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gallbladder
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  胆囊
     The Effect of VEGF Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotides Transfection on Angiogenesis in Gallbladder Carcinoma
     VEGF反义寡核苷酸转染对胆囊癌肿瘤血管生成影响的研究
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     hTERT and β-catenin Expression in Gallbladder Carcinoma and Experiment Research of hTERT RNA Interference Inhibited in Human Gallbladder Carcinoma Cells
     胆囊癌hTERT、β-catenin表达及hTERT RNAi在人胆囊癌细胞中的作用研究
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     The Expression of Genes Related to Gallbiadder Carcinoma and the Apoptosis Induced by Antisense Oligonucleotides Targeting Survivin and Bcl-2 on Gallbladder Carcinoma Cell
     胆囊癌相关基因表达及联合转染Survivin和Bcl-2反义寡核苷酸对胆囊癌细胞调亡的影响
短句来源
     The Study on the Cell Apoptosis Induction,Growth Suppression and Gene Expression Profile Regulation of Human Gallbladder Carcinoma GBC-SD Cell Lines after Transfection of Wild-Type p53 Gene
     野生型p53基因转染对人胆囊癌GBC-SD细胞凋亡诱导、生长抑制及基因表达谱调控的研究
短句来源
     Relationship of Gastrointestinal Hormones and Pharmacol Factors with Motility of Oddi Sphincter, Gallbladder and Formation of Cholelithiasis
     胃肠肽类激素和药物因素与胆囊及Oddi括约肌运动功能、胆石症形成关系的研究
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  胆囊
     The Effect of VEGF Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotides Transfection on Angiogenesis in Gallbladder Carcinoma
     VEGF反义寡核苷酸转染对胆囊癌肿瘤血管生成影响的研究
短句来源
     hTERT and β-catenin Expression in Gallbladder Carcinoma and Experiment Research of hTERT RNA Interference Inhibited in Human Gallbladder Carcinoma Cells
     胆囊癌hTERT、β-catenin表达及hTERT RNAi在人胆囊癌细胞中的作用研究
短句来源
     The Expression of Genes Related to Gallbiadder Carcinoma and the Apoptosis Induced by Antisense Oligonucleotides Targeting Survivin and Bcl-2 on Gallbladder Carcinoma Cell
     胆囊癌相关基因表达及联合转染Survivin和Bcl-2反义寡核苷酸对胆囊癌细胞调亡的影响
短句来源
     The Study on the Cell Apoptosis Induction,Growth Suppression and Gene Expression Profile Regulation of Human Gallbladder Carcinoma GBC-SD Cell Lines after Transfection of Wild-Type p53 Gene
     野生型p53基因转染对人胆囊癌GBC-SD细胞凋亡诱导、生长抑制及基因表达谱调控的研究
短句来源
     Relationship of Gastrointestinal Hormones and Pharmacol Factors with Motility of Oddi Sphincter, Gallbladder and Formation of Cholelithiasis
     胃肠肽类激素和药物因素与胆囊及Oddi括约肌运动功能、胆石症形成关系的研究
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     Results:① The positive expression rates of PTEN mRNA and protein in HGC(56.3%,59.4%) were significantly lower than that in gallbladder adenoma(81.8%,90.8%) and chronic cholecystitis(100%,100%)(P<0.05).
     结果:①PTEN mRNA和蛋白在HGC组织中的阳性率(56.3%,59.4%)均明显低于囊腺瘤组织(81.8%,90.8%)和慢性囊炎组织(100%,100%),(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Results The intensity score of PTEN and nm23 in gallbladder cancer with metastasis was 8.9947±4.5590 and 10.2003±3.9031, respectively, which was lower than that in those without metastasis(12.9433±4.7618 and 15.8436±5.6917 respectively, P<0.01).
     结果:PTEN和nm23蛋白在有转移 囊癌组表达强度记分分别为8.9947±4.5590和10.2003±3.9031,低于无转移囊癌组(分别为12.9433±4.761 和15.8436±5.6917)(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     ②The level of NO(μmol/g) in gastric mucosa in the stomach channel group(1.38±0.27) was apparently higher than those in the model group(0.45±0.20),gallbladder cha nnel group(0.45±0.19) and bladder channel group(0.57±0.24)(F=11.32,P< 0.01).
     ②胃黏膜一氧化氮含量(μmol/g):胃经组(1.38±0.27)明显高于模型组(0.45±0.20)、经组(0.45±0.19)及膀胱经组(0.57±0.24),差异有显著性意义(F=11.32,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     ② The positive expression rates of P53 protein in HGC(62.2%) were significantly higher than those in gallbladder adenoma(27.2%) and chronic cholecystitis(0.0%)(P<0.05).
     ②P53蛋白在HGC组织中的阳性率(62.2%)均明显高于囊腺瘤组织(27.2%)和慢性囊炎组织(0.0%),(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     RESULTS Positive rate of CD15 and its integral absorbance (optic density) in carcinoma of the gallbladder were 71% (32/45) and 4.0±3.2 respectively, significantly higher than 35% (6/17) and 0.9±0.3 in adenoma of the gallbladder, 20% (2/10) and 0.4±0.1 in chronic cholecystitis (P<0.05, P<0.01).
     结果 CD15抗原表达阳性率及阳性细胞积分A值,在囊癌中(71%,4.0±3.2)显著高于囊腺瘤(35%,0.9±0.3)和慢性囊炎(20%,0.4±0.1)(P<0.05,P<0.01);
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  “gallbladder”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Study of Gastric and Gallbladder Kinetics with Real-time Ultrasonography in Cases of Functional Dyspepsia
     Study of Gastric and Gallbladder Kinetics with Real-time Ultrasonography in Cases of Functional Dyspepsia
短句来源
     The expression of SVV was a reverse correlation wth nm23H1 expression in gallbladder carcinoma (x2 =5.75, P<0.05).
     SVV表达与nm23H1蛋白表达呈负相关(x2=5.71,P<0.05)。
短句来源
     Results: After 1~8.8 years of follow-up, the 1,2,3,4,5 and over 5 years recurrence rate of gallbladder stones was 11.9%, 20.2%, 23.1%, 34.8%, 35.7% and 37.2% respectively.
     结果:经1~8.8年随访,胆囊结石的复发率分别为,1年11.9%,2年20.2%,3年23.1%,4年34.8%,5年35.7%和5年以上37.2%。
短句来源
     2. The means of CEA and CA19- 9 in patients illed with liver, gall bladder and pancreas infections were 13 .52 ± 9 .48 ng/ml and 119 .46 ± 19 .02 U/L respectively, much higher than the patients illed with other benign digestive disease.
     2.活动性肝胆胰疾病患者的 CEA 平均值为13.52 ± 9.48ng/ml,CA19-9为119.46 ± 119.02U/L,均明显高于其他良性疾患组病人(5.13 ± 2.28ng/ml和28.45 ±60.23U/L)。
短句来源
     There was also a higher frequency of X+ allele in the group of patients with gallbladder stone(s) as compared with the control group (male:8.33% vs. 4.01%, P<0.05; female:14.47% vs. 3.85%, P<0.001; total:10.79% vs. 3.96%, P<0.001).
     胆石组的X~+等位基因频率显著高于对照组(男性:8.33%比4.01%,P<0.05;女性:14.47%比3.85%,P<0.001;总体:10.79%比3.96%,P<0.001)。
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  gallbladder
Therewith, an increase in the stomach fluid, intestinal dilatation, and an increased gallbladder tone were determined in most cases on an empty stomach, which suggested increased secretory activity.
      
Flattened glycemic curves and decreased pancreas and gallbladder reactivities, as well as delayed gastric evacuation, were revealed after a glucose-mil load.
      
A study of the fractal structure of the precipitate and the mechanism of its formation from the gallbladder bile of a patient
      
Relationship between cholecystolithiasis and polypoid gallbladder
      
Objective: To study the relationship between cholecystolithiasis and polypoid gallbladder(PLG), 260 patients with polypoid gallbladder were investigated.
      
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Effect of direct electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on the output of rabbit hepatic bile was evaluated in evaluated in anesthetized animals. Rabbits were cannulated in the common bile duct, and electrodes were placed around the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerves. The vagus nerves were cut proximal to the electrodes and stimulated with an induction current for 3 minutes (15 to 70 Hz). Stimulation was carried out when the enterohepatic circulation was interrupted artificially. The results were as follows: (1)...

Effect of direct electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve on the output of rabbit hepatic bile was evaluated in evaluated in anesthetized animals. Rabbits were cannulated in the common bile duct, and electrodes were placed around the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerves. The vagus nerves were cut proximal to the electrodes and stimulated with an induction current for 3 minutes (15 to 70 Hz). Stimulation was carried out when the enterohepatic circulation was interrupted artificially. The results were as follows: (1) After the subdiaphragmatic vagus nerves of 22 animals being stimulated, the bile flow was inhibited in 14 cases, increased and decreased alternatively in 6 cases, and unchanged in the remained two. (2) In ten rabbits with gallbladder duct ligated, the bile flow was stopped by stimulation of vagus nerves. (3) In seven animals intravenous injection of bile being given previously, and then vagus nerves being stimulated, the bile flow was stopped in four cases, unchanged in two and increased in one. (4) After atropine being injected intravenously in six animals, and then vagus nerves being stimulated, the bile flow was found unchanged in 4 cases and inhibited in two. This study indicates that vagal nerve stimulation inhibits hepatic bile flow in rabbits.

本工作用22只家兔进行实验观察,看到: (一)在麻醉情况下,家兔胆汁流量较多,流速均匀。 (二)在电刺激膈下迷走神经后,22例实验动物中有14例出现胆汁分泌抑制现象,6例出现胆汁分泌增多或暂停的交替现象,这二现象的刺激与反应之间的潜伏期均很短,在1—2秒钟之内。2例无改变。 (三)10例实验动物的胆囊胆管被结扎,然后用电刺激迷走神经,均出现胆汁分泌抑制现象。 (四)7例实验动物于静脉注射自身胆汁引起胆汁流量明显增多的情况下,刺激迷走神经,结果4例出现胆汁流量暂停,2例无变化,1例出现胆汁流量增多。 (五)6例实验动物于静脉注射阿托品后刺激迷走神经,其中4例的胆汁流量不发生改变,2例出现抑制现象。根据这些结果似乎可以认为,电刺激膈下迷走神经可以抑制胆汁流出,这可能是由于胆管收缩或痉挛所致。

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of gallbladder stretchingon cardiac performance in anesthetized dogs.We used the ratio of the pre-ejec-tion period to the left ventricular ejection time(PEP/ET)as the index of the cardiacpump function.Following control measurements,the gallbladder was stretchedfor 20 min and the PEP/ET ratio was estimated at each 5 rain intervals.Theheart rate and mean arterial pressure were calculated simultaneously.In thefirst series of experiments,it was shown...

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of gallbladder stretchingon cardiac performance in anesthetized dogs.We used the ratio of the pre-ejec-tion period to the left ventricular ejection time(PEP/ET)as the index of the cardiacpump function.Following control measurements,the gallbladder was stretchedfor 20 min and the PEP/ET ratio was estimated at each 5 rain intervals.Theheart rate and mean arterial pressure were calculated simultaneously.In thefirst series of experiments,it was shown that the heart rate and mean arterial pres-sure were increased significantly while the PEP/ET ratio did not deviate substan-tially from the control.A possible explanation for this response pattern is thatthe cardiac performance revealed by PEP/ET ratio might be influenced by someconflicting factors arising from the different origins.This suspicion was con-firmed in subsequent experiments by means of the pretreatment of animals withspecific alpha and beta adrenergic blocking agents.These results indicated thatthe afferent input arising from gallbladder stretching elicited two distinct res-ponses:(1)a positive inotropic effects resulting from beta adrenergic stimulation;(2)a pressor effect resulting from alpha adrenergic vasoconstriction.It is empha-sized that these two conflicting influences on cardiac performance could canceleach other out in many conditions and thus lead to a misunderstanding as if therewould be no close correlation between heart performance and gallbladder stret-ching.The clinical implications of this correlation were discussed.

本工作观察了胆囊牵拉(或充气)对麻醉狗的心脏泵血功能的影响,并对与此有关的肾上腺素能受体的活动作了分析。实验表明,胆囊牵拉不影响用来反映左室射血分数的 PEP/ET 值,但引起有显著意义的心率加快和平均动脉压的升高;如预先给动物注射心得安,则牵拉不再能引起心率改变,但仍引起血压的升高,同时出现泵血功能的下降;如预先给动物注射酚妥拉明,牵拉不再引起血压改变,但出现心率的加快和泵血功能的增强。实验结果说明,胆囊牵拉可能通过心脏的β-肾上腺素能受体和动脉血管的α-肾上腺素能受体影响心脏的泵血功能,而这两种作用在正常情况下有可能相互抵消,造成胆囊激惹不显著影响泵血功能的假象。对这一现象在临床上的意义作了初步讨论。

Since 1977,3 cholecysto-common hepatic duct fistulae and 2 cholecystocholedochalfistulae were encountered during cholecystectomies.Stones were found either straddlingthe fistulous opening or passed through it and occluding the common bile duct. Theusual findings at operation were fusion between gallbladder and bile duct and thick-ening of the tissue near Calot's triangle.In 2 cases,dissection of gallbladder led toinjury of common hepatic duct or hepatic duct.The defect in the common hepatic ductwas...

Since 1977,3 cholecysto-common hepatic duct fistulae and 2 cholecystocholedochalfistulae were encountered during cholecystectomies.Stones were found either straddlingthe fistulous opening or passed through it and occluding the common bile duct. Theusual findings at operation were fusion between gallbladder and bile duct and thick-ening of the tissue near Calot's triangle.In 2 cases,dissection of gallbladder led toinjury of common hepatic duct or hepatic duct.The defect in the common hepatic ductwas used to anastomose with duodenum while the lacerated hepatic duct was repaired,with T-tube drainage of common bile duct.In the other 2 cases,the fundus of thegallbladder was opened,gallbladder wall trimmed around the fistula and a T-tube in-serted via the fistulous opening.The tube was then oversewn with the gallbladderremnant around it and was removed 3 months later.In the remaining case,the fis-tulous opening was enlarged proximally and converted into a biliojejunostomy withthe gallbladder remnant forming the posterolateral wall of the anastomosis.All thepatients were well during follow-up 3-36 months postoperatively.

本文报告5例胆囊胆管瘘,其中3例为胆囊肝总管瘘,2例为胆囊胆总管瘘。对本病的诊断和治疗等问题进行了讨论.强调切忌盲目分离粘连,以免造成胆管损伤。

 
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