长,肢体延长40%以内也是安全的。认为周围神经对缓慢牵引延长具有很大适应性。

AIM: To observe the facial nerve morphology andthe course of regeneration after injury in silicone chamber.METHODS: The buccal branch of facial nerve with a gap of 10mm was bridged in silicone chamber. The light microscope.electron microscope, computerized image and HRP retrogradetracing were used for showing morphology of nerve regeneration and confirming the nervous regenertion succeeded. RESULTS: The distal and proximal transected neural stumps offacial nerve growth about 2....

AIM: To observe the facial nerve morphology andthe course of regeneration after injury in silicone chamber.METHODS: The buccal branch of facial nerve with a gap of 10mm was bridged in silicone chamber. The light microscope.electron microscope, computerized image and HRP retrogradetracing were used for showing morphology of nerve regeneration and confirming the nervous regenertion succeeded. RESULTS: The distal and proximal transected neural stumps offacial nerve growth about 2. 4 mm at 1st wk, and at 2 nd wk itwas put through, at 10th wk it approach normal. Electronmicroscope observation at the 4 th wk, fibers myelin ofSchwann cell was in an active functional condition, there wererich rough endoplasmic reticulum in Schwann cells. At 10 thwk, the regenerated nerve were nearly normal. At the 1st to7 th wk after injury, there were significant difference in thenumber of myelinated a-cons, myelin sheath area, axon area,G rate, % of myelinated area between the injuried and normalnerve (P<0. 01 ). At the end of 10 th wk, HRP retrogradetracing of the regenerated nerve was passed through, labelledHRP cell were located in the lateral, medial and dorsalateralsubnucleus of facial nucleus. CONCLUSION :The role of pro-mote nerve regeneration in silicone chamber without exogenicgrowth factor were confirmed after the nerve injury. Nervewith a gap of 10 mm, regenerated nerve were nearly normalat 10 th wk.

目的:观察硅小室技术对面神经损伤后神经修复形态学及再生过程的影响.方法:豚鼠面神经颊支缺损10mm,用硅小室桥接.采用光镜、透射电镜、图象分析及HRP逆行追踪法,观察面神经在硅小室内再生过程中的形态学改变与证实神经的再通.结果:面神经损伤后第1周,硅小室内神经远、近心端再生神经分别向内生长约2.4mm;第2周,两断端神经已再通,但较细;第10周,神经接近正常.电镜显示第4周起,有髓纤维的雪旺细胞(SC)功能活跃,细胞内可见丰富的粗面内质网、线粒体等;第10周,再生神经基本接近正常.伤后第1~7周,损伤神经与对照组间有髓纤维数、髓鞘面积、轴突面积、G率、有髓纤维面积百分含量比较,差异显著(P<0.01).HRP逆行追踪,第10周时损伤神经再通,HRP阳性标记细胞分布于面神经核团的外侧群、中间群、背外侧群.结论:通过硅小室桥接损伤神经,在无外源性生长因于作用下,其促神经再生作用是肯定的.缺损距离10mm时,第10周再生神经接近正常.

There are still disagreements about the diversity of indicaftions for operation of OBP,the value of different methods of ancillary investigation,an almost complete absence of standard methods of measuring outcome,doubts about the quality of results from operations of repair and lack of appreciation of the consequence of some of the secondary deformities most especially the medial rotation contracture at the shoulder. The incidence of the disorder is 0.43 %in the United Kingdom in 1999. The apparent increase...

There are still disagreements about the diversity of indicaftions for operation of OBP,the value of different methods of ancillary investigation,an almost complete absence of standard methods of measuring outcome,doubts about the quality of results from operations of repair and lack of appreciation of the consequence of some of the secondary deformities most especially the medial rotation contracture at the shoulder. The incidence of the disorder is 0.43 %in the United Kingdom in 1999. The apparent increase may be due to breech delivery and over weight baby. There is still controversy in natural procedure of spontaneous recovery. Gilbert(1984)showed that no recovery of shoulder abduction and elbow flexion by three months led to a poor outcome. Operation should be done in time with ill recovery of the electromyographic record. CT myelography and MR imaging was found useful. MRI fast spin echo(MRIFSE) can provide high speed non invasive imaging. Magnetic Resonance Neurography is defined as tissue selective imaging directed at identifying and evaluating characteristics of nerve morphology. The place of neurophysiological investigation is controversial. Medial rotation contracture and posterior dislocation is the most common and most significant secondary deformity in OBP, resulting from marked elongation of the coracoid process and/or direct injury to the growing skeleton at birth and/or damage to the growth plate(epiphysiolysis). Imbalance between lateral rotation and medial rotation muscles may be potent cause. The diagnosis is made by clinical examination. The operation of subscapularis recession has no place in the treatment of the deformity. Correction of deformity by anterior approach was done presently. The principles of the operation are as follows:removal of the impediments to lateral rotation or relocation of the head of the humerus with the glenoid;improving stability of the shoulder; a sound repair of subscapularis muscle.

目前 ,在产瘫的研究方面 ,对于手术适应证 ,辅助检查的价值 ,治疗结果的判断标准 ,手术效果的评价及肩关节内旋挛缩等继发性畸形的认识上 ,仍存在不少争议。 1999年英国的产瘫发病率为0 .43 % ,发病率上升的原因可能与臀位分娩及超重婴儿有关。对自行恢复的自然病程的学说 ,目前仍存在争议。Gilbert ( 1984)认为 ,出生后 3个月 ,肩外展及屈肘功能尚未开始恢复则预后不良 ,结合恢复不良的电生理表现应及时手术探查。CT脊髓造影和MRI已证实是有用的辅助检查。MRI快速旋转回声检查(MRIfastspinecho ,MRIFSE)是一种高速、非侵入性的造影检查。神经磁共振学被看作是组织选择性的影像学检查 ,能识别和评价神经形态学的特征。对神经生理学检查的地位 ,学者们仍有不同的看法。肩关节内旋挛缩和后脱位是最常见的继发性畸形 ,可能与肩胛下肌挛缩、过长的喙突及对正处于发育状态的骨骼的直接损伤 ,生长板的损害等因素 ,单独或共同作用有关。其机理可能是由于内旋肌和外旋肌恢复不平衡所造成。诊断则依赖于临床检查。肩胛下肌切断术在作者单位因复发率高而不再作为常规手术。目前行前路畸形矫正术。其原则是 :去除...

目前 ,在产瘫的研究方面 ,对于手术适应证 ,辅助检查的价值 ,治疗结果的判断标准 ,手术效果的评价及肩关节内旋挛缩等继发性畸形的认识上 ,仍存在不少争议。 1999年英国的产瘫发病率为0 .43 % ,发病率上升的原因可能与臀位分娩及超重婴儿有关。对自行恢复的自然病程的学说 ,目前仍存在争议。Gilbert ( 1984)认为 ,出生后 3个月 ,肩外展及屈肘功能尚未开始恢复则预后不良 ,结合恢复不良的电生理表现应及时手术探查。CT脊髓造影和MRI已证实是有用的辅助检查。MRI快速旋转回声检查(MRIfastspinecho ,MRIFSE)是一种高速、非侵入性的造影检查。神经磁共振学被看作是组织选择性的影像学检查 ,能识别和评价神经形态学的特征。对神经生理学检查的地位 ,学者们仍有不同的看法。肩关节内旋挛缩和后脱位是最常见的继发性畸形 ,可能与肩胛下肌挛缩、过长的喙突及对正处于发育状态的骨骼的直接损伤 ,生长板的损害等因素 ,单独或共同作用有关。其机理可能是由于内旋肌和外旋肌恢复不平衡所造成。诊断则依赖于临床检查。肩胛下肌切断术在作者单位因复发率高而不再作为常规手术。目前行前路畸形矫正术。其原则是 :去除阻碍肩外旋的因素 ,肱骨头复位入关节盂内 ,改善肩关节的稳定性 ,合理地修复肩胛下肌。

 
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