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spore
相关语句
  孢子
    SPORE STAGES OF PUCCINIA CARTHAMI CDA AND ITS LIFE CYCLE
    红花锈病菌Puccinia carthami Cda.的孢子阶段及生活史研究
短句来源
    Streptomyces 702 can obviously result in condensing of the plasma in the mycelium cell and strongly inhibit sclerotium and spore germination,a complete inhibition takes place when the dosage is at the level of 15.11 mg/L and 10.64 mg/L.
    能显著的引起菌丝细胞内原生质凝集; 对菌核及孢子的萌发有较强的抑制作用,15.11mg/L和10.64mg/L完全抑制菌核和孢子的萌发;
短句来源
    Spore germination tests showed that the fermentation of H32 exhibited the strongest antibiotic activity against Bipolaris sorokiniana,Exserohilum turcicum,Alternaria alternata,the EC50 values were 25.5,28.9,29.9 mL/L,respectively.
    H32菌株发酵液对小麦根腐病菌、玉米大斑病菌、烟草赤星病菌孢子萌发的EC50值分别为25.5、28.9和29.9mL/L。
短句来源
    The results of the inhibition of spore germination indicated that the fermentation products exhibited obvious inhibition rate against Alternaria longipes,the EC50 values was 62.5328 μg/mL;
    抑制孢子萌发试验表明:菌丝体甲醇提取物对烟草赤星病菌的毒力较好,其EC50仅为62.5328μg/mL;
短句来源
    The inhibitive rate to spore germination reached 100% when the concentration of garlic bulb crude extracts increased to 10 mg/mL,and the pathogen inhibited circle reached the biggest,5.7 mm,and the mycelia growth inhibitive rate reached 100% when the concentration of garlic bulb extracts increased to 20 mg/mL.
    当大蒜鳞茎粗提物的质量浓度达到10 mg/mL时,对病菌孢子萌发的抑制率达100%; 质量浓度达到20 mg/mL时,抑菌圈直径最大,为5.7 mm,对病菌菌丝生长的抑制率达到100%,与对照差异达极显著水平。
短句来源
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  芽孢
    ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC OBSERVATION ON THE PARASPORAL CRYSTAL AND SPORE FROM 187 STRAIN OF BACILLUS THURINGIENSIS
    苏云金杆菌187菌株伴孢晶体和芽孢的电镜观察
短句来源
    Effect of 5 chemical fungicides on thallus and spore of Bacillus subtilis NCD-2
    5种化学杀菌剂对枯草芽孢杆菌NCD-2菌体及芽孢的影响
短句来源
    Nutrition requirements for spore formation by Bacillus licheniformis isolate BH_1
    营养对生防菌株BH_1芽孢产量的影响研究
短句来源
    Effect of nitrogen nutrition on the spore germination of Bt HBF-1 strain effective to Scarabaeoid beetles
    氮素营养对金龟子有效的苏云金杆菌HBF-1芽孢萌发的影响
    The powder made of the spore of BS3.1 endured storing and had higher survival rate.
    利用BS_(3-1)产生的芽孢制成的芽孢粉剂耐储藏,芽孢存活率高。
短句来源
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  芽胞
    One inclusion formed somewhat later exterior to the exosporium. Another inclusion was formed within the exosporium and remained with the spore after mother cell lysis.
    当芽胞形成细胞裂解后,一种晶体被释放出来,形成自由的伴胞晶体,另一种在芽胞外壁内侧形成,成熟后被包裹在芽胞外壁以内不脱落,始终和芽胞粘连在一起。
短句来源
    0.025% ED-A in spore suspension could kill spores of Bacillus subtilis var.niger (ATCC,9372)and Candida albicans(ATCC,10231)after 5~30 min of contact at 20℃, and 0.05% ED-A in spore suspension could kill spores of Trichoderma viride,Neurospora spp.
    悬液内(20℃)0.025%A 食消5~30min 能杀灭枯草杆菌黑色变种芽胞和白色念珠菌孢子。
短句来源
    Orthogonal test including three factors (wind temperature,wind velocity and material thickness) were fulfilled with a countercurrent drier for drying the Bt 8010.Significance level was analysed according to the factors affecting drying time and spore numbers after drying,Regression equations were obtained which were relative to drying time,residal rate of spores and drying curve in the stage of descending speed for drying. Some rational parameters were put forward for optimizing drying technology.
    利用对流干燥试验台,就苏云金芽胞杆菌8010粉剂(Bt8010)对流干燥进行了风温、风速和物料层厚度的正交试验.分析了上述三因素对干燥时间和干燥后芽胞数目的影响的显著水平.同时还得出干燥时间、芽胞剩余率的回归方程及降速干燥阶段曲线方程,提出了较佳的干燥工艺参数.
短句来源
  “spore”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Method of Identifying Callus Resistance ──Quantitative Inoculation by Single Spore
    愈伤组织抗病性鉴定方法─—定量分生孢子纸片接种法
短句来源
    Separation of Bt 8010 Spore From Its Fermented Liquior With Ultrafiltration
    应用超滤技术分离Bt8010发酵液
短句来源
    It has a notable inhibition effect on spore formation,a complete inhibition takes place when the dosage is at the level of 22.66 mg/L.
    对孢子形成也有一定的阻碍作用,22.66mg/L完全抑制孢子形成。
短句来源
    The results showed that the minimum inhibitive concentration(MIC) was 0.156 25 mg/mL; with the increase of garlic bulb crude extracts concentration,the inhibited circle and the inhibitive rates to mycelia growth and spore germination of the pathogen increased.
    结果表明,随大蒜鳞茎粗提物质量浓度的增加,对西瓜枯萎病菌的抑制作用增强,大蒜鳞茎粗提物的最低抑菌质量浓度(MIC)为0.156 25 mg/mL;
短句来源
    The time of keeping high humidity(t) was longer,the spore production capacity(y) was bigger. The regression equation was y=exp[-14.59×exp(-0.2t)].
    保湿时间越长,病斑产孢越多,保湿时间(t)与产孢量(y)关系的回归方程为y=exp[-14.59exp(-0.2t)]。
短句来源
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  spore
Characteristics of spore germination and protonemal development in Hypnum pacleseens
      
The spore germination, protonemal development, and gametophyte differentiation of Hypnum pacleseens were observed in cultivation.
      
Photomicrographs showed that spore germination of Hypnum pacleseens occured within the exospore.
      
Physiological and biochemical traits of the epiphytic spore-forming bacteria Bacillus pumilusBIM B-263 were examined.
      
Spore-forming bacteria and microorganisms of the genus Pseudomonas were less active (17-23% and 7-11%).
      
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Occurrence of sporadic diseased plant centers during or after the bloomingperiod is considered as reliable indication of the current year's forthcomingoutbreak of late blight in a potato farm. Incubation period of each secondary infection being about 4 days,is ratherconstant during the blight epiphytotic season under Chahar conditions.The timeinterval between the appearance of initial diseased plant centers to final totalblight in a potato field varies greatly,however,not only from locality to localitywith different...

Occurrence of sporadic diseased plant centers during or after the bloomingperiod is considered as reliable indication of the current year's forthcomingoutbreak of late blight in a potato farm. Incubation period of each secondary infection being about 4 days,is ratherconstant during the blight epiphytotic season under Chahar conditions.The timeinterval between the appearance of initial diseased plant centers to final totalblight in a potato field varies greatly,however,not only from locality to localitywith different climatic conditions but also from field to field under similarclimatic conditions.Our data record a range of 18-42 days.Circumstantial eviden-ces indicate that this variation is due,on the one hand,to the rainfall whichinfluences the amounts of sporulation and the frequency of penetration of thepathogene,and on the other hand,to cultural and other factors that determinethe vigor and the rate of aging of the plant itself. Actual counts of lesions formed from secondary infection in the early periodof the spread of the disease in a potato field,reveal that their distribution bearsdirect relation with the direction of the prevailing wind.It is estimated that over90% of spores fall within a rectangle of 800 sq.m.around a diseased plantcenter along the loci of wind directions. On the basis of possible function of absorbed copper ions in the enhancementof plant resistance to late blight,field experiments have been conducted by using0.1 - 0.2% copper sulfate solutions as spray.Results show that spraying 2-3 timesat 7-10 days' interval,started soon after the appearance of diseased plant center,gives remarkable control of late blight and corresponding reduction of loss inyield.The copper sulfate spray,though less effective and stable in comparisonwith the bordeaux spray,has the advantage of being more economical and easierto apply.Further experiments with the pu:pose of modifying and improving themethod are in progress.

從馬鈴薯的開花期起可能在田间出现的晚疫病中心病株是本田當年病害即將大量發生的重要標誌。每次再侵染的潛育期,在張家口壩下地區的氣候下,大約4天。從病害的最初發現到全面枯死所經過的日期囚種種外界環境條件而有很大的差別,我們所觀察到的是18—42天。根據調查资料來推測,一方面,促進病菌孢子形成数量和侵入數量的雨水,另一方面,决定植株衰老速度的栽培條件,是這種差別的主要原因。田間再侵染所形成的病斑之分佈情况說明病菌孢子的傳播与風向有直接的關係。估計90%以土的孢子落在中心病株附近順着風向的800平方米的長方形面積上。根據馬鈴薯地上部吸收銅素以提高共抗病力的可能性,利用0.1—0.2%硫酸銅溶液作為噴射劑,在田间中心病株發現的時期開始每隔7—10天喷射共2—3次,可以顯著地降低晚疫病的為害,提高產量。這個方法在共效驗及穩定性上不如波爾多液,在藥劑費用的節省及施用的方便上則勝之?椒ǖ母牧己吞岣哒谶M一步研究中。

Laboratory test by filter-paper disc method shows that organic mercurials arehighly toxic to the spores of the rice blast fungus.Ethyl mercury phosphate giveslargest inhibition zone,ethyl mercury chloride the next,and phenyl mercuryacetate the smallest of the three compounds tested.With bordeaux mixture,littleor no appreciable distant action has been observed. Cement plot experiment indicates that a mixture of 1 part phenyl mercuryacetate to 5 parts hydrated lime or 1: 15 and 1: 20 ethyl mercury chloride...

Laboratory test by filter-paper disc method shows that organic mercurials arehighly toxic to the spores of the rice blast fungus.Ethyl mercury phosphate giveslargest inhibition zone,ethyl mercury chloride the next,and phenyl mercuryacetate the smallest of the three compounds tested.With bordeaux mixture,littleor no appreciable distant action has been observed. Cement plot experiment indicates that a mixture of 1 part phenyl mercuryacetate to 5 parts hydrated lime or 1: 15 and 1: 20 ethyl mercury chloride andhydrated lime applied as dust give much better control of rice blast than bor-deaux mixture.These fungicides are not injurious to rice plant except causing afew necrotic spots on the leaves. Similar results were obtained in field experiments.Plants dusted 2-3 timesduring the growing season yielded 25-158% higher than the untreated.

(一)有机汞剂对稻瘟病菌孢子发芽的抑制作用以谷仁乐生(磷酸乙基汞)为最大,其次为西力生(氯化乙基汞),再次为赛力散(醋酸苯汞) (二)赛力散加消石灰5倍或西力生加消石灰15倍及20倍粉剂对稻瘟有较好的防治效果,对水稻的发育无不良影响,实测无效分蘖相对减少,稻谷稔实率增高,但对稻叶有少许烧伤药斑,在喷粉不均匀和消石灰颗粒大时,此种现象更为明显。(三)赛力散加消石灰5倍在大田生产中防病增产的效果特别良好,喷粉2~3次能增加稻谷产量25~158%,每公顷纯收益129~609元。(四)赛力散(西力生)加消石灰粉剂,在水稻植株上展着良好,降雨後虽被冲洗, ??防病效果仍不低。(五)銅製劑波爾多液對稻瘟病也有一定的防治效果?梢钥隙ㄆ浞啦≡霎a效果低於賽力散消石灰粉,在大田試驗的條件下,每公頃純收益只及賽力散消石灰粉的50%。

High percentage of chlamydospore germination of Neovossia horrida (Tak.)P.& K.with abundant basidiospore production was obtained by placing moistenedspores in a Petri dish with limited supply of water,the dish-cover being inkedblue to insure a favordable light condition.Moistened spores applied on the sur-face of kernels of a growing rice head enclosed in a paraffin paper bag was alsofound to germinate by producing a very short basidium and a large number ofbasidiospores.It is,therefore,concluded that...

High percentage of chlamydospore germination of Neovossia horrida (Tak.)P.& K.with abundant basidiospore production was obtained by placing moistenedspores in a Petri dish with limited supply of water,the dish-cover being inkedblue to insure a favordable light condition.Moistened spores applied on the sur-face of kernels of a growing rice head enclosed in a paraffin paper bag was alsofound to germinate by producing a very short basidium and a large number ofbasidiospores.It is,therefore,concluded that not only light but also oxygen isrequired for normal germination of the spores of the rice kernel smut. Results of a series of inoculation experiments conclusively show that thefungus infects rice kernels during the milky dough stage.Basidiospore inoculationgives higher percentage of infection than chlamydospore inoculation. Field observation indicates that the incidence of high percentage of infectionis coincident with the excessive application of nitrogenous fertilizer.Fluctuationof the amount of infection from year to year is probably determined chiefly by theduration of high moisture period from heading to dough stage.There are someevidences of varietal difference in the susceptibility of rice to the kernel smut.

(一)稻粒黑穗病菌厚垣孢子的正常萌发,在外界环境條件的關係上,不僅要求一定的光照,而且需有充分的氧氣供給。至於對水分的要求,只要空氣中?窒喈敐穸?已足供萌发的需要,不一定要有水滴的經常存在。(二)接種試驗證明病原係在水稻的灌漿期侵入種实。在自然界中,這種侵染顯然是通過氣流傳播而實现的。但種子與土壤所荷带的病原菌厚垣孢子,都是侵染的來源。(三)过量的氮素肥料,與高的稻粒黑穗病感染率有密切的關係。(四)稻粒黑穗病发生程度的年份间差異可能主要是决定於抽穗至乳熟期的高濕度的持續時間。(五)初步調查的資料表示水稻品種间具有顯著的感病性差別。

 
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