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animals
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  动物
     The Influence on the Experimental Animals of the Injections of Compound Medicine to the Epidural Space
     硬膜外腔复合液注射对实验动物的影响
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     Cloning and Expression Studies of FSH/LH and GH/GHR from Giant Panda and Other Endangered Animals
     大熊猫等濒危动物FSH/LH和GH/GHR基因的克隆及其表达研究
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     Studies on the Biology of Water Environment and Culture of Aquatic Economic Animals
     水体环境及水生经济动物养殖生物学研究
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     Molecular Cloning, Expression and Tissue Distribution of Insulin-like Growth Factor Ⅰ in Endangered Animals
     大熊猫等濒危动物IGF-Ⅰ基因的克隆、表达与组织分布研究
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     Study on Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics of CTN986 in Animals
     CTN986动物体内代谢与药物动力学研究
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     Studies on the Reproductive Toxicology of Cadmium in Male Animals
     镉的雄性动物生殖毒理学的研究
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     Construction and Functional Optimization of Bioartifical Renal Tubule Assist Device in the Treatment of MODS/MOF with ARF Animals
     生物人工肾小管的体外构建、功能优化、治疗MODS/MOF并ARF的实验研究
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     Adsorption of Montmorillonite and Modified Montmorillonite for AFB_1 and Some Nutrients and Their Detoxification for AFB_1 in Animals
     蒙脱石改性前后对AFB_1和营养成分的吸附及对AFB_1的脱毒效果
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     Pharmacological Study on the Protective Action of Bicyclol Against Experimental Liver Injury and Fibrosis in Animals
     双环醇对实验性肝损伤、肝纤维化的保护作用和作用机制的研究
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     Study of Toxicology of Dichlobenil、Sodium Deoxycholate and LHRH-PE40 on Animals
     去氧胆酸钠、2,6-二氯苯腈和LHRH-PE40毒性的动物实验研究
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     Learn from Animals
     向动物学习
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  animals
Excessive accumulation of intracellular sorbitol found in various tissues of diabetic animals and in cells cultured under high glucose conditions has been proposed to be an important factor for the pathogenesis of diabetic complications.
      
Animals then received Na99mTcO4 via ocular plexus and were sacrificed.
      
Soil animals are abundant in forest litter layer, but little attention has been paid to the vertical distribution of community structure of soil animals in the layers at different plant community succession stages.
      
Soil animals, which were collected by using Tullgren funnels, amounted to a total of 13 381 individuals falling into 2 phyla, 8 classes and 20 orders.
      
In contrast to those in the soil, the soil animals in the litter layer generally tended to increase in both group abundance and density from the top fresh litter layer to the bottom humus layer.
      
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1. The albino mice were used for this study. The Golgi apparatus in the cells of the epididymis and the vas deferens of normal, starved, and refed animals were studied.2. The amount of the Golgi elements can be maintained by feeding, not only by the sex hormone.3. The Golgi apparatus may be regarded as a product of food assimilation, not a definite cell organ.4. It is suggested that the Golgi apparatus has similar organ with that of mitochondria and secretion granules, but with different quantity of lipoids....

1. The albino mice were used for this study. The Golgi apparatus in the cells of the epididymis and the vas deferens of normal, starved, and refed animals were studied.2. The amount of the Golgi elements can be maintained by feeding, not only by the sex hormone.3. The Golgi apparatus may be regarded as a product of food assimilation, not a definite cell organ.4. It is suggested that the Golgi apparatus has similar organ with that of mitochondria and secretion granules, but with different quantity of lipoids.

(1)本研究以白鼠为材料,就常态白鼠绝食及再餵之白鼠观察其副睾丸及输精管上皮细胞内之高基體。查得在绝食期内副睾上皮细胞之高基體逐渐減少,由网状體变为颗粒,先集于前端後卽散开,至三十六小时高基體绝少,再餵後復有颗粒出现於前端。 (2)输精管上皮细胞内高基體原作线状,列於细胞前部。绝食十三时後,变为颗粒。俟三十六小时後再餵,卽有许多小粒在细胞前端边缘或卽係高基體 (3)由此结果可知高基體之多寡,既视绝食与否而定,或可谓为食物同化之产物,非固定之细胞器官也。 (4)高基體之起源或与粒线體,及分泌粒同,但其所含类脂質之量不同。

1. This paper deals with the blood-sucking Ceratopogonidae collected fromSzechuan province.2. The female flies. of Lasiohelea taiwana, Culicoides sugimotonis and Culi-coides oxystoma have been studied morphologically in detail. Apart fromTaiwan Province, these species are recorded for the first time in China.3. The proportional length of the antennal segments, the shape of sonsorypore of the maxillary palpus and the distribution of wing spots are thespecific characters for the identification of these species.4....

1. This paper deals with the blood-sucking Ceratopogonidae collected fromSzechuan province.2. The female flies. of Lasiohelea taiwana, Culicoides sugimotonis and Culi-coides oxystoma have been studied morphologically in detail. Apart fromTaiwan Province, these species are recorded for the first time in China.3. The proportional length of the antennal segments, the shape of sonsorypore of the maxillary palpus and the distribution of wing spots are thespecific characters for the identification of these species.4. The blood-sucking habits of these species are quite different Lasioheleataiwana prefers human blood, Culicoides sugimotonis is a domestic fowlfeeder and sometimes also may feed on human blood while Culicoidesoxystoma is a preference for animal blood.

(一)本文所叙述三种蠛蠓,亦称墨蚊,采集地区包括四川省重庆之歌乐山、北碚之缙云山、澄江镇、宜宝及嘉定等地。 (三)三种蠛蠓之学名为Lasiohelea taiwana,Culicoides sugimotonis及Culicoides oxystoma,除台湾已有报告外,国内其他各地尚系首次记录。 (三)本文所记载的蠛蠓均系雌性成虫,其雄虫,蛹及幼虫之生态以及与传播疾病之可能性诸问题,尚有继续研究之必要。 (四)触角、触须、腿肢各节之比长,翅斑之分布及感觉毛开口孔之形状等为蠛蠓分类上之主要特征。 (五)三种蠛蠓之嗜血习性各不同:Lasiohelea taiwana之吸血对象为人类;Culicoides sugimotonis吸血对象为家禽有时亦吸人血;Culicoides oxystoma之吸血对象则为家畜。

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China....

The recent opportunity of examining the faecal material of the water-scorpion Leccotrephes japonensis revealed a flagellate which had not previously been described from this host. After fuller investigation I found that it is a species new to science and should be referred to the genus Retortamona; I have named it Retortamonas leccotrephae sp. nov.The specimens of Leccotrephes japonensis used for studies on the parasitic flagellate R. leccotrephae, were collected from ponds on the outskirts of Shanghai, China. Apart from studying the living flagellates, at the same time stained specimens were prepared for the detailed study of various structures. These specimens were fixed either in Hollande's or in Schaudinn's fluid; stained in Heidenhain's haematoxylin, and destained in 2% aqueous phospho-tungstic acid. Moskowitz' (1950) modification of the Protargol impregnation method was also used for staining.In the living state, the flagellare has a slender, slipper-shaped trunk with an anterior dorsal flexure. The mean body size, exclusive of the posterior spike, is 12.8μ×4.8μ. The length of the slender posterior spike varies from 4.6μ to 15.8μ. There are two flagella of unequal length. The longer one extends forwards and lashes rapidly, causing the animal to rotate and to pursue a special course. The shorter flagellum is directed backwards and usually lies in the cytostome; it moves in an undulating manner.In fixed and stained preparations, the flagellates, not including the posterior spike, show a size-range of 6.2×2.2μto 15.6×5.4μ, with a mean of 11.9×3.4μ. The spike varied from 4.6μ to 13.6μ long, with an average length of 11.2μ. In general, a normal specimen of R. leccotrephae has a slender body; the anterior portion is narrower than the postcerior, and is markedly bent as shown in the living indivi.duals. The posterior portion of the body usually has a dorsal convexity, and the widest region is located near the two-thirds of the body-length from the anterior end.Near that edge of the nuclear membrane lying next to the cytostome, there are two minute, but separate, basal granules which give rise to the two flagella. The anterior flagellum is about as long as the body proper: much longer and more slender than the posterior flagellum, which usually lies within the cytostome, and commonly shows a series of two or three undulations; it often stains more deeply than the anterior flagellum.In hematoxylin preparations the nucleus is well stained, and clearly shows a layer of chromatin granules lying against the nuclear membrane, and a large central endosome, composed of a mass of granules.The cytostome is a large structure in this animal. It usually occupies about twothirds of the total length of the body proper. Along the margin of the cytostome there are two deeply staining fibres, the one on the right margin is longer than that on the left.Both the precystic forms and cysts of R. leccotrephae have been observed. The body of precystic individuals which are preparing to encyst, becomes smailer and rounds up; meanwhile, the chromatin of the nucleus condenses and forms a deeply staining endosome. The anterior flagellum is still disposed freely, and no cyst wall has as yet been formed. The border-line of the cytostome is distinct, but the two basal granules are visible only in favourable preparations. The mature cysts are nearly peanut-shaped, and are about twice as long as wide. In the stained specimens they are about 4.6μ long and 2.4μ wide. The cyst wail is of uniform thickness, and the nucleus is visible at one end. The other conspicuous structures within the cyst are the two flagella and the cytostomial fibres, which are arranged as they are in the trophozoite, except that the anterior flagellum is here directed posteriorly.DISCUSSION & SUMMARYIn its general body-form, R. leccotrephae closely resembles Mackinnon's R. agilis ('11) from crane-fly larvae, and also Corradett's R. gryllotalpae ('37) from the mole cricket, but it is especially like Geiman's R. caudacus ('32) from the aquatic larvae ef certain beetles.

红娘华蛐的身体结构,一般与Mackinnon所述的R.(Embadomonas) agilis和Corradetti所述的R.grillotalpae相似,特别近似Geiman所述的R.caudacus(图15,16)。但红娘华蛐有大约等於体长2/3的大胞口,和长於或等於体长的针状尾巴,而且无论在生活时或固定染色後,头部均向背後扭曲(此较图1和15)。这些特性,显然与过去文獻中所记载的种类不同,故(氵夬)定为蛐属——新种。

 
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