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ancient travels
相关语句
  古代游记
     The Collection and Publication of Chinese Ancient Travels
     中国古代游记的整理与出版
短句来源
     A Brief Analysis of the Representative Forms of Pastoral Scenery in Ancient Travels
     浅析田园风光在古代游记中的表现形态
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     The Collection and Publication of Chinese Ancient Travels
     中国古代游记的整理与出版
短句来源
     On Chinese Ancient Overseas Travels and Their Values
     中国古代的域外游记及其价值
短句来源
     TRAVELS OF FLORENCE
     佛罗伦萨游记
短句来源
     Gulliver’s Travels
     格利佛游记
短句来源
     Ancient Wonders
     古代奇观
短句来源
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A large number of ancient geographical books is preserved in Dunhuang Manuscripts and Documents. In the light oi their contents the books can be divided into 3 parts : (1) the ancient local chronicles, including the localrecords of the whole country (3 volumes) and the local records of a part of the districts of northwest China (11 volumes) . (2) the ancient travelling records, including the records towards Shiyuh (8 volumes) . the records towards Wutai Mountain ( 5 volumes) , and the records...

A large number of ancient geographical books is preserved in Dunhuang Manuscripts and Documents. In the light oi their contents the books can be divided into 3 parts : (1) the ancient local chronicles, including the localrecords of the whole country (3 volumes) and the local records of a part of the districts of northwest China (11 volumes) . (2) the ancient travelling records, including the records towards Shiyuh (8 volumes) . the records towards Wutai Mountain ( 5 volumes) , and the records throughout the country( 1 volume) ; (3) the miscellaneous geographical books, including the books with regard to the water conservancy (2 volumes) and the books about the scenic spots and historical sites in Dunhuang (2 volumes) .These ancient geographical books are one part of the most precious books in Dunhuang Manuscripts and Documents. They have the extremely important academic value on the research of historical political geography,military geography, economic geography, folkways geography, traffic geography, urban geography, agricultural geography, physical geography, religious geography, toponomy and local chronicles. They are the extremely valuable legacies of Chinese ancient geography.

敦煌遗书中保存了大批地理方面的书卷,依其内容可分为古地志、古行记和地理杂文书3大类,其中包含着大量的非常珍贵的自然和人文地理资料,具有十分重要的学术价值。

There are many information that can be used to reconstruct the geographicalenvironmental changes. The first are the data measured by modem equipments, forexample, records of weather and climatic measuremenL hydrology measurement,remote sensing measurement for the earth and scientific field investigation. The secondare historical records and archaeological materials, such as chorography, chronicle,ancient travel notes, and cultural relic comeing up out of land, etc. The final data arethe proxy records of...

There are many information that can be used to reconstruct the geographicalenvironmental changes. The first are the data measured by modem equipments, forexample, records of weather and climatic measuremenL hydrology measurement,remote sensing measurement for the earth and scientific field investigation. The secondare historical records and archaeological materials, such as chorography, chronicle,ancient travel notes, and cultural relic comeing up out of land, etc. The final data arethe proxy records of environmental changes. They are obtained from some naturalmaterial that formed in the past time, and then keep the environmental conditioninformation that time in it, such as sediments, tree ring and ice core, etc. All therecords mentioned above are important for the research of environmental changes.They can be checked each other, and then we can get reliable information about theglobal environmental changes. The information of environmental changes has three attributcs, i. e. time, spaceand character. The time attribute includes two aspects. The first one is the timeresolution of the records, and the second one is the scope what the record could cover.The management of the information aims at the synthesis or integrahon. Based onanalysis for the informahon which have different hme resolution, cover different timescope and come from different sources, we can exchange the time scale, then studythe rules of environmental change in different time scale. The space attribute is thatevery information of environmental change comes from a location on the earth surface.Comparison of different information from place to place, analysis of the scope ofsome environmental changes, and search of the boundary of envirorimental changeshave very important significance for us to understand the processes of the earth system.The character attribute is that the data for environmental reconstruction come fromdifferent sources and carried materials. So they must be checked each other.Calibration, verification and validation are necessary, then the reliable information isavailable.There are mainly three types of data about environmental change information, i.e.stahstic data, remote sensing data and map data. The foundation of the managementsystem of environmental change could help us to integrate all the information. Basedon stahstic analysis, space analysis and modeling simulation, new idea what could notbe obtained from single informahon is available by synthesis.Finally, two examples are given to show how to establish the database, managethe data what have different time, space and character attributes, deal with these data,and study the environmental changes and natural disasters by synthesis.

用于环境演变研究的信息既具有时间属性(包括时间分辨率和所能达到的时间尺度),又具有空间属性,并且不同来源的信息还有各自的特点。本文总结了用于环境演变的信息,包括器测数据、文字记载和考古信息以及环境代用指标在内的基本信息的特点,信息存在的3种基本形式,即统计数据、图像数据和地图数据,以及如何运用数据库和地理信息系统技术来对环境演变信息进行管理,最后给出了东北样带现代生态环境演变管理信息系统和中国农业自然灾害综合区划图编制两个实例。

The extant ancient travel notes come up to a large number in China. Except for over 10 notes known widely, the geographers did not pay attention to most of them. Judging from some examples, the unknown notes contain a lot of materials of human geography as well as physical geography. Therefore, all the notes, including the well known and the unknown, are most reliable and important for researching some questions of the historical geography and the geographical history. With this reason, the geographers...

The extant ancient travel notes come up to a large number in China. Except for over 10 notes known widely, the geographers did not pay attention to most of them. Judging from some examples, the unknown notes contain a lot of materials of human geography as well as physical geography. Therefore, all the notes, including the well known and the unknown, are most reliable and important for researching some questions of the historical geography and the geographical history. With this reason, the geographers should take notice of the unknown notes.

中国现存的古代游记为数众多 ,但是除十数种著名者之外 ,绝大部分并不大为地理学界所注意。从一些具体例证的分析结果来看 ,中国古代的非知名游记中 ,不但蕴藏着很多有价值的自然地理学资料 ,而且也包含着不少重要的人文地理学内容。因此 ,包括非知名游记在内的所有中国古代游记都是研究历史地理和地理学思想史的最为可靠的和极为重要的材料 ,应当受到地理学界的重视

 
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