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spore
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  孢子
     Study on the Spore Germination and Protonema Development of Moss
     藓类植物孢子萌发与原丝体发育研究
短句来源
     Development of Spore Wall in Main Spore Types of Polypodiales from China
     中国真蕨目主要孢子类型孢壁发育的研究
短句来源
     STUDIES IN THE SPORE MORPHOLOGY OF LOXOGRAMME PRESL
     剑蕨属(Loxogramme Presl)孢子形态的研究
短句来源
     The Spore Association of Tianbatou (田坝头) of Early Visean in Wudang of Guiyang City
     贵阳市乌当区田坝头早韦宪期孢子组合
短句来源
     SPORE STAGES OF PUCCINIA CARTHAMI CDA AND ITS LIFE CYCLE
     红花锈病菌Puccinia carthami Cda.的孢子阶段及生活史研究
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  芽孢
     Results and Conclusion:F1 antigen at 50~1 000 ng/mL,SEB at 0.1~100 μg/mL,vegetative B.anthraticis at 3×101~3×106 CFU/mL and anthrax spore at 4×104~4×107 CFU/mL were detected with obvious positive signals in 20 min by the FOB-3,which preliminarily realized the advantage of sensitivity,simple-operation in rapid detection of biological agents.
     结果:使用光纤生物传感器FOB-3,在20min内可分别检测到50~1000ng/mL的鼠疫F1抗原、0.1~100μg/mL的葡萄球菌肠毒素B、3×101~3×106CFU/mL的炭疽杆菌繁殖体和4×104~4×107CFU/mL的炭疽芽孢。 结论:光纤生物传感器可以灵敏、快速、便捷地检测病原微生物及其毒素。
短句来源
     The spore number of 2nd rejuvenating strain of LSZ9408 fermented by 70L fermentation pot for 48h reached to 54.5×108cfu/ml.
     经70L发酵罐发酵48h时,活芽孢数可达54.5×108cfu/ml。
短句来源
     High-cell-density fed-batch culture was operated in 5L auto-fermentor,the final cell concentration was 4.5×10 9cfu/mL,spore concentration was 1.2×10 9cfu/mL,which was as much as 5.9 times and 3.8 times of batch culture respectively.
     在 5L自动发酵罐中进行补料分批培养 ,最终菌体浓度达到 4 5× 10 9cfu/mL ,芽孢浓度为 1 2× 10 9cfu/mL ,分别是分批培养的 5 9倍和 3 8倍。
短句来源
     In 5L auto-fermentor, the final cell concentration was 4.5 × 109cfu/mL, and the spore concentration was 1.2× 109cfu/mL, which was as much as 5.9 times and 3.8 times of batch culture respectively.
     在5L自动发酵罐补料分批培养条件下菌体浓度达到4.5×10~9cfu/mL,芽孢浓度达到1.2×10~9cfu/mL,分别是分批培养的5.9倍和3.8倍。
短句来源
     The experiments of interaction between Au3+、Ag+、Cu2+、 Zn2+、 Mn2+ and soil B.cereus isolated from gold mining regions and background regions were carried out to validate the relationship between gold contents and the spore numbers of B.cereus and to solidify the theoretical basis of this bio-exploration method.
     通过重金属离子Au~(3+)、Ag~+、Cu~(2+)、Zn~(2+)、Mn~(2+)与B.cereus相互作用的实验,探讨重金属离子与B.cereus芽孢计数的本质联系,从而为解决该找矿法的理论基础提供依据。
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  芽胞
     RESULTS The killing rate was 100% to Escherichia coli(ATCC8099), Staphylococcus aureus(ATCC25923) and Candida albicans(ATCC10231) after exposed to ozone water of 5 mg/L for 1min and to spore of Bacillus subtilis(ATCC9372) was 99.99% after exposed to ozone water for 10 min.
     结果 在 5mg/L浓度下对标准菌株大肠埃希菌 (ATCC80 99)、金黄色葡萄球菌 (ATCC2 5 92 3)、白色念珠菌 (ATCC10 2 31)作用 1min杀灭率可达10 0 %,对枯草杆菌芽胞 (ATCC9372 )作用 10min杀灭率可达 99.99%;
短句来源
     0.20 g·L -1 Peracetic acid could kill 96.16% Bacillus subtilis spore in 60 min,while 0.20 g·L -1 bleaching powder could kill only 90.53%.
     0 .2 0g·L- 1的过氧乙酸作用 60min对枯草杆菌芽胞的杀灭率为 96.16% ,而漂白粉为 90 .5 3%。
短句来源
     As for BMB005, Equation y=L528x-96.19535 could represent this relationship under these three different condition (x denoted the concentration of DPA (ug/ml); y denoted spore number (X 107/ml)).
     菌株BMB005的DPA和芽胞数的对应关系为y=1.528x-96.19535(x代表DPA的浓度,单位为μg/ml;y代表芽胞数,单位为×10~7个芽胞/ml)。
短句来源
     The broth concentrated by 1.94 times from micro-filtration, the yield rate of parasporal crystal, spore and titer were 87.4%, 100%, and 71.6% respectively, but no papasporal crystal was detected in the infiltration.
     发酵液微滤浓缩2.94倍晶体收率87.4%,芽胞收率100%,效价收率71.6%,上清液中并未测出晶体蛋白条带。
短句来源
     After concentration of the fermentation broth, the density, viscosity, solid content, spore, crystal protein content and titer increased, while the titer yield decreased.
     经离心和微滤浓缩处理后,发酵液的密度、黏度和含固量增加,芽胞数、晶体含量和效价提高,效价收率随浓缩倍数的增加而降低。
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  “spore”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The n (LC 50 ) of B. bassiana was 1.37×10 6 L -1 and the t (LT 50 ) was 7.48 ~ 11.27 d ( n (spore) = 1.0×10 11 ~ 1.0×10 7 L -1 ).
     白僵菌的n(LC50 ) =1.37× 10 6L-1,t (LT50 ) =7.48~ 11.2 7d (n(spore) =1.0× 10 11~ 1.0× 10 7L-1) .
短句来源
     for spore germination, yts EC_(50) and EC_(95) were 5.844ppm and 12.69ppm, respectively, the dosage-reaction linear regression equation was y=1.266+4.870x.
     对分生孢子萌发的剂量反应回归式为y=1.266+4.870x,EC_(50)为5.844ppm,EC_(95)为12.69ppm。
短句来源
     The spore germination rate was decreased by 2.2%-11.9%,4.3%-9.8%,2.7%-5.6%,2.0%-3.7% respectively.
     H03,2.0%~3.7%; Sh,2.2%~11.9%。
短句来源
     Adjusted spore suspension of Saccharomyces cerevisiae inoculated with a 2%~3.3% (V/V) ratio, at (37±1)℃ for 6~8 hours.
     方法啤酒酵母为实验菌,加菌量2%~3.3%(V/V),(37±1)℃培养6~8h测定。
短句来源
     Spore pollen climate of 7.6~6.2 ka B.P.
     7.6ka B.P. ~ 6.2 ka B.P.
短句来源
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  spore
Characteristics of spore germination and protonemal development in Hypnum pacleseens
      
The spore germination, protonemal development, and gametophyte differentiation of Hypnum pacleseens were observed in cultivation.
      
Photomicrographs showed that spore germination of Hypnum pacleseens occured within the exospore.
      
Physiological and biochemical traits of the epiphytic spore-forming bacteria Bacillus pumilusBIM B-263 were examined.
      
Spore-forming bacteria and microorganisms of the genus Pseudomonas were less active (17-23% and 7-11%).
      
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This is a continuation of a previous study (Li, L. Y, et al. 1951, Fukien Agr. Jour., 12(3, 4): 107-112) on the outdoor culture of straw mushroom in Fukien. The present work includes: (1) investi- gations on the analysis of fresh Fukien grown straw mushroom, (2) isolation and culture of Volvaria esculenta and our trials in using pure-culture spawns to grow mushroom, and (3) preliminary obser- vations made on the environmental requirements of Volvaria esculcnta The results are briefly summarized as follows: ...

This is a continuation of a previous study (Li, L. Y, et al. 1951, Fukien Agr. Jour., 12(3, 4): 107-112) on the outdoor culture of straw mushroom in Fukien. The present work includes: (1) investi- gations on the analysis of fresh Fukien grown straw mushroom, (2) isolation and culture of Volvaria esculenta and our trials in using pure-culture spawns to grow mushroom, and (3) preliminary obser- vations made on the environmental requirements of Volvaria esculcnta The results are briefly summarized as follows: 1. Our analytical work shows that the straw mushroom con- tains 92. 39% water, 206. 275mg. of ascorbic acid in 100g. of fresh mushroom, 2. 6024% sugar, 2. 6603% protein, 2. 2406% oil, and 0. 9118% ash. 2. Pure cultures of Volvaria esculenta could be readily obtained by innoculation with spores from fresh unopened mushroom. Cultures grow well on potato, corn, rice and rice-kernel husk media. 3. By employing pure-culture spawns, it takes only ten days for the first appearance of mushroom after spawnning while it takes three weeks usually if mixed cultures are used instead. The total period of mushroom production is likewise prolonged by the use of pure-culture spawns. 4. Preliminary observations indicate an atmospheric tempera- ture of 70°to 80°F., and a humidity of above 80% are favorable for the growth of straw mushroom. Production of mushroom stops when the atmospheric temperature falls below 70°F. The period of outdoor culture in Fcochow is from the latter part of April till the end of October.

本文旨在介绍草菰的营养价值,纯种培植的方法,及草菰生长状况。经分析结果,草菰的营养价值较一般蔬菜为高,尤以丙种维生素更为丰富。用纯种培植草菰较普通方法培植的不仅可以提早一半时间出菰,且产菰日期延长,菰之产量亦提高一倍。草菰生长速度从菰纽露面至菰伞平张需经过四十八小时,采为食用,以在菰疱破裂后十小时左右采收为佳。

Occurrence of sporadic diseased plant centers during or after the bloomingperiod is considered as reliable indication of the current year's forthcomingoutbreak of late blight in a potato farm. Incubation period of each secondary infection being about 4 days,is ratherconstant during the blight epiphytotic season under Chahar conditions.The timeinterval between the appearance of initial diseased plant centers to final totalblight in a potato field varies greatly,however,not only from locality to localitywith different...

Occurrence of sporadic diseased plant centers during or after the bloomingperiod is considered as reliable indication of the current year's forthcomingoutbreak of late blight in a potato farm. Incubation period of each secondary infection being about 4 days,is ratherconstant during the blight epiphytotic season under Chahar conditions.The timeinterval between the appearance of initial diseased plant centers to final totalblight in a potato field varies greatly,however,not only from locality to localitywith different climatic conditions but also from field to field under similarclimatic conditions.Our data record a range of 18-42 days.Circumstantial eviden-ces indicate that this variation is due,on the one hand,to the rainfall whichinfluences the amounts of sporulation and the frequency of penetration of thepathogene,and on the other hand,to cultural and other factors that determinethe vigor and the rate of aging of the plant itself. Actual counts of lesions formed from secondary infection in the early periodof the spread of the disease in a potato field,reveal that their distribution bearsdirect relation with the direction of the prevailing wind.It is estimated that over90% of spores fall within a rectangle of 800 sq.m.around a diseased plantcenter along the loci of wind directions. On the basis of possible function of absorbed copper ions in the enhancementof plant resistance to late blight,field experiments have been conducted by using0.1 - 0.2% copper sulfate solutions as spray.Results show that spraying 2-3 timesat 7-10 days' interval,started soon after the appearance of diseased plant center,gives remarkable control of late blight and corresponding reduction of loss inyield.The copper sulfate spray,though less effective and stable in comparisonwith the bordeaux spray,has the advantage of being more economical and easierto apply.Further experiments with the pu:pose of modifying and improving themethod are in progress.

從馬鈴薯的開花期起可能在田间出现的晚疫病中心病株是本田當年病害即將大量發生的重要標誌。每次再侵染的潛育期,在張家口壩下地區的氣候下,大約4天。從病害的最初發現到全面枯死所經過的日期囚種種外界環境條件而有很大的差別,我們所觀察到的是18—42天。根據調查资料來推測,一方面,促進病菌孢子形成数量和侵入數量的雨水,另一方面,决定植株衰老速度的栽培條件,是這種差別的主要原因。田間再侵染所形成的病斑之分佈情况說明病菌孢子的傳播与風向有直接的關係。估計90%以土的孢子落在中心病株附近順着風向的800平方米的長方形面積上。根據馬鈴薯地上部吸收銅素以提高共抗病力的可能性,利用0.1—0.2%硫酸銅溶液作為噴射劑,在田间中心病株發現的時期開始每隔7—10天喷射共2—3次,可以顯著地降低晚疫病的為害,提高產量。這個方法在共效驗及穩定性上不如波爾多液,在藥劑費用的節省及施用的方便上則勝之?椒ǖ母牧己吞岣哒谶M一步研究中。

Laboratory test by filter-paper disc method shows that organic mercurials arehighly toxic to the spores of the rice blast fungus.Ethyl mercury phosphate giveslargest inhibition zone,ethyl mercury chloride the next,and phenyl mercuryacetate the smallest of the three compounds tested.With bordeaux mixture,littleor no appreciable distant action has been observed. Cement plot experiment indicates that a mixture of 1 part phenyl mercuryacetate to 5 parts hydrated lime or 1: 15 and 1: 20 ethyl mercury chloride...

Laboratory test by filter-paper disc method shows that organic mercurials arehighly toxic to the spores of the rice blast fungus.Ethyl mercury phosphate giveslargest inhibition zone,ethyl mercury chloride the next,and phenyl mercuryacetate the smallest of the three compounds tested.With bordeaux mixture,littleor no appreciable distant action has been observed. Cement plot experiment indicates that a mixture of 1 part phenyl mercuryacetate to 5 parts hydrated lime or 1: 15 and 1: 20 ethyl mercury chloride andhydrated lime applied as dust give much better control of rice blast than bor-deaux mixture.These fungicides are not injurious to rice plant except causing afew necrotic spots on the leaves. Similar results were obtained in field experiments.Plants dusted 2-3 timesduring the growing season yielded 25-158% higher than the untreated.

(一)有机汞剂对稻瘟病菌孢子发芽的抑制作用以谷仁乐生(磷酸乙基汞)为最大,其次为西力生(氯化乙基汞),再次为赛力散(醋酸苯汞) (二)赛力散加消石灰5倍或西力生加消石灰15倍及20倍粉剂对稻瘟有较好的防治效果,对水稻的发育无不良影响,实测无效分蘖相对减少,稻谷稔实率增高,但对稻叶有少许烧伤药斑,在喷粉不均匀和消石灰颗粒大时,此种现象更为明显。(三)赛力散加消石灰5倍在大田生产中防病增产的效果特别良好,喷粉2~3次能增加稻谷产量25~158%,每公顷纯收益129~609元。(四)赛力散(西力生)加消石灰粉剂,在水稻植株上展着良好,降雨後虽被冲洗, ??防病效果仍不低。(五)銅製劑波爾多液對稻瘟病也有一定的防治效果?梢钥隙ㄆ浞啦≡霎a效果低於賽力散消石灰粉,在大田試驗的條件下,每公頃純收益只及賽力散消石灰粉的50%。

 
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